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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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Pennsylvania, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Presbyterian Pennsylvania - 6.70% 149
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997), pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 535. Denominational % (27.9%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 24%.
Presbyterian Pennsylvania - 6.70% - - 1850 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997), pg. 252-288. Table A.2: "Denominational Adherents per 1,000 Population, 1850 "; "The adherence rates were estimated from Bureau of the Census (1854) reports on the number of churches, the seating capacity of churches & the value of church property. "
Presbyterian Pennsylvania - 5.30% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993), pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Pennsylvania 388,774 3.27% 1,122
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 317,882. [Listed as 'Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).']
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Pennsylvania 287,226 2.38% 1,102
units
- 1995 *LINK* official organization web page: Comparative Statistics; [original source for states pop. data: U.S. Bureau of the Census] Table: "PCUSA Membership by State/Territory -- 1995 "; Columns: "Number of Members ", "Members as a Percent of State Population " and "Number of Congregations "
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Pennsylvania 276,300 2.30% 1,095
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web page: Comparative Statistics; [original source for states pop. data: U.S. Bureau of the Census] Table: "PCUSA Membership by State/Territory -- 1997 "; Columns: "Number of Members ", "Members as a Percent of State Population " and "Number of Congregations "
Presbyterian Church in America Pennsylvania 15,842 0.13% 82
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 12,377. [Listed as 'Presbyterian Church in America.']
Primitive Baptist Pennsylvania 7 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 06. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Methodist Church in the U.S.A. Pennsylvania 5,267 0.04% 46
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 3,724. [Listed as 'Primitive Methodist Church U.S.A..']
Protestant - no denomination supplied Pennsylvania - 12.60% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993), pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Quaker Pennsylvania - - - - 1763 Stack, Peggy Fletcher. A World of Faith. USA: Signature Books (1998), pg. 39. "Quakers... The Quakers were severely persecuted--several were even hanged--before they found havens in New Jersey and Pennsylvania... Illustration: A Friends' meetinghouse in Birmingham, Pennsylvania, in 1763... "
Quaker Pennsylvania - 15.30% 82
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997), pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 535.
Quaker Pennsylvania - 3.67% 82
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997), pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 535. Denominational % (15.3%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 24%.
Quaker Pennsylvania - 5.00% - - 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997), pg. 28-30. "Next, examine the profile of the 'Quaker State.' Quakers made up only the third largest denomination in Pennsylvania, far behind the Presbyterians, and behind the German Reformed. Moreover, Quakers represented less than 5% of Pennsylvanians. "
Quaker Pennsylvania 12,081 0.10% 90
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 9,754. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Reformed Church in America Pennsylvania 3,991 0.03% 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,066. [Listed as 'Reformed Church in America.']
Reformed Church in the United States Pennsylvania 21 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 15. [Listed as 'Reformed Church in The United States.']
Reformed Episcopal Church Pennsylvania 1,290 0.01% 16
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,071. [Listed as 'Reformed Episcopal Church.']
Regular Baptists Pennsylvania 118 0.00% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 95. [Listed as 'Regular Baptists.']
Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America Pennsylvania - - 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America.']
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Pennsylvania - - 12
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) Counted listings in directory of parishes.
Salvation Army Pennsylvania 8,163 0.07% 81
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 7,276. [Listed as 'Salvation Army.']
