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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

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Atheism, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Atheism Poland - 2.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 6% of Poles do not believe in God, but only 2% self-identifies as an 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Poland - 6.00% - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...innate/neural theories of belief in God cannot explain the dramatically different rates of belief among similar countries. Consider Britain (31-44% atheist) compared to Ireland (4-5% atheist), the Czech Republic (54-61% atheist) compared to Poland (3-6% atheist), and South Korea (30-52% atheist) compared to the Philippines (less than 1% atheist). "
Atheism Russia - 19.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 48% of Russians do not believe in God, although only 19% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Russia - 5.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 30% of those in Russia do not believe in God, but only 5% self-identify as 'atheist' (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2001. "Hungary for Religion: A Supply-Side Interpretation of the Hungarian Religious Revival. " Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40(2): 251-268.]
Atheism Russia: St. Petersburg 900,000 15.00% - - 1991 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994); pg. 244. "Lefevere (1991:11) quotes Archpriest Vladimir Sorokin, rector of the Russian Orthodox Theological Academy and Seminary, as saying that the 6 million pop. of St. petersburg is 60% Orthodox, about 10 to 15% 'militantly atheists,' while the rest are Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, or Muslim. "
Atheism Rwanda - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Saudi Arabia - - - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Conversely, in a society where religion is heavily enforced by the government and risks are present for citizens viewed as non-believers (e.g., Saudi Arabia or Iran), individuals will be reluctant to admit that they don't believe in Allah, regardless of whether anonymity is 'guaranteed.' "
Atheism Senegal - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Sierra Leone - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Slovakia 520,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Atheism Slovakia 522,604 9.70% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 5,387,665. Roman Catholic 60.3%, atheist 9.7%, Protestant 8.4%, Orthodox 4.1%, other 17.5%
Atheism Slovakia 514,100 9.70% - - 1997 Shoemaker, M. Wesley. Russia, Eurasian States, and Eastern Europe 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 316. "Slovak Republic... Population: 5.3 million... Roman Catholic (60.3%), Protestant (8.4%), Orthodox (4.1%), Atheist (9.7%), Other (17.5%). "
Atheism Slovakia 550,000 10.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 355-356. "Location: Slovakia; Population: 5.5 million [population of country--86% of those are Slovaks [culturally/ethnically] "; "Close to 10% of Slovaks are declared atheists. "
Atheism Slovenia - 17.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 38% of those in Slovenia do not believe in God, but only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Somalia - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Soviet Union 56,000,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (viewed 1998) [Orig. source: 1994 World Almanac] "former USSR "
Atheism Spain - 9.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...according to Greeley (2003), 18% of Spaniards do not believe in God, but only 9% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Sudan - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Sweden - 8.00% - - 1947 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Palm and Trost (2000), when Swedes were asked in 1947 'Do you believe in God?' 83% said yes, 9% said they didn't know, and 8% said no. " [Palm, Irving and Jan Trost. 2000. "Family and Religion in Sweden. " Pages 107-120 in Family, Religion, and Social Change in Diverse Societies, edited by Sharon Houseknecht and Jerry Pankhurst. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
Atheism Sweden - 46.00% - - 1992 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Palm and Trost (2000), when Swedes were asked in 1947 'Do you believe in God?' 83% said yes, 9% said they didn't know, and 8% said no. In the early 1990s, in response to the same question, only 38% said yes, 16% didn't know, and 46% said they did not. " [Palm, Irving and Jan Trost. 2000. "Family and Religion in Sweden. " Pages 107-120 in Family, Religion, and Social Change in Diverse Societies, edited by Sharon Houseknecht and Jerry Pankhurst. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
Atheism Sweden - 17.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 46% of Swedes do not believe in God, although only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Tajikistan - 2.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Froese (2004)... 2% of those in Tajikstan... are atheist. " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism Tanzania - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Togo - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Tunisia - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Turkmenistan - 2.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Froese (2004)... 2% of those in Turkmenistan, are atheist. " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism Uganda - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Ukraine - - - - 1980 Bassis, Volodymyr. Ukraine (series: Cultures of the World). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1997); pg. 76. "'They all have hidden crosses on their foreheads,' an American once concluded about Ukrainians after a long term visit to Ukraine. This observation is fairly accurate considering the lengths the communist regime went to discourage religion. At universities, besides an enormous number of ideological subjects, there was also a mandatory course on 'scientific atheism.' The subject was designed to prove that there was no God. Anyone who wanted to reach success in their career was forced to pronounce themselves an atheist. Religion was seen as the most serious obstacle to building Communism. "
