Adherents.com


43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to astrology - part-time astrologers, USA

astrology - part-time astrologers, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
astrology - part-time astrologers USA 175,000 - - - 1986 Hexham, Irving and Kala Poewe. Understanding Cults and New Religions; Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. (1986); pg. 28. "In addition, there are at least 10,000 full-time and 175,000 part-time astrologers presently working in America alone. "
Atakapa North America - Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps 2,000 - - - 1650 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 93. Table: "Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Atakapa world 2,000 - - - 1650 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 93. Table: "Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Athanasianism Egypt - - - - 325 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970). Chapter author: Roland H. Bainton.; pg. 470-471. "A doctrinal dispute which arose in Egypt is known as the Arian-Athanasian controversy from the names of the opposing leaders, Arius and Athanasius. The Arians said that Christ was a creature; he was the first all creatures and he was associated with God in the creation of the world. But he did not have 'an eternal timeless generation' and 'there was when he was not'. The Athanasian party affirmed that Christ as the Son had been eternally present with God the Father... Holy Spirit was included in this relationship, the doctrine of the Trinity was complete... Supporters of this doctrine insisted that it was not tritheism... as their opponents claimed... The doctrine of the Athanasian party was adopted by the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD. "
Athanasianism Turkey - - - - 325 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 536. "Nicaea, Council of. The first ecumenical council of the church, which met in the ancient city of Nicaea (modern Iznik, Turkey), beginning on June 19, 325... was summoned by the first Christian emperor, Constantine, and concluding its work... The exact number of bishops who attended is not known, and no minutes of the proceedings are preserved. However, a highly apologetic letter of Eusebius of Caesarea (in Socrates, Ecclesiastical History 1.8.35) preserves the earliest text of the creed; and Athanasius of Alexandria (De Decretis 19-20) details some of the theological debate which led, for the first time in history, to the insertion of a nonscriptural term into a creed (Gr. Homoousios; 'of the same substance') to describe the relation of God to Christ... "
Athanasianism world - - - - 440 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 75. "Athanasian Creed. Probably composed sometime between 440 and 542 in the vicinity of the monastery at Lerins. Of uncertain authorship, it is a masterful statement of Augustinian theology in its affirmation of the Trinity and the doctrine of the person of Jesus Christ, but its greatness is obscured by its dogmatism. "
Athanasianism world - - - - 450 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "...Arianism had a wide following in the Empire and the sympathies of Roman Emperors, Athanasius was hounded through five exiles totaling seventeen years of flight and hiding... ATHANASIAN CREED: a CHRISTIAN CREED dating from the fifth century which concentrates on the doctrines of the INCARNATION and TRINITY that has been attributed to ATHANASIUS. "
Athapaskans USA 13,738 - - - 1990 Utter, Jack. American Indians: Answers to Today's Questions. Lake Ann, MI: National Woodlands Publishing Co. (1993); pg. 38. Table: "Largest American Indian Tribes (as identified in the 1990 Census, through self-reporting) "
Atheism Africa 300,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (viewed 1998) [Orig. source: 1994 World Almanac] -
Atheism Africa 427,000 0.06% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Africa 440,000 0.06% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Africa 316,000 0.05% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Humanism " (viewed 2 March 1999); Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357. table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; "Secular Humanists are sometimes hard to classify, and perhaps even more difficult to obtain demographic data about. The following distribution lists two groups: Nonreligious and Atheists. Nonreligious are defined as persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, and dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion. Atheists are defined as persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism Africa 420,000 0.05% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "; "Atheists. Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism Africa - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote D'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Albania - - - - 1988 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 27. "By the 19th century, Islam became the predominant religion, claiming about 70% of the population while some 20% remained Orthodox and 10% Roman Catholic. These groupings remained stable until the Communist government outlawed religion in 1967, making Albania the world's only atheist state. Freedom of religion was restored only in 1989-90. However, the overwhelming majority of Albania's population was born under the Communist regime, which pursued an aggressively atheistic policy. "
Atheism Albania - 0.00% - - 1997 Wright, David K. Albania ( "Enchantment of the World Second Series "). New York: Children's Press (1997); pg. 102. "...because of the shared struggle for independence, the Albanian people have developed religious tolerance. You can admit to being anything but an atheist in today's Albania, says an expert on the country. People who claim to be atheists are thought to be Communists and therefore supporters of the disgraced Hoxha and Alia regimes. "
Atheism Algeria - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Armenia - 7.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Inglehart et al (2004), 14% of those in Armenia do not believe in God, although only 7% are self-described atheists (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism Asia 161,000,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (viewed 1998) [Orig. source:1994 World Almanac] -
Atheism Asia 174,174,000 5.04% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Asia 175,450,000 4.99% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Asia 161,414,000 5.00% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Humanism " (viewed 2 March 1999); Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357. table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; "Secular Humanists are sometimes hard to classify, and perhaps even more difficult to obtain demographic data about. The following distribution lists two groups: Nonreligious and Atheists. Nonreligious are defined as persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, and dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion. Atheists are defined as persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "; [Asia is distinct from Eurasia in this table.]
