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Quaker, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Quaker New Jersey - - - - 1750 Stack, Peggy Fletcher. A World of Faith. USA: Signature Books (1998); pg. 39. "Quakers... The Quakers were severely persecuted--several were even hanged--before they found havens in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. "
Quaker New Jersey - 15.50% 39
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 252.
Quaker New Jersey - 4.03% 39
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 252. Denominational % (15.5%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 26%.
Quaker New Jersey 4,058 0.05% 37
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 3,275. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker New Mexico 396 0.03% 13
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 292. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker New York - 10.90% 24
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 220.
Quaker New York - 1.63% 24
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 220. Denominational % (10.9%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 15%.
Quaker New York 4,346 0.02% 62
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 3,540. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker New Zealand 1,206 0.04% - - 1986 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); web page: Minor Churches (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level.
Quaker New Zealand 1,260 0.04% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); web page: Minor Churches (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level.
Quaker New Zealand 1,170 0.03% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); web page: Minor Churches (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level.
Quaker North America 40,000 - - - 1700 Zehavi, A.M. (editor) Handbook of the World's Religions. New York: Franklin Watts (1973); pg. 16. "By 1700 there were about 50,000 Friends in the British Isles and 40,000 more in North America. "
Quaker North America 116,090 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940:... North America, 116,090... "
Quaker North America 124,233 - - - 1963 Rosten, Leo (ed.). Religions in America; New York: Simon & Schuster (1963), 8th ed. [1st pub. in 1952. 8th ed. completely revised]; pg. 175. "There are 123,411 Friends in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii with an additional 822 in Canada and Mexico, and 5,871 in Central and South America. "
Quaker North America 123,000 - - - 1990 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990); pg. 112. "With a membership in the U.S. and Canada of only 123,000 (200,000 around the world), Friends, better known as Quakers, have had a deep and lasting influence upon Western society. "
Quaker North America 123,000 - - - 1993 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (10th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1995). "Friends "; U.S. and Canada
Quaker North Carolina - 18.20% 30
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 165.
Quaker North Carolina - 1.64% 30
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 165. Denominational % (18.2%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 9%.
Quaker North Carolina 15,723 0.24% 106
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 12,605. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker North Carolina - whites - 2.55% 30
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 165. Denominational % (18.2%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 14%. [Figure for whites calculated separately for southern states where large numbers of black slaves, few of whom were religiously affiliated at this time; otherwise southern denominational % figures are skewed lower.]
Quaker North Carolina: New Hanover County - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* web site (1998): Wilmington Morning Star (N. Carolina newspaper); Special/Thursday, Aug. 20, 1998 "in New Hanover County... This list of active religious groups is based primarily on Southern Bell's Yellow Pages and the Morning Star's weekly list of worship services " [List of churches & # of congregations]
Quaker North Dakota 33 0.01% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 08. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Ohio 13,436 0.12% 112
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 9,991. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Oklahoma 1,393 0.04% 18
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,096. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Oregon 4,396 0.15% 41
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,886. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Pennsylvania - - - - 1763 Stack, Peggy Fletcher. A World of Faith. USA: Signature Books (1998); pg. 39. "Quakers... The Quakers were severely persecuted--several were even hanged--before they found havens in New Jersey and Pennsylvania... Illustration: A Friends' meetinghouse in Birmingham, Pennsylvania, in 1763... "
Quaker Pennsylvania - 15.30% 82
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 535.
Quaker Pennsylvania - 3.67% 82
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 535. Denominational % (15.3%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 24%.
Quaker Pennsylvania - 5.00% - - 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 28-30. "Next, examine the profile of the 'Quaker State.' Quakers made up only the third largest denomination in Pennsylvania, far behind the Presbyterians, and behind the German Reformed. Moreover, Quakers represented less than 5% of Pennsylvanians. "
Quaker Pennsylvania 12,081 0.10% 90
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 9,754. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Rhode Island - 12.60% 11
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 87.
Quaker Rhode Island - 2.52% 11
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 87. Denominational % (12.6%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 20%.
Quaker Rhode Island 617 0.06% 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 449. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker South Carolina - 4.80% 8
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 166.
Quaker South Carolina - 0.67% 8
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 166. Denominational % (4.8%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 14%.
Quaker South Carolina 89 0.00% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 52. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker South Carolina - whites - 1.49% 8
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 166. Denominational % (4.8%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 31%. [Figure for whites calculated separately for southern states where large numbers of black slaves, few of whom were religiously affiliated at this time; otherwise southern denominational % figures are skewed lower.]
Quaker South Dakota 46 0.01% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 22. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Tennessee 832 0.02% 17
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 570. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Texas 2,548 0.02% 25
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,853. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Texas 1,853 0.01% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from MEMBERS column ( "Members " in this study includes only communicant, confirmed members with full membership status), not the more inclusive "adherents " column.
Quaker Texas 2,548 0.02% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from ADHERENT column ( "Adherents " defined as all members, incl. regular participants not considered as communicant.), not the more restrictive "member " column.
