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back to Eastern Orthodox, world

Eastern Orthodox, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Eastern Orthodox world 217,948,000 3.81% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Eastern Orthodox world 218,350,000 3.76% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Eastern Orthodox world 50,000,000 - - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 323-324. "...Eastern Orthodoxy places greater emphasis on the role of monasticism and on the concomitant pursuit of mystical union with God than either Roman Catholicism or Protestant Christianity. However, with about 50 million practitioners worldwide, including about 3 million in the U.S., the Orthodox make up only a small fraction of the Christian population. The Eastern Orthodox Church based in Constantinople later became known as Greek Orthodox and then as Serbian or Russian Orthodox as conversion spread northward... Modern branches include the Romanian, Bulgarian, Albanian, Ukrainian, and Carpatho-Russian Orthodox, all of which have branches in the U.S. "
Eastern Orthodox world 170,422,000 3.10% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Eastern Orthodoxy " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "
Eastern Orthodox world 187,000,000 - - - 1997 *LINK* "From: p.west@mailbox.uq.edu.au (Peter B. West); Newsgroups: aus.religion, aus.religion.christian, alt.christnet.theology; Subject: Re: Anglicans, Catholics, Buddhists?; Date: Mon, 07 Apr 1997 " [Orig. source: "From 'The Public Square' by Richard John Neuhaus (1997); First Things 70 (Feb. 1997): 58-74. http://www.firstthings.com/ "] "Among Christians, there are 56 million Anglicans, 4 million Catholics (non-Roman)... 187 million Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Greek, et al.), 347 million Protestants, and somewhat over a billion Roman Catholics. "
Eastern Orthodox world 220,000,000 - - - 1997 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 274. "The Division of Archives and Statistics of the Eastern Othodox World Foundation reported a 1970 estimate of more than 200 million Orthodox Church members throughout the world. A contemporary estimate put the number close to 220 million. "
Eastern Orthodox world 170,000,000 - - - 1997 Gallagher, Winifred. Working on God. New York: Random House (1999); pg. 108. "...September 1997... Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople, the leader of the 170 million members of the Eastern Orthodox Church. "
Eastern Orthodox world 300,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* "Briefly... " in Hinduism Today International (Feb. 1998) Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, spiritual leader of 300 million Eastern Orthodox Christians, has made the environment a "spiritual and moral issue " and excessive pollution almost a formal sin.
Eastern Orthodox world 350,000,000 - - - 1998 "Reformer picked to head Greek church " in Christian Century (June 3-10, 1998); pg. 572. "...Istanbul-based primate who is the symbolic head of the world's 350-million Orthodox Christians "
Eastern Orthodox world 139,544,000 - - - 1998 Ash, Russell. The Top 10 of Everything 1999. New York: DK Publishing (1998); pg. 76. Table: "Top 10 Christian Denominations in the World "; Rank: #2; "Listed in table as "Orthodox "
Eastern Orthodox world 227,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* OPPOSING VIEW (anti-) web page: "Orthodox " (viewed 26 Feb. 1999) "The 'Eastern Orthodox Church', with 227 million members, broke officially with the Catholic Church on July 1054... They call themselves the 'Holy Orthodox Church', or the "Orthodox Church of the East', and are called by others, 'Greek Orthodox', or 'Russian Orthodox'. "
Eastern Orthodox world 227,000,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* OPPOSING VIEW (anti-) web site: "Religion and 101 Cults ", by J. Dominguez; web page: "'Branches' of Christianity (General) "; (viewed 27 Feb. 1999) "Today, in 1998, the number is 2,100 million: 1,100 Catholics, 227 Orthodox, 773 Protestants. There are over 700 'denominations' "
Eastern Orthodox world 220,000,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Zuck, Jon. "Unofficial Home Page of The One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church " (last updated 21 Mar. 1999). "Name: Eastern Orthodox Church... Also known as: The Eastern Church; Orthodox Catholic Church; Chalcedonian Orthodox; Rum Orthodox... United with Western Church till 1054 when Bishop of Rome and Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other... Greatest concentrations in Eastern Europe, Russia and other formerly Soviet countries, and the Middle East... Headquarters and 'CEO': Istanbul, Turkey; Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Bartholomew I; Constituent churches with estimated membership: Total membership may exceed 220,000,000. Second-largest Christian denomination in the world. "