Atheism Asia 121,451,000 3.38% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "; "Atheists. Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism Australia 7,200 0.04% - - 1996 *LINK* Anglican Communion News Service (ACNS). "Australia: Statistics Show Australians Religious Affiliation " in ACNS #1315, 3 Sept. 1997 [97.8.5.2] (viewed online 24 June 1999). "According to figures recently released by the Australian government's Bureau of Statistics... of Australia's nearly 18 million people... statistics... from the nation's latest census in 1996 [which] includes the question: 'What is your religion?'... The figures from the latest census show a slight decline in religious identification from the figure of 76.6% in 1991; 16.5% now claim to have 'no religion', but only 0.04% describe themselves as 'atheists'. "
Atheism Australia 7,496 0.04% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census.
Atheism Australia - 25.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Norris and Inglehart (2004), 25% of those in Australia do not believe in God. " [Source: Norris, Pippa and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.]
Atheism Azerbaijan - 1.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Froese (2004), less than 1% of those in Azerbaijan and 4% of those in Georgia are atheist. " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism Benin - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Botswana - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Bulgaria - 17.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 40% of Bulgarians do not believe in God, but only 17% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Burkina Faso - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Burundi - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Cameroon - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Canada - 6.00% - - 2002 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Bibby (2002), when asked 'Do you believe that God exists?' 6% of Canadians answered 'No, I definitely do not' and another 13% answered, 'No, I don't think so,' for a total of 19% being classified as either atheist or agnostic. " [Source: Bibby, Reginald. 2002. Restless Gods: The Renaissance of Religion in Canada. Toronto, Canada: Stoddart Publishing Company]
Atheism Chad - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism China - - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 108. "Atheism continues to be the official position of the governments of China, North Korea and Cuba. Here, large organizations are to be found and impressive numbers are cited. " Politically correct, but not deep conviction there.
Atheism China - 14.00% - - 1993 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to O'Brien and Palmer (1993), between 10-14% of those in China are 'avowed atheists.' " [Source: O'Brien, Joanne and Martin Palmer. 1993. The State of Religion Atlas. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster]
Atheism China 146,000,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Atheism China - 10.00% - - 2000 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Marshall (2000), 10% of those in China identify as 'atheist.' "
Atheism China - 8.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "As a result of periodic repression of religion by various dictators (Guest, 2003), survey data of religious belief in the most populous country in the world - China - is extremely unreliable (Demerath, 2001:154). Only recently has sound scholarship begun to emerge, and even that is of limited scope (Yang, 2004). Estimates of high degrees of atheism in China are most likely exaggerations (Overmyer, 2003). That said, according to Barrett et al (2001), 8% of the Chinese are atheist. " [Sources: Guest, Kenneth. 2003. God in Chinatown. New York, NY: New York University Press; Yang, Fenggang. 2004. "Between Secularist Ideology and Desecularizing Reality: The Birth and Growth of Religious Research in Communist China. " Sociology of Religion 65(20):101-119; Overmyer, D.L. ,editor. 2003. Religion in China Today. Cambridge University Press; Barrett, David, et al. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
Atheism China - - - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Assessing rates of belief or disbelief among large populations is extremely difficult... A third methodological problem involves the political or cultural climate of a given country. In a totalitarian country where atheism is governmentally promulgated and risks are present for citizens viewed as disloyal (e.g., China or North Korea), individuals will be reluctant to admit that they do believe in God. "
Atheism Cote d'Ivoire - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Cuba - - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 108. "Atheism continues to be the official position of the governments of China, North Korea and Cuba. Here, large organizations are to be found and impressive numbers are cited. " Politically correct, but not deep conviction there.
