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back to Judaism, Soviet Union

Judaism, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Judaism Soviet Union 2,500,000 - - - 1990 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 220. "For Soviet Jewry--who officially number 1.5 million (plus another 1 million who, being of mixed parentage and deciding to protect themselves from discrimination, have chosen to register their nationality as non-Jewish)--live has not been so good in decades. "
Judaism Soviet Union - 1.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992); pg. 206-207. Chart
Judaism Spain - - - - 1400 C.E. Keefe, Eugene K., et al. Area Handbook for Spain (1st Ed.). Washington, D.C.: Foreign Area Studies of The American University (1976; research completed 1975); pg. 132. "Other religious minorities included Muslims and Jews. Jews had practiced their religion openly or clandestinely since they arrived in Spain in the first century A.D. Their privileged position under the Visigoths had attracted judicial discrimination against them after the council of Toledo in 589. During the Islamic occupation from the 8th to the 15th centuries they generally flourished, and their synagogues were famed throughout Spain and the East as centers of learning. "
Judaism Spain - - - - 1505 C.E. Brandon, George. Santeria from Africa to the New World: Dead Sell Memories. Bloomington and Indiana: Indiana University Press (1993); pg. 38. "...two edicts issued in 1492 and 1502. In essence what these edicts declared was that in the matter of religion, Moors and Jews, as the major non-Christian groups in Spain, had two alternatives: they could convert to Catholicism or face exile from Spain... Moors and Jews who converted to Catholicism publicly but persisted in practicing clandestine non-Christian rites were simply asking for their turn under the knife of the Inquisition. By 1505 most Moors and Jews still residing in Spain had at least gone through the motions of conversion, yet their orthodoxy and the sincerity of their beliefs remained highly suspect. "
Judaism Spain 5,000 0.02% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Spain 10,000 0.03% - - 1975 Keefe, Eugene K., et al. Area Handbook for Spain (1st Ed.). Washington, D.C.: Foreign Area Studies of The American University (1976; research completed 1975); pg. 132-133. "Persecution [of Jews]... persisted until the 18th and 19th centuries, when Jews were granted full rights of citizenship. Thereafter Jewish communities, mainly Sephardic, gradually congregated in large urban centers--Madrid, Barcelona, Malaga, and Cadiz. Estimates of the Jewish population... in the mid-1970s ranged from 7,000 to 10,000, distributed through middle- and upper-class strata... "
Judaism Spain 15,000 0.04% - - 1993 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 365. "Location: Spain; Population: 40 million "; "As of 1993, Spain had 300,000 Muslims, 250,000 Protestants and 15,000 Jews. "
Judaism Spain 12,000 0.03% - - 1993 Kertzer, Morris N. & Lawrence A. Hoffman. What is a Jew (New & Completely Revised Ed.); New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1993); pg. xxviii. "Today, in all of Europe, & excluding the eastern European countries that were once the Soviet Union, there remains... only a skeleton Jewish community: for example... 12,000 in Spain (only 0.03%)... "
Judaism Spain 14,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Sri Lanka 3,000 - - - 1170 C.E. Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 73. [Map, pointing to Ceylon]. "1170: Benjamin of Tudela reported some 3,000 Jews. "
Judaism Suriname - - 1
unit
- 1665 Beatty, Noelle Blackmer. Suriname (series: Major World Nations). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1999); pg. 40. "The ruins of one of the oldest synagogues in the Western Hemisphere are about two hours away from Paramaribo. It was built in 1665 by the Portuguese Jews who found refuge hre from persecution in Brazil. Modern synagogues now flourish in the capital. "
Judaism Suriname 200 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Sweden 10,000 0.16% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Sweden - - - - 1988 Zickgraf, Ralph. Sweden (series: Places and Peoples of the World). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers (1988); pg. 9. "Population: 8,345,000... Official Religion: Church of Sweden (Lutheran), 92%; Other Religions: Protestant religions, 6%; Roman Catholics, 1.4%; Jews and Bahais, less than 1% " [Also, less than one half of one percent, as previous groups add up to 99.4%]
Judaism Sweden - 0.30% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992); pg. 206-207. Chart
Judaism Sweden 18,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Switzerland 20,000 1.60% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Switzerland - 0.30% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992); pg. 206-207. Chart
Judaism Switzerland 19,000 0.20% - - 1993 Kertzer, Morris N. & Lawrence A. Hoffman. What is a Jew (New & Completely Revised Ed.); New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1993); pg. xxviii. "Today, in all of Europe, & excluding the eastern European countries that were once the Soviet Union, there remains, except for Great Britain, only a skeleton Jewish community: for example, only 19,000 Jews in Switzerland (or 0.2% of the pop.)... "
Judaism Switzerland 18,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Syria 4,500 - - - 1990 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 207. "As many as 4,500 Jews remain in Syria, but as in Iraq, they are prisoners of the regime, living in fear of their lives and unable to leave or communicate with the outside world. "
Judaism Syria 250 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Tajikistan 1,800 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Tennessee 17,474 0.36% 21
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Jewish Estimate.']
