Lists on this page:
- The Military 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Military Leaders of all Time
- The Civil War 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential People in the War between the States
- The World War II 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Figures of the Second World War

The Military 100:
A Ranking of the Most Influential Military Leaders of All Time


The list below is from the book The Military 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Military Leaders of All Time (Carol Publishing Group/Citadel Press: Secaucus, New Jersey, 1996), written by Michael Lee Lanning. Lanning served as public affairs officer for Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf. He spent more than twenty years on active duty in the U.S. Army.

1George Washington1732-1799American generalEpiscopalian
2Napoleon I1769-1821French emperorCatholic (nominal)
3Alexander the Great356-323 B.C.Macedonian conquerorGreek state paganism
4Genghis Khanca. 1167-1227Mongol conquerorMongolian shamanism
5Julius Caesarca. 100-44 B.C.Roman emperor Roman state paganism
6Gustavus Adolphus1594-1632Swedish kingLutheran
7Francisco Pizarroca. 1475-1541Spanish conquerorCatholic
8Charlemagne (Charles the Great)742-814Frankish king Catholic
9Hernando Cortes1485-1547Spanish conquerorCatholic
10Cyrus the Greatca. 590-ca. 529 B.C.Persian kingZoroastrian
11Frederick the Great (Frederick II)1712-1786Prussian general 
12Simon Bolivar1785-1830South American liberator Catholic (nominal); Atheist
13William the Conquerorca. 1027-1087English kingCatholic
14Adolf Hitler1889-1945German dictatorNazism; born/raised in, but rejected Catholicism
15Attila the Hunca. 406-453Hun conquerorHun
16George Catlett Marshall1880-1959American general 
17Peter the Great1672-1725Russian czarRussian Orthodox
18Dwight David Eisenhower1890-1969American generalJehovah's Witness; Presbyterian
19Oliver Cromwell1599-1658English generalPuritan (Protestant)
20Douglas MacArthur1880-1964American general 
21Karl von Clausewitz1780-1831Prussian general 
22Arthur Wellesley (First Duke of Wellington)1769-1852British general 
23Sun Tzuca. 400-330 B.C.Chinese writer 
24Hermann-Maurice Comte de Saxe1696-1750French marshal 
25Tamerlane1336-1405Tartar conquerorIslam
26Antoine Henri Jomini1779-1869French general 
27Eugene of Savoy1663-1736Austrian marshal 
28Fernandez Gonzalo de Cordoba1453-1515Spanish general 
29Sebastien Le Prestre de Vauban1633-1707French marshal 
30Hannibalca. 241-ca. 183 B.C.Carthaginian general 
31John Churchill (Duke of Marlborough)1650-1722English general 
32Winfield Scott1786-1866American general 
33Ulysses Simpson Grant [Ulysses S. Grant]1822-1885American generalPresbyterian; Methodist
34Scipio Africanusca. 237-ca. 183 B.C.Roman general 
35Horatio Nelson1758-1805British admiral 
36John Frederick Charles Fuller1878-1966British general 
37Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne de Turenne1611-1675French marshal 
38Alfred Thayer Mahan1840-1914American admiral 
39Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke1800-1891Prussian marshal 
40Vo Nguyen Giapca. 1912-Vietnamese general 
41John Joseph Pershing1860-1948American general 
42Maurice of Nassau1567-1625Dutch general 
43Joan of Arc1412-1431French HeroineCatholic
44Alan Francis Brooke (Alanbrooke)1883-1963British marshal 
45Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval1715-1789French general 
46Omar Nelson Bradley1893-1981American general 
47Ralph Abercromby1734-1801British general 
48Mao Zedong1893-1976Chinese revolutionaryCommunist; Maoist; atheist
49H. Norman Schwarzkopf1934-American generalLutheran
50Alexander Vasilevich Suvorovca. 1729-1800Russian marshal 
51Louis Alexandre Berthier1753-1815French marshal 
52Jose de San Martin1778-1850South American revolutionary 
53Giuseppe Garibaldi1807-1882Italian generalCatholic
54Ivan Stepanovich Konev1897-1973Soviet marshal 
55Suleiman I1494-1566Turkish sultan 
56Colin Campbell1792-1863British marshal 
57Samuel (Sam) Houston1793-1863Texan general 
58Richard I (the Lion-Hearted)1157-1199English king 
59Shakaca. 1787-1828Zulu kingZulu
60Robert Edward Lee1807-1870Confederate generalEpiscopalian
61Chester William Nimitz1885-1966American admiral 
62Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher1742-1819Prussian marshal 
63Bernard Law Montgomery1887-1976British marshal 
64Carl Gustav Emil von Mannerheim1867-1951Finnish marshal 
65H. H. Arnold1886-1950American general 
66Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk)1881-1938Turkish general 
67John Arbuthnot Fisher1841-1920British admiral 
68Heihachiro Togo1848-1934Japanese admiral 
69Moshe Dayan1915-1981Isaeli generalJewish
70George Konstantinovich Zhukov1896-1974Soviet marshal 
71Ferdinand Foch1851-1929French marshalCatholic
72Edward I1239-1307English king 
73Selim Ica. 1470-1520Turkish sultan 
74Giulio Douhet1869-1930Italian general 
75Heinz Guderian1888-1954German general 
76Lin Piao1907-1971Chinese marshal 
77Isoroku Yamamoto1884-1943Japanese admiral 
78Harold Rupert Alexander1891-1969British marshal 
79Erwin Rommel1891-1944German marshal 
80Lennart Torstensson1603-1651Swedish marshal 
81Saddam Hussein1937-Iraqi marshalIslam
82Fidel Castro1927-Cuban revolutionaryCatholic; Orisha
83Horatio Herbert Kitchener1850-1916British marshal 
84Tito1892-1980Yugoslav marshalCatholic
85Karl Doenitz1891-1980German admiral 
86Kim Il Sung1912-1994Korean dictatorCommunist; Juche
87David Glasgow Farragut1801-1870American admiral 
88Garnet Joseph Wolseley1833-1913British marshal 
89Chiang Kai-shek1878-1975Chinese nationalistMethodist
90Frederick Sleigh Roberts1832-1914British marshal 
91Saladin1138-1193Muslim sultanIslam
92George Dewey1837-1917American admiral 
93Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Conde1621-1686French general 
94Kurt Student1890-1978German general 
95George S. Patton1885-1945American general 
96Michel Ney1769-1815French marshal 
97Charles XII1682-1718Swedish king 
98Thomas Cochrane1775-1860British admiral 
99Johann Tserclaes von Tilly1559-1632Flemish mercenary 
100Edmund Henry H. Allenby1861-1936British marshal 

