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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

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back to poll - say religion very important to them, USA

poll - say religion very important to them, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 58.00% - - 1978 Popenoe, David. Sociology (5th Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1983). [Orig. source: Public Opinion, March/May 1979, p. 38. Surveys by Gallup International. Research Institute for Charles F. Kettering Foundation, 1974-1975, for foreign data; American Instittue of Public Opinion (Gallup) for US data.]; pg. 449. "Graph: Strength of Religious Feeling: A Cross-National Comparison "; "Question: How important are your religious beliefs--very important, not too important, or not at all important? "; Graph shows percentage answering "Very important "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 55.00% - - 1985 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 164. "1985... the number who said religion was very important to them held steady at around 55%, after having decline from 70% in 1965 and 75% in 1952. "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 61.00% - - 1987 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 275. "...61 percent say religion is 'very important in their lives,' according to a 1987 USA Today poll. "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 53.00% - - 1997 "Religious Spirit " in American Demographics (Aug. 1998); pg. 62. Survey question: "religion is very important in their lives " National sample of adults in 60 countries by Diane Swanbrow at University of Michigan.
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 53.00% - - 1997 *LINK* Morin, Richard. "Keeping the Faith " in Washington Post (Jan. 12, 1998). "World Values Survey conducted [by] University of Michigan... 53% [of Americans] said religion was "very important " to them... latest round was conducted between 1995 & 1997, using representative national samples of each nation's adult pop. [U.S.] results... based on a sample of 1,839 people. "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - 53.00% - - 1997 *LINK* web site: "The University of Michigan News and Information Services "; web page: "Study identifies worldwide rates of religiosity, church attendance " (viewed 17 April 1999). "News Release: December 10, 1997 " By Diane Swanbrow. "Moreover, 53 percent of Americans say that religion is very important in their lives, compared with 16 percent, 14 percent, and 13 percent, respectively, of the British, French and Germans... The latest U.S. [survey] figures are based on a sample of 1,839 people. "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - women - 69.00% - - 1997 Leo, John (columnist for U.S. News & World Report). "At last, the sexual counterrevolution " in Dallas Morning News (Saturday, March 6, 1999); pg. 31A. "The Wattleton survey [Center for Gender Equality] found that 75% of the women polled said religion is very important in their lives, up from 69% two years ago. "
poll - say religion very important to them USA - women - 75.00% - - 1999 Leo, John (columnist for U.S. News & World Report). "At last, the sexual counterrevolution " in Dallas Morning News (Saturday, March 6, 1999); pg. 31A. "The Wattleton survey [Center for Gender Equality] found that 75% of the women polled said religion is very important in their lives, up from 69% two years ago. "
poll - say they're spiritual USA - 30.00% - - 2000 *LINK* Holmes, Cecile S (RNS). "Seeking Spirituality, Americans Are Picking and Choosing Their Religion " in Salt Lake Tribune (12 Feb 2000) "'A recent poll we did showed 54 percent of Americans say they are religious, 30 percent spiritual and 6 percent both,' Gallup said. "
poll - think one must believe in divinity of Christ in order to be a Christian USA - 60.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 300. "...nine persons in ten believe Jesus Christ actually lived, seven in ten believe he was truly God, and six in ten think one must believe in the divinity of Christ to be a Christian. "
poll - undecided about how religious they are Yugoslavia - 26.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] Graphic: "Religious self-evaluation of Yugoslav citizens "; "Non-religious " 32%; "Religious " 41%; "Undecided " 26%; "Against religion " 1%; These results are in response to a question of how religious people consider themselves, which is different than asking people their preferred religion. Answering a question about religious preference, only 0.10% identified themselves as undecided about religious preference.
