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Ramakrishna Order, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Ramakrishna Order Missouri - - 2
units
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order Netherlands - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order New York - - 2
units
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order North America - - 14
units
- 1993 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 140. "There are 13 such Centers in the United States and one in Canada. All are under the spiritual guidance of the Ramakrishna Mission, organized by Swami Vivekananda in India. "
Ramakrishna Order Oregon - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order Rhode Island - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order Russia - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order Singapore - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order Switzerland - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order United Kingdom: England - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order USA - - - - 1897 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 318. "Vivekananda's Ramakrishna Mission (named after his well-known teacher) and his Vedanta Societies, established in 1897, grew rapidly in both India and America; they appealed to an educated and liberal following, including the philosopher and writer Aldous Huxley. "
Ramakrishna Order USA - - 12
units
- 1957 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 16. The Ramakrishna Mission now has centers in most of the world's large cities, including twelve in the United States. "
Ramakrishna Order USA - - 12
units
- 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 17). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2335. "The missions founded in his name extend from Calcutta to San Francisco; there are twelve Ramakrishna Missions in the United States alone. "
Ramakrishna Order USA - - 13
units
- 1988 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 248-255. Table 2: US Current Stats. (# of adherents from "inclusive membership " column, not sometimes smaller "full communicant " col.) Listed in table as "Vedanta Societies. "
Ramakrishna Order USA - - 13
units
- 1993 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 140. "There are 13 such Centers in the United States and one in Canada. All are under the spiritual guidance of the Ramakrishna Mission, organized by Swami Vivekananda in India. "
Ramakrishna Order USA - - 13
units
- 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 63. "There are currently 13 Ramakrishna and Vivekananda Vedanta Centers around the U.S. run by mostly American-born monks of the Ramakrishna Order of India. "
Ramakrishna Order Washington - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order world - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 10). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1317. "...founding Ramakrishna centres in America and Europe, many of which have been extremely successful for it is the Ramakrishna Mission which has spread the 'gospel' of Hindu monism ('all things are one') in the West and which has made such distinguished converts as Aldous Huxley, Gerald Heard and Christopher Isherwood. In the West the Ramakrishna Mission has concentrated on disseminating its own inward spirituality... In India itself, however, it has concentrated on doing in a Hindu spirit what the Christian missions had done before to the shame of Hindu orthodoxy: it has sought to clothe the naked, feed the poor and instruct the ignorant. Both in India and the West it is still very much alive. "
Ramakrishna Order world - - 150
units
- 1972 Harper, Marvin Henry. Gurus, Swamis, and Avatars: Spiritual Masters and their American Disciples; Philadelphia: Westminster Press (1972); pg. 135. "There are 150 [Ramakrishna Math ( "Monastary ") and Mission] centers, about fifty outside India. The Mission operates in India a dozen modern hospitals and sixty clinics, 8 colleges, and 35 high schools, and more than 100 lower schools. "
Ramakrishna Order world - - 130
units
13
countries
1991 *LINK* "Global Dharma " in Hinduism Today International (Apr. 1994) It had grown by the 1990's to include 130 branches in 13 countries, including 97 in India. Here is a summary from their 1991 General Report for the year 1990-1991. [Termed "Ramakrishna Mission "]
Ramakrishna Order world - - 134
units
- 1998 *LINK* Ireland, Rowan. Web site: La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia; web page: "New Religious Associations in Australia ", written January 1998. (Viewed 4 July 1999). "The Ramakrishna Vedanta Society... Ramakrishna Mission, which was founded in Calcutta, India in 1897 by the famous Hindu Monk, Swami Vivekananda... the Ramakrishna Mission has 134 official worldwide. The number of members is unknown. "
Ramakrishna Order world - - - 11
countries