The Civil War 100:
A Ranking of the Most Influential People in the War between the States

The list below is from the book The Civil War 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential People in the War between the States, Citdael Press (1998), written by Robert Wooster.

This book provides brief profiles of the one hundred most significant persons of the American Civil War, ranked in order of importance.



1Abraham Lincolnraised Baptist; later no specific denomination
2Ulysses S. GrantPresbyterian (nominal)
3William T. Sherman 
4Robert E. LeeEpiscopalian
5Jefferson DavisEpiscopalian
6Andrew JohnsonBaptist (nominal)
7George McClellan 
8William Seward 
9Edwin StantonQuaker
10Frederick Douglass 
11Stephen A. Douglas 
12Joseph E. Johnston 
13David Farragut 
14John BrownCongregationalist
15Harriet Beecher Stowe 
16(tie) Robert Barnwell Rhett 
16(tie) William Yancey 
18Philip Sheridan 
19James Longstreet 
20Thomas J. "Stonewall" JacksonChristianity
21Salmon P. ChaseEpiscopalian
22George Meade 
23Gideon Welles 
24William Lloyd Garrison 
25John Wilkes BoothEpiscopalian
26James BuchananPresbyterian
27Henry Halleck 
28Josiah Gorgas 
29George ThomasMethodist
30Braxton Bragg 
31Horace GreeleyUniversalist
32Roger B. TaneyCatholic
33"J. E. B." Stuart 
34Mathew Brady 
35P. G. T. Beauregard 
36Joseph Hooker 
37Winfield Scott 
38John Bell HoodEpiscopalian
39Viscount Palmerston 
40(tie) Elizabeth Cady Stanton 
41(tie) Susan B. AnthonyQuaker; Unitarian
42David Dixon Porter 
43Charles Sumner 
44Nathan Bedford Forrest 
45Montgomery Meigs 
46John C. Fremont 
47Dred ScottCatholic
48Jay Cooke 
49Benjamin Wade 
50Lyman Trumbull 
51Sojourner TruthMethodist; Seventh-day Adventist
52Ambrose Burnside 
53Mary Todd Lincoln 
54Franklin PierceEpiscopalian
55Mary Chesnut 
56Edmund Kirby Smith 
57Irvin McDowell 
58Benjamin Butler 
59Nathaniel P. Banks 
60John C. BreckinridgePresbyterian
61Thaddeus Stevens 
62John Pope 
63Oliver O. Howard 
64Stephen Mallory 
65John C. Pemberton 
66Herman Haupt 
67Charles Francis AdamsUnitarian
68Wade Hampton 
69Walt WhitmanQuaker; Humanist; Transcendentalist
70Napoleon III 
71Alexander Hamilton Stephens 
72Edmund Ruffin 
73Clement Vallandigham 
74Harriet TubmanMethodist
75John Schofield 
76William S. Rosecrans 
77James Henry Carleton 
78Richard Taylor 
79Albert Sidney Johnston 
80Henry Bellows 
81Jubal Early 
82William Gilmore Simms 
83Justin Smith Morrill 
84Sterling Price 
85Frank Leslie 
86Little Crow 
87Dorothea DixUnitarian
88John Crittenden 
89Clara BartonUniversalist
90Mary Bickerdyke 
91Herman MelvilleTranscendentalist
92Earl Van Dorn 
93Raphael Semmes 
94Hannibal Hamlin 
95Don Carlos Buell 
96Gail Borden 
97Philip Armour 
98Nelson A. Miles 
99Henry Wirz 
100John ChivingtonMethodist

The World War II 100:
A Ranking of the Most Influential Figures of the Second World War


The list below is from the book The World War II 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Figures of the Second World War, New Page Books (2001), written by Howard J. Langer.

