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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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back to Eritrea, Kale Hiywot Church of Eritrea

Eritrea, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Orthodox (Eastern Christian) Eritrea - 50.00% - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Eritrea Information Network " About half of Eritrea's population (mainly highlanders) are Orthodox Christians, and about half (mainly lowlanders) are Muslims.
Protestant Eritrea - 1.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
SIM International Eritrea - - - - 1999 *LINK* "Eastern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "SIM started our work in Eritrea in the early 1950s with a focus on youth. Today the Kale Hiywot Church of Eritrea (KHCE) has an orphanage at Dekemhare and is composed of three functional churches and several fellowships with a total of 336 members... SIM missionaries assist the KHCE in its Ministry Training Center in Asmara. "
Tigray Eritrea 1,700,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 422, 424. "Tigray: Location: Tigray state (Ethiopia), Eritrea; Population: 3.2 million in Ethiopia, 1.7 million in Eritrea; Religion: Christianity " [Tigray form of 4th-century Christianity. These statistics are measure of tribal/ethnic affiliation, not a "distinct " religion.]
miscellaneous regional info Eritrea - - - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant; Total Population: 3,589,687. (Former name of country: Eritrea Autonomous Region in Ethiopia)
attendance - weekly Estonia - 4.00% - - 1997 *LINK* web site: "The University of Michigan News and Information Services "; web page: "Study identifies worldwide rates of religiosity, church attendance " (viewed 17 April 1999). "News Release: December 10, 1997 " By Diane Swanbrow. Table: weekly church attendance in various nations. "Source: Based on latest avail. data from... World Values surveys. Results with an asterisk are from the 1990-1991 survey; all others are from 1995-1997 survey. "
Baptist World Alliance Estonia 6,234 0.44% 85
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "; [BWA stats. in individual countries are sum of figures for member bodies of BWA in the countries.]; [County population figures for 1998 from United Nations data available here.]
Catholic Estonia 4,000 0.26% 5
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997), pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Christianity Estonia - - - - 1193 C.E. Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992), pg. 28. "Christianity, a faith that took root in northern Europe in the 11th century, arrived in Estonia in the late 12th century. Christian soldiers called crusaders had the approval of their leader, the Roman Catholic pope, to wage war against any area that was not Christian. The well-equipped crusaders who attacked Estonia belonged to a Germany military order called the Knights of the Sword. The knights invaded Estonia in 1193... After many bloody battles, the crusaders eventually defeated the farmers, and most of Estonia accepted Christianity. "
Christianity Estonia - 10.00% - - 1975 *LINK* web site: "Estonia Country Guide " Under Soviet occupation, atheistic legislation was enforced in Estonia... In the 1970s, fewer than 10 per cent of the population openly admitted to being Christians.
Christianity Estonia - - - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Evangelical Lutheran, others include Baptist, Methodist, 7th Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Word of Life, 7th Day Baptist, Judaism; Total Population: 1,436,558.
Christianity Estonia - - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 138. "Pagan and totem worship, along with shamanism, were widely practiced in ancient times. Christianity came to the Estonians in the 11th century AD. Over the next two centuries, the majority of Estonians gradually became Christian. During the period Swedish rule (1629-1710), a state church was established that was based on Lutheran doctrine. Lutheranism is the most widely practiced faith among Estonians today, though also Russian Orthodox and Baptist communities within Estonia... Official antireligious bias and repression by the Soviet government continued to some extent until 1988, but all antireligious legislation was repealed in 1990. Since the end of Soviet rule..., many Estonians have become interested in religion. "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Estonia 200 - 4
units
- 1995 Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1996), pg. 188-408. "Year-end 1995: Est. population [of country]; Members, [number shown in '# of adherents' column to left] "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Estonia 300 0.02% 3
units
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.
