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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

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Kansa, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Kanuari Niger - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995); pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Kaoko Namibia - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995); pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Kapalikas India - - - - 1200 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 401. "Kapalika. The Kapalikas were a sect of Saivism found throughout India but especially in the South between the eighth and thirteenth centuries. Widely criticized by other Saivites for their controversial practices, the Kapalikas worshiped Shiva in his aspect as Bhairava... "
Karachai Russia 156,000 - - - 1989 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 210-211. "Karachai [an ethnic group, not a separate religion]: Location: Caucasus mountains between Russia and Georgia (Karachaevo-Cherkessian Republic); Population: 156,000 (1989); Language: Karachai, Cherkessian, Russian; Religion: Islam "; "The Karachai are almost exclusively Muslim. For most of the 20th century, the Soviet government prohibited the Karachai from openly practicing Islam. Religions celebrations or funerals were often conducted secretly. Therefore, most Karachai do not adhere strictly to Islamic ritual... In the late Soviet and post-Soviet years, Karachai began to open and attend mosques. Some Karachai observe major Islamic festivals such as Ramadan and Eid. "
Karaites Africa - - - - 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Some Contacts Do Not Wish To Be Listed On The Internet, But If You Need Contacted By Someone In The Following Areas, E-mail: YahChannah:
Kansas, USA
Scotland, UK
Athens, Greece
Oregon, USA
Sub-Saharan Africa
Karaites Arkansas - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Beth Shalom Karaite Jewish Congregation; copyright September 2004; viewed 13 April 2005 [This is the website of a single Karaite congregation located in Arkansas. The informational material on the website seems largely borrowed from national and international Karaite websites. The Karaites USA website lists only this congregation as the only Karaite congregation in Arkansas: http://www.karaites-usa.org/contact_information.htm] Address on website: Karaite Jewish Congregation Beth Shalom; 310 Liberty Cemetery Road; Leslie, AR 72645
Karaites Arkansas - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Heading: "Looking for Karaites or information about groups in your area? "; A single listing for Arkansas, USA: YeriYah & YahChannah; 1052 Bohannon Road; Leslie, AR 72645
Karaites Babylonia - - - - 750 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "KARAITES: a JEWISH SECT founded in Babylon in 750 by 'Anan ben David whose aim was to reform JUDAISM in terms of SCRIPTURE rather than TRADITION as represented by the TALMUD. "
Karaites Babylonia - - - - 775 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 401. "Karaites. A Jewish sect that arose in Babylonia in the second half of the eight century A.D. and exerted wide influence over the next several centuries. "
Karaites Egypt 40 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 126. "The final exodus of Karaites [from Egypt] followed the Sinai Campaign of 1956... Only a few hundred Jews are left today, among them about forty Karaites... None of them still live in the old Karaite Quarter. Both synagogues in that quarter are closed; all of Cairo's Karaites now pray in the new synagogue in Abbassie. "
Karaites Egypt: Cairo 3,000 - - - 1900 Asheri, Michael. Living Jewish: The Lore and Law of Being a Practicing Jew. New York: Everest House (1978); pg. 13. "The Karaim, also called Caraites, broke away from the main body of Israel in the 8th century C.E... The main groups were located in Cairo where there were some 3,000 Karaim, most of whom have emigrated to Israel... "
Karaites Egypt: Cairo 3,000 - - - 1947 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 125. "In Egypt, Karaites lived uninterruptedly for more than a thousand years. They occupied the same street in Cairo's Jewish Quarter from the founding of that city in the eleventh century into the twentieth... More than 3,000 Karaites lived in Cairo in 1947. "
Karaites Europe 11,468 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120-121. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union (two-thirds of them in Crimea). These Karaites practiced a truncated form of Judaism, accepting the [Jewish] Bible... but rejecting the Talmud and other rabbinical writings. They spoke a Tatar dialect... But not all the world's Karaites lived in Europe, spoke Tatar... "
