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Sikhism, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Sikhism Australia 12,017 0.07% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census.
Sikhism Bangladesh - - 3
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism British Columbia 75,500 2.30% - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. & Susan Bevan Gall (editors). Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces. Detroit: U.X.L. (1997), [Orig. source: Canadian Census]; pg. 24. "In 1991, 44.5% of British Columbia's population, or about 1,460,500 people, was Protestant... British Columbia also had... 23,000 people of Eastern Orthodox faith, 75,500 Sikhs... "
Sikhism British Columbia 74,600 2.30% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Statistics Canada "; web page: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); Source: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 93-319-XPB. table: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census "
Sikhism British Columbia 100,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "United Church of Canada Inter-Faith Dialogue "; web page: "Sikhism " (viewed 19 Feb. 1999), written by Fritz B. Voll, "Updated: Tue Jun 9 23:39:38 1998. " "About 200,000 are in Canada, and close to one-half of the Canadian Sikhs live in British Columbia, where they make up about 80% of the Indo-Canadian population. "
Sikhism California - - 1
unit
- 1912 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 318-319. "However, many of the approximately ten thousand South Asian immigrants were not Hindus; even though many Americans persisted in calling them that, they were in fact Sikhs. The first Sikh temple (also called a gurdwara) was established in Stockton, California, in 1912... "
Sikhism Canada 67,715 0.30% - - 1981 *LINK* Government statistics web site (viewed circa Nov. 1998): "Population, by religion, 1981 and 1991 Censuses " table Total population = 24,083,495.
Sikhism Canada 147,400 0.55% - - 1991 *LINK* Government statistics web site (viewed circa Nov. 1998): "Population by religion, 1991 Census " table Total population = 26,994,000.
Sikhism Canada 147,400 0.55% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Statistics Canada "; web page: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); Source: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 93-319-XPB. table: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census "
Sikhism Canada 147,440 - - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Toronto Consultants on Religious Tolerance "; web page: "Sikhism " (viewed 2 March 1999) "Sikhs totaled 147,440 in the 1991 Canadian census. "
Sikhism Canada 50,000 - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: 25,000 - 50,000 Sikhs in Canada.
Sikhism Canada - - 100
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism Canada 160,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Sikhism Canada 300,000 1.00% - - 1998 "Interfaith group fights redefinition of 'spouse' " in Christian Century (Apr. 22-29, 1998); pg. 426. "There are 300,000 Sikhs in Canada. "
Sikhism Canada - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Sikhism Canada 200,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "United Church of Canada Inter-Faith Dialogue "; web page: "Sikhism " (viewed 19 Feb. 1999), written by Fritz B. Voll, "Updated: Tue Jun 9 23:39:38 1998. " "About 200,000 are in Canada, and close to one-half of the Canadian Sikhs live in British Columbia, where they make up about 80% of the Indo-Canadian population. "
Sikhism Canada 225,000 - - - 1999 New York Times News Service. "Sikhs mark 300th anniversary of faith's core concept " in Dallas Morning News (Monday, 5 April 1999); pg. 5A. "The denomination, the world's fifth largest, has grown in the west, with 175,000 adherents in the U.S. and 225,000 in Canada. "
Sikhism Denmark - - 1
unit
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism Ecuador - - 1
unit
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism Eurasia 500 0.00% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Sikhism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; [Geographical regions in this table: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, Northern America, Oceania, and Eurasia]
Sikhism Europe 490,000 0.07% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Sikhism Europe 494,000 0.07% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Sikhism Europe 231,000 0.05% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Sikhism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; [Geographical regions in this table: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, Northern America, Oceania, and Eurasia]
Sikhism Europe 236,000 0.03% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Sikhism Fiji - 1.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Sikhism Fiji - 0.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Sikhism France - - 1
unit
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism French Guiana - 2.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Sikhism Germany - - 5
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism Hong Kong - - 2
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism Hong Kong - - 1
unit
- 1998 Kagda, Falaq. Hong Kong (series: Cultures of the World). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1998); pg. 67. "In all, there are more than 600 Buddhist and Taoist temple in the territory. There are also almost 800 Christian churches and chapels, four mosques, a Hindu temple, a Sikh temple, and a Jewish synagogue. "
Sikhism Hong Kong - - 1
unit
- 1998 Kagda, Falaq. Hong Kong (series: Cultures of the World). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1998); pg. 73. "Sikhism. Hong Kong has a small Sikh community. A unique feature of the Sikh Temple is that it provides free meals and short-term accomodation to overseas visitors of any faith. "
Sikhism India 3,238,803 1.02% - - 1921 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 368. Table: "The latest census gives the following enumeration of the adherents... " [1921 and 1931 figures.]
