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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to poll - believe religion can answer today's problems, USA - blacks

poll - believe religion can answer today's problems, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
poll - believe they have a guardian angel USA - 50.00% - - 1996 Neimark, Jill. "Do the Spirits Move You? " in Psychology Today (September/October 1996); pg. 50. "Gallup polls show that 69% of Americans believe in angels, half believe they have their own guardian angels, and 48% believe UFOs are real. "
poll - believe we've had contact with ETs USA - 48.00% - - 1996 Neimark, Jill. "Dispatch from Dreamland " in Psychology Today (September/October 1997); pg. 52. "A 1996 Newsweek poll confirmed that nearly half of Americans believe UFOs are real and that the government has covered up the evidence, & 29% of the population is convinced we've already made contact with ETs. "
poll - believe you can be religious without going to church USA - 70.00% - - 2000 *LINK* Gibson, David (RNS). "Is the New Christianity No Longer About 'We' and All About 'Me'? " in Salt Lake Tribune (15 Jan 2000). "...Gallup poll showing that seven in 10 Americans believe you can be religious without going to church... "
poll - can name all four Gospels USA - 35.00% - - 1953 Reeves, Thomas C. Twentieth Century America: A Brief History. New York: Oxford University Press (2000); pg. 160. "Polls showed that the public's knowledge of basic Christianity was minimal. Only 35 percent, for example, could name all four New Testament Gospels. "
poll - can name all four Gospels USA - 49.00% - - 1993 Reeves, Thomas C. Twentieth Century America: A Brief History. New York: Oxford University Press (2000); pg. 284. "And there was a vast ignorance of the faith. Gallup referred to 'a nation of biblical illiterates' and presented solid evidence: fewer than half of all adults could name the four Gospels of the New Testament; only four in ten Americans knew that Jesus had delivered the Sermon on the Mount. "
poll - consider 1st Commandment important Germany - 33.00% - - 1999 *LINK* "Study Shows How Germans Rank Commandments " in Salt Lake Tribune (February 13, 1999), viewed online 19 Feb. 1999. [Orig. source: Adventist News Network, citing a survey published by Der Spiegel magazine.] "Few of the Ten Commandments are important to most Germans, according to a survey published by Der Spiegel magazine. The commandment, 'I am the Lord your God, you shall have no other gods before me,' was found to be the least important one, with only 33% of those surveyed considering it important. "
poll - consider all faiths equally good and true USA - 45.00% - - 1994 Gallagher, Winifred. Working on God. New York: Random House (1999). [Orig. source: Robert Wuthnow, Sharing the Journey: Support Groups and America's New Quest for Community (New York: The Free Press, 1994)]; pg. 148. "Nearly half of the middle-aged now consider all faiths equally good and true [source: Wuthnow]. Openness to 'new' religions seems even more marked in the younger generation: Nearly 30% of teenagers express not just tolerance toward, but interest in learning about, Buddhism and Islam, and 44% express the same attitude toward Native American spirituality. "
poll - consider attending religious services very important USA - 38.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "...one of the Gallup surveys... showed that 60% of the American public personally considered prayer to be very important and another 22% regarded it as fairly important; by comparison... 38% thought attending religious services was very important... "
poll - consider belonging to a close religious fellowship very important USA - 28.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "...one of the Gallup surveys... showed that 60% of the American public personally considered prayer to be very important and another 22% regarded it as fairly important; by comparison... 38% thought attending religious services was very important, and 28% thought it very important to belong to a close religious fellowship group. "
poll - consider growing deeper relationship with God very important USA - 56.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "The Gallup survey showed that 'growing into a deeper relationship with God' was considered very important by 56 percent of the public and fairly important by an additional 26 percent. "
poll - consider prayer fairly important USA - 22.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "...one of the Gallup surveys... showed that 60% of the American public personally considered prayer to be very important and another 22% regarded it as fairly important... "
poll - consider prayer very important USA - 60.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "...one of the Gallup surveys... showed that 60% of the American public personally considered prayer to be very important and another 22% regarded it as fairly important... "
poll - consider prayer very important USA - 79.00% - - 1991 Wolfe, Alan. One Nation, After All: What Middle-Class Americans Really Think About.... New York, NY: Viking Penguin (1998); pg. 44-45. "...a 1991 study by Andrew Greeley... Americans... 79% say that God guided them in making decisions or that prayer is very important in their lives, and 63% think that religion can answer all or most of today's problems. "
poll - consider reading the Bible very important USA - 39.00% - - 1988 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 303. "...one of the Gallup surveys... showed that 60% of the American public personally considered prayer to be very important and another 22% regarded it as fairly important; by comparison, only 39% thought reading the Bible was very important... "
poll - consider TV evangelists trustworthy USA - 23.00% - - 1987 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 279-280. "A 1987 poll showed 63 percent of Americans called TV evangelists 'untrustworthy,' while 23 percent voted them 'trustworthy.' "