Eastern Orthodox Estonia - 33.00% - - 1935 *LINK* web site: "Eesti-info serveri sisu "; web page: "ESTONIA TODAY: The Orthodox Church in Estonia Challenges in re-establishing Orthodox traditions " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) "1935 one-third of the total Estonian population was Orthodox Christian under the Patriarch of Constantinople, including the President of Estonia, Konstantin Pa "ts. "
Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church (in Estonia) Estonia - - 165
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "Eesti-info serveri sisu "; web page: "The Estonian Lutheran Church " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999); web page maintained by: Walter Johanson . Historical circumstances following the Soviet Union's occupation of Estonia have shaped the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church into two autonomous churches: one of 165 congregations in Estonia (EELK), the other of 63 congregations outside of Estonia.
Evangelical Christian-Baptist Union of Estonia Estonia 6,234 - 85
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Estonia Estonia - - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table "Believers are predominantly affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Estonia. Russian Orthodox and Protestant minorities. "
Jehovah's Witnesses Estonia 3,591 0.25% 40
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 8,871.
Jehovah's Witnesses Estonia 3,846 0.26% 43
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Estonia 8,871 0.61% 40
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Estonia 8,276 0.57% - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; "Memorial attendance " column indicates attendance at yearly communion meeting.
Judaism Estonia 5,000 0.40% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990), pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Estonia 3,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Lutheran Estonia - - - - 1522 C.E. Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992), pg. 28. "In the late 1500s, a religious movement called the Protestant Reformation caused many Germans to turn away from the Roman Catholic Church. The movement spread to the Germans living in Estonia and then to the Estonians themselves. By 1522, many Estonians had accepted the Lutheran faith... "
Lutheran Estonia - 80.00% - - 1925 *LINK* web site: "Estonia Country Guide " In 1925, the Church was separated from the State. Around 80 per cent of the population belonged to the Lutheran Church.
Lutheran Estonia - - - - 1992 Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992), pg. 25. "Most Estonians follow the Lutheran faith... "
Lutheran Estonia - - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Estonia Country Guide " "Estonians are predominantly Lutherans, though... small Russian Orthodox and Baptist communities across the country. " Also: Roman Catholic, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim.
Orthodox (Eastern Christian) Estonia - 33.00% - - 1935 *LINK* web site: "Eesti-info serveri sisu "; web page: "ESTONIA TODAY: The Orthodox Church in Estonia Challenges in re-establishing Orthodox traditions " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) "1935 one-third of the total Estonian population was Orthodox Christian under the Patriarch of Constantinople, including the President of Estonia, Konstantin Pa "ts. "
Orthodox (Eastern Christian) Estonia - - 80
units
- 1996 *LINK* web site: "Eesti-info serveri sisu "; web page: "ESTONIA TODAY: The Orthodox Church in Estonia Challenges in re-establishing Orthodox traditions " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) At present there are more than 80 Orthodox parishes active in Estonia which vary from large parishes to small parishes located in rural districts.
