Adherents.com - Religion by Location


Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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Ireland, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ireland 3,000 - - - 1992 Cowan, Richard O. & Bruce A. Van Orden. The International Church: Readings for Religion C344; Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University (Fall 1992), pg. 126. "In 1992 approx. 3,000 members resided in the Republic of Ireland. There still were no stakes in the nation, although a stake exists in Belfast, Northern Ireland. "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ireland 2,300 0.06% 15
units
- 1995 Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1996), pg. 188-408. "Year-end 1995: Est. population [of country]; Members, [number shown in '# of adherents' column to left] "
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Ireland 2,300 0.06% 12
units
- 1997 Deseret News 1999-2000 Church Almanac. Deseret News: Salt Lake City, UT (1998), pg. 267-410. Information from a variety of sources. Figures for year-end 1997.
Church of the Nazarene Ireland - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site: Nazarene World Mission Society Church Statistics: Churches; 8 Jan. 1998; total population: 3,900,000
Culdees Ireland - - - - 750 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "CULDEES: IRISH Monks originating in the eighth century who lived in GROUPS of thirteen. In the nineteenth century they became the subject of NEO-PAGAN speculation and were erroneously linked to the Druids. This usage has passed into various NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS of the twentieth century seeking to establish legitimacy for ESOTERIC BELIEFS. "
Dialouge Centre Ireland 1 - - - 1996 *LINK* Rothstein, Mikael. "Patterns of Diffusion and Religious Globalization: An Empirical Survey of New Religious Movements " in Temenos 32 (1996), 195-220. (Viewed online, Temenos web site, 30 Jan. 1999) "In India one person 'was' the Dialogue Centre for several years, and in Ireland this was also more or less the case. "
Druidism Ireland - - - - 450 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 722. "How far was Druidry driven out by the Romans? It continued in Wales and developed the deeply poetic traditions of the 5th and later centuries... It also survived in Ireland. "
Jehovah's Witnesses Ireland 2,215 0.05% 77
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Adherent count here is from "1983 Peak Publishers " column
Jehovah's Witnesses Ireland 4,537 0.09% 114
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 8,093.
Jehovah's Witnesses Ireland 4,594 0.09% 113
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Ireland 4,328 - 77
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Data from columns: "No. of congs. " and "Memorial attendance "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Ireland 8,093 0.15% 114
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance Ireland 7,770 0.15% - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; "Memorial attendance " column indicates attendance at yearly communion meeting.
Judaism Ireland 5,000 - - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990), pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. " [Listed in map as 'Eire']
Judaism Ireland 2,064 0.06% - - 1988 Pomeray, J. K. Ireland (series: Places and Peoples of the World). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1988), pg. 9. "Population: 3,440,427... Religions: Roman Catholic, 95%; Anglican (Church of Ireland), 2.9%; Methodist, Presbyterian & other Protestant, 1%; Jewish, 0.06% "
Judaism Ireland 1,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Mennonite World Conference Ireland 10 - - - 1997 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site; page: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals " (viewed 8 Aug. 1999). Table: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals "; "based on the most recent data available... from 1996 or 1997... statistics indicate baptized members "; Dif. religious bodies: 1.
Methodist Ireland - - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 478. "[Methodist] Churches having more than 20,000 members are found in... New Zealand; Germany, Ireland; Jamaica, Mexico, and Brazil. "
New Kadampa Tradition Ireland - - 7
units
- 1999 *LINK* official organization web site; web page: "Directory of European NKT Centres " (viewed 23 Jan. 1999). counted listings on directory.
Nonreligious Ireland 36,070 1.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Roman Catholic 93%, Anglican 3%, none 1%, unknown 2%, other 1% (1981); Total population: 3,606,952 (1997 est.).
other Ireland 300,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table; "other " = NOT Roman Catholic
Protestant Ireland - 3.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; Protestant "includes all non-Roman Catholic denominations "
Protestant Ireland - 4.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992). Pg. 204-205. Chart
Protestant Ireland 112,020 3.00% - - 1997 *LINK* web site: "Ireland Statistics "; by Barry McCarthy, 1997 (Dec. 1998) "Population: 3,734,000 as of 1989; Religions: Roman Catholic 93%, Protestant 3% "
Protestant Ireland - 4.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 3,900,000
Protestant - other Ireland 34,404 1.00% - - 1988 Pomeray, J. K. Ireland (series: Places and Peoples of the World). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1988), pg. 9. "Population: 3,440,427... Religions: Roman Catholic, 95%; Anglican (Church of Ireland), 2.9%; Methodist, Presbyterian & other Protestant, 1%; Jewish, 0.06% "
religious Ireland - - - - 1993 Reeves, Thomas C. Twentieth Century America: A Brief History. New York: Oxford University Press (2000), pg. 284. "The Catholic sociologist Andrew Greeley declared in 1993, 'In some countries, most notably Ireland and the United States, religious devotion may be higher than it has ever been in human history.' "
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Ireland - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) Counted listings in directory of parishes.
