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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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Poland, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Ordo Lux Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
other Poland 390,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table; "other " = NOT Roman Catholic, nonreligious, Polish Orthodox
other Poland 1,910,000 5.00% - - 1997 Shoemaker, M. Wesley. Russia, Eurasian States, and Eastern Europe 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997), pg. 278. "Poland... Population: 38.2 million... Roman Catholic (95%; 75% practicing), Uniate, Greek Orthodox, Protestant and others (5%). "
Polish National Catholic Church Poland - - 50
units
- 1939 Otfinoski, Steven. Poland (series: Nations in Transition). New York: Facts on File, Inc. (1995), pg. 67. "...the most interesting religious minority by far is the Polish National Catholic Church. This sect is made up of Poles who broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the U.S. in 1897 in response to the church's poor record in Polish-American communities... Missionaries from the new church first came to Poland in 1919. Twenty years later, there were over 50 parishes in Poland and a theological seminary in Krakow. In recent years, the PNCCA has entered into talks with the Roman Catholic Church in Poland. "
Polish National Catholic Church Poland - - - - 1984 Pfeiffer, Christine. Poland: Land of Freedom Fighters. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Dillon Press, Inc. (1984), pg. 37. "People of other religions have been important to Poland, too... Some Poles are Protestants, and others are members of the Polish National Catholic church. This religious group broke away from the Roman Catholic church in the United States and was brought to Poland by Polish Americans. "
Polish National Catholic Church Poland - - 50
units
- 1990 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990), pg. 197. "Missionary work was begun in Poland in 1919, and by 1939 there were more than 50 parishes, with a theological seminary in Kracow. "
Polish Orthodox Poland 550,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Rastafarian Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Sikhism Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Theosophy Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Unitarian/Unitarian Universalist Poland 150 - 8
units
- 1998 *LINK* directory on offical church web site CONGREGATIONS: 8: Chorzow, Katowice, Myslowice, Zabrze, Bytom,Warczawa. Dispersal for members at large; MEMBERS: 150 plus attendees and friends
Yoga Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Zen Poland - - 22
units
- 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994), pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Judaism Poland: Warsaw 3,532 - - - 1781 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973), pg. 971. "Warsaw's Jewish population numbered 3,532 in 1781; 219,141 in 1891. "
Judaism Poland: Warsaw 219,141 - - - 1891 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973), pg. 971. "Warsaw's Jewish population numbered 3,532 in 1781; 219,141 in 1891. "
primal-indigenous Polynesia - - - - 1825 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 549. "The quite remarkable conversion to Christianity in the Polynesian islands, and the smashing of temples and statues, cannot wholly be laid at the door of the pitifully few Christian missionaries. Gods, chiefs, priests, and institutions such as the Arioi had become an alliance of tyrannies. The surge of popular feelings, helped on by missionaries who could not but take advantage of the situation, was not to be denied. A little later, as Europeans began to settle and their goods began to circulate, there were misgivings. Movements similar to Melanesian cargo cults flourished briefly, then died as generalized Christian ways became the norm. "
Associacao dos Irmaos Menonitas de Portugal Portugal 20 - 2
units
- 1998 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site. Directory 1998. Web page: "Europe: Mennonite & Brethren in Christ Churches " PORTUGAL: Associacao dos Irmaos Menonitas de Portugal; Members: 20; Congregations: 2
attendance - weekly Portugal - 47.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "The University of Michigan News and Information Services "; web page: "Study identifies worldwide rates of religiosity, church attendance " (viewed 17 April 1999). "News Release: December 10, 1997 " By Diane Swanbrow. Table: weekly church attendance in various nations. "Source: Based on latest avail. data from... World Values surveys. Results with an asterisk are from the 1990-1991 survey; all others are from 1995-1997 survey. "
Baptist Convention of Portugal Portugal 4,204 - 60
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Baptist World Alliance Portugal 4,204 0.04% 60
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "; [BWA stats. in individual countries are sum of figures for member bodies of BWA in the countries.]; [County population figures for 1998 from United Nations data available here.]
Catholic Portugal - 95.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Catholic Portugal 10,185,000 97.00% - - 1992 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Est. 10.5 million [total pop.] (1992). 97 percent nominally Roman Catholic; Protestant denominations 1 percent; others 2 percent.