poll - undecided about religious preference Yugoslavia 8,468 0.10% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] table "Religion "; based on self-identification of religious preference.; Listed in table as "Undecided believ. "
poll - use tobacco products USA - men - 35.00% - - 1999 "How America Measures Up " in Newsweek, 2 Aug. 1999; pg. 50. "poll was conducted for Discovery Health Media by the polling firm of Penn, Schoen & Borland. "; "Do you use tobacco products? Yes: Male, 35%; Female, 20% "
poll - use tobacco products USA - women - 20.00% - - 1999 "How America Measures Up " in Newsweek, 2 Aug. 1999; pg. 50. "poll was conducted for Discovery Health Media by the polling firm of Penn, Schoen & Borland. "; "Do you use tobacco products? Yes: Male, 35%; Female, 20% "
poll - view Southern Baptists negatively USA - 12.50% - - 1975 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 91. "Data collected by a Gallup poll in the mid-1970s, for example, showed that positive feelings toward Southern Baptists in the public at large (omitting Southern Baptists themselves) outstripped negative feelings by a ratio of better than 7 to 1. And that was the lowest of any of the ratios reported... " [most disliked denomination]
polygamy Africa - - - - 1986 Mazrui, Ali A. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company (1986); pg. 142-143. "There is also the issue of areas of accidental similarity between Islam and traditional Africa. A widely discussed area of congruence concerns attitudes to polygamy. Islam has a limit of four wives, whereas traditional Africa has an open-ended policy. Normally African Muslims have not been tempted to go beyond four wives in any case... Some of the Independent [Christian] Churches have accepted polygamy. "
polygamy Africa - East - - - - 1986 East Africa (series: Library of Nations). By the editors of Time-Life Books. Amsterdam: Time-Life Books (1986); pg. 136. "In addition to their Catholic and Protestant communities, East African cities have also witnessed a remarkable flowering of independent Christian churchs, formed almost entirely by charismatic preachers who have split away from the missions. They offer a form of Christianity geared towards traditional African life. They often accept polygamous marriages... "
polygamy Africa - Luo 900,000 30.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 264, 266. "Luo: Location: Western Province and Nyanza Province in Kenya; Tanzania; Population: Over 3 million; Religion: Christianity... (Anglican church, Roman Catholicism, and independent Christian churches) "; "Perhaps as many as 30% of Luo homesteads are polygynous (in which a man has more than one wife). This contributes to solidarity between a mother and her children, and between children born of the same mother, within the context of polygynous extended families... polygyny is commonly accepted by both men and women, provided traditional ideas and regulations are maintained. "
polygamy Australia - - - - 1800 Luling, Virginia. Aborigines. Morristown, N.J.: Macdonald Educational Ltd. (1979); pg. 30. "[Aboriginal] Men might have more than one wife. In some places, important older men had six or more. But most had only one at a time. "
polygamy Egypt - 2.00% - - 1977 Perl, Lila. Egypt, Rebirth on the Nile. New York: William Morrow and Company (1977); pg. 146. "At present, only about 2 percent of the male population has more than one wife, for the cost of supporting multiple families in the city or on the small subsistence farm is prohibitive. "
polygamy Hong Kong - - - - 1998 Rutherford, Scott (ed.) East Asia. London: Apa Publications (1998); pg. 102. "Concubinage (a form of polygamy) has been outlawed in Hong Kong since 1970, but it has metamorphosed into a more familiar creature. Concubines are now called mistresses, but are still publicly displayed as concubines were -- as status symbols. One Hong Kong millionaire buys cars for his five mistresses according to their rank: the first mistress has a Rolls-Royce, the second a Mercedes, and so on. The older generation of men who took concubines before the new law took effect are allowed to keep them, and their children are recognized and have legal rights to an estate. "
polygamy Israel - - - - 30 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "DIVORCE: the dissolution of marriage. Of all the world religions... More FUNDAMENTALIST groups usually totally deny the practice on Biblical grounds. One complicating factor is deciding exactly what constitutes a marriage. At the time of Jesus the JEWS practiced POLYGAMY thus undermining many of the more literalist interpretations of marriage as a sexual act. "
polygamy Kenya - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 12). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1565. "Kikuyu. The largest of the 48 tribes living in Kenya... Polygamy is permitted, as it is throughout... Africa. The second and subsequent wives are usually chosen by the first, or senior wife, who naturally often selects a friend who, for some reason or other, has not obtained a husband... there is neighter prostitution nor illegitimacy in traditional Kikuyu society, nor are there unwilling spinsters. "