Scientology Ireland - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* web page (OPPOSING VIEW): "Scientology Worldwide " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999); "Last Update on 10th Feb. 1999 " Number here ( "# congregations ") represent total of all orgs: Dianetic Centers, Celebrity Centers, missions, etc.; "CoS web sites have lists of Missions (1998) & Orgs (1996) from which the Table below is derived. Original concept and research by 'Inducto'. "
Seventh-day Adventist Ireland - 0.00% - - 1993 *LINK* web site: "Adventist Images "; web page: "Membership Density " (viewed 25 June 1999); "Copyright 1996 - Pacific Union Conference of Seventh Day Adventists " "Adventist Believers - High and Low Density "; Table: "Ratio of church membership to country population "; Ratio: 1:38,462
Unity Church Ireland - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (viewed 1998) Counted the churches in their directory.
Arab Israel 108,000 - - - 1948 Hoffman, Gail. The Land and People of Israel (series: Portaits of the Nations Series). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1972, revised edition), pg. 59. "Remaining in the new State of Israel were one hundred eight thousand Arabs and Druzes, most of them poor and illiterate, living in one hundred villages and in the one sizable Arab town of Nazareth. when 1948 hostilities ceased, these Arabs were suspicious of their Jewish neighbors and the Jews were apprehensive too. "
Arab Israel 660,000 15.00% - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38, 40. "Israel's 4.4 million people... "; Pg. 40: "The Arab population within the 1948 boundaries of Israel constitutes about 15% of the total population. "
Arab Israel - - - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38, 42, 44. "Israel's 4.4 million people... "; Pg. 41: "Following the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel assumed control over one million additional Arabs--650,000 in the West Bank formerly held by Jordan, 350,000 in the Gaza Strip, 33,000 in Sinai, and 6,000 in the Golan Heights. Israel maintains that the fate of these areas can be decided only by peace treaties between Israel and the Arab states. "; Pg. 44: "Israel has not annexed these territories, but if it does, the balance of power in Israel could change dramatically. Israel's Arab minority would rise from 15 to 40%, and over several decades the Arabs could easily become a majority because their population is growing more than the Jewish population. "
Arab Israel 1,900,000 - - - 1994 Lindsey, Hal. Planet Earth - 2000 A.D.. Palos Verdes, California: Western Front, Ltd. (1994), pg. 178. "About 1.9 million Arabs live within the borders of Israel. About 92% of them are Sunni Muslims, while the other 8% are Christian. But that minority is shrinking all the time--victims of harassment and persecution by the Muslim majority. "
Arab Israel 1,000,000 16.95% - - 1999 *LINK* "Arab Is Crowned Israel's Beauty Queen "; Last updated March 11; Dateline: "Jerusalem (Reuters) "; (viewed online 11 March 1999) "Israeli Arabs make up about one million of Israel's 5.9 million citizens. They have long complained of discrimination by the state. " [ "Arab " here is not a religion, but an ethnicity. However, most of Israel's Arabs are Muslim.]
Arab Israel 920,000 - - - 1999 Cahill, Mary Jane. Israel (series: Major World Nations). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1999), pg. 71. "About 920,000 Arabs live in Israel. "
Ashkenazi Judaism Israel 1,500,000 - - - 1984 Unterman, Alan. "Judaism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 21. "The majority of Jews in [the USA] and approximately half of the [3 million] Jews in the latter [Israel] are Ashkenazi Jews of central or eastern European origin who share a religious subculture with Yiddish as its lingua franca. "
Ashkenazi Judaism Israel 935,000 21.25% - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38-39. "Jews now make up about 85% of Israel's 4.4 million people... Nearly 50% of Israel's Jews were born in the country. Another 25% were born in Europe and are referred to as Ashkenazim, or European Jews. "
Association of Baptist Churches in Israel Israel 923 - 12
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Bahai Faith Israel - - - - 1998 Stack, Peggy Fletcher. A World of Faith. USA: Signature Books (1998), pg. 3. "Baha'is... Illustration: The Shrine of the Bab at Mt. Carmel, Haifa, Israel. "
Baptist World Alliance Israel 923 0.02% 12
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "; [BWA stats. in individual countries are sum of figures for member bodies of BWA in the countries.]; [County population figures for 1998 from United Nations data available here.]
