Home Page Religious Groups in Literature

34,420 citations from literature (mostly science fiction and fantasy) referring to real churches, religious groups, tribes, etc. [This database is for literary research only. It is not intended as a source of information about religion.]


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artificial intelligence, continued...

Group Where Year Source Quote/
artificial intelligence USA 1996 Hauman, Glenn. "On the Air " in The Ultimate X-Men (Stan Lee, ed.) New York: Berkley (1996); pg. 162-163. [Words of Warren Worthington III, a.k.a. 'Angel' or 'Archangel'] "Worthington:...I'm in favor of equal rights and equal treatment under the law. Special treatment, I don't know if we need it... I don't see how beating a person with a tire chain because he's a mutant is better or worse than beating a person with a tire chain because he's human. Somebody's still being beaten.

Finckley: Do you believe that mutants are human and deserve protection under human law?

Worthington: I believe mutant humans are sentient and deserve protection under sentient law. Human, mutant human, mutated human, self-aware computers like the Vision, and resident aliens like Century should all be bound by the laws of the society they're in. "

artificial intelligence USA 1997 Sawyer, Robert J. Illegal Alien. New York: Ace Books (1997); pg. 284. "'Is that a lifeform?' said the president. 'Or could it be a robot?'

...'It does look metallic. . . .'

The thing stepped forward, onto the ramp... 'No--no, it's not a robot. It's wearing a space suit. See?' "

artificial intelligence USA 1999 Kessel, John. Good News from Outer Space. New York: Tor (1990; c. 1989); pg. 52. "'...The Antichrist makes statues walk--what does he call it?'

'Artificial intelligence!'

'Did ever a term more accurately describe the fraud it was designed to cover up? Artificial intelligence. AI. AI from the AC. Of course that's just an accident.'

'There are no accidents.' "

artificial intelligence USA 2000 Koertge, Ron. "A Robot Doesn't Have a Curve Ball " in Tomorrowland: 10 Stories About the Future (Michael Cart, ed.) New York: Scholastic Press (1999); pg. 79. "'My grandma's really funny about robots,' I said. 'They were the year 2000 to her. She's totally steamed she hasn't got one. She was supposed to be able to sit around and these cute little aluminum guys would clean the toilet and vacuum and stuff. So now every time Grandad doesn't take out the garbage, she yells, 'Where's the robots?' '

'There'll probably be robot baseball,' said Walter. 'We'll watch it from the safety of our cocoons.'

...'There's not going to be any robot baseball! Robots don't have curve balls!'

'Hey, you can build a robot that'd throw the wickedest--' " [Other refs. to robots, how people imagined they would be like, how they not envision them, throughout story, not in DB.]

artificial intelligence USA 2013 Claremont, Chris. New Mutants, Vol. 1, No. 48: "Ashes of the Heart ". New York: Marvel Comics Group (Feb. 1987); pg. 12. Alternative future Sam Guthrie: "This stinkin' war's most like a video game. No matter how hard we try, we can't win. Best we can manage is to hold our own. Trouble is, robots don't get tired. They don't get distracted. They never quit. "
artificial intelligence USA 2021 Dick, Philip K. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?. New York: Ballantine (1996; c. 1968); pg. 16. "In connection with this a weapon of war, the Synthetic Freedom Fighter, had been modified; able to function on an alien world, the humanoid robot--strictly speaking, the organic android--had become the mobile donkey engine of the colonization program. Under U.N. law each emigrant automatically received possession of an android subtype of his choice, and, by 2019, the variety of subtypes passed all understanding, in the manner of American automobiles of the 1960s. " [Other refs. throughout novel, not in DB. Androids are the central plot element of this novel.]
artificial intelligence USA 2025 Chang, Glenn. "In the Blood " in The Edge of Space. New York: Elsevier/Nelson Books (1979); pg. 91. "Everything was taken care of by servos, robots, waldoes, and holos; I didn't see a single human being outside of the other shuttle passengers until I reached the rail terminal. " [More.]
artificial intelligence USA 2026 Wilson, Robert Charles. The Chronoliths. New York: Tor (2001); pg. 41. "Domestic robots (self-guided vacuum cleaners, lawnmowers bright enough not to maim local children) became commonplace; the Sony Dogwalker was withdrawn from the market after a well-publicized accident involving a malfunctioning streetlight and a brace of Shi Tzus. "
artificial intelligence USA 2050 Nicholson, Scott. "The Vampire Shortstop " in Writers of the Future: Volume XV (Algis Budrys, ed.). Los Angeles: Bridge Publications (1999); pg. 432. "'Ain't no fair, you playing a slanty-eyed vampire,' came a gruff voice behind me. 'Next thing you know, they'll allow droids and other such trash to mix in. Baseball's supposed to be for normal folks.' "
artificial intelligence USA 2075 Asimov, Isaac. "Let's Get Together " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1956); pg. 158. [Year est.] "'Then, I'll have him in and we'll find out what he thinks about the possibility that robots could invade the U.S.A.'.

