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Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 9,564 - - - 1980 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984); pg. 144. Table 9 (Remnant of 144,000 by year). Taken from official organization Memorial records.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 9,601 - - - 1981 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984); pg. 144. Table 9 (Remnant of 144,000 by year). Taken from official organization Memorial records.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 9,529 - - - 1982 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984); pg. 144. Table 9 (Remnant of 144,000 by year). Taken from official organization Memorial records.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 9,292 - - - 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984); pg. 59. "Memorial Partakers Worldwide [1983]: 9,292. "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 9,292 - - - 1983 Botting, Heather & Gary Botting. The Orwellian World of Jehovah's Witnesses. Toronto: University of Toronto Press (1984); pg. 144. Table 9 (Remnant of 144,000 by year). Taken from official organization Memorial records.
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 8,756 - - - 1998 *LINK* Jehovah's Witnesses official web site; section: "Statistics "; web page: "Worldwide Report " (viewed 16 April 1999). Table: "1998 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; Note at bottom of table: "MEMORIAL PARTAKERS WORLDWIDE: 8,756 "
Jehovah's Witnesses - Remnant of 144,000 world 8,661 - - - 2000 *LINK* official website; page: "2000 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide " Table: "Statistics: 2000 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide "; Note at bottom of table: "MEMORIAL PARTAKERS WORLDWIDE: 8,661 "
Jemez North America - Southwestern Deserts and Mesa Lands 2,500 - - - 1680 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 27. Table: "Southwestern Deserts and Mesa Lands: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Jemez world 2,500 - - - 1680 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 27. Table: "Southwestern Deserts and Mesa Lands: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Jerry Falwell audience USA 700,000 - - - 1986 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 279-280. "From February 1986 to July 1988... viewers in the United States... according to the Arbitron Ratings Company... Jerry Falwell's dropped from 700,000 to 284,000. "
Jerry Falwell audience USA 284,000 - - - 1988 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 279-280. "Since the PTL, Swaggart, and Oral Roberts scandals, TV evangelists have lost a staggering amount of support. From February 1986 to July 1988... viewers in the United States... according to the Arbitron Ratings Company... Jerry Falwell's dropped from 700,000 to 284,000. "
Jerry Falwell audience USA 610,000 - - - 1990 Naisbitt, John & Patricia Aburdene. Megatrends 2000: Ten New Directions for the 1990's. New York: William Morrow and Co. (1990); pg. 279-280. "Fundamentalism's most visible strength is its effective use of the media, an outlandish, incongruous, perfect balance: the hard edge of technology in service to the high touch of religion... Jerry Falwell's TV shows reached 610,000 households in 168 markets across the U.S.; his 1987 TV income: $91 million. "
Jerusalem Jesus Movement Israel - - - - 40 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 295-296. "Scholars still debate the exact identity of the authors of the [Dead Sea] scrolls: one authority feels they were not Essenes but Sadducees, another claims they are related to the teachings of James, the brother of Jesus, who led the Jerusalem Jesus Movement. "
Jerusalem Jesus Movement Israel - - - - 60 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 298-299. "The spread of Christianity was facilitated by the ease of travel in the Mediterranean of that era--aided ironically by the strong Roman military presence and the Romans' well-maintained system of roads. Paul made countless proselytizing journeys around the Mediterranean rim, establishing and overseeing communities of Christians. The Jerusalem Jesus Movement headed by James thrived for a time alongside Pauline Christianity. But it faded out shortly and was subsumed by the followers of Paul, whose more Hellenized and universalist version of Christianity is the one that converted Rome and prevailed in the West. "
Jesus Army United Kingdom 431 - 24
units
- 1980 *LINK* Jesus Army official organization web page (1998). [Orig. source: UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No. 1 1998/99 Edition is published by Christian Research and Paternoster Publishing] Table: "Jesus Fellowship and Multiply Network from Religious Trends 1998/99 " [Figure used for congregations is called "Church Households " in table]
Jesus Army United Kingdom 765 - 31
units
