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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo), continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 11,956,000 28.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Est. 42.7 million [total pop.] (1994). Majority Christian: 46 to 48 % Roman Catholic, 24 to 28 % Protestant, up to 16.5 % in Kimbanguist Church. About 1 % of population Muslim. Most other people practice traditional African religions.
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 13,130,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 9,488,072 20.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and traditional beliefs 10%; Total population: 47,440,362.
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 14,985,000 33.30% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 471-472. "Location: Democratic Republic of the Congo (the former Zaire); Population: 45 million "; "Nearly half of all Zairians practice Catholicism, and another third are Protestant, but typically Christian and traditional forms of religion are combined. "
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - 36.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Protestant Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 9,299,708 20.00% - - 1998 *LINK* official government web site of Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire) Religions : Catholiques romains 50% ; Protestants 20% ; Kimbanguistes 10% ; Musulmans 10% ; autres 10%; [Total] Population : 46.498.539 (estimation)
Pygmies Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 2,660,000 7.00% - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997), pg. 92. Estimates of % of population in ethnic (NOT religious) backgrounds, & est. 1997 total pop.
Songe Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Sunni Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 54,000,000 90.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 135-136. "Location: Egypt; Population: 60 million "; Pg. 136: "About 90% of Egyptians are Sunni Muslims, 8.5% are Coptic Christians, and 1.5% are other christian denominations... "
Urantia Book Readers, Fellowship of Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - - 1
unit
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) directory: "1996-1997 International Study Group Directory for readers of The Urantia Book "
Zande Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - - - - 1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Africa Evangelical Fellowship Zambia - - - - 1910 *LINK* "Southern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "Africa Evangelical Fellowship entered Zambia in 1910 and began working among the Kaonde people in the northwest. More than 600 congregations, which now make up the Evangelical Church of Zambia (ECZ), grew out of this ministry. "
African indigenous churches Zambia - 7.00% - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Total population: 5,100,000. African Independent Churches 7%.
African indigenous churches Zambia - 8.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 56-57. [Chapter about Bemba] "In general it is estimated that 34% of Zambia's population are Protestant, 27% hold to traditional beliefs, 26% are Roman Catholic, 8% are African Christian, and the rest follow other Christian sects, Islam, and other faiths. "
African indigenous churches Zambia - 8.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
African Traditional Religion Zambia 748,000 99.70% - - 1900 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Zambia 1,467,200 34.20% - - 1970 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Zambia 1,535,470 30.60% - - 1975 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR... " (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Zambia - 40.00% - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Total population: 5,100,000. African Traditionals 40%.
African Traditional Religion Zambia 1,585,700 27.00% - - 1980 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR in African Nations "; (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "
African Traditional Religion Zambia 1,758,730 15.20% - - 2000 *LINK* web page: "Geographical Distribution of Followers of ATR in African Nations "; (viewed 13 March 1999); Arranged by Chidi Denis Isizoh from the entries made in: Barret, D.B. World Christian Encylopedia. Nairobi (1982). Table: "Geographical Distribution of Adherents of African Traditional Religion in the Continent of Africa "; Projection, made circa 1982.
Anglican Zambia 90,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000.
Baptist Zambia 16,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000.
Baptist Convention of Zambia Zambia 40,200 - 445
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Baptist Union of Zambia Zambia 41,500 - 360
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Baptist World Alliance Zambia 81,700 0.93% 805
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "; [BWA stats. in individual countries are sum of figures for member bodies of BWA in the countries.]; [County population figures for 1998 from United Nations data available here.]
Bemba Zambia 3,060,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 55. "Bemba: Location: Northern Zambia; Population: 3,060,000; Religion: Protestantism; traditional beliefs; Roman Catholicism; African Christianity; Islam " [This is a measure of tribal/ethnic affiliation, NOT a measure of how many practice traditional Bemba religion.]
Brethren (CMML) Zambia 50,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) "Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000 "; [From Yale Divinity Library List of Abbreviations, I believe CMML stands for "Christian Missions in Many Lands "]
Brethren in Christ Zambia 6,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000.
Brethren in Christ Zambia 12,026 - 121
units
- 1998 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site. Directory 1998. Web page: "Africa: Mennonite & Brethren in Christ Churches " ZAMBIA: Brethren in Christ Church (Zambia)... Members: 12,026; Congregations: 121
Catholic Zambia - 30.00% - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Total population: 5,100,000. Roman Catholics 30% numerically strong, but spiritually weak.
