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back to primal-indigenous, Vanuatu

primal-indigenous, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
primal-indigenous Vanuatu 13,783 7.60% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 181,358. Presbyterian 36.7%, Anglican 15%, Catholic 15%, indigenous beliefs 7.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, Church of Christ 3.8%, other 15.7%
primal-indigenous Vanuatu - - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 593. "The predominant religion of the Ni-Vanuatu is Christianity. However, a large number of Ni-Vanuatu still practice traditional, indigenous religion and there are certain cargo cults on the islands. "
primal-indigenous Venezuela - - - - 1992 Morrison, Marion. Venezuela (series: Enchantment of the World). Chicago: Children's Press (1992); pg. 73. "Church services are regular and well attended in Venezuela. By contrast, the Indians of the forest still keep their pagan beliefs in a world of spirits. "
primal-indigenous Vietnam - - - - 1150 C.E. Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Vietnam ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1994); pg. 44-45. "Although Buddhism became Vietnam's official religion in the 1100s, for centuries scholars and members of the royal court were the only people who followed the faith. Most Vietnamese maintained their ancient beliefs, which included worship of their ancestors and respect for a powerful spirit world. "
primal-indigenous Vietnam - 3.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; listed in table as "animism "
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 8,400,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. Table: "Some Estimates of Aboriginal American Population, ca. 1492 "; Figures from 5 different sources. Source: Kroeber (1939).
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 13,400,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. Table: "Some Estimates of Aboriginal American Population, ca. 1492 "; Figures from 5 different sources. Source: Rosenblat (1954).
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 15,500,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. Table: "Some Estimates of Aboriginal American Population, ca. 1492 "; Figures from 5 different sources. Source: Steward (1949).
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 33,000,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. "Denevan believes it is reasonable to estimate that somewhere between 50 and 100 million Natives inhabited the Western Hemisphere at the time Columbus arrived. He points out, however, that Magnus Morner, a respected expert, calculates the number to have been 33 million. "
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 48,500,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. Table: "Some Estimates of Aboriginal American Population, ca. 1492 "; Figures from 5 different sources. Source: Sapper (1924).
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 100,000,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. "Denevan believes it is reasonable to estimate that somewhere between 50 and 100 million Natives inhabited the Western Hemisphere at the time Columbus arrived. "
primal-indigenous Western Hemisphere 112,600,000 100.00% - - 1492 C.E. Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 23. Table: "Some Estimates of Aboriginal American Population, ca. 1492 "; Figures from 5 different sources. Source: Dobyns (1966).
primal-indigenous world - 7.40% - - 1900 Johnstone. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan (1993); pg. 23. "In 1990 Animists were 7.4% of the world's population. "
primal-indigenous world 106,000,000 6.63% - - 1900 Marty, Martin E. & R. Scott Appleby. The Glory and the Power: The Fundamentalist Challenge to the Modern World; Boston: Beacon Press (1992); pg. 12. "The 'World Christian Encyclopedia' estimates that in 1900 there were 1.6 billion people on earth, 560 million of whom were Christian, 200 million Muslim, 200 million Hindu, 127 million Buddhist, and 106 million 'tribal religionists.' "
primal-indigenous world - 40.00% - - 1991 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 38. "...although precise figures are hard to come by, the estimates concerning the percentages of animists in the world are large... Gailyn Van Rheenen, an expert on animistic religions, estimates that 'at least 40% of the world's population' is animistic. " [Note: This is an unusually high estimate, and probably an extreme/aberrant use of the term. Other records where the source has listed a segment of the population as "animist " or practicing "animism " are listed as "primal-indigenous " in Adherents.com]
primal-indigenous world 100,000,000 - - - 1991 *LINK* Wilson, Andrew (ed). "The World Religions and their Scriptures " in World Scripture. International Religious Foundation, 1991. (viewed 9 July 1999) "There are more than one hundred million adherents of the various traditional religions of Africa, North America, South America, Asia, and the South Pacific. While many of these religions are restricted to village and tribal societies, others are vigorous in urban areas, where they offer dimensions of the sacred in the midst of an industrializing society. "
primal-indigenous world 144,000,000 2.70% - - 1993 Johnstone. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan (1993); pg. 23. "Animist/spiritist/traditional religions 2.7%. 144 million. Tribal religions decreasing, spiritism worldwide increasing. Overall growth 0.2%. "
primal-indigenous world - 17.00% - - 1994 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 38. "The International Bulletin of Missionary Research lists 'Tribal Religionists' as making up around 17% of the world's population (Barrett, 25). This percentage is lower than Van Rheenen's probably because it counts only those who are strictly tribal... "
primal-indigenous world 111,777,000 1.96% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "; Called "Ethnic religionists " in this table.