polygamy Kenya - - - - 1988 Bratvold, Gretchen (ed). Kenya ...in Pictures (Visual Geography Series). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Lerner Publications Co. (1988); pg. 48. "Protestants number 38%, Roman Catholics represent 28%, and supporters of traditional beliefs account for 26%... Many customs of the African population of Kenya have survived within the framework of Christian churches without conflict. Polygamy--the practice of having more than one wife--however, has caused some strain between the people of Kenya and the Christian churches. It has long been an African custom for a man to take as many wives as he can afford to support. In this way, the family continues to grow as the marriages produce many children and will help support the family when they are adults... "
polygamy Nigeria - - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.; web page: news release represents a modest edit of the wrap-up prepared by the World Council of Churches (1998). Viewed 7 Oct. 1999. "Membership of the WCC rose to a record 339 churches as the Assembly welcomed eight more. There are now 306 churches in full membership and 33 in associate membership. Appropriately for the Assembly's venue, six of the new churches are African: the United Church of Christ in Zimbabwe, [etc.]... A request for membership by the Celestial Church of Christ in Nigeria was delayed after delegates expressed concern that the church still has polygamous clergy. A later vote ran into a legal problem and the application will now be considered by the new Central Committee. "
polygamy Russia - - - - 1968 Pinney, Roy. Vanishing Tribes. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1968); pg. 84. "Polygamy is rare among the less prosperous Maritime Chukchi, but it is fairly common among the Reindeer people. Many rich reindeer breeders who have several herds will keep a wife--and prospective bridegrooms of daughters--with each herd. There are also men with only one herd who will keep several wives in the same camp. In this case the man tries to keep them in separate tents, or at least in separate sleeping places under one tent. "
polygamy Saudi Arabia - - - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 436. "The Wahhabis rule Saudi Arabia today by the strict Hanbalite code?Wahhabis?encourage polygyny? "
polygamy Tanzania - - - - 1994 Laure, Jason & Ettagale Blauer. Tanzania (series: "Enchantment of the World "). Chicago: Childrens Press (1994); pg. 70. "Although one-third of Tanzanians are said to be Christians, many continue to practice traditional religions at the same time... Some African Christians have more than one wife because that works better in their society... "
polygamy USA 40,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Harrie, Dan. "A GOP Lawmaker Says Polygamists Deserve an Apology " in Salt Lake Tribune, 12 Oct. 1999. "Polygamy was a doctrine of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints until 1890, when it was officially abandoned. But an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 people in several Western states have continued 'the principle' despite their ostracization and excommunication by the LDS Church. "
polygamy USA - - - - 1999 *LINK* Wolfson, Hannah (AP). "Christian Polygamy Takes Root in Utah " in Salt Lake Tribune, Saturday, July 24, 1999. (viewed online 24 July 1999). "Stephen Butt didn't set out to be a polygamist. A decade ago, he was happily married to one wife, busy with his church and working as a cult exit counselor in Maine. Then he met a young woman who had been so abused by a cult, he saw only one way to gain her trust for treatment. He married her. Now Butt lives in Utah with three wives and five children, ministering to a group of nearly 1,000 around the country who call themselves Christian polygamists... Butt and his Protestant peers say plural marriage comes straight from the Old Testament. 'We believe that plural marriage is allowed for in the Bible to meet practical, real needs, and this should be acknowledged by the Christian church,' Butt said. He points to passages that say David, Solomon and other patriarchs had many wives. 'Obviously polygamy can't be something that's immoral if God allowed it with these people whom he showed so much favor.' "
polygamy USA - West 30,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Wolfson, Hannah (AP). "Christian Polygamy Takes Root in Utah " in Salt Lake Tribune, Saturday, July 24, 1999. (viewed online 24 July 1999). "...estimated 25,000-35,000 polygamists living in the West who trace their roots to historical Mormonism... " [NOTE: These are not members of the mainstream Mormon denomination, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which forbids the practice.]