Eastern Orthodox world - - - - 1999 *LINK* Zuck, Jon. "Unofficial Home Page of The One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church " (last updated 21 Mar. 1999). "Eastern Orthodox Church... Constituent churches:... Autocephalic Churches: Church of Constantinople (sub: Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America; Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America; American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese; Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA; Greek Orthodox Metropolitanate of Canada; Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Canada; Greek Orthodox Metropolitanate of Central America; Greek Orthodox Metropolitanate of South America; Church of Estonia); Church of Alexandria; Church of Antioch (sub: Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of New York and All North America); Church of Jerusalem; Church of Russia; Church of Georgia; Church of Serbia; Church of Rumania; Church of Bulgaria; Church of Cyprus; Church of Greece; Church of Albania; Church of Poland; Church of the Czech and Slovak Republics; Orthodox Church in America; Autonomous Churches: Church of Sinai; Church of Finland; Church of Japan; Church of Ukraine "
Eastern Orthodox Yugoslavia 6,988,901 80.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] table "Religion "; based on self-identification of religious preference.; listed in table as "Christian Orthodox "
Eastern Orthodox Yugoslavia - 80.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] "The Orthodox population is the most numerous (80%), but it is not equally present in all regions of the country. Most of the Orthodox believers live in Central Serbia (over 90%). This population is above the Republic average in Belgrade (84%), and below the average in Montenegro (69%) and Vojvodina (58%), and particularly in Kosovo and Metohija. "
Eastern Orthodox Yugoslavia: Belgrade - 84.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] "The Orthodox population is the most numerous (80%), but it is not equally present in all regions of the country. Most of the Orthodox believers live in Central Serbia (over 90%). This population is above the Republic average in Belgrade (84%), and below the average in Montenegro (69%) and Vojvodina (58%), and particularly in Kosovo and Metohija. "
Eastern Orthodox Yugoslavia: Central Serbia - 90.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] "The Orthodox population is the most numerous (80%), but it is not equally present in all regions of the country. Most of the Orthodox believers live in Central Serbia (over 90%). This population is above the Republic average in Belgrade (84%), and below the average in Montenegro (69%) and Vojvodina (58%), and particularly in Kosovo and Metohija. "
Eastern Orthodox Yugoslavia: Vojvodina - 58.00% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Yugoslavia.com "; web page: "Population: Religion " (viewed 30 Jan. 1999). [Orig. source: Source: Federal Buerau of Statistics, 1991., Veroispovest, volum 2 - 1993.] "The Orthodox population is the most numerous (80%), but it is not equally present in all regions of the country. Most of the Orthodox believers live in Central Serbia (over 90%). This population is above the Republic average in Belgrade (84%), and below the average in Montenegro (69%) and Vojvodina (58%), and particularly in Kosovo and Metohija. "
Eastern Orthodox Yukon - - - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. & Susan Bevan Gall (editors). Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces. Detroit: U.X.L. (1997), [Source: Canadian Census]; pg. 186. "In 1991, 43.1% of the population--or about 12,000 people--was Protestant... There were less than 100 people each of the following: Eastern Orthodox, Jews, Moslems, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Hindus. "
Eastern Orthodox Yukon 100 0.36% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Statistics Canada "; web page: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); Source: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 93-319-XPB. table: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census "
Eastern Orthodox - active Russia - 4.00% - - 2000 *LINK* Moore, Carrie A. "Pastor faces hurdles in Russia " in Deseret News (26 Feb 2000) "Igor Volovodov, pastor of St. Apostles Peter and Paul United Methodist Church in Voronezh, Russia, said this week that... Though the vast majority of Russians align themselves with the Russian Orthodox Church, Volovodov says it's because 'of tradition, rather than belief. It's cultural rather than religious. Only about 4 percent of the people consider themselves Orthodox and go to church.' "
Eastern Orthodox - attend weekly Greece - urban - 20.00% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 182-183. "Location: Greece; Population: Over 10 million; Religion: Eastern Orthodox Church of Christ "; "Over 97% of today's Greeks belong to the Orthodox Church... Religion plays a more important role in the lives of village residents than in those of urban dwellers, of whom only about one-fifth attend church on a weekly basis. Country life revolves around the local church and religions observances... "
Eastern Orthodox - autocephalous or autonomous of the Ecumenical Patriarchate Germany 450,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* web site: "Religionswissenschaftlicher Medien- und Informationsdienst e.V. " [REMID: Religious Studies Media and Information Service, Marburg, Germany]; web page: "Informationen und Standpunkte " (viewed 2 Aug. 1999). Table: "Religious communities in Germany: Numbers of members " [data published July, 1999]; Listed as "Autokephale oder autonome Kirchen des Ökumenischen Patriarchates von Konstantinopel " in table. Source: REMID. [Listed in 'Orthodox and Eastern Churches' section.]
