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back to Qarmatians, Middle East

Qarmatians, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Qarmatians Middle East - - - - 1099 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 590. "Qarmitians. Derogatory name given to an Ismaili secret revolutionary organization that demanded social reform and justice based on equality. They were 'Seveners'... The movement began in southern Arabia in the ninth century A.D., spread by intensive missionary efforts to many regions of the Muslim world, and was of significance until the end of the eleventh century. "
Qarmatians world - - - - 900 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 635. "Also important were the beliefs of the Khattabiyya, followers of Abu al-Khattab Muhammad ibn Abi Zaynab al-Asadi al-Kufi, who seems to have shaped the Qarmatian doctrines of the esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an and the transference of spiritual authority. Abu al-Khattab, who was al-Sadiq's disciple in Kufa... "
Qarmatians world - - - - 900 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 635. "The Qarmatians were probably an offshoot of a [Sab'iyya/Sevener] group called Mubarakiyya, who regareded Isma'il's son Muhammad as successor to his grandfather al-Sadiq... The Qarmatians differed from the Mubarakiyya in maintaining that prophecy ended with Muhammad, and that there would be seven imams after him, ending with Muhammad bin Isma'il... "
Qarmatians world - - - - 909 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 636. "Dissemination of the Sab'iyya [Sevener] doctrines in different parts of the Muslim world resulted in the appearance of the revolutionary governments of the Qarmatians, Fatimids, Assassins, and other Ismaili groups. "
Qiang China - - - - 1998 Rutherford, Scott (ed.) East Asia. London: Apa Publications (1998); pg. 45. "Today there are Buddhists among the Han Chinese, the Mongols, Tibetans, Manchus, Tu, Qiang and Dai... peoples. "
Quaker Africa 14,429 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940:... Africa, 14,429... "
Quaker Africa 45,000 - - - 1978 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 267. "Of the nearly 200,000 Friends in the world in 1978, 121,000 were in the U.S., 20,000 in Great Britain, 45,000 in Africa (F.U.M. converts)... "
Quaker Africa 43,000 - - - 1987 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 134. "At present there are nearly 142,000 Friends in the Americas, approaching 43,000 in Africa, some 18,000 in Great Britain, and smaller groups in other areas including Australia and New Zeland, most of the countries of northern Europe, India, Taiwan and Japan. "
Quaker Africa - East 32,000 - - - 1969 Bacon, Margaret H. The Quiet Rebels: The Story of the Quakers in America; New York: Basic Books (1969); pg. 178. "The effort was so startlingly successful that today there are some 32,000 Quakers in East Africa, chiefly in Kenya, with seventy-six monthly and fourteen quarterly meetings. East Africa Yearly Meeting is the largest in the world. "
Quaker Alabama 112 0.00% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members' column: 79. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Alaska 2,814 0.51% 17
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,793. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Arizona 629 0.02% 14
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 493. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Arkansas 94 0.00% 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 53. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Asia 2,338 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940:... Asia, 2,338... "
Quaker Australia 1,815 0.01% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census. [Listed in table as "Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) "]
Quaker Australia & New Zealand 932 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940:... Australia and New Zealand, 932. "
Quaker California 10,916 0.04% 88
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 8,262. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Colorado 1,862 0.06% 27
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,488. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Connecticut - 1.60% 5
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 310.
Quaker Connecticut - 0.32% 5
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 310. Denominational % (1.6%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 20%.
Quaker Connecticut 791 0.02% 10
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 636. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Costa Rica - - - - 1971 Carpenter, Allan. Costa Rica (series: Enchantment of Central America). Chicago: Childrens Press (1971); pg. 90. "...a large part of the population [are Roman Catholic]. However, there are other religious groups. The first Anglican Church in Central America was formed at San Jose, and there is a prospering colony of Quakers from the U.S. at Monteverde de Guacinial. "
Quaker Delaware - 19.40% 13
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 67.
Quaker Delaware - 3.88% 13
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 67. Denominational % (19.4%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 20%.
Quaker Delaware 774 0.12% 8
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 623. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Europe 22,751 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940: Great Britain and Ireland, 22,124... Europe, 627... "
Quaker Europe - Continental 627 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940: Great Britain and Ireland, 22,124... Europe, 627... "
Quaker Florida 1,460 0.01% 25
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 800. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Georgia, USA - 13.00% 3
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 23.
Quaker Georgia, USA - 0.91% 3