paganism Estonia - - - - 1000 C.E. Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 138. "Pagan and totem worship, along with shamanism, were widely practiced in ancient times. Christianity came to the Estonians in the 11th century AD. "
Taara Estonia - - - - 1100 C.E. Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992), pg. 25. "The earliest Estonians practiced a religion that honored the god Taara. The influence of Taara is still evident in a festival held every June 24 to celebrate the longest day of the year. Although Christian traditions changed the holiday's name to St. John's Day, Estonians observe the occasion the way their pre-Christian Taara ancestors did. Dancing, bonfires, and flowers are features of this mid-summer celebration. "
miscellaneous regional info Estonia - - - - 1992 Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992), pg. 25. "Most Estonians follow the Lutheran faith, which German rulers introduced in the 1500s. Russian immigrants brought in the Russian Orthodox form of Christianity. Soviet authorities restricted both religions, but believers continued to participate in services whenever possible. Songfests and holiday celebrations remained popular despite the ban on religious practices. These gatherings strengthened Estonia's national identity throughout the decades of Soviet occupation. "
miscellaneous regional info Estonia - - - - 1998 Ruggiero, Adriane. The Baltic Countries: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Parsippany, New Jersey: Dillon Press (1998), pg. 8. "Major Religions: Under Soviet rule the practice of religion was suppressed. With independence, Estonians became free to worship as they pleased. There are Lutherna churches in Estonia as well as Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Jewish congregations. "
Lutheran Estonia: Lake Peipsi - 26.00% - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "lake-peipus.net "; web page: "Religion and Culture " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); "References: Tatiana Maximova, Eiki Berg " "While along the Russian border of Lake Peipsi most people are Russian Orthodox & the culture is fairly homogeneous, the Estonian borderlands [are very diverse in] culture & religion... On the Estonian side of Lake Peipsi: [Ethnicity:] 56% are Estonians; 34% Russians; [Religion:] 26% Lutheran; 22% Russian Orthodox; 16% Old Believers; 33% Non-religious "
Nonreligious Estonia: Lake Peipsi - 33.00% - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "lake-peipus.net "; web page: "Religion and Culture " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); "References: Tatiana Maximova, Eiki Berg " "While along the Russian border of Lake Peipsi most people are Russian Orthodox & the culture is fairly homogeneous, the Estonian borderlands [are very diverse in] culture & religion... On the Estonian side of Lake Peipsi: [Ethnicity:] 56% are Estonians; 34% Russians; [Religion:] 26% Lutheran; 22% Russian Orthodox; 16% Old Believers; 33% Non-religious "
Old Believers Estonia: Lake Peipsi - 16.00% - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "lake-peipus.net "; web page: "Religion and Culture " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); "References: Tatiana Maximova, Eiki Berg " "While along the Russian border of Lake Peipsi most people are Russian Orthodox & the culture is fairly homogeneous, the Estonian borderlands [are very diverse in] culture & religion... On the Estonian side of Lake Peipsi: [Ethnicity:] 56% are Estonians; 34% Russians; [Religion:] 26% Lutheran; 22% Russian Orthodox; 16% Old Believers; 33% Non-religious "
Russian Orthodox Estonia: Lake Peipsi - 22.00% - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "lake-peipus.net "; web page: "Religion and Culture " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); "References: Tatiana Maximova, Eiki Berg " "While along the Russian border of Lake Peipsi most people are Russian Orthodox & the culture is fairly homogeneous, the Estonian borderlands [are very diverse in] culture & religion... On the Estonian side of Lake Peipsi: [Ethnicity:] 56% are Estonians; 34% Russians; [Religion:] 26% Lutheran; 22% Russian Orthodox; 16% Old Believers; 33% Non-religious "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Estonia: Tallinn 350 - - - 1999 "LDS Scene " in Ensign (May 1999), pg. 119. "When Estonia's first meetinghouse is completed, it will serve about 350 membes living in the capital city of Tallinn. "
Abyssinian Frontiers Mission Ethiopia 75 - - - 1937 *LINK* "Eastern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "In 1927, the founders of the Abyssinian Frontiers Mission joined forces with SIM founder Dr. Rowland Bingham to evangelize southern Ethiopia. Work was slow, and there were only 75 baptized believers 10 years later, when the invasion by Italy forced the missionaries to evacuate. "
Abyssinian Frontiers Mission Ethiopia - - 100
units
- 1942 *LINK* "Eastern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "In 1927, the founders of the Abyssinian Frontiers Mission joined forces with SIM founder Dr. Rowland Bingham to evangelize southern Ethiopia. Work was slow, and there were only 75 baptized believers 10 years later, when the invasion by Italy forced the missionaries to evacuate. SIM returned in 1942 to find thousands of believers meeting in more than 100 congregations. "
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 2,969,000 37.10% - - 1900 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 3,541,000 14.20% - - 1970 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 3,592,900 12.80% - - 1975 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 3,605,000 11.40% - - 1980 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR in African Nations "; (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 4,320,000 8.00% - - 1992 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Mid-1992 [total] population estimated at 54 million. About 50% of pop. Ethiopian Orthodox About 2 percent Protestant and Roman Catholic combined. Approximately 40 percent adherents of Islam. Remainder indigenous religions.