Karaites Europe - - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 121. "Thousands of Karaites ar also left in Eastern Europe, nearly all of them in the Soviet Union. Most of those in pre-war Poland had lived in parts of Lithuania and Galicia which were annexed by Russia after the war. Their religion has virtually disappeared. Most are no more than 'passport Karaites'--that is, Karaites by official classification only. "
Karaites France 250 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union... "
Karaites France 250 - - - 1941 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 133. "After efall of France, the 'Karaite problem' expanded to include approx. 200 Karaites in the Paris area and another forty to fifty in southern France... After some debate the Vichy attitude prevailed throughout France. Karaites were instructed to register in November 1941. "
Karaites France: Paris 200 - - - 1941 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 133. "After efall of France, the 'Karaite problem' expanded to include approx. 200 Karaites in the Paris area and another forty to fifty in southern France... After some debate the Vichy attitude prevailed throughout France. Karaites were instructed to register in November 1941. "
Karaites Germany 18 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union... "
Karaites Greece - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Some Contacts Do Not Wish To Be Listed On The Internet, But If You Need Contacted By Someone In The Following Areas, E-mail: YahChannah:
Kansas, USA
Scotland, UK
Athens, Greece
Oregon, USA
Sub-Saharan Africa
Karaites Iraq 67 - 1
unit
- 1947 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 124. "Curiously, few Karaites remained in Iraq or Iran after the tenth century. Only in the town of Hit, on the banks of the Euphrates in Iraq, did a tiny community survive until modern times. Thirteen Karaite families still lived in Hit in 1948 when their synagogue was destroyed and their Torah scroll confiscated during anti-Zionist riots. All sixty-seven Iraqi Karaites moved to Israel, where they settled in Beersheba. "
Karaites Iraq 0 0.00% - - 1949 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 124. "Curiously, few Karaites remained in Iraq or Iran after the tenth century. Only in the town of Hit, on the banks of the Euphrates in Iraq, did a tiny community survive until modern times. Thirteen Karaite families still lived in Hit in 1948 when their synagogue was destroyed and their Torah scroll confiscated during anti-Zionist riots. All sixty-seven Iraqi Karaites moved to Israel, where they settled in Beersheba. "
Karaites Israel 7,000 - - - 1932 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Karaites Keep Their Faith and Distance, " by YahChannah (viewed 13 Apr 2005) "A 1970's report said only 7,000 Karaites lived in Israel, most of those lived in Ramla. "
Karaites Israel 10 - - - 1948 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 139. "The 'Karaite problem' has perplexed the Israeli government since the sect arrived in the country. Except for two Karaite families who lived in Jerusalem before independence, the first wave of about fifteen hundred immigrants arrived in 1949-50. "
Karaites Israel 10,000 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 121. "About ten thousand Karaites now live in Israel. Exact numbers are unavailable because Karaite law forbits their being counted in a census. Their status under Israeli law is ambiguous; they are considered Jews but have their own rabbis, chief rabbinate, national council, kosher slaughterers, mohels, and religious courts. They are not legally permitted to marry other Jews. "
Karaites Israel 20,000 - - - 1999 Jacobs, Louis. Oxford Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 121. "Karaites:... The Karaites were treated as full, though heretical Jews in the Middle Ages; many Rabbinic authorities permitted marriages between Rabbinites and Karaites. But eventually the breach between the two communities so widened that neither saw the other as belonging to the same religion. It has been estimated that there are around 20,000 Karaites in the State of Israel, organized as a separate religious community with its won religious authorities. "