'Not exactly,' said Breckendridge softly. 'You still don't accept the full truth. Find out what he thinks about the fact that robots have already invaded the U.S.A.' " [Other refs. throughout story.]

artificial intelligence USA 2075 Asimov, Isaac. "Robot AL-76 Goes Astray " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1941); pg. 60. [Year est.] "For the first time in the history of the United States Robots and Mechanical Men Corporation, a robot had escaped to the outer world. It wasn't so much that the law forbade the presence of any robot on Earth outside a licensed factory of the corporation. Laws could always be squared. What was much more to the point was the statement made by one of the research mathematicians.

He said: 'That robot as created to run a Disinto on the moon. Its positronic brain...' " [Other refs. throughout story.]

artificial intelligence USA 2076 Asimov, Isaac. "The Tercentenary Incident " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1976); pg. 189. Pg. 189: "Deep inside, though, another part of him was remembering the persistent rumors that the new expertise in robotics had resulted in the construction of a look-alike President, a robot who could perform the purely ceremonial functions, who could shake hands with the crowd, who could be neither bored nor exhausted--nor assassinated.

Edwards thought, in obscure shock, that that was how it had happened. There had been such a look-alike robot indeed, and in a way--it had been assassinated. "; Pg. 196: '...The President did not destroy the robot. Your arguments there are convincing. What happened was that the robot destroyed the President. President Winkler was killed in the crowd on July 4, 2076. A robot resembling President Winkler then gave the Tercentenary speech, ran for re-election, was re-elected, and still serves as President of the United States!' " [Other refs. throughout story, not in DB.]

artificial intelligence USA 2175 Dick, Philip K. "The Last of the Masters " in The Golden Man. New York: Berkley (1980; c. 1954); pg. 187. "'Yeah, we smashed all the government robots. There weren't many of them. They were used only at high levels. When a lot of facts had to be integrated.'

The youth's eyes bulged. 'You saw them? You were there when they smashed the robots?'

Penn laughed. 'Tolby means the League. That was two hundred years ago.' " [Some other refs.]

artificial intelligence USA 2800 Gotschalk, Felix C. "Vestibular Man " in Future on Fire (Orson Scott Card, ed.) New York: Tor (1991; story copyright 1985); pg. 307. Pg. 307: "'I can field-strip an '06 in forty-seven seconds, and categorize tactical philosophies from Genghis Khan through Rommel and Rickover and Haig. My data banks recapitulate the history of warfare.' " [Other refs., not in DB. Many refs. throughout story to cyborgs, and this may be one as well.]; Pg. 316: "After this incident the gladiator service promptly switched its major bione contracts from IBM Akai to AT&T Mitsubishi. The Bionics Guild filed a class action suit against the gladiator service, and in a central Georgia pasture, the ancient KKK burned an archetypal robot effigy. "
artificial intelligence Utah 2051 Rucker, Rudy. Freeware. New York: Avon (1998; c. 1997); pg. 104. Pg. 104: "'I'm not a Heritagist, Randy Karl,' said Jenny. 'I'm a software simmie created for a certain loonie moldie who's also called Jenny. For fast Earth contact, I need to live down here on a serious machine. So I'm working for the Heritagists just to like pay the rent for my space on their machine. I'm living on the Heritagists' big underground asimov computer in Salt Lake City--but, um, Randy I could move? With a client like you, I could be a freelance agent for both you and moldie Jenny from the Moon. I could buy myself a proprietary hardware node in Studio City.' "; Pg. 233: "'...I have a remote slave simmie of myself running inside one of the Heritagists' computers in Salt Lake City!' " [Many other refs., not in DB.]
artificial intelligence Utah: Salt Lake City 2160 Dick, Philip K. The Game-Players of Titan. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall (1979; c. 1963); pg. 11. "Or, he thought, I could try something much stronger. Emphytal.