Bedouin Israel 30,000 - - - 1972 Hoffman, Gail. The Land and People of Israel (series: Portaits of the Nations Series). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1972, revised edition), pg. 61-62. "Among the thirty thousand Beduin in Israel, life has undergone a most radical change. "
Bedouin Israel - - - - 1987 Taitz, Emily & Sondra Henry. Israel: A Sacred Land (series: Discovering Our Heritage). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Dillon Press (1987), pg. 17-18. "This ancient way of living can still be seen in Israel today among a group called the Bedouins. Like their ancestors, some Bedouin Arabs still live in black goatskin tents with no running water or electricity. They travel over the deserts searching for grass and water for their goats and sheeps. The Israeli government tried to help the Bedouins to improve their lives by giving them new apartments with modern kitchens and bathrooms. The apartment houses were built in a city called Beersheeba, in the middle of the Negev Desert, close to where the Bedouins live. Some of these wandering people learned to live in the city and accepted this new way of life. A few even travel north to the big cities of Jerusalem or Tel Aviv... Others were not happy with modern life and returned to the desert and their ancient way of living. "
Bedouin Israel 66,000 1.50% - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38, 40-41. "Israel's 4.4 million people... "; Pg. 40: "The Arab population within the 1948 boundaries of Israel constitutes about 15% of the total population. "; Pg. 41: "Nearly 10 percent of the Arabs in Israel are Bedouin, most of whom live in the Negev Desert. Traditionally, the Bedouin have led a nomadic lifestyle, but they are slowly becoming settled in permanent communities as agriculture extends farther into the desert region. "
Canaanite Israel - - - - -1000 B.C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "CANAANITES: a Biblical people who occupied CANAAN before the arrival of both the PHILISTINES and the HEBREWS who displaced them through armed conflict. "
Catholic Israel 90,000 1.62% 74
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997), pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Israel - 1.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 5,438,000; "Five different rites, including Roman Catholic "
Christianity Israel 92,400 2.10% - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38, 40, 48. "Israel's 4.4 million people... "; Pg. 40: "The Arab population within the 1948 boundaries of Israel constitutes about 15% of the total population. "; Pg. 48: "Of the Arab population, 78% are Muslim, 14% are Christian, and 8% are Druze... "
Christianity Israel 105,000 2.50% - - 1988 Cahill, Mary Jane. Israel (series: Places and Peoples of the World). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1988), pg. 9. "Population: 4,200,000... Religions: Jewish, 83%; Muslim (mainly Sunni), 13%; Christian (mainly Greek and Roman Catholic), 2.5%; Druze and other minority religions, 1.5% "
Christianity Israel 110,693 2.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Judaism 82%, Islam 14% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2%, Druze and other 2%; 1996/97 Total pop: 5,534,672. NOTE: incl. 136,000 Israeli settlers in West Bank, 15,000 in Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 5,000 in Gaza Strip, & 156,000 in East Jerusalem.
Christianity Israel 130,000 2.60% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 318, 320. "Location: Israel; Population: 5 million "; Pg. 320: "About 130,000 Israelis (2.6% of the population) are christian, most of them Arab... "
Christianity Israel 605,728 10.78% - - 1999 Cahill, Mary Jane. Israel (series: Major World Nations). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1999), pg. 55-56. "Almost all of Israel's non-Jews (about 17% of the population) are Arabs. About 77% of the non-Jews are Muslims; about 14% are Christians; and 9% are Druzes... or members of other religions. "
Christianity Israel 140,475 2.50% - - 1999 Cahill, Mary Jane. Israel (series: Major World Nations). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1999), pg. 9. "Population: 5,619,000... Religions: Jewish, 83%; Muslim (mainly Sunni), 13%; Christian (mainly Greek and Roman Catholic), 2.5%; Druze and other minority religions, 1.5% "
Church of the Nazarene Israel 93 - 3
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site: Nazarene World Mission Society Church Statistics: Churches; 8 Jan. 1998; total population: 5,438,000
Druze Israel - - - - 1957 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992), pg. 216-217. "Druze:... The Druze in Israel have fought alongside Jews against Arabs, and from 1957, at the community's request, Druze did compulsory military service. The Druze in Lebanon oppose Israel and its Christian allies. "
Druze Israel 30,000 - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 728. "The Druzes now number, in all, some 200,000 -- about 80,000 in Lebanon, 90,000 in Syria, and the rest in Israel. "
Druze Israel 35,000 - - - 1972 Hoffman, Gail. The Land and People of Israel (series: Portaits of the Nations Series). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. (1972, revised edition), pg. 63-64. "A special community in Israel are some 35,000 Druzes, who live in 18 vilages in Galilee and on the Carmel Range. "
Druze Israel 33,000 - - - 1979 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: UNREACHED PEOPLES `79 -- David C. Cook pub. co.); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) 33,000 in Israel. (300,000 total). LOCATION: Also 100,000 in Lebanon; 150,000 Syria; 12,000 in Jordan.
