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100 Spiritual Leaders Who Shaped World History

The list below is from the book 100 Spiritual Leaders Who Shaped World History, Bluewood Books (2001), written by Samuel Crompton.

The 100 influential spiritual/religious figures in this book are not ranked relative to each other. They are listed chronologically by date of birth.



Abraham c. 1800 B.C.
Akhenaten c. MID-1300s B.C.
Moses c. 1200 B.C.
Zoroaster 630-553 B.C.
Mahavira c. 599-527 B.C.
Lao-TZU c. 575-485 B.C.
The Buddha (Siddhartha Gautam) c. 563-483 B.C.
Confucius (Kung-Fu-TZU) c. 551-479 B.C.
Socrates c. 470-399 B.C.
Zeno c. 335-263 B.C.
Hillel c. 60 B. C.-A.D. 9
Mary, Mother of Jusus Christ c. 22 B. C.- A.D.?
Jesus Christ c. 4 B. C. -A.D. 29
St. Paul A.D. 5-67
Mani A.D. 216-C. 276
St. Helena c. A.D. 250-330
Arius c. A.D. 256-336
St. Augustine of Hippo A.D. 354-430
Nestorius c. A.D. 381-C. 451
St. Patrick c. A.D. 390-460 Catholic
St. Benedict of Nursia c. A.D. 480-C. 550
St. Columba c. A.D. 521-597
Muhammad A.D. 570-632
Hsuan-Tsang c. A.D. 602-664
St. Boniface c. A.D. 675-754
Rabi'AH c. A.D. 730-801
Kukai A.D. 774-835
St. Methodius
St. Cyril
A.D. 815-885
c. A.D. 827-869
Naropa 1016-1100
Al-Ghazali 1058-1111
St. Bernard of Clairvaux 1090-1153
Hildegard of Bingen 1098-1179
Maimonides 1135-1204
St. Francis of Assisi c. 1181-1226
Dogen 1200-1253
Rumi (Jalal Al-DIN) 1207-1273
St. Thomas Aquinas c. 1225-1274
Moses De Leon c. 1240-1305
Meister Eckhart c. 1260-1327
Gregory Palamas c. 1296-1359
John Wycliffe c. 1320-1384
Julian of Norwich 1342-1416
Jan Hus c. 1369-1415
Joan of ARC 1412-1431
Kabir c. 1440-1518
Guru Nanak 1469-C. 1539
Bartolome De Las Casas 1474-1564
Martin Luther 1483-1546
Ulrich Zwingli 1484-1531
Thomas Cranmer 1489-1556
St. Ignatius of Loyola c. 1491-1556
William Tyndale c. 1494-1536
Conrad Grebel c. 1498-1526
St. Francis Xavier 1506-1552
John Calvin 1509-1564
St. Teresa of Avila 1515-1582
Hiawatha C.1500s
Isaac Luria 1534-1572
Sonam Gyatso, The Third Dalai Lama 1543-1588
St. Martin De Porres 1579-1639
Anne Hutchinson 1591-1643
George Fox 1624-1691
Emanuel Swedenborg 1688-1772
Baal Shem Tov (Besht) c. 1700-1760
John Wesley 1703-1791
George Whitefield 1714-1770
Elijah Ben Solomon 1720-1797
Moses Mendelssohn 1729-1786
Mother Ann Lee 1736-1784
St. Seraphim of Sarov 1759-1833
Innokentii Veniaminov 1797-1879
Joseph Smith 1805-1844
Baha' Allah 1817-1892
Mary Baker Eddy 1821-1910
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky 1831-1891
Ramakrishna 1836-1886
Dwight Lyman Moody 1837-1899
Rudolf Steiner 1861-1925
Vivekananda 1863-1902
Mohandas Gandhi 1869-1948
Albert Schweitzer 1875-1965
Edgar Cayce 1877-1945
Martin Buber 1878-1965
Angelo Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) 1881-1963
Kahlil Gibran 1883-1931
Paul Tillich 1886-1965
William Griffith Wilson (Bill W.) 1895-1971
Dorothy Day 1897-1980
C. S. Lewis 1898-1963
Ruhollah Hendi (Ayatollah Khomeini) 1900-1989
Mother Teresa 1910-1997
L. Ron Hubbard 1911-1986
Thomas Merton 1915-1968
Alan Watts 1915-1973
Oscar Romero 1917-1980
Billy Graham 1918-
Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) 1920-
Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968
Desmond Tutu 1931-
Tenzin Gyatso, The Fourteenth Dalai Lama 1935-

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Webpage created 3 November 2005. Last modified 3 November 2005.
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