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The Religious Affiliation of
Lucretia Mott
great American woman: abolitionist and advocate of women's rights


From: "About Lucretia Coffin Mott", on "The Lucretia Coffin Mott Papers Project" website, edited by Beverly Wilson Palmer, Pomona College (http://www.mott.pomona.edu/mott1.htm; viewed 8 July 2005):
Lucretia Coffin Mott (hereafter LCM) was born on January 3, 1793, to Quaker parents in the seaport town of Nantucket, Massachusetts. When she was 13, the Coffins decided to send Lucretia to a co-educational Quaker school, Nine Partners, in Dutchess County, New York... She began to speak at Quaker meetings in 1818, and in 1821 she was recognized as a minister in the Society of Friends in Philadelphia... The Quaker tradition enabled women to take public positions on a variety of social problems and in the 1830s Lucretia was elected as a clerk of the Philadelphia Women's Yearly Meeting. During the 1820s a rift formed between the stricter, more conservative Quakers and the tolerant, less orthodox followers of Elias Hicks (known as the Hicksites). In 1827 first James and then Lucretia followed the Hicksite branch which espoused free interpretation of the Bible and reliance on inward, as opposed to historic Christian, guidance. Later in her life, although remaining a Hicksite Quaker and appearing only in simple, plain clothing, she often spoke in Unitarian churches; her sermons show her full engagement in the liberal religious discussions of the day. LCM's letters reflect her regular travels in the mid-nineteenth century throughout the East and Midwest as she addressed various reform organizations such as the Non-Resistance Society, the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women as well as the quarterly and yearly Quaker meetings... her letters also reflect Mott's character and Quaker background... As a Quaker preaching non-violence, LCM denounced the Civil War but not without some conflict, for, like other antislavery activists, she hoped the war would end slavery.

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Webpage created 8 July 2005. Last modified 8 July 2005.
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