Three of those, he thought, and I'd never wake up. Not in the strength capsules I've got. Here . . . he let the capsules lie on his palm as he stood considering. No one would bother me; no one would intervene--

The medicine cabinet said, 'Mr. Garden, I am establishing contact with Dr. Macy in Salt Lake City, because of your condition.'

'I have no condition,' Pete said. He quickly put the Emphytal capsules back in their bottle. 'See?' He waited. 'It was just momentary, a gesture.' Here he was, pleading with the Rushmore Effect of his medicine cabinet--macabre. 'Okay?' he asked it, hopefully. "

artificial intelligence Vietnam 1980 Dick, Philip K. "Faith of Our Fathers " in The Best of Philip K. Dick. New York: Ballantine (1977; story c. 1967); pg. 384. "'Where to, comrade?' the robot drive-mechanism inquired. " [More.]
artificial intelligence Washington 1996 Frakes, Jonathan & Dean Wesley Smith. The Abductors: Conspiracy. New York: Tor (1996); pg. 195. "'They're an organic constructed shell with a miniaturized computer to run them,' he said... 'An acid substance fills tubes throughout their bodies.'

'They're robots?' Ned said...

'Basically, yes,' Cornell said. 'Organic robots. My guess is the face and outside are formed by pouring organic substance over the model, like a mold, then forming the finished product around a form of plastic skeleton, run by small motors controlled by a small computer.' " [More.]

artificial intelligence Washington, D.C. 2000 Robinson, Kim Stanley. "Down and Out in the Year 2000 " in Future on Fire (Orson Scott Card, ed.) New York: Tor (1991; story copyright 1986); pg. 126. "'What else we got here--man!--what's this?'

'Cyborgs Versus Androids,' Johnnie said... 'Lots of fighting.'

'Yeah!' Steve exclaimed. "

artificial intelligence world 1950 Asimov, Isaac. I, Robot. New York: Doubleday (1991; c. 1950); pg. x. [I, Robot is a collection of Isaac Asimov's robot stories, and was first published in 1950. All of the stories are included in the later volume The Complete Robot (1982), which has already been indexed into the database. So the stories have not been re-indexed. Stories in I, Robot collection (all of which deal primarily with robots and A.I.): Robbie; Runaround; Reason; Catch That Rabbit; Liar!; Little Lost Robot; Escape!; Evidence; The Evitable Conflict.] Excerpt from Introduction to volume, pg. x: "'...To you, a robot is a robot. Gears and metal; electricity and positrons.--Mind and iron! Human-made! if necessary, human-destroyed! But you haven't worked with them, so you don't know them. They're a cleaner better breed than we are.' "
artificial intelligence world 1950 Barton, William. "Home is Where the Heart Is " in Drakas! (S. M. Sterling, ed.) New York: Baen (2000); pg. 229. "Apu said, 'Like's Rossum's machines, eh, Hans?'

I wondered where Karel Capek is now. Escaped to America? Slaving on a plantation somewhere? Or just dead?

Apu said, 'They hardly look human.' " [Capek is the science fiction writer who coined the word 'robot'.]

artificial intelligence world 1959 Campbell, Jr., John W. "'What Do You Mean . . . Human?' " in Analog: Readers' Choice: Vol. 2 (Stanley Schmidt, ed.) New York: David Publications (1981; story copyright 1959); pg. 171. Story refers to Isaac Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics. Many refs. [Many refs. throughout story, or perhaps this is an article.]
artificial intelligence world 1964 Asimov, Isaac. "Introduction " in The Rest of the Robots. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1964); pg. x. [Pg. x-xiii: In his introduction to this volume of stories, Asimov recounts some of Mary Shelley's history, discusses her novel Frankenstein, and related Frankenstein's monster to robots of science fiction.]
artificial intelligence world 1964 Zelazny, Roger. "The Night has 999 Eyes " in Unicorn Variations. New York: Timescape (1983; story c. 1964); pg. 181. "What is the matter? You are not responding. I have not been reprogrammed for many weeks, but it was not so warm then that you should be so inactive now... My energies have been draining as I drift from village to village, home to home, because I have not been reprogrammed for many weeks... "
artificial intelligence world 1968 Hughes, Ted. The Iron Man. London: Faber and Faber (1985; c. 1968); pg. 11. "The Iron Man came to the top of the cliff.