Catholic Zambia - 26.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Catholic Zambia 2,677,000 28.50% 257
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997), pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Zambia - 26.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 56-57. [Chapter about Bemba] "In general it is estimated that 34% of Zambia's population are Protestant, 27% hold to traditional beliefs, 26% are Roman Catholic, 8% are African Christian, and the rest follow other Christian sects, Islam, and other faiths. "
Catholic Zambia - 32.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Catholic Zambia - 37.50% - - 1999 *LINK* "Southern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "Three out of four Zambians consider themselves to be Christians, with a fairly even split between Roman Catholics and Protestants. "
Christian Mission to Many Lands Zambia 50,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) "Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000 "; [From Yale Divinity Library List of Abbreviations, I believe CMML stands for "Christian Missions in Many Lands " or (other source) "Christian Mission to Many Lands "]
Christianity Zambia - 75.00% - - 1987 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: INTERNATIONAL INTERCESSORS, June, 1987); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Nearly 75 percent are Christian, mostly Roman Catholic.
Christianity Zambia - 50.00% - - 1989 Laure, Jason. Zambia (series: "Enchantment of the World "). Chicago: Childrens Press (1989), pg. 98. "Since independence, with the state taking over the responsibility of primary education, the churches no longer have the same kind of direct influence they once had. It is estimated, however, that about half of the population considers itself to be Christian, the majority of them Roman Catholic. "
Christianity Zambia 5,796,000 63.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Web site: "Council for World Mission "; web page: "Southern Africa (PCSA) " (viewed 31 May 1999). "Country information: Population (1994 United Nations estimate):.. Zambia: 9.2 million... Zambia: Christianity (63%). Indigenous beliefs (36%). Islam (1%)... "
Christianity Zambia 6,990,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table; This figure for Christian "includes affiliated and nominal Christians " [but then, I assume that's what the figure for total Christians always includes on this table. But there's an explicit footnote to this effect for this stat.]
Christianity Zambia 7,012,481 75.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,349,975. Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%.
Christianity Zambia 6,675,000 75.00% - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997), pg. 152. Estimates of % of population in principal religions, & est. 1997 total pop.
Christianity Zambia 5,760,000 72.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 476-477. "Location: Zambia; Population: 8 million "; "Some 72% of Zambia's population report that they are Christian or combine Christianity with traditional African religions. The remainder practice African beliefs, or are Hindu or Muslim. "
Christianity Zambia - 75.00% - - 1999 *LINK* "Southern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "Three out of four Zambians consider themselves to be Christians, with a fairly even split between Roman Catholics and Protestants. "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Zambia 400 - 2
units
- 1995 Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1996), pg. 188-408. "Year-end 1995: Est. population [of country]; Members, [number shown in '# of adherents' column to left] "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Zambia 538 - - - 1997 "LDS in Africa: Growing Membership Sees American Church with Unique Vision, " Salt Lake Tribune, 4 April 1998. Reprinted in Sunstone (June 1998, pg. 71). Map: Membership totals as of December 1997.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Zambia 500 0.01% 2
units
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.
Church of Scotland Zambia - - - - 1953 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1979. "...in Zambia. Alice Lenshina was a simple tribeswoman who belonged to the Church of Scotland Lubwa Mission in (then) Northern Rhodesia. In 1953, Lenshina claimed to have received visions, to have entertained angels, and to have met Jesus during a period of three nights and three days when she was 'dead'. Initially she remained in the mission where a wise missionary sought to use, rather than suppress, her religious impulses. "
Church of the Nazarene Zambia 7,489 0.07% 42
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site: Nazarene World Mission Society Church Statistics: Churches; 5 Jan. 1998; total populatoin: 10,174,000
Churches of Christ Zambia 31,580 0.38% 558
units
- 1995 *LINK* official organization web site table: "STATUS OF CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA--1995 " (Campbellite)
Evangelical Zambia - 4.00% - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Total population: 5,100,000. Protestants 15%. Community 460,000. Denominations 24. Evangelicals 4% of population.
Evangelical Church of Zambia Zambia - - 600
units
- 1999 *LINK* "Southern Africa " in SIM NOW, Feb. 1999 (vol. #85); (viewed online 6 July 1999); SIM International web site. "Africa Evangelical Fellowship entered Zambia in 1910 and began working among the Kaonde people in the northwest. More than 600 congregations, which now make up the Evangelical Church of Zambia (ECZ), grew out of this ministry. "
Evangelical Churches (AEF) Zambia 20,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) "Anglicans 90,000; Reformed Church (S. African DRC) 90,000+; Baptists (3 groups) 16,000; Brethren (CMML) 50,000; Evangelical (AEF) 20,000; Brethren in Christ 6,000. "
Hinduism Zambia 20,000 - - - 1993 *LINK* "Publisher's Desk: Hinduism Today in Africa " in Hinduism Today International (Oct. 1993, Vol. 15, No. 10) on the continent there are major Hindu populations in South Africa (1.2 million), Tanzania (60,000), Kenya (60,000), Nigeria (30,000) and Zambia (20,000) with significant communities in Zimbabwe, Somalia and Botswana.
