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Syrian Catholic, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Syrian Catholic Middle East - - - - 1992 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992); pg. 223. "Syrian Catholics: Live mainly in Lebanon, Egypt, Iraq an Syria. Have their own patriarch and are not subject to the authority of the Roman Catholics Church. Usually well-educated and influential. "
Syrian Jacobites, Independent (Thozhiyur) India: Kerala 9,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "Syro-Malabar Catholic Mission "; web page: "Church History " (viewed 23 July 1999). "Note: The figures given above are approximate, worked out from various sources. The exact numbers are not readily available. " Table: "Christian Denominations in Kerala "; "Other Christians [other than Catholics]: Syrian Orthodox (Methran Kakshi) -1,100,000; Jacobite Syrian Orthodox (Bava Kakshi) - 1,000,000; Independent Jacobites (Thozhiyur) - 9,000; Marthomites - 500,000; St. Thomas Evangelical & Others - 10,000; Church of the East (Nestorians/Surais) - 100,000; Church of South India (CSI) and other Protestants - 700,000 "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) Assyria - 26.00% - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Assyria Online! "; web page: "Brief History of the Asyrians " (viewed 10 Feb. 1999), by Peter BetBasoo. Pie chart graphic: "Approximation by Assyria Online " "Assyria is located in north Mesopotamia and spans 4 countries: In Syria it extends west to the Euphrates river; in Turkey it extends north to Harran, Edessa, Diyarbakir, and Lake Van; in Iran it extends east to Lake Urmi, and in Iraq it extends to about 100 miles south of Kirkuk. "; Pie chart: "Chaldean 45%; Syriac Orthodox 26%; Church of the East 19%; Other 6%; Syriac Catholic 4%. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) Australia 1,615 0.01% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census. [Listed in table as "Syrian (Jacobite) Church "]
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) Germany 50,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999). Table: "Religious communities in Germany: Numbers of members " [data published July, 1999]; Listed as "Altorientalische " Syrisch-Orthodoxe Kirche von Antiochien (Jakobiten / Westsyrer) " in table. Source: REMID. [Listed in 'Orthodox and Eastern Churches' section.]
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) Middle East - - - - 1992 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992); pg. 223. "Syrian Orthodox: A remnant of the Monophysite church of Syria. Followers live in Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) USA 80,000 - - - 1957 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 117. "Orthodoxy in America today is divided into 23 dif. groups... The others range from 200,000 of serbian extraction, 130,000 Ukrainians, 100,000 Carpatho-Russians, 80,000 Syrians and 50,000 Rumanians, to a small group of Estonians and Latvians. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) USA 80,000 - - - 1963 Rosten, Leo (ed.). Religions in America; New York: Simon & Schuster (1963), 8th ed. [1st pub. in 1952. 8th ed. completely revised]; pg. 94. "Other Orthodox bodies include the Serbian (200,000), Ukrainian (130,000), Carpatho-Russian (100,000), Syrian (80,000), Rumanian (50,000), and smaller branches of national extractions including the Bularian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian and others. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) USA 10,000 - - - 1973 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 997. "The Syrian Jacobites in America, probably not exceeding ten thousand in number, are organized under the jurisdiction of the patriarch of Syria in three separate churches. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) USA - - 8
units
- 1978 Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions, vol. 1. McGrath Publishing Co.: Wilmington, NC (1978); pg. 85. -
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world - - - - 500 C.E. Oxtoby, Willard G. The Meaning of Other Faiths. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press (1983); pg. 54. "The age of exploration and trade brought Europeans into contact with, and awareness of, civilizations that had high cultures, such as those of India, China, and Japan. To these people the gospel had seemingly never been preached (although Syrian Christianity had reached both India and China by late antiquity). "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world 100,000 - - - 1978 Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions, vol. 1. McGrath Publishing Co.: Wilmington, NC (1978); pg. 84. -
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world 100,000 - - - 1987 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 85. "The West Syrian or Jacobite Church today numbers about 90,000 to 100,000 members located in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq as well as in numerous communities scattered throughout the Middle East and the U.S. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world - - - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 322. "The Monophysite churches include the following... Syrian Orthodox Church, sometimes called Jacobite, for the 6th-century bishop Jacob Baradaeus.; Ethiopian Orthodox Church, linked until 1959 with the Copts.; Syrian Orthodox Church of the Malabar (southern India), also known as the St. Thomas Christians, or Mar Thoma, for the apostle Thomas, whom they claimed as their founder and who supposedly suffered martyrdom near Madras. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world 4,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* official web site Christianity:Eastern/Orthodox:Non-Chalcedonian:Syrian Orthodox:
"The Church provides spiritual guidance to over four million parishioners throughout the World. "
Syrian Orthodox Church (Jacobite) world 300,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Zuck, Jon. "Unofficial Home Page of The One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church " (last updated 21 Mar. 1999). "Constituent churches are equals, except Indian Orthodox which is under the administration of the Syrian Orthodox Church... Together, the Oriental Orthodox Churches have about 36,000,000 members: Syrian Orthodox Church c. 300,000; Indian Orthodox Church c. 2,200,000; Coptic Orthodox Church c. 10,000,000; British Orthodox Church c. 5000?; Armenian Orthodox Church c.4,000,000... "
Syrian Orthodox Church (St. Thomas / West Syrian rite) Germany 500 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999). Table: "Religious communities in Germany: Numbers of members " [data published July, 1999]; Listed as "Orthodoxe Syrische Kirche des Ostens in Indien (Thomaschristen / heute westsyrischer Ritus) " in table. Source: REMID. [Listed in 'Orthodox and Eastern Churches' section.]
