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Prison population
in England and Wales
by recorded religion,
31 March 1999 and 31 March 2000


Prison population in England and Wales by recorded religion, 31 March 1999 and 31 March 2000(P)
                          Number of inmates/percentage
1999 Prison Service census   Centrally recorded, Inmate Information System (IIS) data(P)
8 Mar 1999   31 Mar 1999 31 Mar 2000
Recorded religion Number Percentage
(all inmates)
Percentage
(of religious)
    Number Percentage
(all inmates)
Percentage
(of religious)
  Number Percentage
(all inmates)
Percentage
(of religious)
 
Anglican 26,919 (41.7) (58.5)   25,741 (40.1) (57.4) 25,486 (39.1) (57.4)
of whom: Anglican(1) 1,450 (2.2) (3.2)   36 (0.1) (0.1) 41 (0.1) (0.1)
Church in Wales 46 (0.1) (0.1)   21 (0.0) (0.0) 35 (0.1) (0.1)
Church of England 25,407 (39.3) (55.2)   25,667 (39.9) (57.2) 25,393 (38.9) (57.2)
Church of Ireland 14 (0.0) (0.0)   15 (0.0) (0.0) 15 (0.0) (0.0)
Episcopalian 2 (0.0) (0.0)   2 (0.0) (0.0) 2 (0.0) (0.0)
Roman Catholic 11,285 (17.5) (24.5)   11,393 (17.7) (25.4) 11,291 (17.3) (25.4)
Free Church 1,157 (1.8) (2.5)   1,159 (1.8) (2.6) 1,128 (1.7) (2.5)
of whom: Baptist 152 (0.2) (0.3)   160 (0.2) (0.4) 154 (0.2) (0.3)
Celestial Church of God 17 (0.0) (0.0)   17 (0.0) (0.0) 14 (0.0) (0.0)
Church of Scotland 359 (0.6) (0.8)   381 (0.6) (0.8) 368 (0.6) (0.8)
Congregational 6 (0.0) (0.0)   4 (0.0) (0.0) 6 (0.0) (0.0)
Methodist 331 (0.5) (0.7)   333 (0.5) (0.7) 297 (0.5) (0.7)
Non Conformist 29 (0.0) (0.1)   27 (0.0) (0.1) 36 (0.1) (0.1)
Pentecostal 142 (0.2) (0.3)   136 (0.2) (0.3) 153 (0.2) (0.3)
Presbyterian 30 (0.0) (0.1)   28 (0.0) (0.1) 33 (0.1) (0.1)
Quaker 40 (0.1) (0.1)   31 (0.0) (0.1) 26 (0.0) (0.1)
Salvation Army 34 (0.1) (0.1)   25 (0.0) (0.1) 27 (0.0) (0.1)
United Reformed Church 11 (0.0) (0.0)   7 (0.0) (0.0) 8 (0.0) (0.0)
Welsh Independent 6 (0.0) (0.0)   10 (0.0) (0.0) 6 (0.0) (0.0)
Other Christian 477 (0.7) (1.0)   556 (0.9) (1.2) 626 (1.0) (1.4)
of whom: Calvinist 5 (0.0) (0.0)   2 (0.0) (0.0) 5 (0.0) (0.0)
Coptic 1 (0.0) (0.0)   1 (0.0) (0.0) 1 (0.0) (0.0)
Ethiopian Orthodox 25 (0.0) (0.1)   21 (0.0) (0.0) 22 (0.0) (0.0)
Orthodox (Greek/Russian) 79 (0.1) (0.2)   89 (0.1) (0.2) 110 (0.2) (0.2)
Protestant 199 (0.3) (0.4)   221 (0.3) (0.5) 188 (0.3) (0.4)
Seven Day Adventist 47 (0.1) (0.1)   38 (0.1) (0.1) 60 (0.1) (0.1)
Other Christian religion 121 (0.2) (0.3)   184 (0.3) (0.4) 240 (0.4) (0.5)
Buddhist 346 (0.5) (0.8)   306 (0.5) (0.7) 284 (0.4) (0.6)
Hindu 243 (0.4) (0.5)   243 (0.4) (0.5) 245 (0.4) (0.6)
Jehovah's Witness 104 (0.2) (0.2)   101 (0.2) (0.2) 97 (0.1) (0.2)