Atheism Ukraine - 5.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Froese (2004) reports that 5% of Ukrainians are self-described atheists. " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism United Kingdom - 8.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bruce (2002), 10% of the British self-identify as an 'agnostic person' and 8% as a 'convinced atheist,' with an additional 21% choosing 'not a religious person.' " [Source: Bruce, Steve. 2002. God is Dead: Secularization in the West. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers]
Atheism United Kingdom - 10.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 31% of the British do not believe in God, although only 10% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism United Kingdom: Britain - 44.00% - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...innate/neural theories of belief in God cannot explain the dramatically different rates of belief among similar countries. Consider Britain (31-44% atheist) compared to Ireland (4-5% atheist), the Czech Republic (54-61% atheist) compared to Poland (3-6% atheist), and South Korea (30-52% atheist) compared to the Philippines (less than 1% atheist). "
Atheism USA 1,000 0.00% - - 1900 1996 Britannica Book of the Year Table: Non-Christian Religious Adherents in the United States
Atheism USA 200,000 0.10% - - 1970 1996 Britannica Book of the Year Table: Non-Christian Religious Adherents in the United States
Atheism USA 750,000 0.30% - - 1990 1996 Britannica Book of the Year Table: Non-Christian Religious Adherents in the United States
Atheism USA 870,000 0.30% - - 1995 1996 Britannica Book of the Year Table: Non-Christian Religious Adherents in the United States
Atheism USA 880,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Atheism USA 1,500,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998); "last updated October 1998 " Table: "'Other Than Christian' Organizations "; "Some of the following data were estimated from North American figures: "
Atheism USA 1,500,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998); "last updated October 1998 " Table: "Largest Religious Groups: The 16 US faith groups and ethical systems with memberships over 1 million are: "
Atheism USA 1,670,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "The Global Village Atheist "; web page: "How Many Atheists? " (viewed 6 April 1999); Author: GVAtheist@netscape.net. "The Encyclopedia Britannica has the number of Atheists at 220 million (3.8%) with 1.67 million ( < 1%) in North America. "
Atheism USA 947,000 0.30% - - 2000 1996 Britannica Book of the Year Table: Non-Christian Religious Adherents in the United States. Year 2000 projection done in 1995.
Atheism Uzbekistan - 3.50% - - 2001 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Barret et al (2001), 3.5% of Uzbeks are atheist. " [Source: Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
Atheism Uzbekistan - 4.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Froese (2004)... 4% of those in Uzbekistan... are atheist. " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism West, The - - - - 1850 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 8. "In its narrowest sense the term atheist means one who denies the existence of any and all gods.... In the Western world outright atheism, i.e., atheism in its narrowest sense, has been unfashionable since the 19th century, having yielded to the agnosticism which Robert Ingersoll summed up thus: 'Is there a God? I do now know. Is man immortal? I do now know... "
Atheism world - - - - 1600 Fernandez-Armesto, Felipe. "Religion " in The Future Now: Predicting the 21st Century. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson (1998); pg. 37. "Almost all the 'atheists' deplored by divines in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries turn out, on close examination, to have been something else--usually deists or fideists, sometimes pantheists or merely heretics. "
Atheism world - - - - 1957 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 8. "Through the centuries men have died for the right to believe, but other men equally sincere have died for the right to disbelieve. However we may rate their wisdom, we must credit them with a kind of religious fervor in defense of their faith. For atheism too is a faith, in the sense that it is based on belief rather than scientific proof. In its narrowest sense the term atheist means one who denies the existence of any and all gods. But it has come to apply to those, including skeptics, materialists and positivists, who do not acknowledge that the world was created by a being or beings of incomprehensibly magnified human intelligence and form, and also an uncounted number of people the world over who would consider that they fit the word's broader implications... [i.e.] pseudo-atheists... "
Atheism world 240,300,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (viewed 1998) [Orig. source: 1994 World Almanac] -
Atheism world 219,924,992 3.85% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism world 222,195,008 3.83% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. #s for "Nonreligious ";misprint:1,782.809,000)
Atheism world 240,310,000 4.40% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Humanism " (viewed 2 March 1999); Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357. table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; "Secular Humanists are sometimes hard to classify, and perhaps even more difficult to obtain demographic data about. The following distribution lists two groups: Nonreligious and Atheists. Nonreligious are defined as persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, and dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion. Atheists are defined as persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism world 220,000,000 - - - 1997 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything, DK Publishing, Inc.: New York (1997); pg. 160-161. "This list [Top 10 Organized Religions in the World] excludes... 800,000,000 people who may be classified as 'nonreligious', & a further 220,000,000 atheists (opposed to religion of any kind, or followers of alternative, nonreligious philosophies). "