Salvation Army - Scandinavian corps Pennsylvania - - 1
unit
- 1980 McKinley, Edward H. Marching to Glory: The History of the Salvation Army in the United States of America, 1880-1980. San Francisco: Harper & Row (1980), pg. 203. "The Eastern territory has 8 'Scandinavian' corps.; in five of them--New York Central Citadel on East Fifty-second Street; Worcester, Massachusetts, Quinsigamond Corps; Brooklyn Bay Ridge and Jameston Temple in New York--the Swedish language is still frequently used in services... The remaining four corps are Erie Temple, Pennsylvania; Providence, Rhode Island; Hartford Temple and New Britain, Connecticut. "
Schwenkfelder Church Pennsylvania 306 - 6
units
- 1895 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973), pg. 244. "In 1895 [the Schwenckfelders] reported a total of six church edifices, all in Pennsylvania, with 306 communicants; in 1950, five churches with 2,400 members. "
Schwenkfelder Church Pennsylvania - - 5
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 328. Chapter: European Free-Church Family; section: Other European Free Traditions. "Schwenkfelder Church in America. Pennsburg, PA [H.Q.]... the present general conference... of five churches, all in southeastern Pennsylvania... Membership: In 1988 there were 5 churches, 2,700 members and 13 ministers. "
Schwenkfelder Church Pennsylvania 3,031 0.03% 5
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members' column: 2,488. [Listed as 'Schwenkfelder Church.']
Scientology Pennsylvania - - 8
units
- 1992 *LINK* linked to Brett Achorn's OPPOSING VIEW web site "Hard Data on Scientology " (1998) Organization count based on very detailed analysis of incorporations, creations, closures, etc.
Scientology Pennsylvania - - 2
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (1998); section: "Global Locator for Scientology Organizations " Counted listings of churches and missions in directory. (1) Church of Scientology Mission of Pittsburgh, 37 Terrace Drive, Charleroi, PA 15022; [directory link] (2) Church of Scientology of Pennsylvania, 1315 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107
Seventh Day Baptist General Conference Pennsylvania 161 0.00% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 129. [Listed as 'Seventh Day Baptist General Conference.']
Seventh-day Adventist Pennsylvania 18,579 0.16% 127
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 15,082. [Listed as 'Seventh-Day Adventists.']
Seventh-day Adventist Pennsylvania - 0.30% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993), pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Skinheads Pennsylvania - - 6
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994), pg. 30. [Source: Klanwatch] Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " Skinhead groups.
Southern Baptist Convention Pennsylvania 24,782 0.21% 120
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 20,128.
Stauffer Mennonite Church Pennsylvania - - 2
units
- 1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 307. "Stauffer... Membership:... There are three congregations (Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; Snyder County, Pennyslvania and... Maryland)... "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Pennsylvania 500 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Theosophical Society Pennsylvania - - 2
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "Theosophical Society " official organization directory
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of America (Ecumenical Patriarchate) Pennsylvania - - 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Amer (Ecum Patr).']
Unitarian/Unitarian Universalist Pennsylvania 6,455 0.05% 35
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 4,726. [Listed as 'Unitarian Universalist Association.']
Unitarian/Unitarian Universalist Pennsylvania - 0.10% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993), pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
United Brethren in Christ Pennsylvania 7,954 0.07% 39
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 7,732. [Listed as 'United Brethren in Christ.']
United Christian Church Pennsylvania 770 0.01% 11
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members' column: 380. [Listed as 'United Christian Church.']
United Church of Christ Pennsylvania 284,275 2.39% 796
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 231,636. [Listed as 'United Church of Christ.']
United Church of God Pennsylvania - - 6
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site Counted the churches in their listing.
United Methodist Church Pennsylvania 722,871 6.08% 2,568
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 588,732. [Listed as 'United Methodist Church.']
Unity Church Pennsylvania - - 19
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (viewed 1998) Counted the churches in their directory.