primal-indigenous world 102,945,000 1.77% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "; Called "Ethnic religionists " in this table.
primal-indigenous world 100,000,000 - - - 1997 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check " (Protestant); web page: "Proliferation of tribal religionists " by Justin D. Long, 1998 (viewed 5 March 1999); [Orig. source: Annual Statistical Table on Global Mission (International Bulletin of Missionary Research, January 1998, p. 26-27)] "Our annual report up to last year recorded how wrong that prognosis has provided and showed tribal religions (animists, polytheists, shamanists) maintaining their total of 100 million throughout the entire 20th century. This year comes a startling new discovery: analysis of these new censuses results in a global total of 244 million tribal religionists today, located among 5,600 distinct ethnic peoples. "
primal-indigenous world 244,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* "Briefly... " in Hinduism Today International (June 1998) "World Christian Encyclopedia has issued revised statistics.. figures [are] a recalculation of estimates, not a shift in actual affiliation. In 1997 he numbered 'tribal religionists' as 100,000,000, new figure: 244,000,000, partly due to fall of Communism. "
primal-indigenous world 248,564,992 4.19% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "; [Listed in table as 'Ethnic religionists]
primal-indigenous world 244,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* DAWN Fridayfax: "Deteriorating world religions - open door for the gospel " Since the start of the 20th Century, the number of members of tribal religions (animist, polytheist, shamanist), has remained a relatively stable 100 million. The most recent statistics now show this number to have grown to 244 million
primal-indigenous world 107,074,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Mike Croghan's Religion Page "; web page: "Primal Faiths " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999; viewed & URL updated 1 July 1999) Table: "Table of Faiths "
primal-indigenous world 244,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check " (Protestant); web page: "Proliferation of tribal religionists " by Justin D. Long, 1998 (viewed 5 March 1999); [Orig. source: Annual Statistical Table on Global Mission (International Bulletin of Missionary Research, January 1998, p. 26-27)] "Our annual report up to last year recorded how wrong that prognosis has provided and showed tribal religions (animists, polytheists, shamanists) maintaining their total of 100 million throughout the entire 20th century. This year comes a startling new discovery: analysis of these new censuses results in a global total of 244 million tribal religionists today, located among 5,600 distinct ethnic peoples. "
primal-indigenous world 91,000,000 2.00% - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998) [Original sources: J.W. Wright, Editor, The Universal Almanac, 1996, Andrews & McMeel, Kansas City. Greg H. Parsons, Executive Director, "U.S. Center for World Mission, " Pasadena, CA; quoted in Zondervan News Service, 1997-FEB-21.] Table: "Number of Adherents of World Religions "; listed in table as "Tribal Religions]
primal-indigenous world 100,000,000 1.67% - - 2000 Marty, Martin E. & R. Scott Appleby. The Glory and the Power: The Fundamentalist Challenge to the Modern World; Boston: Beacon Press (1992); pg. 13. "recently the 'World Christian Encyclopedia' projected religious numbers for the year 2000, and according to these estimates... There may be... 'still' 100 million 'tribal religionists,' the only category to see decline [since 1900] "
primal-indigenous Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - 3.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; Listed in table as "Traditional beliefs "
primal-indigenous Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 1,540,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table; listed in table as "traditional beliefs "
primal-indigenous Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) 2,660,000 7.00% - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 92. Estimates of % of population in principal religions, & est. 1997 total pop.
primal-indigenous Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) - 2.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; listed in table as "animism "
primal-indigenous Zambia - - - - 1989 Laure, Jason. Zambia (series: "Enchantment of the World "). Chicago: Childrens Press (1989); pg. 97. "Most Zambians continue to keep in contact with their traditional belief systems. They find a way to maintain both traditional beliefs and to practice Christianity. Right from the start, the missionaries tried to prevent the people they were converting from continuing to believe in traditional religion, but they were not very successful... "
primal-indigenous Zambia - 27.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; Listed in table as "Traditional beliefs "
primal-indigenous Zambia 3,312,000 36.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Web site: "Council for World Mission "; web page: "Southern Africa (PCSA) " (viewed 31 May 1999). "Country information: Population (1994 United Nations estimate):.. Zambia: 9.2 million... Zambia: Christianity (63%). Indigenous beliefs (36%). Islam (1%)... "
primal-indigenous Zambia 2,620,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table; listed in table as "traditional beliefs "
primal-indigenous Zambia 93,500 1.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,349,975. Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%.