Sikhism India 4,335,771 - - - 1931 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 710. "The last [Indian] census (1931) gav the number of Sikhs at 4,335,771. "
Sikhism India 4,355,771 1.24% - - 1931 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 368. Table: "The latest census gives the following enumeration of the adherents... " [1921 and 1931 figures.]
Sikhism India 7,846,000 1.80% - - 1961 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion; PDF file: "Presentation on Religon " (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Table: Population by religious communities, India - 1961 to 2001; Table: Percentage distribution (unadjusted) of population by religious communities India - 1961 to 2001 Census (without excluding Assam and Jammu & Kashmir [no census conducted there in 1981, 1991])
Sikhism India 10,379,000 1.90% - - 1971 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion; PDF file: "Presentation on Religon " (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Table: Population by religious communities, India - 1961 to 2001; Table: Percentage distribution (unadjusted) of population by religious communities India - 1961 to 2001 Census (without excluding Assam and Jammu & Kashmir [no census conducted there in 1981, 1991])
Sikhism India 10,000,000 1.83% - - 1971 *LINK* web site: Invest India; web page: Religions of India (viewed 16 Jan. 1999) "The 1971 census produced the following statistics: 453 million Hindu; 61 million Muslim; 14 million Christian; 10 million Sikh; 3.8 million Buddhist; 2.6 million Jain; 2.2 million Parsis, Jews and others "
Sikhism India 12,000,000 2.00% - - 1978 Rice, Edward. Ten Religions of the East. New York: Four Winds Press (1978); pg. 78. "Despite their small numbers--a mere 2% of India's six hundred million--the Sikhs are a very visible presence in today's India... Today they are said to furnish half the officer ranks of the Indian army... "
Sikhism India 13,078,000 2.00% - - 1981 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion; PDF file: "Presentation on Religon " (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Table: Population by religious communities, India - 1961 to 2001; Table: Percentage distribution (unadjusted) of population by religious communities India - 1961 to 2001 Census (without excluding Assam and Jammu & Kashmir [no census conducted there in 1981, 1991])
Sikhism India 6,000,000 1.01% - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 359. "Sikhism, closely linked to Northwest India, has perhaps 6 million adherents [in India]. "
Sikhism India - - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally published as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 692. "The Sikh gurdwaras in India have an annual income of over Rs 5 crores (625 million U.S. dollars), which is dispersed by the S.G.P.C. to maintain schools, colleges, hospitals, orphanages and also to run the gurdwara kitchens. "
Sikhism India 6,000,000 - - - 1983 Hopfe, Lews M. Religions of the World, Macmillan Publishing Co.: New York (1983) [3rd edition]; pg. 210. "Sikhs have always been a minority among the other religions of India, and today they number only about six million. These people are found mainly in the Punjab region of northwest India, which has traditionally been their home. "
Sikhism India 16,260,000 1.90% - - 1991 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion; PDF file: "Presentation on Religon " (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Table: Population by religious communities, India - 1961 to 2001; Table: Percentage distribution (unadjusted) of population by religious communities India - 1961 to 2001 Census (without excluding Assam and Jammu & Kashmir [no census conducted there in 1981, 1991])
Sikhism India 16,000,000 2.00% - - 1991 Neusner, Jacob (ed). World Religions in America: An Introduction; Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press (1994); pg. 179. Table: "breakdown of major religions in India, according to the population totals of the 1991 census, is roughly as follows "
Sikhism India - 2.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Sikhism India 13,000,000 1.90% - - 1993 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997); pg. 148. "In 1993 India had approximately 13 million Sikhs--1.9 percent of the population. "
Sikhism India 12,800,000 - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. "There are 16 million Sikhs worldwide. Over 80 percent live in India, mainly in the Punjab. " (80% of 16 million)