Catholic Portugal - 95.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992). Pg. 206-207. Chart
Catholic Portugal 9,948,000 92.00% 4,346
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997), pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Portugal 9,380,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Catholic Portugal 9,633,114 97.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,931,045. Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant denominations 1%, other 2%
Catholic Portugal 10,185,000 97.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 312. "Location: Portugal; Population: 10.5 million "; "The overwhelming majority of Portuguese (97%) are Roman Catholics, and Catholicism is the center of Portuguese life. "
Catholic Portugal - 94.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 10,429,000
Catholic Portugal - 97.00% - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Wholesome Words: Worldwide Missions " by Stephen Ross, "First Edition, 1998 "; [original sources: The World Book Encyclopedia, c1998.] Table: "Major Roman Catholic Countries of the World "
Catholic - attend regularly Portugal 3,465,000 33.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 312. "Location: Portugal; Population: 10.5 million "; "The overwhelming majority of Portuguese (97%) are Roman Catholics, and Catholicism is the center of Portuguese life... While only about a third of the population attends church regularly, almost all Portuguese are baptized and married within the church and receive its last rites when they die. Religious observance is greater in the northern part of the country than in the south. "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Portugal 34,000 0.30% 104
units
- 1995 Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1996), pg. 188-408. "Year-end 1995: Est. population [of country]; Members, [number shown in '# of adherents' column to left] "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Portugal 35,000 0.30% 105
units
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Portugal 50,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Bayon, Miguel "Estreno mormon " in "El Pais Digital " (Viernes, 19 febrero 1999 - No. 1022), viewed online 23 Feb. 1999. Original Spanish: "En Espa–a son 30.000, y en Portugal, 50.000. Las comunidades aut—nomas con m‡s mormones son Madrid y Andaluc’a, y a la cabeza de las ciudades espa–olas figuran Madrid y Barcelona. "; Translation: "In Spain they are 30,000, & in Portugal, 50.000. The individual communities with the most LDS are Madrid & Andalusia; among Spanish cities the largest LDS communities are in Madrid & Barcelona. "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Portugal 35,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Rocha, Joao Manuel. "Mormones Mostram Pujanca " in OUTROS TITULOS EM SOCIEDADE, publication date: Sabado, 20 de Fevereiro de 1999, (viewed online 23 Feb. 1999) Original Porguguese: "que ja sao mais em Portugal do que em Espanha: 35 mil contra 30 mil. "; Translation: "that already are more in Portugal of that in Spain: 35 a thousand against 30 a thousand. "
Church of the Nazarene Portugal 762 - 22
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site: Nazarene World Mission Society Church Statistics: Churches; 8 Jan. 1998; total population: 10,429,000
Islam Portugal 1,000 0.01% - - 2000 K. F. Bin Mohd Noor. "Muslims Statistics... for Year 2000 " [orig. src: Barrett. World Christian Encyclopedia, 1982] Table
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal 25,118 0.27% 395
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Adherent count here is from "1983 Peak Publishers " column
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal 46,746 0.50% 648
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 94,659.
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal 47,540 0.50% 651
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal - 0.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 10,429,000
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Portugal 61,479 - 395
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Data from columns: "No. of congs. " and "Memorial attendance "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Portugal 94,659 1.00% 648
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Portugal 89,061 0.94% - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; "Memorial attendance " column indicates attendance at yearly communion meeting.
Judaism Portugal 100,000 - - - 1492 C.E. Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 28. "...the Porguguese Marranos, whose ancestors had been forced to convert to Christianity in 1497. The vast majority of the converts were recent arrivals from Spain, where Judaism had been outlawed five years before. At least one hundred thousand Jews fled to still-tolerant Portugal in 1492. Of those, sixty-eight thousand are said to have crossed the border at three northeastern stations leading directly into the mountainous region where the Marranos were discovered this century. "
Judaism Portugal 3,000 0.02% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990), pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Portugal 900 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Marranos Portugal - - - - 1917 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 26. "It is hard to believe that Marranos still exist, hundreds of years after they were driven underground by the Inquisition. It was considered a miracle when they were discovered early this century. No one had suspected that thousands of Marranos were still practicing a rudimental Judaism in the remote towns and villages of northest Portugal... " [The year 1917 mentioned on pg. 27.]
Marranos Portugal - - 34
units
- 1925 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 26-27. "The discover [1917] thrilled the entire Jewish world. Funds poured in from other countries to help the Marranos return to mainstream Judaism. A magnificent synagogue was built in Oporto, northern Portugal's largest city. Marrano children learned to read Hebrew and sing Jewish songs. Men of all ages were circumcised. Public congregations were opened in the provinces... At the height of this 'renaissance' Marranos from thirty-four different villages were said to be participating. "
Marranos Portugal - - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 27. "The Marrano renaissance mysteriously vanished as suddenly as it had begun... Today, not a single public Jewish community remains in northern Portugal. Oporto's synagogue stands empty... In the villages Marranos did not survive disclosure of their secret. Of the 34 villages in which they had been found, only one still has an active community: Belmonte, where the Marranos regrouped as a semi-secret cult. "
Mennonite World Conference Portugal 20 - - - 1997 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site; page: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals " (viewed 8 Aug. 1999). Table: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals "; "based on the most recent data available... from 1996 or 1997... statistics indicate baptized members "; Dif. religious bodies: 2.