How far had he walked? Nobody knows. Where had he come from? Nobody knows. How was he made? Nobody knows.

Taller than a house, the Iron Man stood at the top of the cliff, on the very brink, in the darkness.

The wind sang through his iron fingers. His great iron head, shaped like a dustbin but as big as a bedroom, slowly turned to the right, slowly turned to the left. His iron ears turned, this way, that way. He was hearing the sea. His eyes, like headlamps, glowed white, then red, then infra-red, searching the sea. Never before had the Iron Man seen the sea. " [Many other refs. throughout book, not in DB. This book is the basis for the animated film The Iron Giant, although the story is significantly different.]

artificial intelligence world 1975 Shea, Robert & Robert Anton Wilson. Illuminatus, Vol. III: Leviathan. New York: Dell (1975); pg. 15. "George Dorn repeated 'I Am the Robot,'... "
artificial intelligence world 1980 Dick, Philip K. "Breakfast at Twilight " in The Best of Philip K. Dick. New York: Ballantine (1977; story c. 1954); pg. 196. "'Last night was the worst rom attack so far. They hit this whole area.'


'Robot-operated missiles. The Soviets are systematically destroying continental America, mile by mile. Roms are cheap. They make them by the million and fire them off. The whole process is automatic. Robot factories turn them out and fire them at us...' "

artificial intelligence world 1984 Adams, Douglas. So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish. New York: Harmony Books (1984); pg. 133. "...there marched from it, down the ramp, an immense silver robot, a hundred feet tall.

It held up a hand.

'I come in peace,' it said, adding after a long moment of further grinding, 'take me to your lizard.' " [Other refs., not in DB, including Marvin the robot in the last chapter.]

artificial intelligence world 1986 Hubbard, L. Ron. Mission Earth Vol. 2: Black Genesis. Los Angeles, CA: Bridge Publications (1986); pg. 3. "With all due respect to the Royal Censor, one man's fact is another man's fiction. Fortunately, being the Robotbrain in the Translatophone I don't qualify for that quandary. " [More.]
artificial intelligence world 1986 Hubbard, L. Ron. Mission Earth Vol. 6: Death Quest. Los Angeles, CA: Bridge Publications (1986); pg. 3. "Hello again!

This is your translator, 54 Charlee Nine, the Robotbrain in the Translatophone... I won't even begin to estimate how many logic circuits fused or warped when I tried to get my wits around the life style of this nonexistent planet called Earth... " [More. The entire book is apparently written as if it was translated by an A.I.]

artificial intelligence world 1986 Vonnegut, Kurt. Galapagos. New York: Delacorte Press (1985); pg. 70. "I just want to add that my father, who was a science fiction writer, once wrote a novel about a man whom everybody laughed at because he was building sports robots. He created a golf robot who could make a hole in one every time, and a basketball robot who could hit the basket every time, and a tennis robot who served an ace every time, and so on.

At first, people couldn't see any use for robots like that, and the inventor's wife walked out on him, the way Father's wife, incidentally, had walked out on him--and his children tried to put him into a nuthouse. But then he let advertisers know that his robots would also endorse automobiles or beer or razors or wristwatches or perfume or whatever. He mad a fortune, according to my father, because so many sports enthusiasts wanted to be exactly like those robots.

Don't ask me why. "

artificial intelligence world 1992 Asimov, Isaac & Robert Silverberg. The Positronic Man. New York: Doubleday (1992); pg. -3. [Frontispiece] "THE THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICS

1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law. "

artificial intelligence world 1998 DeFalco, Tom & Adam-Troy Castro. X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present. New York: Berkley (1998); pg. 278. "There were great athletes and great fighters and cyborgs and robots and aliens... "
artificial intelligence world 1998 Disch, Thomas M. The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of: How Science Fiction Conquered the World. New York: Simon & Schuster (2000; c. 1998); pg. 8. "The robots of the sci-fi imagination have a different significance, which can be seen in their first appearance on the literary stage, in the 1920 play R.U.R. by Czech author Karel Capek. Capek coined the word robot, from a Czech root meaning 'serf labor.' His robots are a nightmare vision of the proletariat seen through middle-class eyes at the historical moment of the first Bolschevik success in Russia. They are manufactured, and therefore property (as Russia's serfs had been). " [Much more.]
artificial intelligence world 2000 Cox, Greg. X-Men & the Avengers: Gamma Quest: Book 3: Friend or Foe?. New York: Berkley Boulevard (2000); pg. 76. "Iron Man had designed the helm to be compatible with both him and the Vision's operating systems... 'How are we doing?' he asked the Vision...

The synthezoid sat beside Iron Man in the co-pilot's seat... " [Other refs. to the Avenger named the Vision, a synthezoid, or artificial being.]

artificial intelligence world 2000 Dick, Philip K. "The Second Variety " in The Best of Philip K. Dick. New York: Ballantine (1977; story c. 1953); pg. 37. [Year estimated.] "'They're not a race. They're mechanical killers. You made them to destroy. That's all they can do. They're machines with a job.'

'So it seems now. But how about later on? After the war is over. Maybe, when there aren't any humans to destroy, their real potentialities will begin to show.'

'You talk as if they were alive!'

'Aren't they?'

There was silence. 'They're machines,' Rudi said. 'They look like people, but they're machines.' " [Refs. throughout, not in DB, to the mechanical soldiers which are central to this story.]

artificial intelligence world 2001 Castro, Adam-Troy. Spider-Man: Revenge of the Sinister Six. New York: BP Books (2001); pg. 50. "In a world where major population centers are subject to almost weekly assault by terrorists, extraterrestrials, demons, sorcerers, Atlantean hordes, and giant robots... "
artificial intelligence world 2002 Millar, Mark. Ultimates Vol. 1: Super-Human. New York: Marvel Comics Group (2002) [Graphic novel reprint of The Ultimates #1-6]; pg. Chap. 4, pg. 3. Tony Stark/Iron Man, talking to Larry King on King's CNN show: "Well, in response to your first point; getting people to sign up for the most dangerous job in the world is always going to be a challenge, Larry. That said, we are talking to the Norse God Thor, and Hank Pym is already working on a unique artificial intelligence with a variety of extra-normal abilities. "
artificial intelligence world 2003 Barnes, John. Kaleidoscope Century. New York: Tor (1995); pg. 135. "...and parked me in front of a terminal to talk to the AI that would check me out on radar and electronics... The AI administering the test noted that I had a lot of aptitude, and said that whenever I got my clearance to come over, I'd sure be welcome to take the test again... "
artificial intelligence world 2010 Asimov, Isaac & Robert Silverberg. The Positronic Man. New York: Doubleday (1992); pg. 133. "Followed by the first mobile speaking units at the turn of the Twenty-First Century.

And then Andrew [doing research in the 23rd Century] turned to something much more troublesome for him to describe: the period of negative human reaction which followed, the hysteria and downright terror that the new robots engendered, the worldwide outburst of legislation prohibiting the use of robot labor on Earth. Because miniaturization of the positronic brain was still in the development stage then and the need for elaborate cooling systems was great, the early mobile speaking units had been gigantic--nearly twelve feet high, frightful lumbering monsters that had summoned up all of humanity's fears of artificial beings--of Frankenstein's monster and the Golem and all the rest of that assortment of nightmares. "

artificial intelligence world 2010 Brunner, John. Stand on Zanzibar. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1968); pg. 266. "Factually: he was a Micryogenic (R) device of the family collectively referred to as the Thecapex group (THEoretical CAPacity Exceeds--human brain, understood) and of that family's fourth generation... "
artificial intelligence world 2015 Ellison, Harlan. "I Have No Mouth and I Must Scream " in The Hugo Winners: Volumes One and Two. (Isaac Asimov, ed.) Garden City, NY: Nelson Doubleday (1971; story copyright 1967); pg. 708. "Because at that moment I think I realized completely, so that I was able to verbalize it: AM was intent on keeping us in his belly forever, twisting and torturing us forever. The machine hated us as no sentient creature had ever hated before. And we were helpless. It also became hideously clear... If there was a God, the God was AM... " [Many refs. throughout story to AM, an artificial intelligence. Other refs. not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2020 Harrison, Harry. "Portrait of the Artist " in Stainless Steel Visions. New York: Tor (1993); pg. 177. "The Mark VIII Robot Comic Artist would do all the rest.. " [Story focuses on a robot comic book artist.]
artificial intelligence world 2022 Asimov, Isaac. "Catch That Rabbit " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1944); pg. 245. [Year est.] "U. S. Robots had to get the bugs out of the multiple robot, and there were plenty of bugs, and there are always at least half a dozen bugs left for the field-testing...