Urantia Book Readers, Fellowship of Pennsylvania - - 3
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) directory: "1996-1997 International Study Group Directory for readers of The Urantia Book "
Weaver Mennonites Pennsylvania 60 - 1
unit
1
country
1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 307. Chapter: European Free-Church Family; section: German Mennonites. "Weaver Mennonites... The one schism affecting the Stauffer Mennonite Church was occasioned by the issue of the strictness of the ban. In 1916, the son of aged Bishop Aaron Sensenig married outside the faith. The girl was received into the Stauffer Mennonite Church but later returned to her earlier heritage. The church was split over the strictness of the ban to be applied to the girl. The lenient group, led by Sensenig and John A. Weaver, left and began a new congregation and constructed a meeting house near New Holland, Pennsylvania. Membership: Not reported. There is one congregation of approximately 60 members. "
Weaverland Conference of Old Order Mennonites Pennsylvania 1,700 - 5
units
- 1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 307. Chapter: European Free-Church Family; section: German Mennonites. "Weaverland Conference of Old Order (Horning or Black Bumber) Mennonites... Bishop Moses Horning (1870-1955) established a liberal wing of the Old Order (Wisler) Mennonites. His followers use automobiles, but nly for necessary purposes. The car must be black and without 'frivolous' trim. Most of the members cover the chrome with black paint to avoid further ostentation. Membership: Not reported. There are five congregations, all located in southeastern Pennsylvania, and approximately 1,700 members. "
Wesleyan Church Pennsylvania 12,496 0.11% 74
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 5,488. [Listed as 'The Wesleyan Church.']
white supremacist groups Pennsylvania - - 20
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994), pg. 30. [Source: Klanwatch] Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " Klan, Nazi, Skinheads and/or Other.
white supremacist groups - other Pennsylvania - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994), pg. 30. [Source: Klanwatch] Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 "; 'Other' (Not Klan, Skinhead or Nazi)
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Pennsylvania 758 0.01% 6
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 538. [Listed as 'Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.']
Yahweh's New Covenant Assembly Pennsylvania - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* official organization web site; web page: "Local Assemblies " (directory). (Viewed 28 June 1999) Branches listed on directory: "Pittsburgh, PA: Call (573) 642-6566 for more information. "
affiliated Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - 64.00% - - 1987 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 13. Figure 1-3: "Adult Religious Affiliationin Lancaster County " [Pie chart] Old Order Amish: 3%; Other Plain Groups: 12%; No Religious Affiliation: 36%; Other Religious Groups: 49%. "Estimates for all gropus include baptized members, or youth over twelve years of age. " ['Affiliated' includes all in 'other religious groups', plus the Plain groups.]
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 150 - 2
units
- 1737 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "The Conestoga congregatin began about 1760, and the Pequea congregation began about 1790. The Lancaster Amish community consisted of these two congregations, with probably no more than 150 adult members, until 1843... "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - 2
units
- 1737 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "in 1737... in the Lancaster area, the Amish established their first two settlements... the mother colonies of our present districts in Lancaster County "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - 3
units
- 1843 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "The Lancaster Amish community consisted of these two congregations, with probably no more than 150 adult members, until 1843, when a third congregation was formed. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - 4
units
- 1852 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "The Lancaster Amish community... A fourth group blossomed in 1852 "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - 6
units
- 1880 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "The Lancaster Amish community... A fourth group blossomed in 1852, and by 1880 there were six congregational clusters in the Lancaster region. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 800 - - - 1890 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 1,600 - - - 1910 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 2,100 - - - 1930 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 3,900 - - - 1950 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 6,200 - - - 1970 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 7,300 1.82% 92
units
- 1987 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 10. Table 1-1: "Plain Churches in Lancaster County "; "Inncludes groups that presently wear plain clothing, as well as those gropus that wore it earlier in the 20 century. "; Members: "Membership rounded to nearest hundred. Includes only baptized members, not children. " Table lists Old Order Amish (83 congregations w/ 6,300 members); 6 'Other Amish groups' (10 congreg. w/ 1,000 members) " [Total Amish congregations: 92. Total membership appears to be 7,300 (baptized only).]
