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The Black 100:
A Ranking of the Most Influential African-Americans, Past and Present


The list below is from the book The Black 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential African-Americans, Past and Present, Citadel Press (1993), written by Columbus Salley.

1Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.Baptist
2Frederick Douglass 
3Booker T. Washington 
4W.E.B. Du Bois 
5Charles H. Houston 
6Richard Allen and
Absalom Jones
African Methodist Episcopal Church (founder)
first black Episcopalian priest
7Prince Hall 
8Samuel E. Cornish and John Russwurm 
9David Walker 
10Nat Turner 
11James Forten 
12Harriet TubmanMethodist
13Martin R. Delany 
14Henry H. Garnet 
15Sojourner TruthMethodist; Seventh-day Adventist
16Benjamin Banneker 
17Crispus Attucks 
18Paul Laurence Dunbar 
19Phillis Wheatley 
20P.B.S. Pinchback 
21Marcus Garvey 
22Thurgood MarshallEpiscopalian
23Malcolm XSeventh-day Adventist; Nation of Islam; Islam
24Paul RobesonQuaker
25Carter G. Woodson 
26James Weldon Johnston 
27George Washington CarverChristianity
28William M. Trotter 
29Ida B. Wells-Barnett 
30Madame C.J. Walker 
31A. Philip Randolph 
32Walter F. White 
33Roy Wilkins 
34Langston Hughes 
35Mary McLeod BethuneMethodist
36Alain LockeBaha'i
37Claude McKayCatholic
38E. Franklin Frazier 
39Henry McNeal TurnerMethodist
40Mordecai W. Johnson 
41Robert Abbott 
42Jackie RobinsonMethodist
43Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. 
44Whitney M. Young, Jr. 
45Mary Church Terrell 
46John H. Johnson 
47Jesse JacksonBaptist
48Alex Haley 
49James Baldwin 
50Richard WrightSeventh-day Adventist
51Elijah MuhammadNation of Islam
52Zora Neale Hurston 
53Benjamin E. Mays 
54Muhammad AliIslam
55Arthur Schomburg 
56Jesse OwensChristianity
57Charles R. Drew 
58John Hope 
59Bayard RustinQuaker
60T. Thomas Fortune 
61Dorothy I. Height 
62Bill Crosby 
63Jack Johnson 
64Gwendolyn Brooks 
65Andrew YoungCongregationalist
66Ralph Abernathy 
67Duke EllingtonEpiscopalian
68Louis ArmstrongBaptist
69Shirley ChisholmBaptist
70Ralph Bunche 
71Joe Louis 
72Lerone Bennett, Jr. 
73Toni Morrison 
74John Hope Franklin 
75Fannie Lou Hamer 
76Kenneth B. Clark 
77Lorraine Hansberry 
78Benjamin Hooks 
79Leon Sullivan 
80Louis FarrakhanNation of Islam
81Oscar Micheaux 
82Carl Rowan 
83Bill Gray 
84Katherine Dunham 
85Maya Angelou 
86Earl Graves 
87Hank Aaron 
88Dick Gregory 
89Oprah WinfreyProtestant
90Ron Karenga 
91Ruby Dee and Ossie David 
92Harry Belefonte 
93Marian Wright EdelmanBaptist
94Marian AndersonBaptist
95Colin PowellEpiscopalian
96August Wilson 
97Clarence ThomasCatholic
98Arthur Ashe 
99Black Power 
100Rosa ParksMethodist

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Webpage created 3 November 2005. Last modified 16 November 2005.
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