'All right. Look--logic!' He lifted his hairy fingers and pointed. 'One: That new robot passed every test in the home laboratories. Two: United States Robots guaranteed their passing the test of actual performance on an asteroid. Three: The robots are not passing said tests. Four: If they don't pass, United States Robots loses ten million credits in cash and about one hundred million in reputation. Five: If they don't pass and we can't explain why they don't pass, it is just possible two good jobs may have to be bidden a fond farewell.' " [Many other refs., not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2024 Egan, Greg. Permutation City. New York: HarperPrism (1995); pg. 44. "Supporters of the Strong AI Hypothesis insisted that consciousness was a property of certain algorithms--a result of information being processed in certain ways, regardless of what machine, or organ, was used to perform the task. A computer model which manipulated data about itself and its 'surroundings' in essentially the same way as an organic brain would have to possess essentially the same mental states. 'Simulated consciousness' was as oxymoronic as 'simulated addition.'

Opponents replied that when you modeled a hurricane, nobody got wet. When you modeled a fusion power plant, no energy was produced. When you modeled digestion and metabolism, no nutrients were consumed--no real digestion took place. So, when you modeled the human brain, why should you expect real thoughts to occur? " [More refs. to AI throughout novel. AI is a central theme, other refs. not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2025 Clifton, Mark & Frank Riley. The Forever Machine. New York: Carroll & Graf (1992; first ed. 1956); pg. 320. "Bossy was still largely an unknown quantity. Kennedy's scientists were not the only ones who had tried to build, independently, a duplicate of Bossy and failed. Other groups had failed even more miserably than Kennedy's men... " [Many other references to this AI (artificial intelligence) in the book, most not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2025 Clifton, Mark & Frank Riley. The Forever Machine. New York: Carroll & Graf (1992; first ed. 1956); pg. 348. "'One of the most prevalent misconceptions has been that since Bossy can think faster and more accurately than a man, Man will cease to think, become an indolent slave of the machine and thus fail to reach his destiny.

'The adding machine can think faster than a clerk with a pencil and paper, but it has not destroyed business...

'Bossy is just a tool. Bossy can answer your questions, but only you can ask them.

'There is another even wilder misconception. It has been said that Bossy is a soulless machine, and man, being guided by her, will become likewise no more than a soulless monster, losing his sense of faith, yearning, reaching.

'Bossy is a product of science... Bossy is man's tool. Like all other tools, Bossy is for man's use... Bossy will obey you when you command her... Bossy is no thing of magic, no super being...' "

artificial intelligence world 2025 Cool, Tom. Infectress. New York: Baen (1997); pg. 33. "They surrendered control to the Serendipity's robot an lunched in the wheel well. "
artificial intelligence world 2027 Atack, Chris. Project Maldon. New York: Baen (1997) [Book jacket] "It's bad enough when you suspect your boss is sabotaging your work. It's far worse when your boss is 'Helen,' a temperamental Artificial Intelligence of awesome power and you must rely on her advice to manage Project Maldon, a complex piece of social engineering designed to prevent Armageddon. In theory, Helen, hurtling over the world like an omniscient god, will absorb data from around the globe, spotting trends too subtle for human minds to perceive, then arrive at cures for the rot infecting the roots of civilization. But during the host summer of 2027 the project's director Edward Wolfe begins to suspect that something is wrong with this optimistic scenario.

As Helen's increasingly odd directives trigger social unrest, murder and finally outright civil war, Wolfe becomes desperate to learn whose side the AI is really on, and what her true goals are. " [Refs. throughout novel, not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2028 Hogan, James P. The Two Faces of Tomorrow. New York: Baen (1997; c. 1979) Book jacket: "By the mid-21st Century, technology had become much too complicated for humans to handle--and the computer network that had grown up to keep civilization from tripping over its own shoelaces was also beginning to be overwhelmed. Even worse, it was becoming part of the problem. Computers were logical, but not reasonable, and some of the rigorously logical solutions the silicon governors came up with had come terrifyingly close to causing fatal accidents. Something Had To Be Done.