1998 *LINK* official web site Counted from "Ramakrishna Order Centers in the West " list
Ramakrishna Order world - - 125
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "New Religious Movements " (University of Virginia); web page: "Ramakrishna Order of the Vedanta Society " (viewed 31 Jan. 1999); "Created by Anne Oelrich For Sociology 497, Fall 1998 " [Orig. source: "What is Vedanta " by Vedanta Society of Southern California. Essay on home page of Vedanta Page.] "Size of Group: There are presently thirteen Vedanta Societies in the U.S., and 125 centers governed by the Ramakrishna Order. There are more than 1,000 additional centers that claim the name of either Ramakrishna or Vivekananda. "
Ramakrishna Order world - - 125
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "Vedanta Page "; web page: "Vedanta - What is Vedanta " (viewed 31 Jan. 1999); Reprinted from "What is Vedanta " by Vedanta Society of Southern California. "There are 13 Vedanta Societies in the United States and 125 Centers in the world managed by the Ramakrishna Order. Over 1,000 more centers bear the names of Ramakrishna and Vivekananda. "
Ramakrishna/Vivekananda centers - independent world - - 1,000
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "New Religious Movements " (University of Virginia); web page: "Ramakrishna Order of the Vedanta Society " (viewed 31 Jan. 1999); "Created by Anne Oelrich For Sociology 497, Fall 1998 " [Orig. source: "What is Vedanta " by Vedanta Society of Southern California. Essay on home page of Vedanta Page.] "Size of Group: There are presently thirteen Vedanta Societies in the U.S., and 125 centers governed by the Ramakrishna Order. There are more than 1,000 additional centers that claim the name of either Ramakrishna or Vivekananda. "
Ramakrishna/Vivekananda centers - independent world - - 1,000
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: "Vedanta Page "; web page: "Vedanta - What is Vedanta " (viewed 31 Jan. 1999); Reprinted from "What is Vedanta " by Vedanta Society of Southern California. "There are 13 Vedanta Societies in the United States and 125 Centers in the world managed by the Ramakrishna Order. Over 1,000 more centers bear the names of Ramakrishna and Vivekananda. "
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh India 22,500,000 - 300,000
units
- 1996 *LINK* Tamminen, Tapio. "Hindu Revivalism and the Hindutva Movement " in Temenos 32 (1996), 221-238. (Viewed online, Temenos web site, 30 Jan. 1999). "RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh)... Each branch of the RSS ('Hindu home troops') organization acts in the same way throughout India... In the RSS organization the basic units are called 'shakhas' (branches). The membership of each shakha varies between 50 and 100 male participants. Nowadays it is estimated that there are around 300,000 shakhas all over the country. " [75 * 300,000 = 22,500,000]
Rastafarian Antigua - 0.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Rastafarian Antigua and Barbuda - 1.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Rastafarian Australia 1,023 0.01% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census.
Rastafarian Caribbean - - - - 1991 *LINK* Wilson, Andrew (ed). "The World Religions and their Scriptures " in World Scripture. International Religious Foundation, 1991. (viewed 9 July 1999) "In the twentieth century, new Christian groups tend to be more charismatic. They include the independent churches in Africa such as the Kimbanguists in Zaire... The Rastafarians are prominent in the Caribbean. "
Rastafarian Jamaica - - - - 1930 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 600-601. "Rastafari movement... originated in Jamaica in 1930, as a religious response to the coronation of Crown Prince Ras Tafari, as Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia... "
Rastafarian Jamaica - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1832. "...the Ras Tafari movement of Jamaica. Like some other movements in less-developed societies, the Ras Tafarians are not a distinct sect with a coherent organization, but a collection of groups of greater or lesser degrees of permanence, centred around a number of spasmodically emerging leaders, who proclaim a broad similar set of beliefs. "
Rastafarian Jamaica 115,200 5.00% - - 1987 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Est. 2304000 total pop. About 75 percent of Jamaica's population was Protestant, and 8 percent was Roman Catholic; various Muslim, Jewish, and spiritualist groups were also present. Rastafarians constituted roughly 5 percent of the population.
Rastafarian Jamaica 70,000 - - - 1987 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: 4/6/87 issue of GLOBAL PRAYER DIGEST); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Approximately 70,000 followers live in the slums of Jamaica, while another 180,000 have scattered across the Caribbean islands, then into the black ghettoes of the U.S. and Britain, making converts as they settle.
