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Over 42,000 religious geography and religion statistics citations (membership statistics for over 4,000 different religions, denominations, tribes, etc.) for every country in the world.

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France, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Islam France - 7.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 57,188,000
Islam France 2,175,000 3.50% - - 2000 K. F. Bin Mohd Noor. "Muslims Statistics... for Year 2000 " [orig. src: Barrett. World Christian Encyclopedia, 1982] Table
Jansenism France - - - - 1638 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "JANSEN, Cornelius Otto (1585-1638): ROMAN CATHOLIC theologian and educator who opposed the JESUITS and theologians of the COUNTER REFORMATION through his educational activities and major work Augustinus (1640). His followers became known as the JANSENISTS and strongly influenced Blaise PASCAL.; JANSENISM: French religious movement within the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH named after Cornelius Otto JANSEN. Jansenists stressed vigorous personal PIETY and predestination. They opposed the theology of the JESUITS. "
Jansenism France - - - - 1713 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 516. "The Church of St. Medard had Jansenist connections, situated as it was near Port-Royal [France] which was a renowned centre of Jansenist scholars. When the cult of Francois de Paris grew, the adherents who became known as Convulsionaries were a group of Jansenists, a sect named after a heretical Flemish bishop Cornelius Jansenius (1585-1638). The Vatican had issued a series of Bulls condemning Jansenius's teachings, the latest of which was the Bul Unigenitus of 1713. A Jansenist heretic was therefore anyone who refused to accept this Bull. "
Jansenism France - - - - 1713 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996), pg. 327. "Jansenism. Cornelius Jansen, the Catholic bishop of Ypres, published his Augustinus in 1640, which propounded a doctrine of justification by faith and predestination, based on the writings of Augustine, much as Martin Luther's doctrines were. Jansenism was progressively condemned from 1653 to 1713, but Jansen's deeply pessimistic view of life, particularly of sexuality, continued to pervade French Catholicism for centuries. Many Irish clergy who were trained in France (after England had become predominantly Protestant) absorbed the Jansenist viewpoint and transmitted it to America during the great Irish emigrations, after which the Irish dominated the Catholic church in America. "
Jehovah's Witnesses France 77,867 0.14% 1,221
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Adherent count here is from "1983 Peak Publishers " column
Jehovah's Witnesses France 124,860 0.21% 1,685
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site Adherent/member count is for "1997 Peak Witnesses "; Memorial attendance (annual sacrament meeting) for same year: 220,467.
Jehovah's Witnesses France 121,498 0.21% 1,672
units
- 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; This adherent/member count is for "1998 Peak Witnesses "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance France 154,103 - 1,221
units
- 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984), pg. 53-59. Table: "1983 Service Year Report of JWs Worldwide "; Data from columns: "No. of congs. " and "Memorial attendance "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance France 220,467 0.38% 1,685
units
- 1997 *LINK* official organization web site From 1997 Statistics "Memorial attendance " column. Count of all who attend this once-a-year meeting, whether or not a "publisher " in full standing. Most would be considered adherents.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Memorial attendance France 207,749 0.35% - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; "Memorial attendance " column indicates attendance at yearly communion meeting.