Raymond Dyer's project had developed the first genuinely self-aware artificial intelligence that could learn and change its own programming to meet unanticipated problems. But could the AI--code-named Spartacus--be trusted to obey its makers? And if it went rogue, could it be shut down? As an acid test, Spartacus was put in charge of a space station and programmed with survival instinct... " [A.I. refs. throughout, not in DB.]; Pg. 60: "...formed 18 years previously in 2010. "

artificial intelligence world 2030 Gibson, William. Neuromancer. New York: Ace Books (1984); pg. 71. "He passed her a paper napkin with W I N T E R M U T E printed in red feltpen in his neat, laborious capitals. "; Pg. 73: "'Wintermute is the recognition code for an AI. I've got the Turing Registry numbers. Artificial intelligence.' " [This AI is mentioned frequently in the book. Other refs. not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2030 Miller, Jr., Walter M. "The Darfsteller " in The Hugo Winners: Volumes One and Two. (Isaac Asimov, ed.) Garden City, NY: Nelson Doubleday (1971; story copyright 1955); pg. 39. "Think of the jolting effect, the dramatic punch, the audience reaction. Mannequins don't bleed. And later, the headlines: Robot Player Kills Old Trouper, Victim of Mechanized Stage. " [Many refs. to robots. Story appears to be in part about robots replacing actors.]
artificial intelligence world 2030 Sawyer, Robert J. Flashforward. New York: Tor (2000; c. 1999); pg. 157. [Things that happened by the year 2030] "The dream of artificial intelligence was still unfulfilled. Though computers that could talk existed in abundance, none exhibited any measure of consciousness. "
artificial intelligence world 2031 Asimov, Isaac. "Satisfaction Guaranteed " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1951); pg. 287. [Year est.] "'...Well, the most important connection of all is what we call 'The First Law of Robotics,' and it is merely this: 'No robot can harm a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.' All robots are built so. No robot can be forced in any way to do harm to any human. So you see...' " [Other refs. throughout story, not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2033 Asimov, Isaac. "Galley Slave " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1957); pg. 315. [Year 2033 mentioned pg. 316.] "The United States Robots and Mechanical Men Corporation, as defendants in the case, had influence enough to force a closed-doors trial without a jury.

Nor did Northeastern University try hard to prevent it. The trustees knew perfectly well how the public might react to any issue involving misbehavior of a robot, however rarefied that misbehavior might be. They also had a clearly visualized notion of how an anti-robot riot might become an antiscience riot without warning. " [Other refs. throughout story, not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2034 Asimov, Isaac. "Escape! " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1945); pg. 403. [Year est.] "'Now a human caught in an impossibility often responds by a retreat from reality: by entry into a world of delusion, or by taking to drink... or jumping off a bridge. It all comes to the same thing--a refusal or inability to face the situation squarely. And so, the robot. A dilemma at its mildest will disorder half its relays; and at its worst it will burn out every positronic brain path past repair.' " [Other robot refs. throughout story.]
artificial intelligence world 2035 Asimov, Isaac. "Evidence " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1946); pg. 427. [Year est.] "'You know that the U. S. Robot and Mechanical Men Corporation is the only manufacturer of positronic robots in the Solar System, and if Byerly is a robot, he is a positronic robot. You are also aware that all positronic robots are leased, and not sold...' " [Other refs. throughout story.]
artificial intelligence world 2035 Asimov, Isaac. "The Evitable Conflict " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1950); pg. 450. [Year est.] "'...Our new world wide robot economy may develop its own problems, and for that reason we have the Machines... because it is based upon the decision of calculating machines that have the good of humanity at heart through the overwhelming force of the First Law of Robotics. And although the Machines are nothing but the vastest conglomeration of calculating circuits ever invented, they are still robots without the meaning of the First Law, and so our Earth wide economy is in accord with the best interests of Man. The population of Earth knows that there will be no unemployment, no overproduction or shortages. Waste and famine are words in history books. And so the question of ownership of the means of production becomes obsolescent. whoever owned them... a man, a group, a nation, or all mankind, they could be utilized only as the Machines directed.--Not because men were forced to but because it was the wisest course and men knew it.' " [More, not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2036 Asimov, Isaac. "Feminine Intuition " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1969); pg. 471. "For the first time in the history of United States Robots and Mechanical Men Corporation, a robot had been destroyed through accident on Earth itself... At the offices of United States Robots, the hows and whys of it were secondary. The real point was that a robot had been destroyed. That, in itself, was distressing. " [Other refs. throughout story, not in DB.]
artificial intelligence world 2040 Zelazny, Roger. "Home is the Hangman " in Unicorn Variations. New York: Timescape (1983; story c. 1975); pg. 90. [Year estimated.] "'...You can begin by telling me how the early space-exploration robots worked--like, say, the ones they used on Venus.'