- 1985 *LINK* Jesus Army official organization web page (1998). [Orig. source: UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No. 1 1998/99 Edition is published by Christian Research and Paternoster Publishing] Table: "Jesus Fellowship and Multiply Network from Religious Trends 1998/99 " [Figure used for congregations is called "Church Households " in table]
Jesus Army United Kingdom 1,260 - 45
units
- 1990 *LINK* Jesus Army official organization web page (1998). [Orig. source: UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No. 1 1998/99 Edition is published by Christian Research and Paternoster Publishing] Table: "Jesus Fellowship and Multiply Network from Religious Trends 1998/99 " [Figure used for congregations is called "Church Households " in table]
Jesus Army United Kingdom 2,600 - 91
units
- 1995 *LINK* Jesus Army official organization web page (1998). [Orig. source: UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No. 1 1998/99 Edition is published by Christian Research and Paternoster Publishing] Table: "Jesus Fellowship and Multiply Network from Religious Trends 1998/99 " [Figure used for congregations is called "Church Households " in table]
Jesus Army United Kingdom 3,050 - 102
units
- 2000 *LINK* Jesus Army official organization web page (1998). [Orig. source: UK Christian Handbook Religious Trends No. 1 1998/99 Edition is published by Christian Research and Paternoster Publishing] Table: "Jesus Fellowship and Multiply Network from Religious Trends 1998/99 " [Year 2000 figure is estimate published in 1998]; [Figure used for congregations is called "Church Households " in table]
Jesus Army United Kingdom: Britain 2,600 - - - 1999 Chryssides, George. Exploring New Religions. London, U.K.: Cassells (1999). "I have selected the best available [statistics], providing a range where adjudication is impossible... Jesus Army: Britain: 2,600 (1999) [source: directly from the organization]; Outside Britain: virtually nil "
Jesus Army world 2,500 - - - 1998 *LINK* official web site Christianity:Protestant:Evangelical:Jesus Army:
The church numbers around 2,500, about 800 of whom live as the New Creation Christian Community in 60 or so houses around the UK.
Jesus Army world 2,500 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (1998) Christianity:
or "Jesus Fellowship Church "
Jesus Army world 2,600 - - 1
country
1999 Chryssides, George. Exploring New Religions. London, U.K.: Cassells (1999). "I have selected the best available [statistics], providing a range where adjudication is impossible... Jesus Army: Britain: 2,600 (1999) [source: directly from the organization]; Outside Britain: virtually nil "
Jesus Family China - - 1
unit
- 1921 Lambert, Tony. The Resurrection of the Chinese Church; Wheaton, IL: Harold Shaw Publishers (1994); pg. 14. "In the 1920s and 1930s many Chinese Christians broke away from the traditional denominations and formed their own groupings. The most successful of these were... the Jesus Family set up by Jing Tianying in Shandon in 1921... "
Jesus Fellowship Florida: Miami 2,200 - 1
unit
- 1992 *LINK* Thumma, Scott. web site: "Megachurches in the U.S. " (viewed Aug. 20, 1999; data collected 1992; last updated Aug. 19, 1999). Center for Social & Religious Research, Hartford Seminary. -
Jesus movement/Jesus freaks USA - - - - 1998 Diamong, Sara. Not by Politics Alone: The Enduring Influence of the Christian Right. New York: The Guilford Press (1998); pg. 61. "What kept the Jesus movement from fading like other fads of the 1960s was the influential role of older, established ministries, including Campus Crusade for Christ, the Navigators, and Intervarsity Christian Fellowship. The Christian World Liberation Front was founded in 1969 in Berkeley, California, by staffers of Campus Crusade for Christ, a group that had been around since the 1950s. "
Jesus People Church Minnesota 550 - - - 1984 Melton, J. Gordon (ed.) The Encyclopedia of American Religions: Vol. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Triumph Books (1991); Chapter: Pentecostal Family; section: Other Pentecostals; pg. 298. "Jesus People Church... St. Paul, MN [H.Q.]... grew out of a 'discipleship ministry' led by Dennis Worre, Roger Vann and four other young men who created a Christian home... As the ministry grew, a church building was purchased for Sunday services and, with fifty charter members, Jesus People Church begun. the church grew steadily through the 1970s and by the early 1980s two Sunday services were required to hold the congregation. Over 7,000 received the monthly bulletin, and a number of smaller churches began in the St. Paul-Minneapolis area... Membership: In 1984 the church reported 550 members in Minneapolis, served by six ministers. "
Jesus People USA Illinois 450 - 1
unit