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - - - 1987 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 11. "The Lancaster settlement spans twenty-four of the county's forty-one townships. Amsih and non-Amish homes are interspersed throughout the settlement. The densityof the Amish population increases toward the settlement's center, where they may own the builk of the farmland. In one Lancaster County township the Amish hold about 90 percent of the farmland. However, even in thehhub of the community they are far outnumbered by non-Amish, who live beside them in small towns and along country roads. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 15,000 3.75% - - 1989 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 10. "Lancaster's Old Order Amish community of fourteen thousand children and adults... Nearly 86 percent of the Amish in Lancaster County are affiliated with the Old Order Amish... At least six varieties of more progressive Amish... number nearly one thousand members. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - 3.00% - - 1989 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 12. "The Amish are not the only religious group in Lancaster County. In fact, they represent merely 3 percent of the county's adult population, as shown in figure 1-3. " [The 3 percent figure includes baptized as well as non-baptized over age of 12.]
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - - - 1989 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 14. "When asked how many children they thikn are ideal for an Amish family, older women answer, 'As many as come,' but young women on the average want about 6 children. These young women know their business well, for the completed Amish family includes 66. children, nearly triple the number in the average American family. About 15 percent of the Amish couples in the Lancaster community have 10 or more children. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - - - 1989 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 8. "Over the years, Lancaster Couny has been a pleasant home for the Amish settles, whose hard work helped to forge its distinguished agricultural reputation. Known locally as the world's Garden Spot, the county ranks first nationally in agricultural production among nonirrigated counties. Fertile soils, a moderate climate, ample rainfall, and the hard toil of farmers have transformed the 946-square-mile area into an agricultural paradise. with some five thousand farms and 69 percent of its acreage in farmland, the couny leads Pennsylvania in the commercial value of milk, eggs, poultry, meat, corn, hay, and tobacco. "
Amish Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 16,000 - - - 1990 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 15. Figure 1-4: "Amish Population Growth, Lancaster Settlement, 1890-1900 "; "Population estimates include children and adults. "
Amish - other Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - 2
units
- 1877 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 21. "The first major dissension erupted in 1877. Following Amish divisions in the Midwest, two progressive factions withdrew from the Lancaster community and formed independent congregations. Within five years each group built a meeting house for its worship services. Sometime after this division, the traditional Amish became known as the Old Order Amish or House Amish because they continued to worship in their homes. The splinter groups, labeled Amish-Mennonite or 'Meeting House Amish,' held their worship services in a church building. The progressive groups eventually became full-fledged Mennonites. "
Amish - other Pennsylvania: Lancaster County - - - - 1910 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 21. "The second division occurred in 1910, as cars, telephones, electricity, and mechanized farm equipment were beginning to revolutionize the social landscape of rural America. Disturbed by a strict interpretation of shunning, a liberal faction formed an independent group, eventually konwn as the Peachy church. Although very similar to the Old Order Amish in dres and outlook, the group embraced evangelical religious expressions (such as Sunday school) and tolerated technological innovations (such as telephones, electricy, tractors, and, eventually cars). Today this groupi saffiliated with the Beachy Amish church. "
Amish - other Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 1,000 - - - 1966 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 21-22. "The third division came in 1966 when a group of so-called New Order Amish left the Amish fold over differences related to the use of modern farm machinery. This faction subsequently splintered into several subgroups of New Order Amish, which vary in dres andin the use of cars, tractors, electricity, and church buildings. The various pockets of progressive Amish groups in the Lancaster area number less than one thousand members. "
Amish - other Pennsylvania: Lancaster County 1,000 0.25% 10
units
- 1987 Kraybill, Donald B. The Riddle of the Amish Culture. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press (1989), pg. 10. Table 1-1: "Plain Churches in Lancaster County "; "Inncludes groups that presently wear plain clothing, as well as those gropus that wore it earlier in the 20 century. "; Members: "Membership rounded to nearest hundred. Includes only baptized members, not children. " Table lists Old Order Amish (83 congregations w/ 6,300 members); 6 'Other Amish groups' (10 congreg. w/ 1,000 members) "


Pennsylvania: Lancaster County, continued

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