Rastafarian Jamaica - 5.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Rastafarian Jamaica - - - - 1994 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "RASTAFARIAN: JAMAICAN religious SECT which believes in the DIVINITY of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie... "
Rastafarian Jamaica 100,000 4.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 2 - Americas. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 259-260. "Location: Jamaica; Population: 2.5 million "; Pg. 260: "Nearly 100,000 call themselves Rastafarians. Rastafarians are members of a Jamaican messianic movement dating back to the 1930s. Jamaican Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association... Today Garvey is a national hero. "
Rastafarian New Zealand 828 0.03% - - 1986 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1986 NZ population: 3,263,228.
Rastafarian New Zealand 696 0.02% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1991 NZ population: 3,373,853.
Rastafarian New Zealand 591 0.02% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1996 NZ population: 3,616,633.
Rastafarian Poland - - - - 1992 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994); pg. 243-244. "In Poland he found (Maxwell, 1992:37) the following NRMs: 22 Zen Buddhist organizations; 13 Hindu orgs.; 2 Theosophical orgs; Hawaiian Kahuna, a magic movement; Ordo Lux, a Pagan occult movement; 2 esoteric Yoga groups; a Sikh group; a Bahai' group; a Rastafarian gorup. " [these are number of organizations, not necessarily be number of "units "]
Rastafarian Saint Lucia - 0.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Rastafarian United Kingdom: Britain 5,000 - - - 1987 Chryssides, George. Exploring New Religions. London, U.K.: Cassells (1999). [Orig. source: Clarke, Peter B. The New Evangelists: Recruitment, Method and Aims of New Religious Movements, London: Ethnographics (1987)] "I have selected the best available [statistics], providing a range where adjudication is impossible... Rastafarians: Britain: 5,000 (1987); World: 700,000 (1998) "
Rastafarian United Kingdom: Britain 5,000 - - - 1987 Clarke, Peter B. The New Evangelists: Recruitment, Method and Aims of New Religious Movements, London: Ethnographics (1987); pg. 10 to 14. Table with following columns: Movement; Total Membership; Full-Time Members; P/T Members; Sympathizers.; For this study Clarke "approached researchers & observers in the field of new religions [& org./church reps.] to obtain their opinions & any hard... data "; Listed in table as "Rastafarian Movement "
Rastafarian USA 14,000 - - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 15-17. Table 1-2: Self-Described Adherence of U.S. Adult Population 1990. Phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by Graduate School of City U. of New York.
Rastafarian Virgin Islands (U.S.) - 0.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "
Rastafarian world - - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 601. "The Rastafarian movement is believed to number from ten to seventy thousand followers. There are two divisions, the old school and the new. The former holds to the belief of an imminent repatriation to Ethiopia, while the latter accepts as its mission involvement in Jamaica as a catalyst for social reform. The new school has contributed much to the island in religious art and music, including the music commonly known as 'reggae.' The movement has branches in England, the United States, and Canada, and on other Caribbean islands. "
Rastafarian world - - - - 1983 Chevannes, Barry. Rastafari: Roots and Ideology. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press (1994); pg. 262. "Ken Bilby (1983) correctly attributes the overseas stage in the recent development of the Rastafari movement to two factors: migration of Jamaicans and the 'international trade in vinyl [records].' Whereas migration has resulted in centers of Rastafari presence in Canada and Britain, the general influence of reggae is responsible for the spread of Rasta to the African continent, Europe, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and other parts of the world. These two factors have merged in some countries. "
Rastafarian world 250,000 - - - 1987 *LINK* Nance Profiles web site (orig. source: 4/6/87 issue of GLOBAL PRAYER DIGEST); (viewed Aug. 1998; now restricted.) Approximately 70,000 followers live in the slums of Jamaica, while another 180,000 have scattered across the Caribbean islands, then into the black ghettoes of the U.S. and Britain, making converts as they settle.