poll - consider TV evangelists untrustworthy USA - 63.00% - - 1987 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 279-280. "A 1987 poll showed 63 percent of Americans called TV evangelists 'untrustworthy,' while 23 percent voted them 'trustworthy.' "
poll - desire to grow spiritually USA - 80.00% - - 2000 *LINK* Holmes, Cecile S (RNS). "Seeking Spirituality, Americans Are Picking and Choosing Their Religion " in Salt Lake Tribune (12 Feb 2000) "Written with D. Michael Lindsay, a consultant on theology, religion and culture, the book shows: More than 80 percent of Americans desire to grow spiritually "
poll - disbelieve in God Afghanistan - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Africa - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote D'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
poll - disbelieve in God Albania - 8.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 8% of Albanians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Argentina - 8.00% - - 1990 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 4% of those in Argentina do not believe in God, down from 8% in 1990. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Argentina - 4.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 4% of those in Argentina do not believe in God, down from 8% in 1990. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Armenia - 14.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 14% of those in Armenia do not believe in God, although only 7% are self-described atheists (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Australia - 16.10% - - 1983 *LINK* McNair Anderson Associates. web page: "Australian Gallup Poll, June, 1983 ". Social Science Data Archives, Australian National University "sampled population consists of persons aged 16 years and over from all federal electorates throughout Australia, excluding the Northern Territory... This poll is based on 2128 interviews conducted over the first two weekends of June 1983. "; Question: "DO YOU BELIEVE IN GOD? "
poll - disbelieve in God Australia - 25.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 25% of those in Australia do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.]
poll - disbelieve in God Austria - 26.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Between 18% and 26% of those in Austria do not believe in God (Norris and Inglehart, 2004; Greeley, 2003; Froese, 2001). " [Sources: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers; Froese, Paul. 2001. "Hungary for Religion: A Supply-Side Interpretation of the Hungarian Religious Revival. " Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40(2): 251-268.]
poll - disbelieve in God Bangladesh - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Belarus - 57.00% - - 1990 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 17% of those in Belarus do not believe in God, far fewer than in 1990, when 57% claimed to not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Belarus - 17.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 17% of those in Belarus do not believe in God, far fewer than in 1990, when 57% claimed to not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Belgium - 43.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 43% of Belgians do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Brunei - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Indonesia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Iran, Malaysia, Nepal, Laos, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, are non-believers in God. " [Sources: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing; Johnstone, Patrick. 1993. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House]
poll - disbelieve in God Bulgaria - 34.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 34% of Bulgarians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Bulgaria - 40.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 40% of Bulgarians do not believe in God, but only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Canada - 23.00% - - 1985 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gallup and Lindsay (1999:121), 30% of Canadians do not believe in God or a 'Higher Power,' up from 23% in 1985. " [Source: Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing]
poll - disbelieve in God Canada - 30.00% - - 1999 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gallup and Lindsay (1999:121), 30% of Canadians do not believe in God or a 'Higher Power,' up from 23% in 1985. " [Source: Gallup, George and Michael Lindsay. 1999. Surveying the Religious Landscape. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing]
poll - disbelieve in God Canada - 19.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bibby (2002), when asked 'Do you believe that God exists?' 6% of Canadians answered 'No, I definitely do not' and another 13% answered, 'No, I don't think so,' for a total of 19% being classified as either atheist or agnostic. " [Source: Bibby, Reginald. 2002. Restless Gods: The Renaissance of Religion in Canada. Toronto, Canada: Stoddart Publishing Company]