Druze Israel 40,000 - - - 1980 Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck & Jane Idleman Smith. Mission to America: Five Islamic Sectarian Communities in North America; Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida (1993), pg. 181. [Orig. source: Dana, Nissim. The Druze: A Religious Community in Transition. Jerusalem: Turtledove Pub., 1980.] "Dana, The Druze, 2-3, suggests that of the more than 400,000 Druze in the world, some 180,000 live in Syria, 140,000 in Lebanon, and 40,000 in Israel. Louis Perillier, Les Druze, 65, puts the figures quite a bit higher.
Druze Israel 52,800 1.20% - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Israel ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988), pg. 38, 40, 48. "Israel's 4.4 million people... "; Pg. 40: "The Arab population within the 1948 boundaries of Israel constitutes about 15% of the total population. "; Pg. 48: "Of the Arab population, 78% are Muslim, 14% are Christian, and 8% are Druze... "
Druze Israel 33,000 - - - 1990 Carlisle, Richard (editor), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Mankind vol. 5, Marshall Cavendish: Freeport, NY (1990), pg. 523. "The Druze are now living in three different countries... The present Druze population in Syria is about 200,000 with rather more than 70,000 in Lebanon and 33,000 in Israel. "
Druze Israel - 2.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Druze Israel 50,000 - - - 1992 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992), pg. 216-217. "Druze:... The tennets of the Druze are only known to the initiates, but the practice emphasizes moral and social principles and loyalty the state ruling power. Around 200,000 Druze live in Lebanon, 100,000 in Syria, and 50,000 in Israel. "
Druze Israel 85,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 189. "Population figures are not exact, but estimates for Druze populations are: Lebanon, 300,000; Syria, 500,000; Israel, 85,000 (including 15,000 Syrian Druze living in the Golan Heights); Jordan, 15,000... "
Druze Israel 80,000 1.60% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 318, 320. "Location: Israel; Population: 5 million "; Pg. 320: "...and the other 1.6% (or 80,000 people) are Druze. "
Druze Israel - 1.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 5,438,000; Druze: "A quasi-Muslim sect "
Eastern Orthodox Israel - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 5,438,000
Ebionites Israel - - - - 50 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "EBIONITES: an early CHRISTIAN HERESY referred to by IRENAEUS whose BELIEFS are obscure. They are thought to have been a poor JEWISH CHRISTIAN SECT which rejected PAULINE CHRISTIANITY and affirmed the Gospel of Matthew. "
Essenes Israel 4,000 - - - 33 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996), pg. 262. Chapter: Judaism. "Essenes: An apocalyptic sect devoted to an extremely strict and ascetic way of life, who probably produced such apacalypic works as the books of Enoch, from c. 250 BC. About 4,000 members lived in Palestine during the time of Christ... They were the only celibate group in early Jerusalem, and this practice probably explains their short life as a sect. "
Essenes Israel - - - - 50 C.E. Walker, Williston. A History of the Christian Church (3rd ed., revised by Robert T. Handy; 1st ed. 1918). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1970), pg. 15. "The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has cast a flood of light on this piety and on the existence of a body of Judaism to be distinguished from the Sadduccees and Pharisees. The library and the monastic ruins of the community of Qumran, on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, have revealed the location of a Brotherhood, associated in some way with the Essenes of whom Phio, Josephus and Pliny the Elder wrote in the first century of our era... "
Essenes Israel - - - - 70 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 239. "Essenes. The identity of this sect of ancient Palestine remains in doubt; however, prevailing opinion relates the Essenes to descendants of the early Hasidim (pietists) of the Maccabean era. Described extensively by Josephus, Philo, and Pliny the Elder, the Essenes appear to be the same group pictured in the Dead Sea Scrolls. These were producted by a Jewish sect living on the western shore of the Dead Sea in distinct living groups within Judea, who were dissatisfied with the Hasmonean leaderhip and believed it had corrupted and usurped the high priesthood... Essenes withdrew from society... in the middle of the second century B.C... flourished there until A.D. 70 (with a hiatus after the 31 B.C. earthquake)... "
Essenes Israel - - - - 70 C.E. Oxtoby, Willard G. The Meaning of Other Faiths. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press (1983), pg. 25. "A third option in a sense held out for the observance of Jewish tradition in the total life of a community; if this could not be carried out in a city under Greek or Roman rule, then a community would have to be established in isolation elsewhere. Such was the character of the monastic settlement built by the Essene sect near the shores of the Dad Sea. The Essenes were scarcely known until the discovery of their library, the Dead Sea Scrolls, in 1947. "
Ethiopian Jews Israel 36,000 - - - 1769 *LINK* web site: "Israel Association for Ethiopian Jews " (1998); web site: "History of Ethiopian Jews " "Though it is too early to predict their impact on Israeli society, the 36,000 Ethiopian Jews now living in Israel... "
Ethiopian Jews Israel 165 - - - 1977 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 164. "A census of Israeli Falashas in early 1977 counted only 165 in that country. "


Israel, continued

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