- 1991 Russell, Chandler. Racing Toward 2001; Zondervan Publishing House: Grand Rapids, MI (1992); pg. 296-297. "Jesus People USA... was started in 1972 with the arrival in Chicago of a West Coast couple who had 'found Jesus.'... numbering about 450 in 1991, occupies a ten-story apartment building in the 'Uptown' ghetto area. Members live communally. "
Jesus People USA Illinois: Chicago 500 - 1
unit
- 1999 *LINK* Official web site of Jesus People USA; section: "Who Are We? "; web page: "Meet Our Family " (viewed 8 May 1999). "Jesus People USA is a Christian community in Chicago. We operate both as an intentional Christian community and as a worshipping church (not all members of our congregation live as full-time members of the community). We began as an independent ministry in 1972, and in 1989 we joined the Chicago-based Evangelical Covenant Church. We number about 500 people who live together at a single address on Chicago's North Side. "
Jesus People USA USA 450 - 1
unit
- 1991 Russell, Chandler. Racing Toward 2001; Zondervan Publishing House: Grand Rapids, MI (1992); pg. 296-297. "Jesus People USA... was started in 1972 with the arrival in Chicago of a West Coast couple who had 'found Jesus.'... numbering about 450 in 1991, occupies a ten-story apartment building in the 'Uptown' ghetto area. Members live communally. "
Jesus People USA world 450 - 1
unit
1
country
1991 Russell, Chandler. Racing Toward 2001; Zondervan Publishing House: Grand Rapids, MI (1992); pg. 296-297. "Jesus People USA... was started in 1972 with the arrival in Chicago of a West Coast couple who had 'found Jesus.'... numbering about 450 in 1991, occupies a ten-story apartment building in the 'Uptown' ghetto area. Members live communally. "
Jesus People USA world 500 - 1
unit
1
country
1999 *LINK* Official web site of Jesus People USA; section: "Who Are We? "; web page: "Meet Our Family " (viewed 8 May 1999). "Jesus People USA is a Christian community in Chicago... We number about 500 people who live together at a single address on Chicago's North Side. "
JeungSanDo Korea 10,000,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: JeungSanDo home page (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) New Age:
"In this century, ten million people in Korea have had spiritual experiences through TaeUlJu. Currently, all over the world people are experiencing the miracles of TaeUlJu through the New Age Expos held in the US and England. "
Jewish - ethnic Israel 4,100,000 - - - 1991 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 121. "The 1993 American Jewish Yearbook gives the following population statistics as of 1991: Of the 12.8 million Jews, 4.1 million are in Israel, 6.3 million in North and South America, and 868,000 in the former Soviet Union. "
Jewish - ethnic Soviet Union 868,000 - - - 1991 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 121. "The 1993 American Jewish Yearbook gives the following population statistics as of 1991: Of the 12.8 million Jews, 4.1 million are in Israel, 6.3 million in North and South America, and 868,000 in the former Soviet Union. "
Jewish - ethnic USA - 2.20% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 300. "The distinction between 'Jewish' and 'Judaic' [ethnic & religious] populations is... accounts for the difference between the NSRI figures (1.8%) and those normally reported for the Jewish populations of the United States (2.2%) "
Jewish - ethnic USA - 2.20% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 15-17. Table 1-2: Self-Described Adherence of U.S. Adult Population 1990. Phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by Graduate School of City U. of New York. [1.8% religious]
Jewish - ethnic USA 8,515,000 - - - 1990 Wertheimer, Jack. A People Divided: Juadism in Contemporary America. New York: Basic Books (A Division of Harper Collins) (1993); pg. 50. "The 1991 national survey differentiated between categories of Jews: (1) born Jews who claimed their religion was Judaism; (2) Jews by Choice (converts to Judaism); (3) born Jews claiming no religion--that is, secular Jews. Together, these Jews were defined as the Core Jewish Population. In addition, the survey included: (4) individuals born and/or raised Jewish who converted to another religion; (6) children under the age of 18 being raised with another religion; (7) Gentile adults living with Jews. The Core Jewish Population was estimated to number 5,515,000 individuals; the rest numbered a bit over 3,000,000 individuals. "
Jewish - ethnic USA 5,800,000 - - - 1992 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 121. "...not all Jewish people follow the religion of Judaism... With this in mind...In the United States, there were 5.8 million Jews in 1992. "
Jewish - ethnic USA 6,840,000 - - - 1993 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (10th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1995). 5,500,000 are "Core Jews ": i.e. religious (even nominally religious) Jews. Compared to 6,840,000 total Jews in U.S., i.e. the "Jewish Identified Population ", ethnic Jews, including those who practice another religion.