Judaism France 274,000 0.40% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990), pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism France 550,000 - - - 1977 Bermant, Chaim. The Jews. New York: NY Times Books (1977), pg. 239. "France, which, with five hundred and fifty thousand Jews, has the largest community in western Europe, has always been quick to assimilate strangers to French culture and French ways. What there is of the organized Jewish community has always consisted of the last wave of immigrants--German Jews at one time, Polish Jews the next and now, mainly North African Jews from Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco, who made their homes in France after the various French territories became independent. There are numerous Jewish institutions, the principal of which, the Consistoire Central Israelite, is headed by Baron Elie de Rothschild, and there are many synagogues and youth groups. "
Judaism France - - - - 1977 Bermant, Chaim. The Jews. New York: NY Times Books (1977), pg. 239. "But Jewish day schools are ill-attended. The Zionist movement is riven by feuds and has hardly more than a nominal existence. The Jewish Agency sends numerous emissaries from Israel and spends thousands of pounds trying to sustain viable Jewish youth organization, but with slight effect. Jewish observance is nominal, assimilationist tendencies are strong, as they have always been in france, only this time there is no wave of prospective new immigrants to replace the old as they fade from Jewish life... it is quite possible that in another generation or two French Jewry could cease to exist as an identifiable group. "
Judaism France 650,000 - - - 1981 Unterman, Alan. "Judaism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984], pg. 25. Map: "Figure 1.4: Main centres of Jewish population, 1981 "
Judaism France 530,000 - - - 1984 Palmer, Spencer J. & Roger R. Keller. Religions of the World: A Latter-day Saint View, Brigham Young University: Provo, Utah (1990), pg. 148. [Orig. source: "American Jewish Yearbook " (Jewish Publication Society of America, 1987). Table: top seven countries of Jewish population in 1984 (USA, Israel, USSR, France, U.K., Canada, Argentina)
Judaism France 660,000 - - - 1989 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990), pg. 218. "The 660,000 Jews of France (1989) now form the second-largest community in Europe, after that of the Soviet Union, thanks to the influx of some 300,000 Jews from Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria--the majority of the Jewish population in north Africa--in the 1950s and 1960s... They have a revived religious life, and some have even joined Hassidic sects and adopted their customs. Kosher butchers and Jewish bakers and bookshops are thriving as they have not done since before the outbreak of World War II. The greatest danger to French Jewry is assimilation. It is estimated that almost half of the marriages of secular Jews are made outside the faith. "
Judaism France - 1.20% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992). Pg. 204-205. Chart
Judaism France 530,000 0.90% - - 1993 Kertzer, Morris N. & Lawrence A. Hoffman. What is a Jew (New & Completely Revised Ed.); New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1993), pg. xxviii. "Even in Great Britain, there are only 322,000 (0.5%); and in France, 530,000 (0.9%). "
Judaism France 530,000 - - - 1995 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997). Pg. 41. 1995 Chart and accompanying text: "The third largest Jewish population is in France (550,000), followed by Russia (375,000), Canada (360,000) and then by Great Britain (294,000). " Numbers represent self-identified religious Jews.
Judaism France 640,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Judaism France 640,000 - - - 1997 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything, DK Publishing, Inc.: New York (1997), pg. 160-161. List: "Top 10 Largest Jewish Populations in the World "; (Rank: 4)
Judaism France 586,093 1.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim (North African workers) 1%, unaffiliated 6%; Total Population: 58,609,285.
Judaism France 640,156 - - - 1998 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything 1999. New York: DK Publishing (1998), pg. 77. Table: "Top 10 Largest Jewish Populations in the World "; Rank: #3
Judaism France 530,000 0.93% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 160-161. "Location: France; Population: About 57 million "; "France... its Jewish population is estimated at 530,000 -- the fourth largest in the world. "
Judaism France 600,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Karaites France 250 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union... "
Karaites France 250 - - - 1941 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982), pg. 133. "After efall of France, the 'Karaite problem' expanded to include approx. 200 Karaites in the Paris area and another forty to fifty in southern France... After some debate the Vichy attitude prevailed throughout France. Karaites were instructed to register in November 1941. "
L'Eglise chretienne universelle France - - 5,000
units
- 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1828. "A [messianic] figure about whom even less is generally known is Georges Roux, the Christ of Montfavet, near Avignon in France. Roux was a postmaster who had practised as a faith healer for some time when, in the early 1950s, he announced that he was Christ. To read his works in simplicity of heart, it is claimed, is to accept his mission as the reappearing Christ. Roux's followers, whose churches take the name L'Eglise chretienne universelle, are reputed to number more than 5,000, principally in Paris and southern France. "
Mariavite Old Catholic Church, Province of North America France - - 1
unit
- 1984 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 78-79. "Mariavite Old Catholic Church, Province of North America... By 1984, the church claimed 358,503 members, 48 clergy, and 157 parishes in the United States as well as an additional 29,350 members in two congregations in Paris, France and West Germany. "
Martinist Order France - - - - 1895 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1747. "The Martinist Order which the French occultist Papus took over in the 1890s lacked any genuine initiatory connections with the original Order. " [Original, from late 1700s: the Martinist Ordre des Chevalier-Macons, Elus-Cohens de l'Univers]
Martinists France - - - - 1779 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1747. "The Order's chief centres were its 'chapters' at Foix (established in 1760),... Paris... other French cities, and those on Santo Domingo... After the death of Martinez de Pasqually the Order declined and in 1781 was allowed to lapse by the Order's then Grand Master... Jean-Baptiste Willermoz tried to perpetuate Martinist teaching in the secret degree of the Order of the Holy City, founded at Lyons in 1778. Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin is said to have established a small personal school in 1779. The Martinist Order which the French occultist Papus took over in the 1890s lacked any genuine initiatory connections with the original Order. "
Mennonite World Conference France 2,000 - - - 1997 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site; page: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals " (viewed 8 Aug. 1999). Table: "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ World Membership Totals "; "based on the most recent data available... from 1996 or 1997... statistics indicate baptized members "; Dif. religious bodies: 1.
