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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to Jainism, Latin America

Jainism, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Jainism Latin America 0 0.00% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Jainism Nepal 21,500 0.10% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 565, 567. "Location: Nepal; Population: 21.5 million "; "The religious makeup of the population is: Hindu (86.2%), Buddhist (7.8%), Muslim (3.8%), Christian (0.2%), Jain (0.1%), and others (1.9%). "
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 1900 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 1925 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 1950 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 1975 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "
Jainism North America 4,000 0.00% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Jainism North America 4,500 0.00% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Jainism North America 4,000 0.00% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Jainism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "
Jainism North America 7,000 0.00% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 2000 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "; [Year 2000 projection made circa 1997]
Jainism North America - 0.00% - - 2025 *LINK* web site: "Monday Morning Reality Check "; web page: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions " (viewed 25 Feb. 1999), written by Justin D. Long. Table: "North America: Decline & Fall of World Religions, 1900-2025 "; "North America, defined by the U.N. to include Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon & U.S. "; listed in table as: "Jains "; [Year 2025 projection made circa 1997]
Jainism Oceania 1,000 0.00% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Jainism Oceania 1,000 0.00% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Jainism Oceania 1,000 0.00% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Jainism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "
Jainism Oceania 0 0.00% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Jainism USA 100,000 - - - 1998 McCourt, Frank. "God in America " in Life (Dec. 1998); pg. 67. "There are 10 million Jains in India and 100,000 in the U.S. "
Jainism USA 4,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998); "last updated October 1998 " Table: "'Other Than Christian' Organizations "; "Some of the following data were estimated from North American figures: "
Jainism world 427,000 - - - -527 B.C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 370. "According to Jaina tradition, Mahavira's following had swelled to 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns, and 377,000 lay people by the time of his death. In 527 B.C. (trad.) Mahavira died... "
Jainism world 558,000 - - - -526 B.C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 11). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1481. "The disciples of Mahavira were organized in communities of monks and nuns, to which their leader gave a constitution and a code of laws. According to tradition his followers consisted of 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns, 150,000 laymen and 358,000 lay women. At the head of these communities were 11 chief disciples... "
Jainism world 510,100 - - - -526 B.C.E. Fisher, Mary Pat & Robert Luyster. Living Religions, I.B. Tauris & Co.: New York (1990); pg. 94. "...Mahavira... who died approx. 526 BCE... His community is said to have consisted of 14,100 monks, 36,000 nuns, and 310,000 female and 150,000 male lay followers. "
Jainism world 1,500,000 - - - 1957 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 7. "Jainism... Its million-and-a-half followers form a tight community... Jainism is today experiencing a new surge of vigor... "
Jainism world 1,500,000 - - - 1958 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Western Publishing Co. (1972). [11th printing; original edition: 1958]; pg. 9. "Jainism, with its million-and-a-half followers, is today showing new life. It is presenting itself as the way to universal brotherhood and the end of war. "
Jainism world 1,680,000 - - - 1969 Hutchinson, John A. Paths of Faith; New York: McGraw-Hill (1969); pg. 89. "...Jainism... remains today a small but vital community of some 1,680,000 people, almost all of them in India. "
Jainism world 3,000,000 - - - 1978 Rice, Edward. Ten Religions of the East. New York: Four Winds Press (1978); pg. 2. "...the Jains of India, a sect of about 3 million members. Once a powerful faith that influenced the greater Ways of Hinduism and Buddhism and was noted as the preserver of the scriptures, epics and sciences of its larger neighbors, Jainism might have languished in the footnotes of history had it not been for the fact that one of its primary doctrines, that of ahimsa, or nonviolence, was taken up by Mohandas K. Gandhi... "
Jainism world 4,000,000 - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 371. "The movement [Jainism] is not large, numbering at present fewer than four million; but its practices and teachings have remained strong, and its influence on many dimensions of Hindu culture has been significant. "
Jainism world 2,000,000 0.04% - - 1982 *LINK* Web site: "Urantia Book Fellowship Archives "; web page: "An Introduction to Jainism " [subtitle: "The Religion of Asceticism "] (viewed 11 April 1999). Written by Meredith Sprunger, apparently in 1982 if this one is like accompanying essays. "Jainism, founded by Mahavira in the sixth century, has around two million adherents in India most of whom are business people who have wealth and social importance far beyond their numerical significance. " [Approx. 1982 world pop.: 4.6 billion.]
