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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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back to India: Orissa, Jainism

India: Orissa, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Jainism India: Orissa 6,302 0.02% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
other India: Orissa 397,798 1.26% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Sikhism India: Orissa 17,296 0.05% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Baghdadi Jews India: Poona - - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 205-206. "In Poona, too, two synagogues remain open: one Bene Israel and the other Baghdadi. "
Bene Israel India: Poona - - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 205-206. "In Poona, too, two synagogues remain open: one Bene Israel and the other Baghdadi. "
Judaism India: Poona - - 2
units
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 205-206. "In Poona, too, two synagogues remain open: one Bene Israel and the other Baghdadi. "
Christianity India: Punjab - 1.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 643. "Sikhs account for 61% of the people in India's Punjab State, while 37% are Hindu, and 1% each are Muslim and Christian. "
Hinduism India: Punjab - 37.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 643. "Sikhs account for 61% of the people in India's Punjab State, while 37% are Hindu, and 1% each are Muslim and Christian. "
Islam India: Punjab - 1.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 643. "Sikhs account for 61% of the people in India's Punjab State, while 37% are Hindu, and 1% each are Muslim and Christian. "
Jainism India: Punjab - 0.50% - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [Punjab: pop. figure: "10,000 to 100,000 " percentage: "1/4 - 1/2% "]
Sikhism India: Punjab 11,000,000 54.24% - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993). Pg 30-31. 9 to 11 million Sikhs (Map of "Largest Sikh Populations in India in 1993 "); [According to Indian census data cited on PunjabOnline web site, the 1991 population of the state of Punjab was 20.28 million.]
Sikhism India: Punjab - - 1,000
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993). Pg 30-31. "Over 2000 [gurdwaras] including 1000 in Punjab. " Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism India: Punjab - 61.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 643. "Sikhs account for 61% of the people in India's Punjab State, while 37% are Hindu, and 1% each are Muslim and Christian. Small numbers of Buddhists, Jains, and others groups are also present. "
Sikhism India: Punjab - - - - 1998 Stack, Peggy Fletcher. A World of Faith. USA: Signature Books (1998), pg. 47. "Sikhs... Illustration: The Golden Temple in the Pool of Immortality in Amritsar, India... "
Vipassana Meditation Centers India: Punjab - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* web site: "Vipassana Meditation "; web page: "Vipassana Meditation Centers in India " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999) counted meditation centers listed in directory; Punjab location: Hoshiarpur
Buddhism India: Rajasthan 4,467 0.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Christianity India: Rajasthan 47,989 0.11% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: Rajasthan 39,201,100 89.08% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: Rajasthan 3,525,339 8.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: Rajasthan 562,806 1.28% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
other India: Rajasthan 1,191 0.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Sikhism India: Rajasthan 649,174 1.48% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Vipassana Meditation Centers India: Rajasthan - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* web site: "Vipassana Meditation "; web page: "Vipassana Meditation Centers in India " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999) counted meditation centers listed in directory; Rajasthan location: Jaipur
Buddhism India: Sikkim 110,371 27.15% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Christianity India: Sikkim 13,413 3.30% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: Sikkim 277,881 68.37% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: Sikkim 3,849 0.95% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: Sikkim - - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [Pop. figure for this province: "Below 10,000 " percentage: "less than 1/4% "]
Jainism India: Sikkim 40 0.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Lepchas India: Sikkim 24,000 - - - 1987 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 438. "Lepchas are the original inhabitants of Sikkim, formerly an independent kingdom situated in the Himalayas... Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian union in 1975... In 1987 their population was estimated at 65,000, distributed between Nepal (1,272), Sikkim (24,000), and Bhutan (24,200). "
other India: Sikkim 374 0.09% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Sikhism India: Sikkim 375 0.09% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Brahmans India: Tamil Nadu - 2.66% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 126. "Around 12% of Hindus in the upper Ganges plains are Brahmans. However, the numbers of Brahmans drop dramatically in areas distant from the Aryan heartland. In Assam, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, for example, they make up less than 3% of the Hindu population. " [Other sources indicate Tamil Nadu is 88.7% Hindu. 88.7% * .03% = 2.66%]
Buddhism India: Tamil Nadu 2,128 0.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Christianity India: Tamil Nadu 3,179,410 5.69% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: Tamil Nadu 49,532,052 88.67% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: Tamil Nadu 3,052,717 5.47% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: Tamil Nadu - - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [Tamil Nadu: pop. figure: "10,000 to 100,000 " percentage: "below 1/4% "]
Jainism India: Tamil Nadu 66,900 0.12% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Om Sakathi India: Tamil Nadu - - 1,779
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site; web page: "Om Sakathi Organization " (viewed 26 Jan. 1999) Table "Numbers of Registered Mandrams "; "Data for the year 1997 "; "Each Mandram has between eight and several thousand members. "; [also called "Adhiparasakthi Movement "]