1Adolf HitlerCruel and CunningNazism; born into but rejected Catholicism;
allegedly a proponent of Germanic Neo-Paganism
2Franklin D. RooseveltRisking ImpeachmentEpiscopalian
3Winston S. ChurchillFrom Defeat, DefianceAnglican
4Joseph StalinRuthless and ParanoidRussian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism
5George C. MarshallFirst in War, First in PeaceEpiscopalian
6Isoruku YamamotoPlanning Pearl Harborstate Shinto
7Dwight D. EisenhowerLeader of the CoalitionJehovah's Witness; Presbyterian
8Douglas MacArthur"I Shall Return." 
9Jimmy DoolittleThe Raider from "Shangri-La" 
10Douglas BaderLegend of the RAF 
11George S. PattonThe Fightingest Field Commander 
12Heinz GuderianMaster of the Blitzkreig 
13Albert EinsteinThe Pacifist Who Won the WarJewish
14Harry S Truman"The Buck Stops Here."Baptist
15Stewart MenziesMaster of the Ultra Secret 
16Bertram RamsayA Miracle at Dunkirk 
17Georgi ZhukovStalin's Toughest General 
18Chester NimitzUp from the Canvas 
19Husband E. Kimmel, Walter ShortFoul-Ups---or Fall Guys? 
20Ernest J. King"No Fighter Ever Won by Covering Up." 
21Henry L. StimsonBipartisanship in Time of Peril 
22Harry L. Hopkins"Lord Root-of-the-Matter" 
23William StephensonThe Spy in Rockefeller Center 
24William J. DonovanAmerican Spymaster 
25Reinhard HeydrichPlots and Paranoia 
26William F. HalseyThe Navy's "Patton" 
27Henri PetainThe Man from Vichy 
28Alan BrookeChurchill's "Marshall" 
29Hideki TojoA Time for Hara-Kiristate Shinto
30J. Robert Oppenheimer"I Am Become Death..."Jewish
31Wernher von BraunFather of the V-2Lutheran
32Leslie R. GrovesDirector of the Manhattan Project 
33Omar BradleyThe G.I.'s General 
34Arthur HarrisThe 1,000-Plane Raider 
35Thomas KinkaidIn the Spirit of John Paul Jones 
36C.A.F. Sprague"Combustible, Vulnerable, Expendable" 
37Bernard MontgomeryHe Chased the Desert Fox 
38Takeo KuritaA Sea Battle and an Election 
39Erwin RommelDestination: Suez? 
40William FriedmanShakespeare, Bacon, and the Purple Code 
41Henry H. ArnoldChampion of Airpower 
42Vasily ChuikovHero of Stalingrad 
43Hermann GoeringFrom Air Ace to War Criminal 
44Joseph GoebbelsPropagandist to the End 
45Masaharu HommaA Question of Responsibility 
46Alfred JodlUnconditional Surrender 
47Konstantin RokossovskyThe Captive Hero 
48Wilhelm KeitelThe Man Who Obeyed Orders 
49Emperor HirohitoThe Last Wordstate Shinto
50Benito MussoliniHitler's Junior PartnerCatholic
51Charles De GaulleLeader of Free France 
52Joachim von RibbentropThe Role of the Deal-Maker 
53Vyacheslav M. MolotovMan of the Hammer 
54Semyon TimoshenkoRebuilder of the Red Army 
55William L. ShirerFrom Reporter to Historian 
56Gerd von RundstedtThe Fuhrer's Bluntest General 
57Friedrich von PaulusThe Field Marshal and the Corporal 
58Tomoyuki YamashitaThe Tiger of Malayastate Shinto
59Jean DarlanBehind the North African Landings 
60Frank KnoxFrom Rough Rider to Navy Boss 
61Josip Broz (Tito)Guerrilla Warfare 
62Maurice GamelinHow France Lost the War 
63Robert MurphyA "Diplomat Among Warriors" 
64Karl DoenitzCommander of the U-boats 
65Heinrich HimmlerThe Fuhrer's Hit ManCatholic
66Neville ChamberlainThe Great Appeaser? 
67Anthony McAuliffeCrisis at Bastogne 
68Gustav Krupp/Alfred KruppThe Family Business 
69Andrew Jackson HigginsEureka! 
70Edward R. Murrow"This...is London."Quaker
71Ernie PyleThe Little Guy's War 
72Bill MauldinUp Front 
73Breckinridge LongSilent Partner of the Holocaust? 
74Pietro BadoglioSurrendering Italy 
75Francisco FrancoPrelude to a World WarCatholic
76Harold AlexanderIke's First Choice 
77Albert SpeerThe Slave Master 
78Eleanor Roosevelt/Madame ChiangThe Feminine MystiqueEpiscopalian/?
79Lavrenti BeriaScorched Earth and Non-Persons 
80Galeazzo CianoMussolini's Heir Apparent 
81Eduard BenesHumiliation at Munich 
82Wladyslaw SikorskiBetrayal and Death 
83Joseph W. StilwellThe Mission That Failed 
84Jonathan WainwrightLast Message from Corregidor 
85The Sullivan Brothers/The Four ChaplainsOn Brotherhood 
86Charles LindberghThe Isolationists' Poster Boy 
87Chiang Kai-shekThe Agony of ChinaMethodist
88Tadeusz Bor-KomorowskiLeader of an Underground Army 
89Claus von StauffenbergThe Plot That Failed 
90Anne FrankKeeping a DiaryJewish
91Adolf Eichmann"Terribly and Terrifyingly Normal" 
92Robert JacksonJudgment at Nuremburg 
93Henry MorgenthauA Plan for Germany 
94Cordell HullArchitect of the United Nations 
95George VI/Christian X/Leopold IIICrowned Heads, Royal Symbols 
96Haile SelassieThe Plea That FailedRastafarian deity
97Mordecai AnielewiczHe Fought Back 
98Joseph P. KennedyA Controversial Ambassador 
99Paul ReynaudA Voice in the Wilderness 
100Pope Pius XIIThe Sound of SilenceCatholic

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Webpage created 10 June 2005. Last modified 29 November 2005.
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