Eastern Orthodox - not further defined New Zealand 3,612 0.10% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "VisionNet Census " (created by a Protestant group); web page: Orthodox Christian groups (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); original source: Statistics New Zealand Data taken from New Zealand national censuses, based on self-identification, down to denominational level. Total 1996 NZ population: 3,616,633. Listed in table as "Eastern Orthodox - not further defined "
Eastern Orthodox - other USA 191,000 - - - 1995 *LINK* OPPOSING VIEW (anti-) web page: "Orthodox " (viewed 26 Feb. 1999); [Orig. source: 1995 Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches] "The Orthodox in the U.S.A.: Total: 1,885,436; Orthodox Church of America: 600,000; Armenian Diocese: 414,000; Antiochian Archidioceses: 350,000; Coptic Church: 180,000; Armenian Apostolic: 150,000; Other (8 denominations): 191,000 "
Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church in America world 175 - 3
units
- 1970 Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions, vol. 1. McGrath Publishing Co.: Wilmington, NC (1978); pg. 79. -
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Delaware 118 0.02% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members' column: 93. [Listed as 'Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church.']
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Florida 49 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 39.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Georgia, USA 87 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 68.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Illinois 135 0.00% 3
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 110.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Maryland 93 0.00% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 73.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Missouri 40 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 33.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church New Jersey 46 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 37.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church New York 138 0.00% 2
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 107.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Pennsylvania 3,121 0.03% 32
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 2,509.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Texas 39 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 30.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Texas 30 0.00% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from MEMBERS column ( "Members " in this study includes only communicant, confirmed members with full membership status), not the more inclusive "adherents " column.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Texas 39 0.00% - - 1990 Ramos, Mary G. (ed). 1996-1997 Texas Almanac. Dallas, TX: Dallas Morning News (1995). [Source: Glenmary: "Churches & Church Membership in the U.S., 1990 "]; pg. 325-327. Table: "Religious Groups, Members/Adherents, In Texas, 1990 "; pg. 7: Texas pop. (1990 U.S. census): 16,986,335; "Data based on reports from 133 church bodies. "; This figure is from ADHERENT column ( "Adherents " defined as all members, incl. regular participants not considered as communicant.), not the more restrictive "member " column.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church USA 3,881 - 47
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns.
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church USA 3,534 - 58
units
- 1998 *LINK* Mennonite World Conference web site. Directory 1998. Web page: "USA/Canada: Mennonite & Brethren in Christ Churches " USA... Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church and Related Areas; Members: 3,534; Congregations: 58; [Listed in 'USA' rather than 'USA/Canada' section.]
Eastern Pennsylvania Mennonite Church Vermont 15 0.00% 1
unit
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. More exclusive 'members': 12.
