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The Religious Affiliation of Comic Book Character
Emma Frost
the White Queen
school headmistress, member of the Hellfire Club and the X-Men

We do not know the current religious affiliation or religious self-identity of Emma Frost, who is also known as the White Queen.

Emma Frost was born into a family that was Christian - at least nominally - and apparently Protestant. Given her demeanor and social status it is likely that her family was nominally Episcopalian, but rarely if ever attended church services or did anything in the home that manifest this religious affiliation.

Aimee, webmaster of the "Emma Frost Files" website (http://emmafrostfiles.com/) has reviewed this page about Ms. Frost's religious affiliation and offered this feedback (posted here with her permission):

I have done extensive research over Emma Frost's character and I wouldn't be quite surprised if Emma's family did have some affiliation with Catholicism, Protestant background, etc. Emma has mentioned God's name before, but usually in a sarcastic manner (see X-Men #188 with her conversation with Professor X.)

I'm still pretty sure that she's definitely not a "practicing" Christian and neither was her family at all . . . like you mentioned in the article.

Emma Frost's personal history is remarkable and relatively unusual in comics in the way she started as an all-out super-villain and has reformed so much that she has become a bonafide super-hero - a member of the X-Men and headmistress of the school that trains the next generation of mutant superheroes. Even the "reformed" Emma Frost, however, exhibits personal traits and attitudes that mark her as far from perfect, to say the least.

Little has actually been revealed about Emma Frost's religious background. It would not be a stretch to classify her as one of the least traditionally religious X-Men ever. Even largely secular teammates such as Wolverine are known to have some formal religious background and have been seen worshipping in churches and temples from time to time. We are unaware of any equivalent behavior seen in Emma Frost.

Regardless of whatever ties Emma Frost has to Christianity or any organized religious classification, her remarkable (if incomplete) transformation from villain to hero has never been explicitly attributed to influence from her religious upbringing or inspiration from any specific religious denomination or group. Her change may well stem from a sincere desire to attone for her past mistakes. Alternatively possible causes for her change include the fact that she sincerely fell in love with Scott Summers (the X-Men leader known as "Cyclops") or her desire to make up for her past failure as a teacher when her mutant students at Massachusetts Academy (the "Hellions") were killed in battle. Some people continue to believe that Emma Frost is not actually repenant at all, but that she is merely infiltrating the X-Men as part of some nefarious plan. Perhaps she has no "plan" to thwart the plans of the X-Men, but as a "survivor," she simply saw which way the wind was blowing and decided it was more self-serving to join up with Xavier's people than be on the opposite side. All of these theories have been proposed by various of her peers and observers in the comics she appears in. It is likely that it is a combination of these factors that brought her to her decidely more noble, more heroic stance.

Emma Frost imagines she is dying and sees an angel Left: The Christian background and childhood upbringing of Emma Frost is evident in this scene.

Emma is despondent over having being used by the villainous Cassandra Nova, who took over her body and used her to attack the X-Men. Kitty Pryde ("Shadowcat") was forced to use her phasing power to seal Emma Frost in underground cavity. Kitty Pride returns to bring Emma Frost back to the surface.

Upon seeing Kitty coming for her, Emma Frost at first imagines she sees an angel coming to escort her to the afterlife. Emma Frost is surprised because she thinks the arrival of the angel thinks that she is scheduled to be taken to Heaven. She tells the supposed angel, "Noo . . . Not for me . . . I belong . . . below."

By this, Emma Frost means that because of her many mistakes and past sins, she does not deserve Heaven, but she still believes that her soul should be consigned to Hell.

[Source: Astonishing X-Men #18, published by Marvel Comics (December 2006); written by Joss Whedon, art by John Cassaday; page 15; reprinted in Astonishing X-Men, Vol. 3: Torn (2006).]

Text from scene above:

Emma Frost's thoughts: Same nightmare fifty times last night. Do you like diamonds. When I think about evil. But you do play games with me. Don't have any claws. With all my predator's heart. Death. How common.

[Emma Frost's eyes have been closed. Her mind has been wracked by recent events. Perhaps she is suffering from oxygen deprevation because she has been left by Kitty Pryde in a small underground cavity, surrounded by rock and earth. The thoughts going through her head are word she has said in recent issues, while under the mental influence of the villainous telepath Cassandra Nova.]

[Emma opens her eyes and imagines she sees a light.]

Emma Frost's thoughts: Death. How common.

[Emma imagines she sees a beautiful angel, complete with white robes and wings, and blonde hair, reaching toward her from above her head. The angel emerges from a brilliant blaze of Heavenly light. Emma Frost closes her eyes. Tears stream down her face.]

Emma Frost: Noo . . . Not for me . . . I belong . . . below . . .

[We now see that there is no angel present. What prompted Emma Frost's "vision" is actually the arrival of Kitty Pryde, the phasing mutant X-Man who has returned to this cavity in the rock to retrieve Emma Frost and bring her to the surface.]

Kitty Pryde ("Shadowcat"): [Kitty sees that Emma is weeping and murmuring something to herself.] Cry me a river, bitch. We're going up.


From: "What are the religious beliefs of the main mutants in the X-Books?" forum discussion started 16 January 2007 on "Comic Book Resources" website (http://forums.comicbookresources.com/archive/index.php/t-160293.html; viewed 16 May 2007):

01-16-2007, 03:51 PM
What do you think the religious beliefs of the following mutants are?

Professor X

01-16-2007, 04:38 PM

Kitty - Jewish
Jean - Protestant
Magneto - Jewish
Xavier - Protestant
Bobby - Jewish
Wanda - Jewish
Pietro - Jewish
Lorna - Catholic?
Storm - No idea...
Wolverine - Protestant?
Emma - Catholic?
Sam - Baptist?
Angel - Protestant?
Banshee - Catholic?
Chamber - Anglican?
Scott and Alex - Protestant
Psylocke - Protestant or Anglican

01-16-2007, 07:09 PM

Most comic book characters are blandly nondenominational with a tendency towards being WASPs [i.e., "White Anglo-Saxon Protestants"]. The only ones I would consider obviously practicing members of a faith are:

Kitty: Jewish
Jean: founder and prophet of the Church of the Phoenix
Magneto: Jewish
Storm: Neopagan, Goddess worshipper
Sam: Baptist
Kurt: Catholic

From: "Top Ten Most Stereotypical Mutant Characters Ever!!" forum discussion started 29 August 2006 on "Comic Book Resources" website (http://forums.comicbookresources.com/archive/index.php/t-141418.html; viewed 25 May 2007):

Novaya Havoc
08-29-2006, 04:58 PM


So blonde. So bitchy. And she has a martini glass because she's obviously rich. If you think that no whites could be stereotypes, then take a good hard look at Emma Frost.

Not only she is a stereotype of the wealthy, but the creme-de-la-creme of stereotyping powerful women. She's wealthy? Why of COURSE she's a bitch. Whereas the men are fun and flirty playboys (Angel?), the women are heinous, manipulative, S&M-clad, overly-sexualized, borderline-evil tyrants. And we thought we came so far since suffrage.

And since she's a woman, she of course has a mental power. My life if Bishop had the powers of Stacy-X (the hilarity!). And worse yet, Emma's secondary power lets her transform into a giant, unfeeling, cold-as-ice DIAMOND. Because she's rich. She's important. And she's unfeeling. What a lovely and deep metaphor. No, really.

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