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 23. Denominational % (13%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 7%.
Quaker Georgia, USA 380 0.01% 11
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 144. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Georgia, USA - whites - 2.60% 3
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 23. Denominational % (13%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 20%.
Quaker Germany 400 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999). Table: "Religious communities in Germany: Numbers of members " [data published July, 1999]; Listed as "Religiöse Gesellschaft der Freunde in Bad Pyrmont (Quäker) " in table. Source: REMID.
Quaker Hawaii 137 0.01% 7
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 91. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Idaho 2,233 0.22% 17
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,388. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Illinois 2,012 0.02% 27
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,644. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Indiana 16,167 0.29% 128
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 12,915. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Iowa 6,235 0.23% 51
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 4,933. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Kansas 6,111 0.25% 48
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 4,789. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Kentucky 168 0.00% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 137. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Kenya 28,000 - - - 1957 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 236. "Today, the Friends have such a strong missionary program that Kenya colony, Africa, for example, has 28,000 Quakers. This is nearly 15 per cent of the world body of 194,022. "
Quaker Kenya - - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 246. "Kenya's religious heritage mirrors its ethnic history... The majority religion is Christianity, with about 37% Protestant (including Quakers) and 25% Roman Catholic; and 4% Muslim. "
Quaker Latin America 7,172 - - - 1940 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 722. "Their subdivisions were in 1940:... Latin America, 7,172... "
Quaker Latin America 5,871 - - - 1963 Rosten, Leo (ed.). Religions in America; New York: Simon & Schuster (1963), 8th ed. [1st pub. in 1952. 8th ed. completely revised]; pg. 175. "There are 123,411 Friends in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii with an additional 822 in Canada and Mexico, and 5,871 in Central and South America. "
Quaker Latin America 6,000 - - - 1978 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 267. "Of the nearly 200,000 Friends in the world in 1978, 121,000 were in the U.S., 20,000 in Great Britain,... and 6,000 in Latin America (E.F.A. converts). "
Quaker Louisiana 91 0.00% 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 50. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Maine - 3.10% 2
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 64
Quaker Maine - 0.59% 2
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 64; Listed in table as "Quakers ". Denominational % (3.1%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 19%.
Quaker Maine 944 0.08% 23
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 757. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Maryland - 10.90% 23
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 211.
Quaker Maryland - 1.31% 23
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 211. Denominational % (10.9%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 12%.
Quaker Maryland 2,710 0.06% 21
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,166. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Maryland - whites - 1.85% 23
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 211. Denominational % (10.9%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 17%. [Figure for whites calculated separately for southern states where large numbers of black slaves, few of whom were religiously affiliated at this time; otherwise southern denominational % figures are skewed lower.]
Quaker Massachusetts - 4.20% 18
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 433.
Quaker Massachusetts - 0.92% 18
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 433. Denominational % (4.2%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 22%.
Quaker Massachusetts 2,398 0.04% 36
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,961. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Michigan 1,497 0.02% 21
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,142. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Minnesota 680 0.02% 13
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 224. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Missouri 517 0.01% 8
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 398. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Montana 77 0.01% 7
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 41. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Nebraska 574 0.04% 8
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 447. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker Nevada 49 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 20. [Listed as 'Friends.']
Quaker New Hampshire - 0.64% 4
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 125; Listed in table as "Quakers ". Denominational % (3.2%) multiplied by state's adherence rate from table on pg. 27: 20%.
Quaker New Hampshire - 3.20% 4
units
- 1776 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 277-281. Table A.1: "Denominational Percentages by Colony, 1776, Based on Number of Congregations "; Total num. of congreg. = 64.
Quaker New Hampshire 586 0.05% 10
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 437. [Listed as 'Friends.']


Quaker, continued

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