New Kadampa Tradition France - - 7
units
- 1999 *LINK* official organization web site; web page: "Directory of European NKT Centres " (viewed 23 Jan. 1999). counted listings on directory.
Nonreligious France - 9.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Nonreligious France 7,120,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Nonreligious France - 19.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 57,188,000
Occidental Orthodox Parishes, Association of France - - 48
units
- 1984 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.). The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991), pg. 116. "Association of Occidental Orthodox Parishes... New York, NY [H.Q.]... Membership: In 1984 the Association had 5 parishes... and a monastery... Internationally, the Western Orthodox Church had 60 parishes, most in France, but including two each in Switzerland and Spain and one each in Germany, Belgium, and Argentina. "
Order of the Elus-Cohen France - - - - 1772 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1746-47. "...Order's chief centres were its 'chapters' at Foix (established in 1760), Bordeaux (1716), Paris (1767), Lyons (1768) and other French cities... and 'temples' which ranked lower, founded at Amboise, Tours, Blois and Poitiers in 1767. "
Order of the Holy City France - - - - 1778 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 1747. "Jean-Baptiste Willermoz tried to perpetuate Martinist teaching in the secret degree of the Order of the Holy City, founded at Lyons in 1778. "
other France 1,750,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table; "other " = NOT Roman Catholic, Nonreligious, Islam, Atheism, Protestant, Judaism
PL Kyodan France - - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* Official web site of PL Kyodan; web page: "PL Church Directory in Europe and Oceania " (viewed 11 April 1999). Counted churches listed on directory. "Paris, France; 86 Rue Lafayette 75009 Paris France "
poll - believe in God France - 66.00% - - 1948 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988), pg. 17, 323. [Orig. source: Kean, Charles D. "God, Gods, and Dr. George Gallup " in Christianity and Society (1948, vol. 13, pg. 17-19).] Pg. 17: "Shortly after the war, Gallup polls revealed that 94% of the public believed in God, a substantially larger share than in England, Holland, Sweden, Denmark or France. "; pg. 323: "the other figures were: England, 83%; Holland, 80%; Sweden, 80%; Denmark, 80%; and France, 66% "
poll - say religion fairly important to them France - 33.00% - - 1976 Social Indicators 1976: Selected Data on Social Conditions & Trends in the U.S.. Census Bureau, U.S. Dept. of Commerce: Washington, D.C. (Dec. 1977), pg. 555. [Orig. source: American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Religion in America, 1976.] Table: "Importance of Religious Beliefs in Selected Countries: 1975-76 "; Respondents who say their religious beliefs are: (1) Not at all important, (2) Not too important, (3) Fairly important, (4) Very important.