polygamy Utah 20,000 - - - 1998 "Polygamists in Utah " (graphic) in Salt Lake Tribune (Aug. 15, 1998); pg. A4. "An estimated 15,000 to 20,000 polygamists are scattered throughout Utah, police believe... members of large, long-time clans, small groups... or 'independents' with no ties to any organization. "
polygamy Utah 40,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Burton, Greg. "Polygamists Meet With Team From A.G.'s Office " in Salt Lake Tribune (Tuesday, October 20, 1998 ). "Graham said Sunday's meeting was the first step of a five-point program targeting the estimated 20,000 to 40,000 people in Utah polygamist groups. "
polygamy Utah 25,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Associated Press. "Utah polygamists estimated at 25,000 " in Deseret News, Saturday, 24 April 1999. (Viewed online 26 April 1999.) "Some 25,000 Utah residents are involved in polygamy, says Lt. Mike King of the attorney general's criminal division... The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints practiced polygamy in its early years, but renounced it in 1890. "
polygamy world - - - - 1994 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "POLYGAMY: marriage to more than one wife, sometimes called plural marriage. The practice is found in the HEBREW BIBLE but has been traditionally forbidden in CHRISTIANITY but tolerated in most other religions including ANCIENT and MEDIEVAL JUDAISM. In ISLAM the number of formal wives is limited to four. During the nineteenth century, MORMONISM attempted to reintroduce polygamy into American society but the attempt was abandoned in the 1890s. "
polygamy world - - - - 1999 Cloud, John. "Henry & Mary & Janet &. . . " in Time, 15 Nov. 1999; pg. 90-91. "Helen Fisher, a Rutgers University anthropologist... Fisher has written that only 16% of cultures actually prescribe monogamy; in most, polygamy is sought after by men as a sign of power. Fisher also completed a study of divorce in 62 societies... "
polygamy Zimbabwe - - - - 1988 Laure, Jason. Zimbabwe (series: "Enchantment of the World "). Chicago: Childrens Press (1988); pg. 101. "About one-quarter of the people of Zimbabwe consider themselves Christians... However, many Christians also practice the traditional religions of their ancestors. They practice polygamy, for example, which is against the church's teachings but is part of their social fabric. "
Polynesian traditional religion Oceania - - - - 1991 *LINK* Wilson, Andrew (ed). "The World Religions and their Scriptures " in World Scripture. International Religious Foundation, 1991. (viewed 9 July 1999) "The traditional religions of the South Pacific are represented by a tradition from Tahiti and a legend of the Maori of New Zealand. Maori and Polynesian legends celebrate the prowess of those ancestors who bested the elements, explored and settled new islands, and won preeminence over their brethren. These heroes sometimes attained their goals through clever ruses, sometimes were adept at magic, and sometimes showed bravery in war. Some emerged as heroes despite low social status; some were impetuous and had to atone for their own mistakes; many had to deal with strife within their own families. Yet underneath is a deep longing for peace and harmony, even though it is rarely attained. "
polytheism world - - - - -1220 B.C.E. Yenne, Bill. 100 Men Who Shaped World History. San Francisco, CA: Bluewood Books (1994); pg. 10. "Moses. 1300-.1220 BC... Most ancient religions--such as those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, Greece and later Rome--were polytheistic, meaning that their followers believed in many gods and goddesses, such as a god of the Sun, a goddess of the Moon, and so on... "
polytheism world - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 16). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2233. "Polytheism. From Greek word for 'many' and 'god', belief in many gods, who preside over different departments of Nature and aspects of life; distinguished from monotheism, belief that there is only one God, and from henotheism, devotion to a single god without asserting that he is the only one. "
Pomo North America 8,000 - - - 1770 Legay, Gilbert. Atlas of Indians of North America. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's (1995); pg. 64. "Pomo... Numbering 8,000 in 1770, today there are about 1,000. "
Pomo North America 1,000 - - - 1995 Legay, Gilbert. Atlas of Indians of North America. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's (1995); pg. 64. "Pomo... Numbering 8,000 in 1770, today there are about 1,000. "
Pomo North America - Pacific Coast 8,000 - - - 1770 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Pomo USA 4,766 - - - 1990 Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 38. Table: "Largest American Indian Tribes (as identified in the 1990 Census, through self-reporting) "
Pomo world 8,000 - - - 1770 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Ponca Nebraska 401 - - - 1944 Legay, Gilbert. Atlas of Indians of North America. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's (1995); pg. 43. "Ponca... There were 401 Ponca in Nebraska in 1944, and 2,272 in Oklahoma in 1985. "
Ponca North America 800 - - - 1780 Legay, Gilbert. Atlas of Indians of North America. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's (1995); pg. 43. "Ponca... Their population was estimated at 800 in 1780. "
Ponca North America - Northern Great Plains 800 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 288. Table: "Northern Great Plains: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Ponca Oklahoma 2,272 - - - 1985 Legay, Gilbert. Atlas of Indians of North America. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's (1995); pg. 43. "Ponca... There were 401 Ponca in Nebraska in 1944, and 2,272 in Oklahoma in 1985. "