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch California 9,400 0.03% 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Canada - - 5
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "Membership: In 1988 the archdiocese reported 30,000 members in North America divided between 20 parishes in the U.S. and 5 parishes in Canada. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Florida 1,000 0.01% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Georgia, USA 500 0.01% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Germany 13,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999). Table: "Religious communities in Germany: Numbers of members " [data published July, 1999]; Listed as "Griechisch-Orthodoxes Patriarchat von Antiochien und ganz Asien: Exarchat Westeuropa der Griechisch-Orthodoxen Kirche von Antiochien " in table. Source: REMID. [Listed in 'Orthodox and Eastern Churches' section.]
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Illinois 1,900 0.02% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Maryland 500 0.01% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Massachusetts 1,400 0.02% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Michigan 1,700 0.02% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch New Jersey 7,700 0.10% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch New York 1,600 0.01% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch North America 30,000 - 22
units
- 1986 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990); pg. 187. "Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of the U.S.A. and Canada)... In 1986 there were 15 archdiocesan parishes in nine states in the U.S.A., four in Canada. There were 30,000 members in 22 churches, and a larger membership in the Middle East, India, Europe, and Australia. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch North America 30,000 - 25
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdioceses of the United States and Canada) (Jacobite)... Lodi, NJ [H.Q.]... Membership: In 1988 the archdiocese reported 30,000 members in North America divided between 20 parishes in the U.S. and 5 parishes in Canada. There were 28 priests. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch North America 30,000 - 38
units
- 1993 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (10th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1995). -
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Oklahoma 400 0.01% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Oregon 400 0.01% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Pennsylvania 500 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Rhode Island 700 0.07% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Texas 1,800 0.01% 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Texas 1,800 0.01% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from ADHERENT column ( "Adherents " defined as all members, incl. regular participants not considered as communicant.), not the more restrictive "member " column.
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch USA 30,000 - 28
units
- 1988 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 248-255. Table 2: US Current Stats. (# of adherents from "inclusive membership " column, not sometimes smaller "full communicant " col.) Listed in table as "Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of the United States and Canada). "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch USA - - 20
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "Membership: In 1988 the archdiocese reported 30,000 members in North America divided between 20 parishes in the U.S. and 5 parishes in Canada. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch USA 29,500 - 28
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch (Archdiocese of The U.S.A. and Canada).']
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch USA 32,500 - 17
units
- 1996 World Almanac and Book of Facts 1998; K-III Reference Corp.: Macwah, NJ (1997). [Orig. sources: 1997 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches; World Almanac research]; pg. 651. Table: "Membership of Religious Groups in U.S. "; Membership figs. generally based on reports from officials by each group. Figs. are inclusive: refer to all "members, " not simply full communicants.
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch USA 32,500 - 21
units
- 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Orig. sources: 1999 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches; World Almanac research]; pg. 692. Table: "Membership of Religious Groups in U.S. "; Based on reports from officials by each group. Figs. inclusive; refer to all "members ". Listed as Syrian Orthodox Ch. of Antioch
Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Washington, D.C. 500 0.08% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns.
