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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to poll - disbelieve in God, Germany, West

poll - disbelieve in God, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
poll - disbelieve in God Greece - 16.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 16% of those in Greece do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Hungary - 32.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that 32% of Hungarians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Iceland - 16.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 16% of those in Iceland do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God India - 6.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004, 1998), 6% of those in India do not believe in God. " [Sources: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, and Alejandro Moreno. 1998. Human Values and Beliefs: A Cross Cultural Sourcebook. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press]
poll - disbelieve in God India - 3.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, less than 3% of Indians do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Indonesia - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Indonesia - 2.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, less than 2% of those in Indonesia do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Iran - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Iran - 5.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Moaddel and Azadarmaki (2003), less than 5% of Iranians do not believe in God. " [Source: Moaddel, Mansoor and Taqhi Azadarmaki. 2003. "The Worldview of Islamic Publics: The Cases of Egypt, Iran, and Jordan, " pages 69-89, in Human Values and Social Change, edited by Ronald Inglehart. Boston, MA: Brill]
poll - disbelieve in God Ireland - 5.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 4% and 5% of those in Ireland do not believe in God (Inglehart et al, 2004; Greeley, 2003; Davie, 1999). " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers; Davie, Grace. 1999. "Europe: The Exception that Proves the Rule? " pages 65-83. in The Desecularization of the World, edited by Peter Berger. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company]
poll - disbelieve in God Israel - 31.00% - - 1995 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Kedem (1995), 31% of Israelis do not believe in God, with an additional 6% choosing 'don't know,' for a total of 37% being atheist or agnostic. " [Source: Kedem, Peri. 1995. "Dimensions of Jewish Religiosity. " Pages 33-62 In Israeli Judaism, edited by Shlomo Deshen, Charles Liebman, and Mishe Shokeid. London, UK: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Israel - 15.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, 15% of Israelis do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Italy - 23.00% - - 1999 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Davis and Robinson (1999), 23% of Italians disagreed (some strongly) that a God exists who concerns himself with every human being personally. " [Source: Davis, Nancy and Robert Robinson. 1999. "Religious Cosmologies, Individualism, and Politics in Italy. " Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 38(3):339-353]
poll - disbelieve in God Italy - 6.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Ingelhart et al (2004) found that 6% of Italians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Italy - 14.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 14% of Italians do not believe in God, but only 4% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Japan - 64.00% - - 2001 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Demerath (2001:138), 64% do not believe in God and 55% do not believe in Buddha, however a very strong majority have engaged in some form or Shinto, Buddhist, or Japanese folk/cultural ritual, such as visiting a shrine or temple on the previous New Year's Day. "
poll - disbelieve in God Japan - 65.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 65% of those in Japan do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Jordan - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), less than 1% of those in Jordan and Egypt do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Jordan - 5.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Moaddel and Azadarmaki (2003), less than 5% of those in Jordan and Egypt do not believe in God. " [Source: Moaddel, Mansoor and Taqhi Azadarmaki. 2003. "The Worldview of Islamic Publics: The Cases of Egypt, Iran, and Jordan, " pages 69-89, in Human Values and Social Change, edited by Ronald Inglehart. Boston, MA: Brill]
poll - disbelieve in God Korea, South - 52.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Eungi (2003), 52% of South Koreans do not believe in God. " [Source: Eungi, Kim. 2003. "Religion in Contemporary Korea: Change and Continuity. " Korea Focus, July-August, 133-146]
poll - disbelieve in God Korea, South - 30.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "A 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC found that 30% of South Koreans do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Laos - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Latvia - 42.00% - - 1990 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "..according to Inglehart et al (2004), 20% of those in Latvia do not believe in God, far fewer than in 1990, when 42% did not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Latvia - 20.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "..according to Inglehart et al (2004), 20% of those in Latvia do not believe in God, far fewer than in 1990, when 42% did not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Latvia - 29.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Latvia - 29.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 29% of those in Latvia do not believe in God, but only 9% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Lebanon - 3.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "A 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC found that less than 3% of those in Lebanon do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Lithuania - 13.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 13% of Lithuanians do not believe in God, although only 1% describe themselves as atheists (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Malaysia - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Mexico - 2.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that only 2% of Mexicans do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Mexico - 7.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "A 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC found that 7% of those in Mexico do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Nepal - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Netherlands - 43.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 43% of the Dutch do not believe in God, although only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Netherlands - 42.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 42% of those in the Netherlands do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God New Zealand - 22.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 20% and 22% of those in New Zealand do not believe in God (Inglehart, et al, 2004; Paul, 2002). " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Paul, Gregory. 2002. "The Secular Revolution of the West, " Free Inquiry, Summer: 28-34]