Ponca world 800 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 288. Table: "Northern Great Plains: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Pondo Africa - South - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995); pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Poona and Indian Village Mission India - - - - 1893 *LINK* web site: "Christian Missions "; web page: "SIM History " (viewed 6 July 1999). "...in 1893, Charles Reeves and M.E. Gavin left their homes in Australia. A Eurasian Christian from Poona, India, had come to Australia in search of missionaries to work in his home area. Reeves and Gavin answered the challenge and set sail under the name Poona and Indian Village Mission (PIVM). "
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Middle East - - - - 1990 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992); pg. 296. "Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP): Founded in 1967. Led by Dr. George Habash, it is Marxist-Leninist in approach and is based in Damascus. Hijacked Air France plane in June 1976 to Entebbe airport. "
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine world 4,000 - - - 1986 Tarr, David R. & Bryan R. Daves (editors). The Middle East (6th Ed.); Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. (1986); pg. 15. [A faction of the PLO, thus a political org. more than a faith group.] "PFLP... Founded in 1967 and led by George Habash... Estimated strength: 4,000. "
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine world - - - - 1996 Knoke, William. Bold New World: The Essential Road Map to the Twenty-First Century. New York: Kodansha International (1996), Chapter 10: "The Global Tribes "; pg. 191-192. "Laced across this grass-roots, decentralized network are more formal organizations--the Islamic Group, the Islamic Jihad, the Hezbollah, Hamas, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and dozens more--each group connected by secret memberships, international bank transfers, telephone, and global couriers. In the fundamentalist movement, no one person or group of people has control. "
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command Middle East - - - - 1990 Ovendale, Ritchie. The Longman Companion to The Middle East since 1914. London & New York: Longman (1992); pg. 296. "Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC): A splinter from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine it is pro-Syrian. Led by Ahmad Jibril, it is based in Damascus. "
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command world 500 - - - 1986 Tarr, David R. & Bryan R. Daves (editors). The Middle East (6th Ed.); Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. (1986); pg. 15. [A faction of the PLO, thus a political org. more than a faith group.] "PFLP-GC... Similar to the DFLP, the PFLP-GC is a splinter of the PFLP. It was formed in 1968 and is led by Ahmed Jabril... Estimated strength: 500. "
Popular Palestinian Struggle Front world 200 - - - 1986 Tarr, David R. & Bryan R. Daves (editors). The Middle East (6th Ed.); Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc. (1986); pg. 15. [A faction of the PLO, thus a political org. more than a faith group.] "PPSF... This tiny faction led by Bahjat Abu Gharbiyah... Created in 1968... part of rejectionist segment... Estimated strength: 200. "
Poro Sierra Leone - - - - 1985 Davis, Wade. The Serpent and the Rainbow. New York: Simon & Schuster (1985); pg. 195. "The Poro society of Sierra Leone, for example, left its mark on virtually every facet of Mende life, taking responsibility for tribal education, the regulation of sexual conduct, the supervision of political and economic affairs, as well as the operation of social services including recreation and medical care. "
Poro Sierra Leone - - - - 1985 Davis, Wade. The Serpent and the Rainbow. New York: Simon & Schuster (1985); pg. 271. "Poro: A secret society among the Mende of Sierra Leone. "
positive thinking seminars USA - 5.00% - - 1984 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988). [Orig. source: a 1984 Gallup survey of the adult population in the U.S., made available to the author.]; pg. 120. "And the 5 percent that claims involvement in positive thinking seminars equals the proportion of the general public that holds membership in the nation's second largest Protestant denomination (Methodists). "
Posse Comitatus North Dakota - - - - 1983 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 62. "...Posse Comitatus... gained national notoriety in 1983 when one of its members, Gordon Kahl, killed two federal marshals in a North Dakota shootout and was subsequently forced into hiding. "
Posse Comitatus USA 10,000 - - - 1988 Lang, Susan S. Extremist Groups in America. New York: Franklin Watts (1990). [Original source: Bennett, David. The Party of Fear: From Nativist Movements to the New Right in American History (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988), p. 118.]; pg. 77. "No one knows how many underground Posse Comitatus groups there are in the nation today, as most are members of underground networks. The ADL reports such bands in at least thirteen states; others estimate the central membership at three thousand to ten thousand. "
Posse Comitatus USA - - - - 1993 Landau, Elaine. The White Power Movement: America's Racist Hate Groups. Brookfield, CT: Milbrook Press (1993); pg. 62. "The Posse Comitatus, which was organized in 1969, consistes of loosely knit gangs of armed vigilantes and survivalists who worship at their own [Christian] Identity-based churches... group members fervently believe in local government. They are highly suspicious of state and federal officials... At one time the Posse Comitatus was active in at least thirteen states, but this number has varies as successful law-enforcement efforts have at times closed down the group's operations in some states. "
Posse Comitatus USA - - - - 1994 Thompson, S. E. Hate Groups. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books (1994); pg. 30. "Another group with a large Christian Identity following is Posse Comitatus... The group rejects the authority of any government representative or law enforcement agency higher than the local justice of the peace and county sheriff. "


Posse Comitatus, continued

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