Karaites Israel 30,000 - - - 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Karaites Keep Their Faith and Distance, " by YahChannah (viewed 13 Apr 2005) "The Karaites today seem to be flourishing in Israel. The community is experiencing a high point in its 1,300-year history. In Ashdod and Ramla, Israel's Karaite community is about 30,000 strong... In Israel today, Karaites have an imposing synagogue and cultural community center in Ashdod... Many claim that the Karaite community, in Israel, has grown thanks to the relaxation of an ancient Karaite law that prohibited 'mixed' marriages with Jews, whom they call 'rabbinic Jews.' This claim may or may not hold a modicum of validity. "
Karaites Israel: Jerusalem 80 - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 125. "About twenty Karaite families live in Jerusalem today. Their synagogue, supposedly nine hundred years old... was destroyed in the 1948 battle for Jerusalem... restored synagogue was dedicated in 1978. "
Karaites Israel: Ramla 3,000 - 2
units
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 140. "there are now Karaites living in nearly every Israeli city. Their largest community is in Ramla, where about 3,000 Karaites make their home. That city has two Karaite synagogues, including the large central synagogue with a community center under construction next door. "
Karaites Kansas - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Some Contacts Do Not Wish To Be Listed On The Internet, But If You Need Contacted By Someone In The Following Areas, E-mail: YahChannah:
Kansas, USA
Scotland, UK
Athens, Greece
Oregon, USA
Sub-Saharan Africa
Karaites Lithuania - - 31
units
- 1300 C.E. Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 130. "From the Crimea, some Karaites emigrated to Lithuania in the 13th and 14 centuries. Their main settlement, and probably their oldest... was the old Lithuanian capital, Troki. From there they spread to more than thirty other towns and villages in Lithuania and nearby Galicia and Volhynia, including Halicz, Lutsk, Nove Myasto, Kukizov, and Vilna... None of those towns ever numbered more than a few hundred Karaites, and rarely that many. "
Karaites Manitoba - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Heading: "Looking for Karaites or information about groups in your area? "; A single listing for Winnipeg, Canada: Name: Jeremy Lupton; Location: Winnipeg, Canada; E-mail: pro9390@sbsd.org or torah_neophyte@hotmail.com or seek_for_good_and_truth@yahoo.com
Karaites Oregon - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Some Contacts Do Not Wish To Be Listed On The Internet, But If You Need Contacted By Someone In The Following Areas, E-mail: YahChannah:
Kansas, USA
Scotland, UK
Athens, Greece
Oregon, USA
Sub-Saharan Africa
Karaites Pennsylvania - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Heading: "Looking for Karaites or information about groups in your area? "; A single listing for Pennsylvania, USA: Ronald David Saxanoff; AKA ANI DAVID, ANI YEHUDI; RSAX1111@AOL.COM
Karaites Poland 1,200 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union... "
Karaites Russia: Crimea 2,000 - - - 1794 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 127. "Catherine the Great annexed the Crimea to the Russian Empire in 1783, and Lithuania ten years later... in 1792 and 1794 she issued a pair of repressive decrees... More than two thousand Karaites were among the Jews in the recently annexed territories, most of them in the Crimea. "
Karaites Russia: Crimea 13,000 - - - 1900 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 130. "After [Lithuania and Crimea] were annexed by Russia, Karaites prospered, especially in Crimea... The Karaite population grew to nearly thirteen thousand by the turn of this century. "
Karaites Scotland - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Some Contacts Do Not Wish To Be Listed On The Internet, But If You Need Contacted By Someone In The Following Areas, E-mail: YahChannah:
Kansas, USA
Scotland, UK
Athens, Greece
Oregon, USA
Sub-Saharan Africa
Karaites Soviet Union 10,000 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union (two-thirds of them in Crimea). "
Karaites Soviet Union 5,727 - - - 1959 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 136. "Soviet citizens identifying themselves as Karaites in the 1979 census numbered 3,341. That number was substantially lower than the 4,571 in 1970 and the 5,727 in 1959, indicating a declining sense of community. "
Karaites Soviet Union 4,571 - - - 1970 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 136. "Soviet citizens identifying themselves as Karaites in the 1979 census numbered 3,341. That number was substantially lower than the 4,571 in 1970 and the 5,727 in 1959, indicating a declining sense of community. "