Quaker United Kingdom 50,000 - - - 1700 Zehavi, A.M. (editor) Handbook of the World's Religions. New York: Franklin Watts (1973); pg. 16. "By 1700 there were about 50,000 Friends in the British Isles and 40,000 more in North America. "
Quaker United Kingdom 22,124 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Out of this has come a World Committee for Consultation which brings together the aproximately 163,135 Friends now in the world. Their subdivisions were in 1940: Great Britain and Ireland, 22,124... "
Quaker United Kingdom 23,226 - - - 1963 Rosten, Leo (ed.). Religions in America; New York: Simon & Schuster (1963), 8th ed. [1st pub. in 1952. 8th ed. completely revised]; pg. 175. "The membership in Great Britain and Ireland totals 23,226. "
Quaker United Kingdom 18,000 - - - 1987 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 134. "At present there are nearly 142,000 Friends in the Americas, approaching 43,000 in Africa, some 18,000 in Great Britain, and smaller groups in other areas including Australia and New Zeland, most of the countries of northern Europe, India, Taiwan and Japan. "
Quaker United Kingdom: Britain 20,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Pagan Hospice and Funeral Trust - Home Page "; web page: "What is Paganism? " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) There are at least 25,000 Pagans living, working and practising in Britain, but this is a conservative estimate, since there is no centralised body. Comparably, the Society of Friends, or Quakers, in Britain number only 20,000.
Quaker United Kingdom: Great Britain 20,000 - - - 1978 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 267. "Of the nearly 200,000 Friends in the world in 1978, 121,000 were in the U.S., 20,000 in Great Britain... "
Quaker USA 50,000 3.16% - - 1776 Bacon, Margaret H. The Quiet Rebels: The Story of the Quakers in America; New York: Basic Books (1969); pg. 4. "The high-water mark of Quakerism in America was probably at the time of the Revolutionary War when there were 50,000 Quakers in a population of 1,580,000. "
Quaker USA - - 310
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); [Orig. source: Paullin (1932)]; pg. 25. Table 2.1: "Numbers of Congregations per Denomination, 1776 "
Quaker USA - - 350
units
- 1820 Gaustad, Edwin S. Church and State in America (series: Religion in American Life). New York: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 48. Chart: "Number of Churches [in U.S.A.] in 1820 "
Quaker USA 120,491 - - - 1957 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 236. "In the United States, there are only a few more Quakers today (120,491) than during the American Revolution. "
Quaker USA 121,000 0.07% - - 1957 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 205. "Friends (Quakers) have 121,000 U.S. members (in world, 186,000). "
Quaker USA 120,000 - - - 1957 Zehavi, A.M. (editor) Handbook of the World's Religions. New York: Franklin Watts (1973); pg. 17. "The World Christian Handbook (1957) reports that there are about 150,000 members of quaker societies in the world, four-fifths of them in the United States. "
Quaker USA 120,000 - - - 1959 Stuber, Stanley I. How We Got Our Denominations: A Primer on Church History. New York: Association Press Revised Ed., 1959); pg. 197. "...the Quakers... Approximate membership of various bodies of Friends in the United States, 120,000. "
Quaker USA 123,411 - - - 1963 Rosten, Leo (ed.). Religions in America; New York: Simon & Schuster (1963), 8th ed. [1st pub. in 1952. 8th ed. completely revised]; pg. 175. "There are 123,411 Friends in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii with an additional 822 in Canada and Mexico, and 5,871 in Central and South America. "
Quaker USA 120,000 0.06% - - 1969 Bacon, Margaret H. The Quiet Rebels: The Story of the Quakers in America; New York: Basic Books (1969); pg. 4. "Today, there are 120,000 Quakers in America, while the total population has grown to 200 million. "
Quaker USA 121,000 - - - 1978 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 267. "Of the nearly 200,000 Friends in the world in 1978, 121,000 were in the U.S... "
Quaker USA 131,018 - - - 1982 Popenoe, David. Sociology (5th Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1983). [Orig. source: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 1982. New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, 1982, pp. 351-352.]; pg. 446. Table: "Religious Membership in the United States "
Quaker USA 60,000 - - - 1983 Berger, Gilda. Religion: A Reference First Book. New York: Franklin Watts (1983); pg. 32. "There are over 60,000 members of the Society of Friends in the United States today. "
Quaker USA 129,846 - 1,292
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker USA 67,000 - - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 15-17. Table 1-2: Self-Described Adherence of U.S. Adult Population 1990. Phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by Graduate School of City U. of New York.
Quaker USA 103,000 - 1,200
units
- 1994 Magida, Arthur J. (ed). How to be a Perfect Stranger: A Guide to Etiquette in Other People's Religious Ceremonies. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing (1996); pg. 332. Chapter: "Quaker (Religious Society of Friends) "; "U.S. churches: 1,200; U.S. membership: 103,000 (data from Quakers Around the World, Philadelphia: Friends World Committee for Consultation, 1994) "
Quaker USA 90,000 - - - 1995 1995 Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches -
Quaker USA 10,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (1998) US membership is almost certainly less than 100,000.


Quaker, continued

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