poll - disbelieve in God Norway - 31.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 31% of Norwegians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Norway - 72.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gustafsson and Pettersson (2002), 72% of Norwegians do not believe in a 'personal God.' " [Source: Gustafsson, Goran and Thorleif Pettersson. 2000. Folkkyrk och religios pluraism ?den nordiska religiosa modellen. Stockholm, Sweden: Verbum Forlag]
poll - disbelieve in God Norway - 41.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Norway - 54.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bondeson (2003), 54% of Norwegians said that they did not believe in 'a personal God.' " [Bondeson, Ulla. 2003. Nordic Moral Climates. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Norway - 41.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 41% of Norwegians do not believe in God, although only 10% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Pakistan - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Philippines - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Poland - 3.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 3% of those in Poland do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Poland - 6.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 6% of Poles do not believe in God, but only 2% self-identifies as an 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Portugal - 9.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 4% and 9% of those in Portugal do not believe in God (Inglehart et al, 2004; Greeley, 2003). " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Romania - 4.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 4% of Romanians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Russia - 30.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 30% of those in Russia do not believe in God, but only 5% self-identify as 'atheist' (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Russia - 48.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 48% of Russians do not believe in God, although only 19% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Russia - 24.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "A 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC found that 24% of those in Russia do not believe in God. "
poll - disbelieve in God Singapore - 13.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that 13% of those in Singapore do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Slovakia - 28.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 10% and 28% of those in Slovakia do not believe in God (Inglehart et al, 2004; Greeley, 2003; Gall, 1998). " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers; Gall, Timothy. 1998. Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture and Daily Life, Vol. 4 (Europe). Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications]
poll - disbelieve in God Slovakia - 10.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 10% and 28% of those in Slovakia do not believe in God (Inglehart et al, 2004; Greeley, 2003; Gall, 1998). " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers; Gall, Timothy. 1998. Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture and Daily Life, Vol. 4 (Europe). Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications]
poll - disbelieve in God Slovenia - 35.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Ingelhart et al (2004), 35% of those in Slovenia do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Slovenia - 38.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 38% of those in Slovenia do not believe in God, but only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God South Africa - 1.00% - - 1999 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 1% of South Africans do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Spain - 15.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that 15% of those in Spain do not believe in God... " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Spain - 18.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...according to Greeley (2003), 18% of Spaniards do not believe in God, but only 9% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Sri Lanka - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 8.00% - - 1947 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Palm and Trost (2000), when Swedes were asked in 1947 'Do you believe in God?' 83% said yes, 9% said they didn't know, and 8% said no. " [Palm, Irving and Jan Trost. 2000. "Family and Religion in Sweden. " Pages 107-120 in Family, Religion, and Social Change in Diverse Societies, edited by Sharon Houseknecht and Jerry Pankhurst. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 46.00% - - 1992 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Palm and Trost (2000), when Swedes were asked in 1947 'Do you believe in God?' 83% said yes, 9% said they didn't know, and 8% said no. In the early 1990s, in response to the same question, only 38% said yes, 16% didn't know, and 46% said they did not. " [Palm, Irving and Jan Trost. 2000. "Family and Religion in Sweden. " Pages 107-120 in Family, Religion, and Social Change in Diverse Societies, edited by Sharon Houseknecht and Jerry Pankhurst. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 85.00% - - 1999 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Davie (1999), 85% of Swedes do not believe in God. " [Source: Davie, Grace. 1999. "Europe: The Exception that Proves the Rule? " pages 65-83. in The Desecularization of the World, edited by Peter Berger. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 82.00% - - 2000 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gustafsson and Pettersson (2000), 82% of Swedes do not believe in a 'personal God.' " [Source: Gustafsson, Goran and Thorleif Pettersson. 2000. Folkkyrk och religios pluraism ?den nordiska religiosa modellen. Stockholm, Sweden: Verbum Forlag]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 74.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bondeson (2003), 74% of Swedes said that they did not believe in 'a personal God.' " [Bondeson, Ulla. 2003. Nordic Moral Climates. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 47.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 46% of Swedes do not believe in God, although only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Sweden - 64.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Norris and Inglehart (2004) found that 64% of Swedes do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]


poll - disbelieve in God, continued

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