New Kadampa Tradition Portugal - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* official organization web site; web page: "Directory of European NKT Centres " (viewed 23 Jan. 1999). counted listings on directory.
Nonreligious Portugal - 4.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
other Portugal 550,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table; "other " = NOT Roman Catholic
PL Kyodan Portugal - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* Official web site of PL Kyodan; web page: "PL Church Directory in Europe and Oceania " (viewed 11 April 1999). Counted churches listed on directory. "Lisbon, Portugal; Rua dos Acores No. 59 - 1 Dto, 1000 - Lisboa Portugal "
Protestant Portugal 100,000 - - - 1972 Marty, Martin E. Protestantism (History of Religion Series). New York: Hold, Rinehart and Winston (1972), pg. 16-17. "Portugal and Spain have remained virtually untouched by Protestants culture or churches since the 16th century... In recent times some evangelicals have known successes in Portugal, and figures as high as 100,000 adherents have been claimed, the vast majority of them being listed under Missionaria e Educational. "
Protestant Portugal - 1.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; Protestant "includes all non-Roman Catholic denominations "
Protestant Portugal 105,000 1.00% - - 1992 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Est. 10.5 million [total pop.] (1992). 97 percent nominally Roman Catholic; Protestant denominations 1 percent; others 2 percent.
Protestant Portugal - 1.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992). Pg. 206-207. Chart
Protestant Portugal 99,310 1.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,931,045. Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant denominations 1%, other 2%
Protestant Portugal - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 10,429,000
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Portugal - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) Counted listings in directory of parishes.
Scientology Portugal - - - - 1999 *LINK* web page (OPPOSING VIEW): "Scientology Worldwide " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999); "Last Update on 10th Feb. 1999 " Number here ( "# congregations ") represent total of all orgs: Dianetic Centers, Celebrity Centers, missions, etc.; "CoS web sites have lists of Missions (1998) & Orgs (1996) from which the Table below is derived. Original concept and research by 'Inducto'. "
Tenrikyo - graduated from Shuyoka Portugal 0 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who... graduated from Shuyoka... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Tenrikyo - new Besseki Pledge Portugal 0 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who took the Besseki Pledge... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Tenrikyo - received the Sazuke Portugal 0 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who... received the Sazuke... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Portugal: Azores and Madeira Islands 1,900 0.76% 8
units
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.; Location listed in table as "Azores and Madeira Islands "
Marranos Portugal: Belmonte - - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 26. "The 'Jew' In the cafe had been baptized a Catholic. He was married in Belmonte's Catholic church. When he dies, they will hold his funeral there. He is not circumcised. He eats pork. And he keeps his religion absolutely private. Not a single non-Jew has ever seen the lamp-lighting ceremony which takes place in his home every Friday night. Nor have they seen him fast on Yom Kippur or eat unleavened bread on Passover. Along with hundreds of others in Belmonte, he is a Marrano--one of the last surviving secret Jews. "
Marranos Portugal: Belmonte - - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 27. "The Marrano renaissance mysteriously vanished as suddenly as it had begun... Today, not a single public Jewish community remains in northern Portugal. Oporto's synagogue stands empty... In the villages Marranos did not survive disclosure of their secret. Of the 34 villages in which they had been found, only one still has an active community: Belmonte, where the Marranos regrouped as a semi-secret cult. "
Marranos Portugal: Belmonte 600 15.00% - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 43-44. "Belmonte is the only place in Portugal where the ancient division between the Old and New Christian [ "New Christian " = Marrano] remains a central fact of life. Of Belmonte's approximately four thousand residents, five to six hundred are New Christians. That is their own estimate. Belmonte's Old Christians are as likely as not to shrug their shoulders and say, 'Oh, every other house is Jewish.' "
Judaism Portugal: Lisbon 400 - - - 1900 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 30. "Foreign Jews began settling in Lisbon in the early 1800s. By the turn of this century the Portuguese capital had four hundred Jewish residents with their own school, a kosher restaurant, and plans for a grand synagogue which would be completed a few years later. "
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal: Madeira 421 0.16% 11
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Adherent count here is from "1983 Peak Publishers " column; Location listed table simply as "Madeira ".
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal: Madeira 1,039 0.40% 14
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 2,066.; Location listed table simply as "Madeira ".
Jehovah's Witnesses Portugal: Madeira 1,075 0.41% 15
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "; Location listed table simply as "Madeira ".
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Portugal: Madeira 1,050 - 11
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Data from columns: "No. of congs. " and "Memorial attendance "; Location listed table simply as "Madeira ".
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Portugal: Madeira 2,066 0.80% 14
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.; Location listed table simply as "Madeira ".


Portugal: Madeira, continued

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