Rastafarian world 700,000 - - - 1988 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia); web page: "Rastafarianism " (viewed 24 April 1999). Prepared by Rebecca Haessig, Spring 1996; Last updated: 03/15/99. "Size of the Group: six out of ten Jamaicans are believed to be Rastafarians or Rastafarian sympathizers. The total following (as of 1988) is believed to be around 700,000 worldwide... 1975 to the present has been the period of the most phenomenal growth for the Rastafarian Movement. This growth is largely attributed to Bob Marley, reggae artist, and the worldwide acceptance of reggae as an avenue of Rastafarian self-expression. Marley became a prophet of Rastafarianism in 1975. "
Rastafarian world 180,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: Encyclopedia.com; web page/article: "Rastafarianism " (viewed 24 April 1999). [Orig. source: The Concise Columbia Electronic; Encyclopedia, Third Edition Copyright (C) 1994, Columbia University Press.] "Rastafarianism religious-cultural movement that began (1930s) in Jamaica. Rastafarians believe that HAILE SELASSIE, also named Ras Tafari, the last emperor of Ethiopia, is the messiah. REGGAE music is heavily influenced by Rastafarianism. There are some 180,000 Rastafarians worldwide. "
Rastafarian world 700,000 - - - 1998 Chryssides, George. Exploring New Religions. London, U.K.: Cassells (1999). [Orig. source: Adherents.com] "I have selected the best available [statistics], providing a range where adjudication is impossible... Rastafarians: Britain: 5,000 (1987); World: 700,000 (1998) "
Rastafarian world 700,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* The Rastafarians: Sounds of Cultural Dissonance, Leonard E. Barrett, Sr., p. viii "Rastafarianism has spread throughout the world and currently has a membership of over 700,000 "
Rastafarian or sympathizers Jamaica - 60.00% - - 1988 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia); web page: "Rastafarianism " (viewed 24 April 1999). Prepared by Rebecca Haessig, Spring 1996; Last updated: 03/15/99. "Size of the Group: six out of ten Jamaicans are believed to be Rastafarians or Rastafarian sympathizers. "
Ratana Australia 2,348 0.01% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census.
Ratana New Zealand - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 13). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1733. "The Ringatu Church is not the only specifically Maori Church existing today. In 1918 a faith healer called Ratana established a Church bearing his name, which particularly appealed to the rural and urban poor. It is interesting to note that he was opposed to belief in tapu. Both Churches [Ringatu & Ratana] have provided considerable moral encouragement to a people who took many years to recover from the effects of the Maori Wars in the context of a rapidly urbanizing society. "
Ratana New Zealand - - - - 1972 Gunther, John & William H. Forbis. John Gunther's Inside Australia; New York: Harper & Row (1972); pg. 315. "Maori numbers began to rise until now there are 220,000... 8% of all New Zealanders... With it goes a powerful church, Ratana, Christian-Maori plus faith-healing. Mormons are also winning many Maori converts. "
Ratana New Zealand 39,729 1.22% - - 1986 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1986 NZ population: 3,263,228.
Ratana New Zealand 47,592 1.41% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1991 NZ population: 3,373,853.
Ratana New Zealand 50,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Ratana New Zealand 36,456 1.01% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1996 NZ population: 3,616,633.
Ratana & Ringatu New Zealand 40,000 1.14% - - 1984 Turner, Harold W. "New Religious Movements in Primal Societies " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984]; pg. 449. "The Ratan and Ringatu movements in New Zealand have some 40,000 census members, about one-seventh of the Maori population. " [Other source cites Maoris as 8% of total pop.: John Gunther's Inside Australia, pg. 315.]
Rationalism Australia 1,380 0.01% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census. [Listed in table as "Rationalism ", a category separate from other traditionally non-theistic groups such as Agnosticism, Atheism, Humanism, No Religion, etc. These are people who specifically wrote down or chose "Rationalism " as their religion.]
Re-formed Congregation of the Goddess world - - - - 1991 Jade. To Know: A Guide to Women's Magic and Spirituality. Oak Park, IL: Delphi Press (1991); pg. 76. "Re-formed Congregation of the Goddess, Inc., P.O. Box 6021, Madison, WI 53716... dedicated to re-membering & re-forming the ancient congregations of the Goddess; publishes The Crescent newsletter; sponsors Of a Like Mind network and newspaper,... The Grove, conferences & workshops; womyn only. "


Re-formed Congregation of the Goddess, continued

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