Atheism world 149,912,992 2.53% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "; "Atheists. Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism world 240,310,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Mike Croghan's Religion Page "; web page: "Freethought " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999; viewed & URL updated 1 July 1999) Table: "Table of Faiths "; Listed as "Freethought ", but the figure is exactly the same as appeared in the Encyclopedia Britannica (the source for this data) as "Atheist. "
Atheism world 211,000,000 4.00% - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998) [Original sources: J.W. Wright, Editor, The Universal Almanac, 1996, Andrews & McMeel, Kansas City. Greg H. Parsons, Executive Director, "U.S. Center for World Mission, " Pasadena, CA; quoted in Zondervan News Service, 1997-FEB-21.] Table: "Number of Adherents of World Religions "
Atheism world - - - - 1999 Jacobs, Louis. Oxford Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 4. "Agnosticism: A term coined by T. H. Huxley to denote that attitude which, unlike theism (conviction that God exists) and atheism (conviction that God does not exist), maintains that it cannot be known whether or not God exists. Judaism, as a monotheistic religion, obviously rejects the agnostic attitude as it does that of atheism. This is not to say, however, that there are no unexplored areas in matters of beliefs. "
Atheism world - - - - 1999 Jacobs, Louis. Oxford Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 11. "Atheism: The attitude that affirms there is no God. Until the Middle Ages, when the philosophers, Jewish Christian, and Muslim, who in response to atheistic attacks sought to prove by rational argument the existence of God, theoretical atheism was unknown. When the Psalmist (Psalms 14:1) castigates the fool for saying in his heart there is no God, he is thinking of practical atheism: that, so far as human conduct is concerned, God does not matter, that God is unconcerned about whether or not human beings practise justice and righteousness. It goes without saying that Judaism, which stands or falls on the belief in the existence of God, is totally incompatible with atheism, though Jewish secularism does try to preserve Jewish values and even some Jewish rituals together with an atheistic attitude. "
Atheism world 211,000,000 4.00% - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "The Global Village Atheist "; web page: "How Many Atheists? " (viewed 6 April 1999) "The Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance puts the number of non-religious worldwide at 806 million (17%) and the number of Atheists (not included in the foregoing) at 211 million (4%). "
Atheism world 220,000,000 3.80% - - 1999 *LINK* Web site: "The Global Village Atheist "; web page: "How Many Atheists? " (viewed 6 April 1999) "The Encyclopedia Britannica has the number of Atheists at 220 million (3.8%) with 1.67 million ( < 1%) in North America. "
Atheism world 220,000,000 3.00% - - 2000 Sawyer, Robert J. Calculating God. New York: Tor (2000); pg. 70. "'You know,' said Hollus, 'you are in the vast minority, even among your own species. According to something I saw on CNN, there are only 220 million atheists on this planet--out of a population of 6 billion people. That is just three percent of the total.' "
Atheism world - - - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Is worldwide atheism growing or in decline? This is a difficult question to answer simply. On the one hand, there are more atheists in the world today than ever before. Additionally, the nations with some of the highest degrees of organic atheism (such as Great Britain, France, and Scandinavia) have been experiencing a steady increase of atheism over the past century, an increase which shows no indication of abating (Bruce, 2001). On the other hand, worldwide atheism overall may be in decline. This is due to the demographic fact that highly religious nations have the highest birthrates in the world, and highly irreligious nations have the lowest birthrates in the world. As Norris and Inglehart [Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge U. Press] observe, 'the world as a whole now has more people with traditional religious views than ever before - and they constitute a growing proportion of the world's population.' "
Atheism world - - - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Thus, the picture is complicated, making definite predictions of the future growth or decline of atheism difficult. What is clear is that in certain societies, non-belief in God is definitely growing. While most people continue to maintain a firm belief in deities (especially in the most populous countries, there is clear evidence of secularization in many advanced industrial nations (Norris and Ingelhart, 2004; Bruce, 2002). Secularization is specifically evident in the empirically observable decline of belief in God within many western nations. "
Atheism Yugoslavia 170,528 1.90% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] table "Religion "; based on self-identification of religious preference.; Listed in table as "Non believers "; Commentary in accompanying paragraph: "There are less than 2% of declared atheists. "
Atheism Zambia - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Zimbabwe - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism and Agnostic Albania 283,600 8.00% - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) Table: top fifty countries containing the largest percentage of people who identify as atheist, agnostic, or non-believer in God: Albania. Rank: 45; Total country pop. (2004): 3,545,000; % Atheist/Agnostic/Nonbeliever in God: 8%; Number (minimum-maximum): 283,600


Atheism and Agnostic, continued

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