primal-indigenous Zambia 2,047,000 23.00% - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 152. Estimates of % of population in principal religions, & est. 1997 total pop.
primal-indigenous Zambia - 27.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 56-57. [Chapter about Bemba] "In general it is estimated that 34% of Zambia's population are Protestant, 27% hold to traditional beliefs, 26% are Roman Catholic, 8% are African Christian, and the rest follow other Christian sects, Islam, and other faiths. "
primal-indigenous Zambia - 23.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; listed in table as "animism "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe - - - - 1988 Laure, Jason. Zimbabwe (series: "Enchantment of the World "). Chicago: Childrens Press (1988); pg. 101. "About one-quarter of the people of Zimbabwe consider themselves Christians. Most people follow traditional religions. However, many Christians also practice the traditional religions of their ancestors. They practice polygamy, for example, which is against the church's teachings but is part of their social fabric. "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe - 40.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "; listed in table as "animism " [Interestingly enough, only three countries: Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire and Zimbabwe have listings under "Animism " in this large table, while the other African countries have listings under "Traditional beliefs. " I've listed all these under "primal-indigenous "]
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 2,750,000 25.00% - - 1994 *LINK* Web site: "Council for World Mission "; web page: "Southern Africa (PCSA) " (viewed 31 May 1999). "Country information: Population (1994 United Nations estimate):.. Zimbabwe: 11 million... Main religions:.. Zimbabwe: Independent Christianity (50%). Christianity (25%). Indigenous beliefs (25%). "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 4,660,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table; listed in table as "traditional beliefs "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 2,741,562 24.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 11,423,175. syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 2,592,000 24.00% - - 1997 Dostert, Pierre Etienne. Africa 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 155. Estimates of % of population in principal religions, & est. 1997 total pop.; "Principal Religions: Christianity combined with traditional tribal beliefs (51%), Christianity (24%), traditional tribal beliefs (24%), Islam. "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 3,000,000 25.00% - - 1998 "Zimbabwe churches want established religion " in Christian Century (Apr. 8, 1998); pg. 362. "Between 20 and 25 percent practice purely indigenous religions. "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe 2,603,137 25.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 481. "Location: Zimbabwe; Population: 10,412,548 "; "All indigenous Zimbabweans practice some form of ancestral religion, and probably about 75% of the population are also Christian or Muslim. "
primal-indigenous Zimbabwe - 32.50% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; listed in table as "animism "
primal-indigenous - nomadic Asia - Southeast 10,000 - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 709. "In Southeast Asia, a region which includes the countries of Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, and the British dependency of Brunei... A few tribal peoples--totaling perhaps not more than ten thousand--live in nomadic bands and support themselves through hunting and gathering in the forests of the region. While their numbers are small, the religions of such groups as the Negrito Semang on the Malay Peninsula, the Punan-Penan of Borneo, the elusive Mrabri of Yumbri (the 'spirits of the yellow leaves') of northern Thailand, and the recently 'discovered' Tasaday of Mindanao in the Philippines hold special interest because they reflect, at least in part, an adaptation to a hunting-and-gathering mode of existence. "
Primitive Advent Christian Church USA 427 - 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Primitive Advent Christian Church.']
Primitive Advent Christian Church USA 343 - 10
units
- 1992 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 248-255. Table 2: US Current Stats. (# of adherents from "inclusive membership " column, not sometimes smaller "full communicant " col.) Listed in table as "Primitive Advent Christian Church. "
Primitive Advent Christian Church West Virginia 427 0.02% 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 350. [Listed as 'Primitive Advent Christian Church.']
Primitive Baptist Alabama 3,986 0.10% 112
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members' column: 3,199. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Arkansas 1,147 0.05% 30
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 924. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist California 339 0.00% 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 265. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Florida 1,755 0.01% 66
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 1,406. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Georgia, USA 13,559 0.21% 273
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 10,697. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Illinois 323 0.00% 12
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 260. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Indiana 478 0.01% 20
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 381. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Kentucky 3,328 0.09% 44
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,636. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Louisiana 713 0.02% 20
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 553. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Michigan 176 0.00% 4
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 138. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Mississippi 2,686 0.10% 43
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,094. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']
Primitive Baptist Missouri 663 0.01% 20
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 533. [Listed as 'Primitive Baptists Associations.']


Primitive Baptist, continued

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