Jewish - ethnic Western Hemisphere 6,300,000 - - - 1991 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 121. "The 1993 American Jewish Yearbook gives the following population statistics as of 1991: Of the 12.8 million Jews, 4.1 million are in Israel, 6.3 million in North and South America, and 868,000 in the former Soviet Union. "
Jewish - ethnic world 12,800,000 - - - 1991 Halverson, Dean C. (ed.) The Compact Guide to World Religions; Colorado Springs, Colorado: International Students Inc. (1996). [Publisher is an Evangelical missionary organization.]; pg. 121. "...not all Jewish people follow the religion of Judaism... With this in mind... there are 12.8 million Jewish people in the world today. In a 1990 census of [U.S.] Jews, 76% claimed to adhere to some Jewish religious affiliation, while 20% were secular. "
Jewish - ethnic only Soviet Union 2,000,000 - - - 1993 Kertzer, Morris N. & Lawrence A. Hoffman. What is a Jew (New & Completely Revised Ed.); New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1993); pg. xxix. "It is estimated that the entire world's Jewish population is somewhere in the region of 13 million... and (until 1990) up to 3 million in Russia & eastern Europe. Of the large Jewish community that was once behind 'the Iron Curtain,' there may be a million or more who still remember what Judaism is, and who want to reclaim their Jewish heritage. "
Jewish - ethnic only USA - 0.40% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 300. "A differently worded question would probably have evoked the loyalty of this additional 0.4% of the American population [those who are nonreligious, but ethnic Jews], who reported themselves as religious 'Nones.' "
Jewish - ethnic only USA 3,000,000 - - - 1990 Wertheimer, Jack. A People Divided: Juadism in Contemporary America. New York: Basic Books (A Division of Harper Collins) (1993); pg. 50. "The 1991 national survey differentiated between categories of Jews: (1) born Jews who claimed their religion was Judaism; (2) Jews by Choice (converts to Judaism); (3) born Jews claiming no religion--that is, secular Jews. Together, these Jews were defined as the Core Jewish Population. In addition, the survey included: (4) individuals born and/or raised Jewish who converted to another religion; (6) children under the age of 18 being raised with another religion; (7) Gentile adults living with Jews. The Core Jewish Population was estimated to number 5,515,000 individuals; the rest numbered a bit over 3,000,000 individuals. "
Jews for Jesus Denmark 4 - - - 1995 *LINK* Rothstein, Mikael. "Patterns of Diffusion and Religious Globalization: An Empirical Survey of New Religious Movements " in Temenos 32 (1996), 195-220. (Viewed online, Temenos web site, 30 Jan. 1999) "the Jewish sect known as Jews for Jesus which (in 1995) had three or four followers in Denmark. "
Jews for Jesus United Kingdom: England 50 - - - 1996 *LINK* Rothstein, Mikael. "Patterns of Diffusion and Religious Globalization: An Empirical Survey of New Religious Movements " in Temenos 32 (1996), 195-220. (Viewed online, Temenos web site, 30 Jan. 1999) "After two years of missionary work in England (which has a fairly big Jewish population), Jews for Jesus was able to count less that 50 actual members (some were no doubt American emigrants) according to the movement's own information. "
Jews for Jesus USA 50,000 - - - 1996 *LINK* Rothstein, Mikael. "Patterns of Diffusion and Religious Globalization: An Empirical Survey of New Religious Movements " in Temenos 32 (1996), 195-220. (Viewed online, Temenos web site, 30 Jan. 1999) "Jews for Jesus claim that around 75,000 American Jews believe Jesus Christ to be the Messiah, and that some 50,000 are members of Jews for Jesus. This, however, could not be verified in any way when I asked for documentation (in 1992) (Rothstein 1993: 82-99). "
Jews for Jesus world - - - - 1994 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "JEWS FOR JESUS: a NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT founded by Moshe ROSEN, a Jewish convert to CHRISTIANITY, which seeks to CONVERT JEWS. It originated in the COUNTER CULTURE of the 1960s as part of the JESUS MOVEMENT. "