Hinduism Zambia - - - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,349,975. Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%.
Ila Zambia - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Islam Zambia 700,000 15.00% - - 1986 *LINK* Web site: "Arabic Paper "; web page: "Muslim Countries of the World " (viewed 15 June 1999). [Written 1998.] [NOTE: Unreliable statistical methodology.] "In 1986... Muslim Education Trust organization [U.K.] obtained... 1971 census & [info. from] Embassies of the respective countires... 1971 census showed the Muslim Minorities countries had around 308 Million Muslim.. "; "...add (784.5M [independent Muslim countries]+ 308M) = 1092.5 Million Muslims in 1971 "; Table shows country, "population " [number of Muslims in the country], & % Muslim. Total adds up to 317,391,000, so these figures are apparently intended to be estimates for 1986.
Islam Zambia 92,000 1.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Web site: "Council for World Mission "; web page: "Southern Africa (PCSA) " (viewed 31 May 1999). "Country information: Population (1994 United Nations estimate):.. Zambia: 9.2 million... Zambia: Christianity (63%). Indigenous beliefs (36%). Islam (1%)... "
Islam Zambia - - - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,349,975. Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%.
Islam Zambia - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Islam Zambia 35,000 0.30% - - 2000 K. F. Bin Mohd Noor. "Muslims Statistics... for Year 2000 " [orig. src: Barrett. World Christian Encyclopedia, 1982] Table
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia - 1.00% - - 1966 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 11). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1499. "In 1966 there were some 360,000 Witnesses in the United States... whilst in Zambia Witnesses constitute over 1 per cent of the population. "
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia - 8.00% - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: OPERATION WORLD 1979); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) "Total population: 5,100,000. Watchtower 8% - probably the land with the second highest percentage of JWs in the world. Unpopular with the government due to their anarchistic doctrines. "
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia 57,034 0.92% 1,393
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Adherent count here is from "1983 Peak Publishers " column
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia 96,686 0.99% 2,058
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 428,697.
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia 104,096 1.03% 2,060
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "
Jehovah's Witnesses Zambia - 3.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Zambia 282,984 - 1,393
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Data from columns: "No. of congs. " and "Memorial attendance "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Zambia 428,697 4.38% 2,058
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Zambia 411,017 4.08% - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; "Memorial attendance " column indicates attendance at yearly communion meeting.
Lozi Zambia - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995), pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Lumpa Church Zambia - - - - 1953 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1979. "Among the most dramatic of the anti-witchcraft movements has been the Lumpa Church of Alice Lenshina in Zambia. Alice Lenshina was a simple tribeswoman who belonged to the Church of Scotland Lubwa Mission in (then) Northern Rhodesia. In 1953, Lenshina claimed to have received visions, to have entertained angels, and to have met Jesus during a period of three nights and three days when she was 'dead'. "
Lumpa Church Zambia - - - - 1957 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1979. "...Lumpa Church of Alice Lenshina in Zambia... Initially she remained in the mission where a wise missionary sought to use, rather than suppress, her religious impulses. She testified against hatred, stealing, swearing, lying, adultery, and other sins, and she soon acquied a name as a prophetess among the natives. After a little time she began to baptize people, and called them to surrender to her their horns, charms and other implements of witchcraft. Her fame spread, and pilgrims came from as far away as Lake Tanganyika and Nyasaland. She taught the pilgrims songs, and after a time began to authorize teachers... her message was by no means out of harmony with Christian teachings - despite her dramatic visionary claims. "
Lumpa Church Zambia - - - - 1957 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1979. "But the accomodation of such a powerful teacher to mission Christianity proved difficult. In particular, Roman Catholic missions in the area were denuded of their following and Lenshina began to incur the hostility of the missionaries. Some declared that she had been given so spirit-possession when young, and others asserted that the new movement was an African nationalist or racist organization. There is, however, no evidence that Lenshina taught anything about an impending cataclysm which would overtake the government of the whites, even though -- in common with Christian Churches -- she had some teachings concerning the mellinnium. The central concern of the Lumpa Church was the elimination of witchcraft, but even this was misrepresented. Press reports by journalists, who understood little of African cultures, mistook witchcraft-elimination for witchcraft itself. "


Zambia, continued

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