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar Canada - - 4
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 142. "Malankara Orthodox (Syrian) Church... Membership: In 1988 the church reported 5,000 families in 37 congregations in the U.S. & 4 in Canada. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar India - - - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "Syro-Malabar Catholic Mission "; web page: "Church History " (viewed 23 July 1999). [Orig. source: Mundadan, A. Mathias. The Syro-Malabar Church: An Overview. 715 N. Lapeer Rd., Lake Orion, MI 48362: St.Joseph Church.] "Today, there are 22 Syro-Malabar dioceses in India, twelve of them in Kerala and Ten of them outside the state. They are as follows: Province of Ernakulam: 1) Ernakulam-Angamly; 2) Kothamangalam; Province of Changanassery: 3) Changanassery; 4) Kottayam; 5) Palai; 6) Kanjirappally; Province of Thrissur: 7) Thrissur; 8) Palaghat; 9) Irinjalakuda; Province of Thalassery: 10) Thalassery; 11) Manathavady; 12) Thamarassery; Outside Kerala: 13) Chanda, MP; 14) Sagar, MP; 15) Satna, MP; 16) Ujjain, MP; 17) Bijnor, UP; 18) Jagdalpur, MP; 19) Rajkot, Gujarat; 20) Gorakpur, MP; 21) Kalyan, Maharashtra; 22) Thakkala, Tamil Nadu "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar India: Kerala 5,600,000 20.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 720-721. "Syrian Christians in India... Alternate Names: Malabar Christians "; Pg. 721: "Syrian Christians in Kerala are currently estimated to number around 5.6 million people. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar New York 150 - 1
unit
- 1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "The Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar has established a mission in New York directly under the patriarch of Antioch. There is only one congregation (as of 1967) which meets at Union Theological Seminary every Sunday... Its approximate 150 members are drawn from students, diplomatic personnel, and permanent residents. Periodic services are held in Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and Chicago... Membership: Not reported. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar North America 20,000 - 41
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 142. "Malankara Orthodox (Syrian) Church... Buffalo, NY [H.Q. in the U.S.]... The Malankara Orthodox (Syrian) Church dates itself to the arrival of St. Thomas... in India... relationship with Roman Catholic Church... ended in 1653... The Malankara Church soon affiliated with the Syrian Church of Antioch... The Malankara Church was brought to the U.S. in the late 1960s by immigrants from southern India. A diocese was created in the 1970s, & in 1980 the first church building, St. George's Orthodox Church, Staten Island, NY, was purchased & dedicated... Membership: In 1988 the church reported 5,000 families in 37 congregations in the U.S. & 4 in Canada. Included were 2 missions for non-Indians in Spokane, WA, & Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar North America 12,000 - - - 1995 *LINK* official web site (viewed circa Aug. 1998); See also: Mar Thoma church information: 4000 families mentioned on one page. Other page specifically says 12000 in North America.
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar USA 150 - 1
unit
- 1967 Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions, vol. 1. McGrath Publishing Co.: Wilmington, NC (1978); pg. 85. -
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar USA - - 37
units
- 1988 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 142. "Malankara Orthodox (Syrian) Church... Membership: In 1988 the church reported 5,000 families in 37 congregations in the U.S. & 4 in Canada. Included were 2 missions for non-Indians in Spokane, WA, & Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar USA 150 - - - 1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "The Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar has established a mission in New York directly under the patriarch of Antioch. There is only one congregation (as of 1967) which meets at Union Theological Seminary every Sunday... Its approximate 150 members are drawn from students, diplomatic personnel, and permanent residents. Periodic services are held in Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and Chicago... Membership: Not reported. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world 1,500,000 - - - 1978 Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions, vol. 1. McGrath Publishing Co.: Wilmington, NC (1978); pg. 85. -
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world 1,500,000 - - - 1991 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Section: Non-Chalcedonian Orthodoxy; pg. 144. "In 1665 the Syrian Jacobites sent their representative to the Malabar coast and eventually many of the Malabar Christians were brought under the Syrian patriarch of Antioch. A Malabar bishop was consecrated in 1772 and there are approximately 1,500,000 Christians in his jurisdiction today. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world - - - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 322. "The Monophysite churches include the following... Syrian Orthodox Church, sometimes called Jacobite, for the 6th-century bishop Jacob Baradaeus.; Ethiopian Orthodox Church, linked until 1959 with the Copts.; Syrian Orthodox Church of the Malabar (southern India), also known as the St. Thomas Christians, or Mar Thoma, for the apostle Thomas, whom they claimed as their founder and who supposedly suffered martyrdom near Madras. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world 2,000,000 - 1,500