African Traditional Religion Ethiopia 3,605,000 7.60% - - 2000 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR in African Nations "; (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "; Projection, made circa 1982.
Amhara Ethiopia - 20.00% - - 1945 Fradin, Dennis Brindell. Ethiopia (series: Enchantment of the World). Chicago: Childrens Press (1988), pg. 49. "Many were angry that the Amhara, who comprised about 20% of the population, dominated political life. The Muslims, comprising almost half the population, were rarely appointed to government positions. "
Amhara Ethiopia - 40.00% - - 1965 Kaula, Edna Mason. The Land and People of Ethiopia (series: Portraits of the Nations Series). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1965), pg. 23. "The Amharas stand out as the most dominant in this group. They comprise 35 to 40 per cent of the population. "
Amhara Ethiopia 13,000,000 25.00% - - 1991 Kurtz, Jane. Ethiopia: The Roof of the World (series: Discovering Our Heritage). New York: Dillon Press (1991), pg. 4, 27. Pg. 4: "Population: 52,000,000 (1991) "; Pg. 27: "Throughout history, the Amhara were strongly loyal to Ethiopian Christianity. Though comprising only about one quarter of the population, they had a strong sense of superiority, and spread their ways and attitudes throughout the country which they (together with the Tigre) dominated for centuries. "
Amhara Ethiopia 9,600,000 20.00% - - 1991 Steward, Gail B. Ethiopia. New York: Crestwood House (1991), pg. 24, 45. Pg. 24: "The Amharas were not the majority. They make up only about 20 percent of Ethiopians. "; Pg. 45: "Population: 48 million "
Amhara Ethiopia 12,000,000 25.00% - - 1995 Haskins, Jim & Joann Biondi. From Afar to Zulu: A Dictionary of African Cultures. New York: Walker Publishing Co. (1995), pg. 10-12. "Amhara: Population: 12,000,000; Location: Central and northern highlands of Ethiopia; Language: Amharic "; Pg. 11: "The Amhara are descended from the Abyssinians, or early Ethiopians, and Arabic traders of the sixth century B.C... represent 25% of the overall population of Ethiopia... The Coptic church... plays a strong role in the lives of Amharans. Children are baptized in it, and most Amharans observe the obligation of partial fasting two days a week... "
Amhara Ethiopia - - - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997), pg. 168. Estimates of % of population in ethnic (NOT religious) backgrounds, & est. 1997 total pop.; "Amhara and Tigrean (31%) "
Amhara Ethiopia 14,000,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 23. "Amhara: Location: Ethiopia; Population: About 14 million; Religion: Coptic Monophysite Christianity "; "The Amhara people are Coptic Monophysite Christians. The population was converted to Christianity in the 4th century AD and their form of religion has changed little, if at all, since its beginnings in Ethiopia... Amhara Christianity is very unlike what Westerners recognize as Christianity... loaded with Old Testament religion and folklore, as well as material often considered a part of so-called 'pagan' religion. Hence, we can say that Amhara religion consists of 4 separate but interwoven realms of religious belief. First... Monophysite Christian religion... Second, there are the zar and adbar protector spirits... Third is the belief in buda... fourth... beliefs includes the ghouls and devils that prowl the countryside... "
Anaak Ethiopia - - - - 1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Baptist Evangelical Association Ethiopia 8,009 - 51
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Baptist World Alliance Ethiopia 8,009 0.01% 51
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "; [BWA stats. in individual countries are sum of figures for member bodies of BWA in the countries.]; [County population figures for 1998 from United Nations data available here.]