Jewish 198 (0.3) (0.4)   192 (0.3) (0.4) 159 (0.2) (0.4)
Mormon 123 (0.2) (0.3)   109 (0.2) (0.2) 113 (0.2) (0.3)
Muslim 4,355 (6.7) (9.5)   4,314 (6.7) (9.6) 4,284 (6.6) (9.6)
Sikh 456 (0.7) (1.0)   447 (0.7) (1.0) 393 (0.6) (0.9)
Other faiths 215 (0.3) (0.5)   160 (0.2) (0.4) 169 (0.3) (0.4)
of whom: Ba'Hai 4 (0.0) (0.0)   4 (0.0) (0.0) 1 (0.0) (0.0)
Christadelphian 14 (0.0) (0.0)   17 (0.0) (0.0) 20 (0.0) (0.0)
Christian Scientist 38 (0.1) (0.1)   45 (0.1) (0.1) 56 (0.1) (0.1)
Druid 4 (0.0) (0.0)   4 (0.0) (0.0) 4 (0.0) (0.0)
Evangelist 3 (0.0) (0.0)   6 (0.0) (0.0) 4 (0.0) (0.0)
Jain 3 (0.0) (0.0)   3 (0.0) (0.0) 3 (0.0) (0.0)
Pagan 42 (0.1) (0.1)   50 (0.1) (0.1) 36 (0.1) (0.1)
Spiritualist 19 (0.0) (0.0)   20 (0.0) (0.0) 22 (0.0) (0.0)
Taoist 4 (0.0) (0.0)   4 (0.0) (0.0) 4 (0.0) (0.0)
Zoroastrian 0 (0.0) (0.0)   0 (0.0) (0.0) 2 (0.0) (0.0)
Other non-Christian religion 84 (0.1) (0.2)   7 (0.0) (0.0) 17 (0.0) (0.0)
Non-permitted religions 153 (0.2) (0.3)   144 (0.2) (0.3) 151 (0.2) (0.3)
of whom: Black Muslim 11 (0.0) (0.0)   9 (0.0) (0.0) 9 (0.0) (0.0)
Rastafarian 139 (0.2) (0.3)   132 (0.2) (0.3) 140 (0.2) (0.3)
Scientology 3 (0.0) (0.0)   3 (0.0) (0.0) 2 (0.0) (0.0)
No religion 18,556 (28.7) n/a   19,383 (30.2) n/a 20,823 (31.9) n/a
of whom: Agnostic(2) 177 (0.3) n/a   79 (0.1) n/a 62 (0.1) n/a
Atheist 132 (0.2) n/a   129 (0.2) n/a 122 (0.2) n/a
No religion(3) 18,247 (28.3) n/a   19,175 (29.8) n/a 20,639 (31.6) n/a
Not known 0 (0.0) n/a   3 (0.0) n/a 7 (0.0) n/a
Total 64,587 (100.0) n/a   64,251 (100.0) n/a 65,256 (100.0) n/a
of whom: with a recorded faith 46,031 (71.3) (100.0)   44,865 (69.8) (100.0) 44,426 (68.1) (100.0)
                           
P = Provisional and unscaled data
(1)н Due to a calculation error, the figure for the individual Anglican denomination was adjusted upwards in the Prison Service census in order to compensate for a shortfall between the
нннннн establishment returns and the known overall population total for 8 March 1999. This resulted in an over-counting of the Anglican denomination and, to a lesser degree,
нннннн the Anglican group as a whole. The 'end March' RDS data has been produced directly from centrally recorded information and should, therefore, be more reliable.
(2)н Numerical difference between census data for Agnostics and the equivalent centrally recorded information likely to be due to mis-interpretation of 'No religion' cases.
(3)н Shortfall in census 'No religion' cases likely to be a consequence of over-counting of Anglican denomination (see footnote 1).

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