Jainism world 1,500,000 - - - 1983 Berger, Gilda. Religion: A Reference First Book. New York: Franklin Watts (1983); pg. 45. "Jainism. A religion of India practiced by an estimated 1.5 million people. "
Jainism world 2,000,000 - - - 1983 Hopfe, Lews M. Religions of the World, Macmillan Publishing Co.: New York (1983) [3rd edition]; pg. 158. "...while Jainism and its ascetic movement may have been very popular in India at one time, today it is considered a minority sect of Hinduism. In its purest form it appeals to less than two million people, mainly in the Bombay region... "
Jainism world - - - - 1983 Oxtoby, Willard G. The Meaning of Other Faiths. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press (1983); pg. 39. "The remaining candidates [for a list of world religions, after Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Sikhism, Taoism, Confucianism] are Shinto...; Jainism, an Indian tradition about as old as Buddhism; and Zoroastrianism... "
Jainism world 3,000,000 - - - 1984 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984]; pg. 256. "The community [Jainism] at present includes only some 3 million persons (roughly one-half of 1 per cent of India's population); and its relative size has been small throughout its history. "
Jainism world 2,000,000 - - - 1990 Noss., David S. & John B. Noss. A History of the World's Religions. Macmillian (1990).; pg. 156. "Today the Jains number approximately two million, most being in the Bombay area, where in early life Mahatma Gandhi felt their influence on his own outlook. "
Jainism world 4,000,000 - - - 1990 Palmer, Spencer J. & Roger R. Keller. Religions of the World: A Latter-day Saint View, Brigham Young University: Provo, Utah (1990); pg. 35. "Although they number only about four million members,they are a significant force in the economic and social life of India. "
Jainism world 3,000,000 - - - 1991 Eliade, Mircea & Ioan P. Couliano. The Eliade Guide to World Religions. Harper Collins: New York (1991); pg. 164. "According to a 1976 poll, the total number of Zoroastrians in the world reached 130,000, of which 77,000 lived in India, 25,000 in Iran, 5,000 in Pakistan, and 23,000 in the United States. "
Jainism world 10,000,000 - - - 1991 *LINK* Wilson, Andrew (ed). "The World Religions and their Scriptures " in World Scripture. International Religious Foundation, 1991. (viewed 9 July 1999) "Jainism is the religion of about ten million people in India... "
Jainism world 3,000,000 - - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 254. "They number about three million. "
Jainism world 3,500,000 - - - 1993 Clarke, Peter B. (editor), The Religions of the World: Understanding the Living Faiths, Marshall Editions Limited: USA (1993); pg. 145. "Jainism is one of the smallest religions in the world, with an estimated following of 3.5 million, nearly all of whom live in India. "
Jainism world 3,500,000 - - - 1993 Johnstone. Operation World. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan (1993); pg. 23. World totals: "Other 0.8%. Numerous other religions. 48 million. Mainly new religious movements, also Jain 3.5 million, Parsee 170,000, and others. "
Jainism world 10,000,000 - - - 1993 O'Brien, J. & M. Palmer. The State of Religion Atlas. Simon & Schuster: New York (1993); pg. 24. world total: 10 million (Source: Nemu Chandaria)
Jainism world - - - - 1994 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "JAINISM: although this RELIGION probably dates to at least the eighth century B.C. most Western scholars trace its founding to MAHVIRA in the sixth century B.C. "
Jainism world 4,886,000 0.09% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Jainism world 4,920,000 0.08% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Jainism world 3,794,000 0.10% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Jainism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "
Jainism world 4,886,000 - - - 1997 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything, DK Publishing, Inc.: New York (1997); pg. 160-161. List: "Top 10 Organized Religions in the World "; (Rank: 9)
Jainism world 8,000,000 - - - 1997 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997); pg. 10 to 11. "More than 98% of the 8 million Jains in the world today live in India. The two largest Jain communities outside India are in the UK and USA.
Jainism world 3,500,000 - - - 1997 Ganeri, Anita. Religions Explained: A Beginner's Guide to World Faiths, Henry Hold and Company: Markham, Ontario (1997); pg. 40. "Today there are some 3.5 million Jains, most of whom live in India. "
Jainism world 4,900,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* "Top 10 Organized Religions in the World " in Christian Science Monitor, Aug. 4, 1998, page B2. Table, with 2 columns: Religion, Members: "Christianity, 1.9 billion; Islam 1.1 billion; Hinduism, 781 mil.; Buddhism, 324 mil.; Sikhism, 19 mil.; Judaism, 14 mil.; Baha'ism, 6.1 mil.; Confucianism, 5.3 mil.; Jainism, 4.9 mil.; Shintoism, 2.8 mil. "
Jainism world 3,922,000 0.07% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Jainism world 4,500,000 - - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 3 - Asia & Oceania. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 325. "There are approximately 4.5 million Jains in India today... During the last century, numbers of Jains have migrated to East Africa, Great Britain, and the United States. They are mostly Gujarati in origin and are engaged in business and commercial ventures. Jains living in the West are often quie successful, and in many areas they have set up temples and associations to promote Jain culture. "
Jainism world 6,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "All Faiths Press "; web page: "Jainism " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) "About six million, almost exclusively in Central and South India, especially in Bombay. "
Jainism world 3,794,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: "Mike Croghan's Religion Page "; web page: "Jainism " (viewed 27 Feb. 1999; viewed & URL updated 1 July 1999) Table: "Table of Faiths "
Jainism world 4,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance The world's almost 4 million Jains are almost entirely located in India.
