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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, world

Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Sisterspirit USA - - - - 1991 Jade. To Know: A Guide to Women's Magic and Spirituality. Oak Park, IL: Delphi Press (1991); pg. 77. "Sisterspirit, Women Sharing Spirituality, Frodo Okulam, P.O. Box 9264, Portland, OR 97207. Women of all traditions come together in celebration of our commonality as spiritual women; rituals, workshops, and kindred groups (Wiccan, Christian, Jewish, New Age, etc.). "
Six Houses Seven Schools China - - - - 350 C.E. Fischer-Schreiber, Ingrid, et al. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy & Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zen. Shambhala: Boston (English: pub. 1994; orig. German: 1986); pg. 335. "Six houses (and) seven schools - (Chin., liu-chia ch'I-tsung); currents of Chinese Buddhism in its early phase (4th century), all arising from the engagement with the Prajnaparamita-sutra and presenting a particular interpretation of the notion of shunyata (emptiness). They developed under the influence of neo-Taoism... The principal of these were the School of Appearances As Such, the School of the Stored Impressions, the School of Illusions, the School of the Nonbeing of the Mind, the School of the Causal Combination, the School of Fundamental Nonbeing, and the Modified School of Fundamental Nonbeing. "
Skagit North America - Pacific Coast 1,200 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber); Includes figures for Swinomish
Skagit world 1,200 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber); Includes figures for Swinomish
Skilloot North America - Pacific Coast 3,250 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Skilloot world 3,250 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Skinheads Alabama - - 5
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups. [Note that skinheads constitute a subculture, but do not identify themselves as a distinct 'religion.' There are skinheads who point out that skinheads are not necessarily racist.]
Skinheads Alabama - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Arizona - - 3
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Arkansas - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Arkansas - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads California - - 10
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads California - - 6
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Colorado - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Colorado - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Delaware - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Florida - - 6
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Florida - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Georgia, USA - - 8
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Georgia, USA - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Germany 10,000 - - - 1994 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994); pg. 27. "Today there are... approximately five to ten thousand skinheads in Germany
Skinheads Germany 30,000 0.04% - - 1995 Able, Deborah. Hate Groups (series: "Issues in Focus "). Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, Inc. (1995); pg. 54-55. "The association with Hitler reinforces the neo-Nazism practices by most skinheads. Skinheads began in Europe, first in England and then in Germany. Recnt estimates of the number of skinhead youths in Gemany run as high as 30,000 out of a population of 78 million. "
Skinheads Idaho - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Indiana - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Indiana - - 4
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Kansas - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Kentucky - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Louisiana - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Maryland - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Massachusetts - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Michigan - - 2
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Minnesota - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Missouri - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Missouri - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Montana - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Nevada - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Nevada - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads New Jersey - - 7
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads New Jersey - - 2
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads New York - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads North Carolina - - 2
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Ohio - - 2
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Oklahoma - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Oregon - - 4
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Oregon - - 2
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Pennsylvania - - 6
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Pennsylvania - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads Tennessee - - 5
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Texas - - 5
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Texas - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "
Skinheads United Kingdom: Great Britain 10,000 - - - 1991 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 41. "Skinheads originated in Great Britain, where in the early 1990s the group had a following of 8,000 to 10,000 members. "
Skinheads United Kingdom: Great Britain 10,000 - - - 1994 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994); pg. 27. "Today there are an estimated eight to ten thousand skinheads in Great Britain... "
Skinheads USA - - - - 1984 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 41. "Racist skinheads first appeared in the United States in 1984 when a small Chicago group called Romantic Violence began distributing anti-Semitic leaflets in Illinois and Michigan. "
Skinheads USA 300 - - - 1986 Lang, Susan S. Extremist Groups in America. New York: Franklin Watts (1990); pg. 91. "Skinheads... A small cadre of only 300 young people in 1986... "
Skinheads USA 1,500 - - - 1988 Able, Deborah. Hate Groups (series: "Issues in Focus "). Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, Inc. (1995); pg. 56. "In 1993, the Anti-Defamation League published a report on the growing menace of skinhead groups. According to the survey, there were 1,500 skinheads in 12 states in 1988, and five years later there were 3,500 skinheads in 40 states. "
Skinheads USA 3,500 - - - 1990 Lang, Susan S. Extremist Groups in America. New York: Franklin Watts (1990); pg. 91. "These snarling teenagers are the fastest-growing segment and among the most violent of the neo-Nazi movement--and of the entire white supremacist movement, for that matter. A small cadre of only 300 young people in 1986 has swelled into a vicious, loosely organized army of up to 3,500 teenage thugs in 21 states, scattered all over the country. Some of the gangs with more coloful names include the Reich Skins, the Bashboys (Bay Area Skin Heads), the Death Squad Skins, the Gestapo, and the War Skins in California; the East Side White pride and Youth of Hitler in Oregon; the Confederate Hammer heads of Dallas; and Romantic Violence and the Chicago Area Skinheads (CASH) in Illinois. "
Skinheads USA 3,000 - - - 1991 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 41-42. "During the early 1990s it was estimated that there were approximately 3,000 racist skinheads in thirty-four states. "
Skinheads USA - - - - 1991 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 41-42. "During the early 1990s it was estimated that there were approximately 3,000 racist skinheads in thirty-four states. "
Skinheads USA - - 76
units
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] Skinhead groups. [Note that skinheads constitute a subculture, but do not identify themselves as a distinct 'religion.' There are skinheads who point out that skinheads are not necessarily racist.]
Skinheads USA 3,500 - - - 1993 Able, Deborah. Hate Groups (series: "Issues in Focus "). Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, Inc. (1995); pg. 56. "In 1993, the Anti-Defamation League published a report on the growing menace of skinhead groups. According to the survey, there were 1,500 skinheads in 12 states in 1988, and five years later there were 3,500 skinheads in 40 states. "
Skinheads USA 3,000 - - - 1994 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994); pg. 27. "Today there are... about three thousand skinheads in the U.S. "
Skinheads USA - - - - 1995 Able, Deborah. Hate Groups (series: "Issues in Focus "). Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, Inc. (1995); pg. 55. "There are conflicting reports about the numbers of skinheads in the U.S., but the perception is that their ranks are increasing. In 1989, skinheads marched in the annual KKK parade in Pulaski, Tennessee, demonstrating their solidarity with older white supremacy groups. "
Skinheads USA - - 39
units
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 77. Pg. 77: "Figure 3.2 shows a map of the 2000 geographical distribution of 602 racial hate groups "; Pg. 79: [Key to map] Ku Klux Klan: 110; Neo-Nazi: 180; Racist Skinhead: 39; Christian Identity: 32; Black Separatist: 48; Neo-Confederate; Other: 105 [Source: Southern Poverty Law Center.]
Skinheads Utah - - 1
unit
- 1992 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994). [Source: Klanwatch]; pg. 30. Map: "White Supremacist Groups in the U.S. in 1992 " [Racist] skinhead groups.
Skinheads Virginia - - 1
unit
- 2000 Swain, Carol M. The New White Nationalism in America; Its Challenge to Integration. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2002); pg. 78-79. Pg. 78-79: "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2000 [map]... Source: Southern Poverty Law Center "


Skinheads, continued

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