Sikhism India - - 2,000
units
- 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 30-31. "Over 2000 [gurdwaras] including 1000 in Punjab. " Map: Number of Sikh gurdwaras ( "a gurdwara is both a place of worship and community centre ")
Sikhism India 18,380,000 2.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Web site: "Council for World Mission "; web page: "India (CNI)/Church of North India (CNI) " (viewed 31 May 1999). "Country information: Population (1994 United Nations estimate): 919 million... Main religions: Hinduism (82%), Islam (11%), Christianity (2%), Sikhism (2%)? "
Sikhism India 19,000,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Sikhism India 12,000,000 2.00% - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 55, 58. "Today there are 12 million Sikhs in India, 1 million in the U.S. and Canada, 500,000 in Great Britain. "; Pg. 58: "Some Sikh extremists imagine Khalistan [the hoped for Sikh state] extending to include most of present-day India, although Sikhs make up only about 2 percent of the entire population. "
Sikhism India 12,800,000 - - - 1997 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997); pg. 10 to 11. "There are 16 million Sikhs worldwide. Over 80% of them live in India, mainly in the Punjab in northwestern India. There are sizable communities in the UK, USA and Canada; smaller ones in East Africa, Europe, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand. "
Sikhism India 19,335,664 2.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Hindu 80%, Muslim 14%, Christian 2.4%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 0.7%, Jains 0.5%, other 0.4%; Total Population: 966,783,171.
Sikhism India 6,650,000 0.70% - - 1997 Russell, Malcom B. The Middle East and South Asia 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 77. Estimates of % of population in principal religions, & est. 1997 total pop.; "Population: 950 million (estimated 1997)... Principal Religions: Hindu (84%), Islam (11%), Christian (2%), Sikh (0.7%), Buddhist (0.7%), other "
Sikhism India 18,700,000 2.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 690. "Some 18.7 million people, or 2% of India's population, are Sikh. "
Sikhism India 18,800,000 2.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 287. "Location: India; Population: About 940 million; Religion: Hinduism (80%); Islam (14%); Christianity (2.4%); Sikhism (2%); Buddhism (0.7%); Jainism (0.5%)... "
Sikhism India - 2.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 904,800,000
Sikhism India 14,000,000 2.00% - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "United Church of Canada Inter-Faith Dialogue "; web page: "Sikhism " (viewed 19 Feb. 1999), written by Fritz B. Voll, "Updated: Tue Jun 9 23:39:38 1998. " "The world population of Sikhs is around 15 million. In India they number about 14 million (two percent of the total population). Most of these live in the Punjab province, which is divided between India and Pakistan. "
Sikhism India 19,000,000 2.00% - - 1999 *LINK* Stack, Peggy Fletcher (compiler). "World View: Sikhs Celebrate 300 Years of Brotherhood " in Salt Lake Tribune (April 17, 1999). Viewed online 17 April 1999. "Sikhs make up about 2 percent of India's 950 million people. In the United States, there are about 250,000 Sikhs. "
Sikhism India 19,216,000 1.90% - - 2001 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion; PDF file: "Presentation on Religon " (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Table: Population by religious communities, India - 1961 to 2001; Table: Percentage distribution (unadjusted) of population by religious communities India - 1961 to 2001 Census (without excluding Assam and Jammu & Kashmir [no census conducted there in 1981, 1991])
Sikhism India 19,215,730 1.87% - - 2001 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Census 2001 data table: Religion
Sikhism India: Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1,587 0.45% - - 2001 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Census 2001 data table: Religion
Sikhism India: Andhra Pradesh 21,910 0.03% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Mission India " Table: "Religion 1991 " [based on census]
Sikhism India: Andhra Pradesh 30,998 0.04% - - 2001 *LINK* website: Census of India 2001; webpage: Data on Religion (Office of the Registrar General, India) (viewed 18 April 2005) Census 2001 data table: Religion


Sikhism, continued

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