Jainism world 3,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (viewed circa Nov. 1998) [Original sources: J.W. Wright, Editor, The Universal Almanac, 1996, Andrews & McMeel, Kansas City. Greg H. Parsons, Executive Director, "U.S. Center for World Mission, " Pasadena, CA; quoted in Zondervan News Service, 1997-FEB-21.] Table: "Number of Adherents of World Religions "
Jainism - monastic India 5,620 - - - 1984 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 208. "According to a survey, in 1984 there were about 5,620 Jaina ascetics -- monks and nuns -- the majority belonging to the Scvetambara sect (1,200 monks and nuns), followed by the Sthanakavasis (325 monks and 520 nuns), and then the Digambaras (65 monks, 60 'lay brothers' and 50 'lay sisters'). "
Jainism - monastic India 5,620 - - - 1984 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 208. "According to a survey, in 1984 there were about 5,620 Jaina ascetics -- monks and nuns -- the majority belonging to the Shvetambara sect (1,200 monks and nuns), followed by the Sthanakavasis (325 monks and 520 nuns), and then the Digambaras (65 monks, 60 'lay brothers' and 50 'lay sisters'). "
Jainism - monastic world 50,000 - - - -527 B.C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 370. "According to Jaina tradition, Mahavira's following had swelled to 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns... by the time of his death. In 527 B.C. (trad.) Mahavira died... "
Jainism - monastic world 50,100 - - - -526 B.C.E. Fisher, Mary Pat & Robert Luyster. Living Religions, I.B. Tauris & Co.: New York (1990); pg. 94. "...Mahavira... who died approx. 526 BCE... His community is said to have consisted of 14,100 monks, 36,000 nuns, and 310,000 female and 150,000 male lay followers. "
Jainism - monastic world 5,500 - - - 1977 Folkert, Kendall W. "Jainism " in Hinnells, John R. (ed). A Handbook of Living Religions, Penguin Books: New York (1991) [reprint; 1st published in 1984]; pg. 272. "...the monastic orders contained more than 5,500 monks and nuns as of 1977. "
Jainism - monks world 14,000 - - - -527 B.C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 370. "According to Jaina tradition, Mahavira's following had swelled to 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns... by the time of his death. In 527 B.C. (trad.) Mahavira died... "
Jainism - nuns world 36,000 - - - -527 B.C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 370. "According to Jaina tradition, Mahavira's following had swelled to 14,000 monks, 36,000 nuns... by the time of his death. In 527 B.C. (trad.) Mahavira died... "
Jamaica Baptist Union Jamaica 45,150 - 303
units
- 1998 *LINK* Baptist World Alliance web site; page: "BWA Statistics " (viewed 31 March 1999). "Figures are for BWA affiliated conventions/unions only (no independents included). "; Table with 3 columns: Country, "Churches ", & "Members "; "1997/1998 Totals "
Jamaica Mennonite Church Jamaica 550 - 12
units
- 1998 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site. Directory 1998. Web page: "Carribean, Central & South America: Mennonite & Brethren in Christ Churches " JAMAICA... Jamaica Mennonite Church; Members: 550; Congregations: 12
Jansenism Europe - - - - 1700 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 372. "Jansenism (Christian). Theological system associated with Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638). It was prominent in France, the Netherlands, and Tuscany in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries but condemned repeatedly by the Papacy. It stressed that in the absence of divine grace no person can perform a meritorious action, but that once grace is given, it cannot be resisted. "
Jansenism France - - - - 1638 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "JANSEN, Cornelius Otto (1585-1638): ROMAN CATHOLIC theologian and educator who opposed the JESUITS and theologians of the COUNTER REFORMATION through his educational activities and major work Augustinus (1640). His followers became known as the JANSENISTS and strongly influenced Blaise PASCAL.; JANSENISM: French religious movement within the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH named after Cornelius Otto JANSEN. Jansenists stressed vigorous personal PIETY and predestination. They opposed the theology of the JESUITS. "
Jansenism France - - - - 1713 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 516. "The Church of St. Medard had Jansenist connections, situated as it was near Port-Royal [France] which was a renowned centre of Jansenist scholars. When the cult of Francois de Paris grew, the adherents who became known as Convulsionaries were a group of Jansenists, a sect named after a heretical Flemish bishop Cornelius Jansenius (1585-1638). The Vatican had issued a series of Bulls condemning Jansenius's teachings, the latest of which was the Bul Unigenitus of 1713. A Jansenist heretic was therefore anyone who refused to accept this Bull. "


Jansenism, continued

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