poll - say religion important to them France - 14.00% - - 1999 *LINK* Stack, Peggy Fletcher (compiler). "Worldview?" subtitle: "Religion Important in U.S. " in Salt Lake Tribune, June 5, 1999 (viewed online 11 June 1999). [Orig. source: Associated Press] "A recent consumer marketing survey showed that 54% of Americans said 'religion plays an important part in my life,'... conducted by the Brand Futures Group of Young and Rubicam. Far more Americans rated religion as important than did other national populations surveyed: The Netherlands, 25%; United Kingdom, 19%; France and Germany, 14%. "
poll - say religion not at all important to them France - 20.00% - - 1976 Social Indicators 1976: Selected Data on Social Conditions & Trends in the U.S.. Census Bureau, U.S. Dept. of Commerce: Washington, D.C. (Dec. 1977), pg. 555. [Orig. source: American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Religion in America, 1976.] Table: "Importance of Religious Beliefs in Selected Countries: 1975-76 "; Respondents who say their religious beliefs are: (1) Not at all important, (2) Not too important, (3) Fairly important, (4) Very important.
poll - say religion not too important to them France - 23.00% - - 1976 Social Indicators 1976: Selected Data on Social Conditions & Trends in the U.S.. Census Bureau, U.S. Dept. of Commerce: Washington, D.C. (Dec. 1977), pg. 555. [Orig. source: American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Religion in America, 1976.] Table: "Importance of Religious Beliefs in Selected Countries: 1975-76 "; Respondents who say their religious beliefs are: (1) Not at all important, (2) Not too important, (3) Fairly important, (4) Very important.
poll - say religion very important to them France - 22.00% - - 1975 Popenoe, David. Sociology (5th Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1983), pg. 449. [Orig. source: Public Opinion, March/May 1979, p. 38. Surveys by Gallup International. Research Institute for Charles F. Kettering Foundation, 1974-1975, for foreign data; American Instittue of Public Opinion (Gallup) for US data.] "Graph: Strength of Religious Feeling: A Cross-National Comparison "; "Question: How important are your religious beliefs--very important, not too important, or not at all important? "; Graph shows percentage answering "Very important "
poll - say religion very important to them France - 22.00% - - 1976 Social Indicators 1976: Selected Data on Social Conditions & Trends in the U.S.. Census Bureau, U.S. Dept. of Commerce: Washington, D.C. (Dec. 1977), pg. 555. [Orig. source: American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup Poll), Religion in America, 1976.] Table: "Importance of Religious Beliefs in Selected Countries: 1975-76 "; Respondents who say their religious beliefs are: (1) Not at all important, (2) Not too important, (3) Fairly important, (4) Very important.
poll - say religion very important to them France - 14.00% - - 1997 "Religious Spirit " in American Demographics (Aug. 1998), pg. 62. Survey question: "religion is very important in their lives " National sample of adults in 60 countries by Diane Swanbrow at University of Michigan.
poll - say religion very important to them France - 13.00% - - 1997 *LINK* Morin, Richard. "Keeping the Faith " in Washington Post (Jan. 12, 1998). "World Values Survey conducted [by] University of Michigan... said religion was "very important " to them, a view expressed by 16% of all British respondents, 13% of those interviewed in France and 13% of the Germans questioned... latest round was conducted between 1995 & 1997, using representative national samples of each nation's adult pop. "
poll - say religion very important to them France - 14.00% - - 1997 *LINK* web site: "The University of Michigan News and Information Services "; web page: "Study identifies worldwide rates of religiosity, church attendance " (viewed 17 April 1999). "News Release: December 10, 1997 " By Diane Swanbrow. "Moreover, 53 percent of Americans say that religion is very important in their lives, compared with 16 percent, 14 percent, and 13 percent, respectively, of the British, French and Germans... "
Presbyterian France - - 2,000
units
- 1560 C.E. Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990), pg. 199. "From France came the Huguenots, and by 1560, there were in that country 2,000 churches of Presbyterian complexion.. "
Protestant France 750,000 - - - 1975 Norbrook, Dominique. Passport to France. New York: Franklin Watts (1986), pg. 26. "...in the mid-1970s... Protestant numbered about 750,000. "
Protestant France - 4.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994) pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; Protestant "includes all non-Roman Catholic denominations "
Protestant France - 2.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992). Pg. 204-205. Chart
Protestant France 1,170,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year. Pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Protestant France 1,172,186 2.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim (North African workers) 1%, unaffiliated 6%; Total Population: 58,609,285.