Judaism Tennessee - 0.30% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Judaism Tennessee 18,000 0.30% - - 1995 Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1997, 117th Edition. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce (Oct. 1997). [Orig. source: American Jewish Year Book. New York, NY: American Jewish Committee (1995)]; pg. 70. Table: "No. 87: Christian Church Adherents, 1990, and Jewish Population, 1995 - States "; "The Jewish population includes Jews who define themselves as Jewish by religion as well as those who define themselves as Jewish in cultural terms. Data... based primarily on a compilation of individual estimates made by local Jewish federations. "
Judaism Tennessee - 0.00% - - 2001 *LINK* Kosmin, Barry A.; Egon Mayer; & Ariela Keysar. "American Religious Identity Survey. " 2001. City University of New York. ARIS: Nationwide phone survey of 50,000 American adults; open-ended question: 'What is your religion, if any?'; Listed in table: "Jewish " [The study specifically asked follow up questions of self-identified Jews to separate non-religious ethnic-only Jews from religious Jews and Jews who self-identify with a religion other than Judaism. Statistic here refers to religious Jews only.]; Actual % between 0 and 0.5%, so sell was left blank.
Judaism Tennessee - Middle 6,000 - 4
units
- 1999 *LINK* web site: "Shirley Zeitlen and Company Realtors "; web page: "Religion " [in Nashville, Tenn.] (viewed 15 June 1999). "There are approximately 6,000 Jews in Middle Tennessee who comprise four Jewish congregations, one Orthodox, one Conservative, two Reform, and a Jewish day school. "
Judaism Texas 107,980 0.64% 72
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Jewish Estimate.']
Judaism Texas - 0.70% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Judaism Texas 107,980 0.64% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from ADHERENT column ( "Adherents " defined as all members, incl. regular participants not considered as communicant.), not the more restrictive "member " column.; Listed as "Jewish Estimate " in table. "The Jewish estimate in the study was made by Jewish Federations in local communities. "
Judaism Texas 107,000 - - - 1993 Krantz, Les & Jim McCormick. The Peoplepedia: The Ultimate Reference on the American People, Henry Holt and Company: New York (1996); pg. 188. Table: "Top 10 Jewish States "; "The table below shows where most religiously affiliated Jews... live, according to the... American Jewish Yearbook "; Texas: ranked #10 (ranked by sheer numbers).
Judaism Texas 110,000 0.60% - - 1995 Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1997, 117th Edition. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce (Oct. 1997). [Orig. source: American Jewish Year Book. New York, NY: American Jewish Committee (1995)]; pg. 70. Table: "No. 87: Christian Church Adherents, 1990, and Jewish Population, 1995 - States "; "The Jewish population includes Jews who define themselves as Jewish by religion as well as those who define themselves as Jewish in cultural terms. Data... based primarily on a compilation of individual estimates made by local Jewish federations. "
Judaism Texas - 0.00% - - 2001 *LINK* Kosmin, Barry A.; Egon Mayer; & Ariela Keysar. "American Religious Identity Survey. " 2001. City University of New York. ARIS: Nationwide phone survey of 50,000 American adults; open-ended question: 'What is your religion, if any?'; Listed in table: "Jewish " [The study specifically asked follow up questions of self-identified Jews to separate non-religious ethnic-only Jews from religious Jews and Jews who self-identify with a religion other than Judaism. Statistic here refers to religious Jews only.]; Actual % between 0 and 0.5%, so sell was left blank.
Judaism Texas: Dallas-Fort Worth 38,000 - - - 1989 Weiss, Jeffrey. "On eve of Rosh Hashana, area Jews welcome changes " in Dallas Morning News, 10 Sept. 1999; pg. 20A. "The last scientific survey of the Dallas-area Jewish population, done in the late 1980s, estimated that about 38,000 people identified themselves as Jewish. "
Judaism Texas: Dallas-Fort Worth 23,400 0.60% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 112. Table 3-6: "Religious Profiles of Selected Metropolitan Areas ". Based on self-identification, phone interviews, conducted by Graduate School of the City University of New York, 1990. Total area pop: 3.9 million.
Judaism Texas: Dallas-Fort Worth 50,000 - 24
units
- 1999 Weiss, Jeffrey. "On eve of Rosh Hashana, area Jews welcome changes " in Dallas Morning News, 10 Sept. 1999; pg. 20A. "The last scientific survey of the Dallas-area Jewish population, done in the late 1980s, estimated that about 38,000 people identified themselves as Jewish. Using what they admit are much less accurate methods, local leaders peg the number today at more than 50,000... This much synagogue activity is particularly significant in an area that has only about two dozen Jewish congregations. "
Judaism Texas: Dallas-Fort Worth - - 480
units
- 1999 Weiss, Jeffrey. "On eve of Rosh Hashana, area Jews welcome changes " in Dallas Morning News, 10 Sept. 1999; pg. 20A. "This much synagogue activity is particularly significant in an area that has only about two dozen Jewish congregations. By comparison, there are at leat 20 times more Baptist churches in the Dallas area. "
Judaism Texas: Houston 33,300 0.90% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 112. Table 3-6: "Religious Profiles of Selected Metropolitan Areas ". Based on self-identification, phone interviews, conducted by Graduate School of the City University of New York, 1990. Total area pop: 3.7 million.