poll - disbelieve in God Canada - 22.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 22% of those in Canada do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Chile - 5.00% - - 1990 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 3% of those in Chile do not believe in God, down from 5% in 1990. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Chile - 3.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 3% of those in Chile do not believe in God, down from 5% in 1990. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Croatia - 7.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 7% of Croatians do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Cyprus - 4.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 4% of those in Cyprus do not believe in God, although only 1% choose to identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Czech Republic - 61.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 61% of Czechs do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Czech Republic - 54.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Czech Republic - 54.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 54% of Czechs do not believe in God, although only 20% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Denmark - 80.00% - - 2000 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gustafsson and Pettersson (2000), 80% of Danes do not believe in a 'personal God.' " [Source: Gustafsson, Goran and Thorleif Pettersson. 2000. Folkkyrk och religios pluraism ?den nordiska religiosa modellen. Stockholm, Sweden: Verbum Forlag]
poll - disbelieve in God Denmark - 49.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bondeson (2003), 49% of Danes do not believe in 'a personal God.' " [Bondeson, Ulla. 2003. Nordic Moral Climates. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Denmark - 43.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 43% of Danes do not believe in God, although only 15% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Denmark - 48.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004) 48% of those in Denmark do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Dominican Republic - 7.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 7% of those in the Dominican Republic do not believe in God... " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Egypt - 1.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), less than 1% of those in Jordan and Egypt do not believe in God. " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Egypt - 5.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Moaddel and Azadarmaki (2003), less than 5% of those in Jordan and Egypt do not believe in God. " [Source: Moaddel, Mansoor and Taqhi Azadarmaki. 2003. "The Worldview of Islamic Publics: The Cases of Egypt, Iran, and Jordan, " pages 69-89, in Human Values and Social Change, edited by Ronald Inglehart. Boston, MA: Brill]
poll - disbelieve in God Estonia - 49.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that 49% of Estonians do not believe in God, although only 11% are self-described atheists (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Inglehart, Ronald, Miguel Basanez, Jaime Diez-Medrano, Loek Halman, and Ruud Luijkx. 2004. Human Beliefs and Values: A Cross-Cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Value Surveys. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Siglo Veintiuno Editores]
poll - disbelieve in God Finland - 60.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Gustafsson and Pettersson (2002), 60% of Finns do not believe in a 'personal God.' " [Source: Gustafsson, Goran and Thorleif Pettersson. 2000. Folkkyrk och religios pluraism ?den nordiska religiosa modellen. Stockholm, Sweden: Verbum Forlag]
poll - disbelieve in God Finland - 33.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bondeson (2003), 33% of Finns do not believe in 'a personal God.' " [Bondeson, Ulla. 2003. Nordic Moral Climates. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Finland - 33.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bondeson (2003), 33% of Finns do not believe in 'a personal God.' " [Bondeson, Ulla. 2003. Nordic Moral Climates. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Finland - 28.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Norris and Inglehart (2004) found that 28% of those in Finland do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God France - 43.00% - - 1999 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Davie (1999), 43% of the French do not believe in God. " [Source: Davie, Grace. 1999. "Europe: The Exception that Proves the Rule? " pages 65-83. in The Desecularization of the World, edited by Peter Berger. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company]
poll - disbelieve in God France - 48.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God France - 48.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 48% of the French do not believe in God, although only 19% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God France - 44.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 44% of those in France do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Germany, East - 74.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Pollack (2002), 74% of East Germans and 38% of West Germans do not believe in God. " [Source: Pollack, Detlef. 2002. "The Change in Religion and Church in Eastern Germany After 1989: A Research Note. " Sociology of Religion 63(3):373-387]
poll - disbelieve in God Germany, East - 75.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 75% of East Germans do not believe in God, with 51% self-identifying as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
poll - disbelieve in God Germany, West - 31.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Norris and Inglehart (2004) found that 31% of West Germans do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press]
poll - disbelieve in God Germany, West - 38.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Pollack (2002), 74% of East Germans and 38% of West Germans do not believe in God. " [Source: Pollack, Detlef. 2002. "The Change in Religion and Church in Eastern Germany After 1989: A Research Note. " Sociology of Religion 63(3):373-387]
poll - disbelieve in God Germany, West - 35.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 35% of West Germans do not believe in God, but only 11% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]


poll - disbelieve in God, continued

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