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site of The Indian Orthodox Church, Diocese of America; web page: "A Brief Overview of the Church " (History), viewed 27 Feb. 1999. "The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church has a strength of over two million members in about 1500 parishes mainly in Kerala and increasingly spread all over India and in many parts of the globe. "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world 1,000,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Ecumenical News International. "Religion around the world ", title of subsection: "CHURCH OUSTS THE AUTHOR OF CONTROVERSIAL NOVEL " in Desert News, Saturday, May 8, 1999 (viewed online 14 May 1999). "NEW DELHI, India... the Mar Thoma Syrian Church [i.e. the Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar]... Metropolitan Alexander Mar Thoma, head of the 1 million-strong church... "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world 2,200,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Zuck, Jon. "Unofficial Home Page of The One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church " (last updated 21 Mar. 1999). "Constituent churches are equals, except Indian Orthodox which is under the administration of the Syrian Orthodox Church... Together, the Oriental Orthodox Churches have about 36,000,000 members: Syrian Orthodox Church c. 300,000; Indian Orthodox Church c. 2,200,000 [indented, to indicate it is under Syrian Orthodox Church; Indian Orthodox is also known as 'Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar']; Coptic Orthodox Church c. 10,000,000; British Orthodox Church c. 5000?; Armenian Orthodox Church c.4,000,000... "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar world - except Malabar 150,000 - - - 1900 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 996. "Syrian Monophysitism... the church of Malabar (Kerala) still perpetuates the Jacobite tradition. They suffered from... great invasions... and by 1900 their numbers (aside from Malabar) were reduced to 150,000, chiefly in Mesopotamia... "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar - Bava Kakshi India: Kerala 1,000,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "Syro-Malabar Catholic Mission "; web page: "Church History " (viewed 23 July 1999). "Note: The figures given above are approximate, worked out from various sources. The exact numbers are not readily available. " Table: "Christian Denominations in Kerala "; "Other Christians [other than Catholics]: Syrian Orthodox (Methran Kakshi) -1,100,000; Jacobite Syrian Orthodox (Bava Kakshi) - 1,000,000; Independent Jacobites (Thozhiyur) - 9,000; Marthomites - 500,000; St. Thomas Evangelical & Others - 10,000; Church of the East (Nestorians/Surais) - 100,000; Church of South India (CSI) and other Protestants - 700,000 "
Syrian Orthodox Church of Malabar - Methran Kakshi India: Kerala 1,100,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "Syro-Malabar Catholic Mission "; web page: "Church History " (viewed 23 July 1999). "Note: The figures given above are approximate, worked out from various sources. The exact numbers are not readily available. " Table: "Christian Denominations in Kerala "; "Other Christians [other than Catholics]: Syrian Orthodox (Methran Kakshi) -1,100,000; Jacobite Syrian Orthodox (Bava Kakshi) - 1,000,000; Independent Jacobites (Thozhiyur) - 9,000; Marthomites - 500,000; St. Thomas Evangelical & Others - 10,000; Church of the East (Nestorians/Surais) - 100,000; Church of South India (CSI) and other Protestants - 700,000 "
T'ai-i tao China - - - - 1150 C.E. Fischer-Schreiber, Ingrid, et al. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy & Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zen. Shambhala: Boston (English: pub. 1994; orig. German: 1986); pg. 349. "T'ai-i tao - Chin., lit. 'Way of the Supreme One'; a school of religious Taoism (tao-chiao). The t'ai-i tao was founded in the 12th century C.E. by Hsiao Pao-chen and is related to an earlier movement, the cheng-i tao (Way of Right Unity), whose priests conducted ceremonies to cure diseases by the use of talismans, magic formulae, and exorcism. The t'ai-i tao also contained Confucianist elements. Its followers were committed to strict obedience of monastic rules. It became extinct during the middle period of the Yuan Dynasty. "
T'boli Philippines 60,000 - - - 1978 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 754. "T'boli: Alternate Names: Tagabili; TauSebu; Location: Philippines; Population: Over 60,000 (1978); Language: T'boli; Religion: Indigenous beliefs "
T'ien Te Chiao Taiwan - - - - 1996 *LINK* web page: "Religions in Taiwan " (Written by Miss C.Y.Li, 1996, TSA); (viewed 4 July 1999). "In Taiwan, people are free to have any religious preference. At present, there are 12 religions recognized by the government in Taiwan including the Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hsuan-Yuan Chiao, Idam, Li-ism, Tenrikyo, Baha'i Faith, T'ien Dih Chiao, T 'ien Te Chiao, and I-Kuan-Tao. "
Taara Estonia - - - - 1100 C.E. Geography Department (Mary M. Rodgers, series editor). Estonia (series: Then and Now). Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications Co. (1992); pg. 25. "The earliest Estonians practiced a religion that honored the god Taara. The influence of Taara is still evident in a festival held every June 24 to celebrate the longest day of the year. Although Christian traditions changed the holiday's name to St. John's Day, Estonians observe the occasion the way their pre-Christian Taara ancestors did. Dancing, bonfires, and flowers are features of this mid-summer celebration. "


Taara, continued

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