Atheism Cuba 710,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Atheism Cuba - 7.00% - - 2001 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Barrett et al (2001), 30% of Cubans are nonreligious, with 7% claiming to be atheist. " [Source: Barrett, David, George Kurian, and Todd Johnson. 2001. World Christian Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press]
Atheism Cyprus - 1.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 4% of those in Cyprus do not believe in God, although only 1% choose to identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Czech Republic 4,098,733 39.80% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) atheist 39.8%, Roman Catholic 39.2%, Protestant 4.6%, Orthodox 3%, other 13.4%; Total population: 10,298,324.
Atheism Czech Republic 3,848,000 37.00% - - 1997 Shoemaker, M. Wesley. Russia, Eurasian States, and Eastern Europe 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 246. "Czech Republic... Population: 10.4 million... Roman Catholic (38=9%), Protestant (4.6%), Orthodox (3%), Atheist (37%), Other (16.2%) "
Atheism Czech Republic - 51.00% - - 1998 *LINK* official government info web site "After forty years of official suppression, a question concerning religious faith was again included in the most recent census. The results show that more than 50% of the population describe themselves as atheist... "
Atheism Czech Republic - 39.90% - - 1998 *LINK* official government info web site Table
Atheism Czech Republic - 20.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Czech Republic - 20.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 54% of Czechs do not believe in God, although only 20% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Czech Republic - 61.00% - - 2005 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...innate/neural theories of belief in God cannot explain the dramatically different rates of belief among similar countries. Consider Britain (31-44% atheist) compared to Ireland (4-5% atheist), the Czech Republic (54-61% atheist) compared to Poland (3-6% atheist), and South Korea (30-52% atheist) compared to the Philippines (less than 1% atheist). "
Atheism Denmark - 15.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 43% of Danes do not believe in God, although only 15% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism Estonia - 11.00% - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "Inglehart et al (2004) found that 49% of Estonians do not believe in God, although only 11% are self-described atheists (Froese, 2004). " [Source: Froese, Paul. 2004. "After Atheism: An Analysis of Religious Monopolies in the Post-Communist World. " Sociology of Religion 65(1):57-75.]
Atheism Ethiopia - - - - 2004 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to a 2004 survey commissioned by the BBC, Hiorth (2001) Inglehart et al (2004, 1998), Barrett et al (2001), the 1999 Gallup International Poll, and Johnstone (1993), less than 1% of those in [33 African countries listed, including this one], are atheist, agnostic, or nonreligious. "
Atheism Eurasia 55,898,000 19.10% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Humanism " (viewed 2 March 1999); Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357. table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; "Secular Humanists are sometimes hard to classify, and perhaps even more difficult to obtain demographic data about. The following distribution lists two groups: Nonreligious and Atheists. Nonreligious are defined as persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, and dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion. Atheists are defined as persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism Europe 18,000,000 - - - 1994 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (viewed 1998) [Orig. source: 1994 World Almanac] -
Atheism Europe 40,085,000 5.51% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Europe 40,845,000 5.61% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "; "Atheists: Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). " (Sep. figures for "Nonreligious ")
Atheism Europe 17,604,000 3.50% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Humanism " (viewed 2 March 1999); Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357. table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "; "Secular Humanists are sometimes hard to classify, and perhaps even more difficult to obtain demographic data about. The following distribution lists two groups: Nonreligious and Atheists. Nonreligious are defined as persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, and dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion. Atheists are defined as persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism Europe 23,444,000 3.21% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "; "Atheists. Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to all religion). "
Atheism France 1,990,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Atheism France - 19.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "...the designation 'atheist' is highly stigmatized in many societies, so that even when people directly claim to not believe in God, they still eschew the specific self-designation of 'atheist.' Greeley (2003) found that 29% of Latvians, 41% of Norwegians, 48% of the French, and 54% of Czechs claimed to not believe in God, but only 9%, 10%, 19%, and 20% of those respondents self-identified as 'atheist,' respectively. " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]
Atheism France - 19.00% - - 2003 Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns ", chapter in The Cambridge Companion to Atheism, ed. by Michael Martin, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK (2005) "According to Greeley (2003), 48% of the French do not believe in God, although only 19% self-identify as 'atheist.' " [Source: Greeley, Andrew. 2003. Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers]


Atheism, continued

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