Karaites Soviet Union 3,341 - - - 1979 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 136. "Soviet Karaites are now scattered throughout that country. Many live in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Vilna, and other major cities... Soviet citizens identifying themselves as Karaites in the 1979 census numbered 3,341. "
Karaites Soviet Union - - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 136. "No Karaite synagogue remains active in the Soviet Union. "
Karaites Soviet Union: Crimea 6,600 - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120. "At the start of the war {WWII] only18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland (including Lithuania), and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union (two-thirds of them in Crimea). "
Karaites Texas - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Heading: "Looking for Karaites or information about groups in your area? "; A single listing for Texas, USA: Jon and Jody Francis; Cisco, Texas; www.ToTheTorah.org; jon.francis@ToTheTorah.org
Karaites Turkey: Istanbul 800 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 126. "The next great Karaite center... was Constantinople... The community declined after the sixteenth century but never disappeared... An estimated two hundred Karaite families live in Istanbul today. "
Karaites USA 500 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 136. "An estimated five hundred Karaites now live in the United States, and a few hundred more in Canada and Western Europe. Those of East European origin, however, are outnumbered by Egyptian Karaites who emigrated in the 1950s. The largest western communities are in Chicago, San Francisco, Baltimore, and Paris. They have no synagogues, but gather in private homes on Karaite holidays. "
Karaites USA 5,000 - - - 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Karaites Keep Their Faith and Distance, " by YahChannah (viewed 13 Apr 2005) "In the United States there are said to be about 5,000 Karaites. "
Karaites Washington - - 1
unit
- 2005 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Contact Information " (viewed 13 Apr 2005) Heading: "Looking for Karaites or information about groups in your area? "; A single listing for Washington, USA: Matthew Rolland; 906 Summit Dr.; Cheney, WA 99004; e-mail: matityahu_J@hotmail.com or matityahu_j@yahoo.com
Karaites world - - - - 750 C.E. *LINK* web site: "Karaite Korner "; web page: "History of Karaism " (viewed 14 March 1999). Copyright 1998-1999 by Nehemia Gordon and Devorah Gordon. "in the 8th century... Anan ben David... organized various anti-Talmudic elements & lobbied the Caliphate to establish a 2nd Exilarchate for those who rejected the Talmud. The Muslims granted Anan & his followers the religious freedom to practice Judaism in their own way. Anan gathered a large following... his followers became known as the Ananites. Some time after Anan's death his followers merged with other anti-Talmudic groups and took on the name 'Followers of the Bible' ('Bnei Mikra'), [later] abbreviated into 'Karaim'... "
Karaites world - - - - 800 C.E. *LINK* web site: "Karaite Korner "; web page: "History of Karaism " (viewed 14 March 1999). Copyright 1998-1999 by Nehemia Gordon and Devorah Gordon. "Karaism has been around since God gave his laws to the Jewish people. At first those who followed Hashem's laws were merely called 'Righteous' and it was only in the 9th century CE that they came to be called Karaites. "
Karaites world 12,000 - - - 1932 *LINK* website: Karaites USA Organization; webpage: "Karaites Keep Their Faith and Distance, " by YahChannah (viewed 13 Apr 2005) "We are told that by 1932, only 12,000 Karaites remained worldwide. "
Karaites world - - - - 1939 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 120-121. "At the start of the war {WWII] only 18 Karaites lived in Germany, 250 in France, 1,200 in Poland..., and nine to ten thousand in the Soviet Union (2/3 of them in Crimea)... But not all the world's Karaites lived in Europe... A few thousand also lived in Egypt, Turkey, and Iraq... A few years later most emigrated to Israel along with other Middle Eastern Jews. Only tiny communities are left in Cairo and Istanbul. "