Jews for Jesus world - - - - 1999 Jacobs, Louis. Oxford Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press (1999); pg. 26-27. "Christianity: ...Some Jews believe that Judaism and Christianity have so much in common that it is permissible to speak of a Jewish Christian tradition. But there is the strongest opposition on the part of all Jews, Orthodox, Conservative, & Reform, to the attempts by Christian missionary groups to convert Jews to Christianity. The Jews for Jesus movement is very much a fringe phenomenon and has justly been condemned by all faithful Jews as trying to introduce Christianity to Jews through the back door, so to speak. "
Jews of Cochin India - - - - 1200 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "In the early centuries of the second millennium AD, the Cochin Jews were wealthy and occupied a high position in the local raja's kingdom. It is evident from the 13th century tombstones that they had an imperfect knowledge of Hebrew and the Bible. "
Jews of Cochin India 2,500 - - - 1945 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 194. "The Jews of India are a varied lot, divided into distinct communities... When India's Jewish population was at its greatest (during the mid-1940s), Bene Israel made up two-thirds of its approximately thirty thousand Jews. The others fell into equally well-defined categories: --The Jews of Cochin, on India's southwest coast... Cochin never lost contact with the rest of the Jewish world, as did the Bene Israel, so their identity was never challenged. More than 90% of Cochin's 2,500 Jews have moved to Israel. "
Jews of Cochin India 2,500 - - - 1948 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 347. "In 1948, there were about 2,500 members of the Jewish community of Cochin. They lived mainly in coastal towns such as Ernakulam, Mallah, Mattancheri, and Parur. Jews in the city of Cochin lived in an area called 'Jew Town.' By the early 1990s, the population had fallen to 22 people. "
Jews of Cochin India 1,200 - - - 1950 Gilbert, Martin (ed.) The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization: 4,000 Years of Jewish History. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. (1990); pg. 73. "1662 Cochin Jews massacred by the Portuguese. From 1663 to 1795 they were protected by the Dutch, from 1795 by the British. In 1950 there were 1,200 Cochin Jews divided into 'black', 'brown' and 'white' castes, with segregated synagogues. "
Jews of Cochin India 100 - - - 1954 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 346. "Jews of Cochin: Location: India (state of Kerala); Population: 22; Religion: Malayalam; Hebrew for religious purposes; Religion: Judaism "; "In 1953-54, some 2,400 Cochin Jews--almost the entire population--left India, leaving only about 100 Jews behind. The ancient Jewish community of Cochin has all but disappeared today. "
Jews of Cochin India - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "...there is some uncertainty over the origin and date of arrival of both the Cochin Jews, who live on the south-west or Malabar coast of India, and the Bene Israel... The Cochin Jews claim that their ancestors came to India after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD, but although Israelites may even have reached India in pre-Christian times, the only certainty is that Jews had settled on the Malabar coast before the end of the first millennium AD. "
Jews of Cochin India - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "The Cochin Jews are divided into three castes: the White Jews, the Black Jews and the Meshuararim. "
Jews of Cochin India 250 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 194. "The Jews of India are a varied lot, divided into distinct communities... When India's Jewish population was at its greatest (during the mid-1940s), Bene Israel made up two-thirds of its approximately thirty thousand Jews. The others fell into equally well-defined categories: --The Jews of Cochin, on India's southwest coast... Cochin never lost contact with the rest of the Jewish world, as did the Bene Israel, so their identity was never challenged. More than 90% of Cochin's 2,500 Jews have moved to Israel. "