other India: Tamil Nadu 2,620 0.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Shaivism India: Tamil Nadu - - - - 1000 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996), pg. 51. "By the 7th century AD, a great revival of Shiva worship led to a lessening of Buddhist and Jain influence in India, a process that was aided by the poet-saints of the 7th to 11th centuries... The southern Indian state of Tamilnadu became the stronghold of Shiva worship, or Shaivism, perhaps because of the strong Dravidian presence. "
Sikhism India: Tamil Nadu 5,449 0.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Vipassana Meditation Centers India: Tamil Nadu - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* web site: "Vipassana Meditation "; web page: "Vipassana Meditation Centers in India " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999) counted meditation centers listed in directory; Tamil Nadu location: Madras
Buddhism India: Tripura 128,260 4.65% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Chakmas India: Tripura 50,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 150-151. "The Chakma population... Tripura State in India has some 50,000 Chakma refugees who fled Bangladeshi Army operations... " [NOTE: This is a tribal/ethnic group, not a distinct religion.]
Christianity India: Tripura 46,472 1.69% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: Tripura 2,384,934 86.50% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: Tripura 196,495 7.13% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: Tripura - - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [Pop. figure for this province: "Below 10,000 " percentage: "less than 1/4% "]
Jainism India: Tripura 301 0.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
other India: Tripura 2 0.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Sikhism India: Tripura 740 0.03% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Buddhism India: Uttar Pradesh 221,433 0.16% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Christianity India: Uttar Pradesh 120,000 - - - 1987 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: Global Prayer Digest 9/26/87); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Uttar Pradesh, a state in Northern India that has nearly half the population of the United States, but only 120,000 Christians!
Christianity India: Uttar Pradesh 199,575 0.14% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: Uttar Pradesh 121,280,000 - - - 1987 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: Global Prayer Digest 9/26/87); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) "PRAY FOR THE 121,280,000 HINDUS OF UTTAR PRADESH STATE, INDIA "
Hinduism India: Uttar Pradesh 113,712,832 81.74% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: Uttar Pradesh 24,109,684 17.33% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: Uttar Pradesh - - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [Uttar pradesh: pop. figure: "100,000 to 250,000 " percentage: "less than 1/4% "]
Jainism India: Uttar Pradesh 176,259 0.13% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
other India: Uttar Pradesh 8,392 0.01% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]; [ "other " is religions NOT Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain or Sikh]
Sikhism India: Uttar Pradesh 675,775 0.49% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Sikhism India: Uttar Pradesh 400,000 - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993). Pg 30-31. 350,000 to 400,000 Sikhs (Map of "Largest Sikh Populations in India in 1993 ")
Transcendental Meditation India: Uttar Pradesh - - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally published as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 765. "Transcendental Meditation (TM)... Although the Maharishi maintained his original center in the Indian holy city of Rishikesh, in Uttar Pradesh, the TM movement was never as popular in India as it became abroad. He eventually established the movement's international headquarters in Switzerland... "
Vipassana Meditation Centers India: Uttar Pradesh - - 4
units
- 1999 *LINK* web site: "Vipassana Meditation "; web page: "Vipassana Meditation Centers in India " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999) counted meditation centers listed in directory; Uttar Pradesh locations: Dehradun, Sarnath, Shravasti, Kushinagar
Pashupata Saivism India: Varanasi 10,000 - - - 650 C.E. *LINK* "Saivism: Six Schools " in Hinduism Today International (March 1994) "A seventh-century Chinese traveler, Hiuen Tsiang, wrote that 10,000 Pashupatas then occupied Varanasi. "
Bengalis India: West Bengal 68,000,000 - - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 110. "1991 census puts the pop. of Bengal at just over 174 million. The greatest number of Bengalis are found in Bangladesh (106 million), with the remainder living in the Indian state of West Bengal (68 million). " [This is an ethnic/cultural group, NOT a distinct religion.]
Buddhism India: West Bengal 203,578 0.30% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Christianity India: West Bengal 383,477 0.56% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Hinduism India: West Bengal 50,866,624 74.72% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Islam India: West Bengal - 20.00% - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 110. "The 1991 cnesus puts the population of Bengal at just over 174 million. The greatest number of Bengalis are found in Bangladesh (106 million), with the remainder living in the Indian state of West Bengal (68 million)... Bengalis, though unified by a common language and culture, are divided by religion. Oover 60% of Bengalis, most living in Bangladesh, are Muslim. Even in Hindu India, more than 20% of West Bengal's population is Muslim... Most Bengalis are Sunnis, though Sufism also plays a role in their religious lives. "
Islam India: West Bengal 16,075,836 23.61% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Jainism India: West Bengal - - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 261. Figure 7.1: Distributions of the Jain population (in India) by number and as percentage of state population. [W. Bengal: pop. figure: "10,000 to 100,000 " percentage: "less than 1/4% "]
Jainism India: West Bengal 34,355 0.05% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]


India: West Bengal, continued

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