Judaism Thailand 250 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Tunisia 105,000 - - - 1955 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 212. "Of the 105,000 Jews who lived in Tunisia prior to independence from France in 1956... "
Judaism Tunisia 7,000 - - - 1990 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 212. "Of the 105,000 Jews who lived in Tunisia prior to independence from France in 1956, there are about 7,000 left -- in the ancient community on the island of Djerba, with its magnificent synagogue, the Ghriba, and in small communities in Tunis, Sfax and Sousse -- the rest having emigrated to France or Israel. Although Jews have never been persecuted in Tunisia, the presence of the headquarters of the Palestinian Liberation Organization in Tunis, the capital, and the uncertainty of the country's political future have made the situation precarious for those who have remained. "
Judaism Tunisia 92,453 1.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 9,245,284. Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish 1%
Judaism Tunisia 2,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Turkey 75,000 4.00% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Turkey 25,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Turkmenistan 1,200 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Ukraine 1,700,000 2.80% - - 1937 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 161. Map: "European Jewry on the Eve of the Holocaust 1937-41 "; "Figures show Jewish populations in 1937 and percentage of total population. "
Judaism Ukraine 500,000 0.95% - - 1997 Bassis, Volodymyr. Ukraine (series: Cultures of the World). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1997); pg. 75. "Even with mass emigration in recent years, there are still more than 500,000 Jews in Ukraine. Several synagogues have opened their doors to serve Ukrainian Jews. "
Judaism Ukraine 522,000 1.00% - - 1997 Shoemaker, M. Wesley. Russia, Eurasian States, and Eastern Europe 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 122-123. "Population: 52.2 million (estimated)... There are nearly a hundred other ethnic groups, but the only two larger groups are Jews (1%) and Belorusians (.8%)... "
Judaism Ukraine 424,136 - - - 1998 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything 1999. New York: DK Publishing (1998); pg. 77. Table: "Top 10 Largest Jewish Populations in the World "; Rank: #5
Judaism Ukraine 400,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism Ukraine - 1.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 53,770,000
Judaism Ukraine: Kiev 110,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jewish Communities of the World web site (1998) Table: World Jewry. "collected our data from from demographic and other academic studies, community reports, and up-dates in the general media... consulted with experts to verify findings before reaching our assessments and estimates. "
Judaism United Kingdom 336,000 - - - 1977 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 102. "Thus the Jewish core population of the UK in 1977 was 336,000. By 1992, this had fallen to 301,000. "
Judaism United Kingdom 410,000 - - - 1981 Unterman, Alan. "Judaism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984]; pg. 25. Map: "Figure 1.4: Main centres of Jewish population, 1981 "
Judaism United Kingdom 330,000 - - - 1984 Palmer, Spencer J. & Roger R. Keller. Religions of the World: A Latter-day Saint View, Brigham Young University: Provo, Utah (1990). [Orig. source: American Jewish Yearbook, Jewish Publication Society of America, 1987]; pg. 148. Table: top seven countries of Jewish population in 1984 (USA, Israel, USSR, France, U.K., Canada, Argentina)
Judaism United Kingdom 300,000 - - - 1991 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Total population: 57,591,677. Anglican 27 million, Roman Catholic 9 million, Muslim 1 million, Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist 760,000, Sikh 400,000, Hindu 350,000, Jewish 300,000 (1991 est.). NOTE: UK does not include question on religion in its census.
Judaism United Kingdom - 1.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Judaism United Kingdom 301,000 - - - 1992 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 102. "Thus the Jewish core population of the UK in 1977 was 336,000. By 1992, this had fallen to 301,000. "
Judaism United Kingdom - 1.00% - - 1992 Wolff, Michael. Where We Stand: Can America Make it in the Global Race for Wealth, Health, and Happiness? Bantam Books: New York (1992); pg. 206-207. Chart
Judaism United Kingdom 322,000 0.50% - - 1993 Kertzer, Morris N. & Lawrence A. Hoffman. What is a Jew (New & Completely Revised Ed.); New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1993); pg. xxviii. "Even in Great Britain, there are only 322,000 (0.5%); and in France, 530,000 (0.9%). "
Judaism United Kingdom 294,000 - - - 1995 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997); pg. 41. 1995 Chart and accompanying text: "The third largest Jewish population is in France (550,000), followed by Russia (375,000), Canada (360,000) and then by Great Britain (294,000). " Numbers represent self-identified religious Jews.
Judaism United Kingdom 30,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Judaism United Kingdom 320,000 - - - 1997 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything, DK Publishing, Inc.: New York (1997); pg. 160-161. List: "Top 10 Largest Jewish Populations in the World "; (Rank: 6)


Judaism, continued

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