Jews of Cochin India - - 1
unit
- 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 206. "Nine synagogues still function in Bombay, although the two Baghdadi ones have to pay Bene Israel to help form a daily minyan. In Poona, too, two synagogues remain open: one Bene Israel and the other Baghdadi. Bene Israel synagogues survive in Ahmedabad and Delhi, a Baghdadi synagogue in Calcutta, and the oldest of all Indian synagogues in Cochin... "
Jews of Cochin India 22 - - - 1992 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 347. "In 1948, there were about 2,500 members of the Jewish community of Cochin. They lived mainly in coastal towns such as Ernakulam, Mallah, Mattancheri, and Parur. Jews in the city of Cochin lived in an area called 'Jew Town.' By the early 1990s, the population had fallen to 22 people. "; "The religious beliefs of the Jews of Cochin conform in every way with the norms of the Jewish faith as set out in the Halakha or Jewish Legal Code. They accept the concept of one true deity, Yahweh, whose will is revealed in the Torah, & who exists in a special relationship with his 'chosen people'... However, the Cochin Jews adopted certain features of local society that make them as much Indian as Jewish. At least one of these traits, the acceptance of a caste structure, violates & even defies the standards of the Halakha. "
Jews of Cochin Israel 2,250 - - - 1982 Ross, Dan. Acts of Faith: A Journey to the Fringes of Jewish Identity. New York: St. Martin's Press (1982); pg. 194. "The Jews of India are a varied lot, divided into distinct communities... When India's Jewish population was at its greatest (during the mid-1940s), Bene Israel made up two-thirds of its approximately thirty thousand Jews. The others fell into equally well-defined categories: --The Jews of Cochin, on India's southwest coast... Cochin never lost contact with the rest of the Jewish world, as did the Bene Israel, so their identity was never challenged. More than 90% of Cochin's 2,500 Jews have moved to Israel. "
Jews of Cochin - Black Jews India - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "The Cochin Jews are divided into three castes: the White Jews, the Black Jews and the Meshuararim. The Black Jews, whose skin is dark in colour, are the descendants of the original Jewish settlers who converted a number of their native slaves and servants and then, over a period of time, intermarried with them... in the 17th and 18th centuries Dutch Jews probably intermarried with the wealthiest families of the established Jewish community, but they came to form the White Jewish caste and completely distinguished themselves from the Black Jews... "
Jews of Cochin - Meshuararim India - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "The Cochin Jews are divided into three castes: the White Jews, the Black Jews and the Meshuararim... The third caste, the Meshuararim, is made up of the slave and servant converts of white Jews. "
Jews of Cochin - White Jews India - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 2081. "The Cochin Jews are divided into three castes: the White Jews, the Black Jews and the Meshuararim... in the 17th and 18th centuries Dutch Jews probably intermarried with the wealthiest families of the established [Indian] Jewish community, but they came to form the White Jewish caste and completely distinguished themselves from the Black Jews who they claimed were not of 'pure' Jewish descent. The skin colour of the White Jews ranges from white to medium brown. "
Ji Japan 350,000 - 494
units
- 1945 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 105. "Pure Land School [of Buddhism]:... Minor differences exist in the four Japanese sects of Jodo (8,245 temples & 3,646,000 adherents), Shin (19,815 & 13,327,000), Yuzenembutsu (357 & 153,000), and Ji (494 & 350,000). "


Ji, continued

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