Beja Ethiopia - - - 2
countries
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures; "Sudan, Ethiopia "
Beja Ethiopia - - - - 1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Catholic Ethiopia 346,000 0.65% 171
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997), pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Ethiopia - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Christianity Ethiopia - 67.00% - - 1965 Kaula, Edna Mason. The Land and People of Ethiopia (series: Portraits of the Nations Series). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1965), pg. 21. "Religion plays an enormous role in the lives of most Ethiopians. As a nation they have been Christianized since the fourth century, and today the official claim is that 67% of the population practices Christian ethics. Perhaps a closer estimate is provided by another source, which divides the practicing religions into 35% Orthodox Christian, 35% Muslim, 25% pagan, and 5% miscellaneous. "
Christianity Ethiopia - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 841. "Ethiopia... The nation is made up of a wide variety of peoples, faiths and cultures; it is dominated by the Monophysite Church... to which the Emperor and most of the ruling class owe allegiance... Yet, although Christianity is the official religion, almost half the population is Moslem and considerable numbers of pagans thrive in isolated groups throughout the land. "
Christianity Ethiopia - 20.00% - - 1974 Hallett, Robin. Africa Since 1875: A Modern History; Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press (1974), pg. 79. "Only in Ethiopia was the position of Christianity vigorously maintained as the religion of state, though the total number of Ethiopian Christians does not exceed 20% of the country's present population. "
Christianity Ethiopia - - - - 1984 Pankhurst, Richard. Let's Visit Ethiopia. London, UK: Burke Publishing Co. (1984), pg. 24-25. "Christianity, which is the most important of the religions in Ethiopia, may well have first arrived in the country at the time of the Apostles. Christianity became the state religion of the Aksumite Kingdom in the early fourth century... In addition to members of the Ethiopian church, there are several thousand Catholics, Lutherans and Adventists in Ethiopia, mainly in the towns. They have been converted by European and American missionaries... "
Christianity Ethiopia 16,800,000 40.00% - - 1988 Fradin, Dennis Brindell. Ethiopia (series: Enchantment of the World). Chicago: Childrens Press (1988), pg. 88. "The latest census says that Ethiopia's population is forty-two million... It is estimated that about 40% are Christians and about 40% are Muslims. "
Christianity Ethiopia 20,800,000 40.00% - - 1991 Kurtz, Jane. Ethiopia: The Roof of the World (series: Discovering Our Heritage). New York: Dillon Press (1991), pg. 4, 31. Pg. 4: "Population: 52,000,000 (1991) "; Pg. 31: "...about 40% of the Ethiopian people are Christian. "
Christianity Ethiopia 28,080,000 52.00% - - 1992 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Mid-1992 [total] population estimated at 54 million. About 50% of pop. Ethiopian Orthodox About 2 percent Protestant and Roman Catholic combined. Approximately 40 percent adherents of Islam. Remainder indigenous religions.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ethiopia 200 - 1
unit
- 1995 Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1996), pg. 188-408. "Year-end 1995: Est. population [of country]; Members, [number shown in '# of adherents' column to left] "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ethiopia 237 - - - 1997 "LDS in Africa: Growing Membership Sees American Church with Unique Vision, " Salt Lake Tribune, 4 April 1998. Reprinted in Sunstone (June 1998, pg. 71). Map: Membership totals as of December 1997.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ethiopia 200 - 1
unit
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.
Church of the Nazarene Ethiopia 177 - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site: Nazarene World Mission Society Church Statistics: Churches; 2 Jan 1998
Churches of Christ Ethiopia 45,990 0.08% 437
units
- 1995 *LINK* official organization web site table: "STATUS OF CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA--1995 " (Campbellite)
Communist Ethiopia - - - - 1986 Kleeberg, Irene Cumming. Ethiopia. New York: Franklin Watts (1986), pg. 47. "Ethiopia is now a Marxist-Leninist Communist country, and most Communist countries discourages religion. Although some reports of religious persecution have come out of Ethiopia, few experts believe that it was actually led by the government. We can probably assume that religion, while not encouraged in Ethiopia, is not being stamped out by the government. "
Danakil Ethiopia - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures


Ethiopia, continued

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