Protestant France 1,140,000 2.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998), pg. 160-161. "Location: France; Population: About 57 million "; "Protestants account for roughly 2%, mostly Calvinist or Lutheran. "
Protestant France - 1.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 57,188,000
Quietism France - - - - 1675 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 17). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970), pg. 2319-2320. "It was in France that Quietism entered its final and most controversial period, in the second half of the 17th century. A French widow, Mme Guyon wrote a number of influential mystical works of a Quietist nature, and devoted herself to travelling through Europe on an evangelical mission. Among her converts, who included a number of highly-placed persons, was Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambrai... but the Church considered her a dangerous and heretical nuisance. First arrested in 1688, Mme Guyon was again sentenced to imprisonment in 1695... A papal letter was issued, criticizing 23 chapters of Fenelon's work which said to be redolent of Quietism. Fenelon bowed before this condemnation, withdrawing to his diocese and remaining there until his death in 1715. Mme Guyon was finally freed from imprisonment in 1702. "
Raelian France - - - - 1973 *LINK* Ireland, Rowan. Web site: La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia; web page: "New Religious Associations in Australia ", written January 1998. (Viewed 4 July 1999). "The International Raelian Movement was founded in France in 1973. It spread rapidly in French speaking countries in Europe, Africa and the Americas... "
Ramakrishna Order France - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Revival Fellowship France - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site directory of assemblies (or contacts?). This is the number of listings in a particular country, but I'm not sure it can be taken as a count of congregations.
Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia France - - 13
units
- 1998 *LINK* official organization web site (1998) Counted listings in directory of parishes.
Satanism France - - - - 1895 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 658. "The Satanism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is a product of the occultism and 'decadence' of late romanticism and shares its mood, vividly portraye in its Satanist aspects in J. K. Huysmans' novel La-Bas ('Down There'). The theatrical 1890s French Satanist cult represented there has been more or less duplicated in a number of modern European and American groups. "
Scientology France - - 10
units
- 1999 *LINK* web page (OPPOSING VIEW): "Scientology Worldwide " (viewed 13 Feb. 1999); "Last Update on 10th Feb. 1999 " Number here ( "# congregations ") represent total of all orgs: Dianetic Centers, Celebrity Centers, missions, etc.; "CoS web sites have lists of Missions (1998) & Orgs (1996) from which the Table below is derived. Original concept and research by 'Inducto'. "
Sikhism France - - 1
unit
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993). Pg 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Soka Gakkai France 7,000 - - - 1987 Clarke, Peter B. The New Evangelists: Recruitment, Method and Aims of New Religious Movements, London: Ethnographics (1987); pg. 10-14. Table with following columns: Movement; Total Membership; Full-Time Members; P/T Members; Sympathizers.; For this study Clarke "approached researchers & observers in the field of new religions [& org./church reps.] to obtain their opinions & any hard... data "
Taize France 70 - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally published as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 731. "Taize (Christian). An interdenominational and international monastic community founded at Taise (SE France) in 1940 by its present prior, Roger Schutz (b. 1915). Originally founded as a form of monasticism within Protestantism, the community of more than seventy men with vows of celibacy, submission to authority, and common property is engaged chiefly in promoting Christian unity. Close ties are maintained with the World Council of Churches, Constantinople, and Rome. Small groups of brothers work at many different tasks in Latin America and Africa. "
Tenrikyo France - - 8
units
- 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 1 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo 1998 ". Church-supplied data. 1 mission centers; 1 churches; 3 mission stations; 3 church's overseas offices
Tenrikyo - graduated from Shuyoka France 0 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who... graduated from Shuyoka... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Tenrikyo - new Besseki Pledge France 6 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who took the Besseki Pledge... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Tenrikyo - received the Sazuke France 0 - - - 1998 *LINK* official Tenrikyo web site; page: "A Statistical Review of Tenrikyo: 2 of 2 " (viewed 10 Dec. 1999) Table: "Statistics on followers who... received the Sazuke... between Jan. and Dec. 1998. "; "Data by Research Section and Overseas Mission Department "
Ultramontanism France - - - - 1750 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "ULTRAMONTANISM: a movement within the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH originating in France during the seventeenth century which favored direct, centralized, control from Rome. The JESUITS were strong supporters of this position which came to dominate the Church in the nineteenth century. "


France, continued

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