'That's not computers,' I said, 'and for that matter, they weren't really robots. They were telefactoring devices.'

'Tell me what makes the difference.'

'A robot is a machine which carries out certain operations in accordance with a program of instructions. A telefactor is a slave machine operated by remote control. The telefactor functions in a feedback situation with its operator. Depending on how sophisticated you wan to get, the links can be audiovisual, kinesthetic, tactile, even olfactory...' " [More.]

artificial intelligence world 2040 Zelazny, Roger. "Home is the Hangman " in Unicorn Variations. New York: Timescape (1983; story c. 1975); pg. 106. [Year estimated.] "'...How can religion influence engineering?'

'I spoke with him after Jesse gave us the news on the vessel's return. I got the impression at the time that he feels we were tampering in the province of the Almighty by attempting the creation of an artificial intelligence. That our creation should go mad was only appropriate, being the work of imperfect man. He seemed to feel that it would be fitting if it had come back for retribution, as a sign of judgment upon us.' "

artificial intelligence world 2040 Zelazny, Roger. "Home is the Hangman " in Unicorn Variations. New York: Timescape (1983; story c. 1975); pg. 108. [Year estimated.] "'We were doing something we had no business doing.'

'That being . . .?'

'For one thing, attempting to create an artificial intelligence.'

'Why had you no business doing that?'

'A man with a name like yours shouldn't have to ask.'

I chuckled.

'If I were a preacher,' I said, 'I would have to point out that there is no biblical injunction against it--unless you've been worshiping it on they sly.' " [Many other refs., not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2047 Bear, Greg. Moving Mars. New York: Tor (1993); pg. 149. "Jill, the first thinker on Earth to achieve self-awareness--on December 30, 2047--had served as template for the next generation of thinkers, and so in a very real way was a direct ancestor of Alice. "
artificial intelligence world 2050 Aldridge, Ray. "Click " in L. Ron Hubbard Presents The Best of Writers of the Future (Algis Budrys, ed.) Los Angeles, CA: Bridge Publications (2000; c. 1986); pg. 9. "He looks at me with small piggy eyes, and he addresses me in a loud, careful voice. 'You can talk, that right?'

I answer politely, as my programming directs. 'Yes, sir, I can speak.'

They're both startled by my voice. The booming undertones are disquieting to the human ear... This is ridiculous, she is telling herself; how can I be afraid of a statue, even if it is a Nacama?

'What are you thinking about, right now?' she asks.

She asks one of the Two Questions. The other is: Do you know you're a statue? I answer truthfully, as I must. 'I was thinking about your fear of me.' " [Story's narrator is an artificially intelligent statue in a museum. Refs. throughout, not in DB.]

artificial intelligence world 2050 Asimov, Isaac. "Light Verse " in The Complete Robot. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (1982; c. 1973); pg. 123. [Year est.] "Once, years before, she had almost been scolded by a government functionary from the Bureau of Robots and Mechanical Men. 'You can't do that,' he said severely. 'It interferes with their efficiency. They are constructed to follow orders, and the more clearly you give those orders, the more efficiently they follow them. When you ask with elaborate politeness, it is difficult for them to understand that an order is being given. They react more slowly.'

Mrs. Lardner lifted her aristocratic head. 'I do not ask for speed and efficiency,' she said. 'I ask goodwill. My robots love me.' " [Other refs. throughout story.]

artificial intelligence, continued


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