Karaites world - - - - 1999 Jacobs, Louis. Oxford Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 121. "Karaites: The sect which arose in the eighth century CE; Heb. Karaim, from the root kara, 'to read', and so called because they relied on the 'reading' of Scripture in itself, rejecting the Rabbinic interpretations of Scripture found in the Talmud. The story that the sect was founded by Anan ben David when he was passed over for the position of exilarch in Babylonia, is viewed with a degree of scepticism by modern scholars while they acknowledge that Anan was a prominent Karaite leader. The Karaites themselves trace their origins back to much earlier times. Maimonides identifies the Karaite heresy with that of the Sadducees. This view is not accepted by scholars in the field although certain Sadducean ideas appeared to have enjoyed a subterranean existence until they emerged among the Karaites. "
Karamojong Uganda - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995); pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Karanga Zimbabwe - - - 1
country
1995 Haskins, J. From Afar to Zulu. New York: Walker Pub. (1995); pg. 191-7. Table: Add'l African Cultures
Karankawa North America - Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps 2,800 - - - 1690 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 93. Table: "Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Karankawa world 2,800 - - - 1690 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 93. Table: "Gulf Coasts and Tidal Swamps: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Karbi Anglong Baptist Convention India 16,835 - 197
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Kardecian Spiritualism Brazil - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1981. "Brazilian Spiritualists are of two principal kinds, those known as Kardecists, so called because their religious views derive from the writings of Alain Kardec, a French 19th century Spiritualist who acquired a significant following in Brazil... "
Karens Asia 4,000,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 377-378. "Karens; Location: Southern and eastern Myanmar (Burma); Thailand; Population: 4 million (estimate); Language: Pwo and Sgaw dialects of Karen; Burmese; Religion: Buddhism; animism; Christianity (Baptist, Catholicism) "; "Most of the Pwo and Sgaw Karens are Buddhists or animists. There are also significant populations of Christians, mainly Baptists, and the Karen National Union leadership is largely Christian. Many Kayahs and Kayans are Catholic, and most of the Pa-Os are Buddhists... There is considerable interplay between animist rituals and buddhist practices among the Karens... Villages tend to be predominantly one or the other of the three religions, while there is a mixture of faiths and houses of worship in the towns. "
Karens Asia - Southeast 300,000 - - - 1997 *LINK* Gamming, Jenny. They have a flag-but no country " in Swedish Expressen, 17 Aug. 1997. (Viewed 16 Aug. 1999). Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organisation web site. Translated by SSF/Goran Hansson. "The 300,000 Karennis live mainly in the mountainous border area between Burma and Thailand. The Karenni State was independent prior to 1881 when it became a part of the British Empire. When Burma became independent in 1948 the Karenni State was incorporated in it. The Karenni People has never accepted this. "
Karens Asia - Southeast 300,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organisation web site; web page: "Karenni State " (Viewed 16 Aug. 1999). "Karenni State is situated between Burma and Thailand... The Karenni people, who with the Mon people are the oldest indigenous inhabitants of present day Burma, number approximately 300,000 people. "
Karens Myanmar 3,150,000 7.00% - - 1997 Leibo, Steven A. East, Southeast Asia, and the Western Pacific 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 91. "Population: 45 million... Ethnic Background: Oriental Mongoloid mixtures, including Burman (72%) in the central valley area, Karen (7% - in the Pegu Yoma and Karen States)... "
Karens Thailand 7,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Unrepresented Nations & Peoples Organisation web site; web page: "Karenni State " (Viewed 16 Aug. 1999). "Current situation: Brutality and systematic human rights violations by the SLORC regime are well documented. The Karenni people are economically and physically repressed. According to Amnesty International Reports 1997, the Karenni people belong to the most targeted communities in Burma (together with Karen, Shan and Mon). During the wave of forced relocations from 1996, it is estimated that 20,000 to 30,000 Karenni lost everything ?homes, land and belongings most of them ended up in relocation camps in the state, while some 7,000 others have fled to refugee camps in Thailand. "
Karnataka Baptist Convention India 13,000 - 105
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "


Karnataka Baptist Convention, continued

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