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The Religious Affiliation of Comic Book Character
Matthew Liebowicz, a.k.a.
The Two-Gun Kid

From: Jeffrey Weiss, "Comic-book heroes seldom reveal their faith: Recent revelation of the Thing's religion was a rare moment for pop culture", published in Dallas Morning News, 24 August 2002 (http://www.bluecorncomics.com/thingjew.htm; viewed 21 December 2005):

Over the years, the writers told readers all kinds of things about the habits and foibles of the characters. We knew about their taste in clothing, their troubles with relationships, their sense of humor. But we rarely discovered whether they followed any particular religion.

That seems odd in one way. Back in the dawn of the modern comic book, more than 90 percent of Americans self-identified with a particular religion, mostly some kind of Christianity. Why wouldn't reality-linked superheroes have a particular religion?

Explicitly Religious Comics Characters
[list of 20 characters features 10 characters under the "Jewish" subheading, including:]
The Two-Gun Kid, Matthew Liebowicz, is a Harvard lawyer-turned masked lawman on the Old West.


From: "Jewish Heroes or Villians in Marvel Universe?" forum discussion, started 12 December 2005 on "Comic Book Resources" website (http://www.xmenindex.com/forums/comicbooks/t-97146.html; viewed 31 May 2007):

12-12-2005, 05:50 AM

Reading the " Black Panther thread" got me thinking. Are there any Jewish heroes or villians in the Marvel Universe?

12-12-2005, 09:21 AM

As far as other Marvel characters that haven't been brought up yet, we've skipped the first one, Izzy Cohen of the Howling Commandos, Achilles of the Pantheon, the original Sin-Eater, the Gaffer from SHIELD, despite the new-age hoo-haw, I'm guessing that Wiccan has at least Jewish roots, Dominic Fortune, Volcanna, the Two-Gun Kid, Iceman is non-practicing half-Jewish, Songbird, Cap's ex Bernie Rosenthal... and that's pretty much it off the top of my head. And a couple of those probably aren't very observant, if not practising altogether.

Sandy Hausler
12-13-2005, 05:07 AM

...That's a pretty impressive list... Just out of curiosity, what's the basis for Achilles, Volcanna, and Sin-Eater? (I suspect it's real names, but I don't know who they are). I'd read somewhere that Two Gun Kid is Jewish, as you say, but where was it revealed? I mean Matt Hawk? And Iceman? Songbird?

Enquiring minds want to know. And so does mine.

Dizzy D
12-13-2005, 05:49 AM

I think names for most of them:
- Volcana: Marsha Rosenberg
- Songbird: Melissa Gold and she has also used the alias Mimi Schwartz.
- Two-Gun Kid: Matthew Liebowicz (Matt Hawk was an alias)

As for the others I know:
Achilles from the Pantheon: his mother was Jewish as was seen in his backstory issue in the Hulk.

Sandy Hausler
12-13-2005, 06:43 AM

Thanks for the info. But where was it revealed that Mat Hawk's real name was Liebowicz? Must have been recent; comic book heroes did not have anything but All-American names until the 70s.

Dizzy D
12-13-2005, 07:23 AM

Well, originally his name was Clay Harder. Liebowicz was his name since 1960 as far as I know (stating that the Golden Age Clay Harder Two-Gun Kid was only a pulp fiction character within the Marvel Universe). Maybe the Classics board knows more.

EDIT: A bit of searching around on the net does make it seem that the Liebowicz was a later add-on, but I can't find when it happened.

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