Ebionites Asia - - - - 400 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 768. "Remnants of Jewish Christianity survived in various places in Palestine, Syria and Egypt until the 5th century. Its members clung to the original tenets of their faith, being characterized by their observance of the Mosaic Law, their belief that Jesus was of human origin, and their hostility to Paul. They are known only through the garbled and prejudiced accounts of orthodox Christian writers, who regarded them as heretics. They are named either as Ebionites or Nazarenes, and various strange beliefs and customs are ascribed to them; it is likely that some groups did adopt Gnostic ideas or held beliefs that stemmed from the Qumran Covenanters. "
Ebionites Israel - - - - 50 C.E. *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "EBIONITES: an early CHRISTIAN HERESY referred to by IRENAEUS whose BELIEFS are obscure. They are thought to have been a poor JEWISH CHRISTIAN SECT which rejected PAULINE CHRISTIANITY and affirmed the Gospel of Matthew. "
Ebionites world - - - - 50 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 767. "The theory that the Jerusalem Christians were called Ebionim has been further strengthened, but at the same time made more complicated, by the fact that the evidence of the Dead Sea Scrolls seems to indicate that the Qumran community may also have called themselves Ebionim. This Qumranic use would, accordingly, suggest that 'Ebionim' was truly an honorific Jewish title current at the time of Christ, and that common usage of it may indicate some connection between the Qumran Covenanters and the original Christian community at Jerusalem. But, however that particular issue may be assessed, what is important ihere is that fact that, if the Jerusalem Christians were indeed known as Ebionim, the evidence of Irenaeus reveals a surprising situation: namely, that by the 2nd century these original Christians, or their immediate descendants, were regarded as heretics by an orthodox Church Father such as Irenaeus. "
Ebionites world - - - - 100 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 767. "St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr: he was charged with blasphemy because, in contrast to the Ebionites who believed that Christianity was a perfected Judaism, he was hostile to the orthodox cult of the Jewish Temple. He was condemned to death and stoned. "
Ebionites world - - - - 150 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 767. "The name 'Ebionites' was first used in the 2nd century by the Christian writer Irenaeus to describe a Christian heretical sect. This strange name may go back to the very beginnings of Christianity. Many scholars cite, in this connection, the Apostle Paul's statement in his Epistle to the Romans (chapter 15) about a financial contribution that had been organized in Greece 'for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem'. The reference here is clerely to members of the original Christian community at Jerusalem who were in need. It has, however, been suggested that the expression 'the poor' may not just denote a state of poverty, but rather be an honorific title assumed by the Jerusalem Christians... the 'poor', which in Hebrew speech would be the 'Ebionim', the Greek word 'Ebionites'... This conclusion means that, by the 2nd century,a sect of Christian heretics bore the same name as the original Jewish Christian community at Jerusalem. "
Ebionites world 0 - - - 500 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 386-387. "Ebionites ('Poor Ones'): Jews who believed that Jesus was the Messiah but kept many of their Jewish practices and split with Paul over his dismissal of Mosaic law or Torah. They believed that Jesus was human but not divine, accepted only the Gospel of Matthew, and disappeared after the 5th century. "
Eckankar Australia 829 0.00% - - 1996 *LINK* Parliament of Australia web site; page: "Census 96: Religion " (viewed 18 Dec. 1999) Self-identification, from 1996 govt. census.
Eckankar Australia - - - - 1998 *LINK* Ireland, Rowan. Web site: La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia; web page: "New Religious Associations in Australia ", written January 1998. (Viewed 4 July 1999). "Eckankar, Religion of the Light and Sound of God is chartered in Australia as a religious organisation. "
Eckankar Germany, West 600 - - - 1987 Clarke, Peter B. The New Evangelists: Recruitment, Method and Aims of New Religious Movements, London: Ethnographics (1987); pg. 10 to 14. "Another more detailed assessment for West Germany covering many more movements concludes that well over one million people are involved or 'influenced' by new religions, with a 'full-time' membership of 64,200. The estimated full time membership for 12 of these movements is: " [table]
Eckankar North Carolina: New Hanover County - - 1
unit
- 1998 *LINK* web site (1998): Wilmington Morning Star (N. Carolina newspaper); Special/Thursday, Aug. 20, 1998 "in New Hanover County... This list of active religious groups is based primarily on Southern Bell's Yellow Pages and the Morning Star's weekly list of worship services " [List of churches & # of congregations]
Eckankar Saskatchewan: Saskatoon - - 1
unit
- 1988 *LINK* web site: Saskatoon Free-Net:Religion (viewed 1998) citywide religion directory for Saskatoon & area
Eckankar USA - - 15
units
- 1972 Godwin, John. Occult America; Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc. (1972); pg. 114. "But within the metaphysical world [Twitchell] looms large indeed. With an estimated 500,000 followers worldwide, fifteen centers in the US and four overseas, and a weekly mailbag of some 10,000 letters... "
Eckankar USA - - - - 1981 Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 320. "The teachings of the Eckankar movement founded by Paul Twitchell are largely those of Radha Soami. "
Eckankar USA 18,000 - - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 15-17. Table 1-2: Self-Described Adherence of U.S. Adult Population 1990. Phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by Graduate School of City U. of New York.
Eckankar world 500,000 - 19
units
- 1972 Godwin, John. Occult America; Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc. (1972); pg. 114. "But within the metaphysical world [Twitchell] looms large indeed. With an estimated 500,000 followers worldwide, fifteen centers in the US and four overseas, and a weekly mailbag of some 10,000 letters... "
Eckankar world 50,000 - - - 1982 Petersen, William J. Those Curious New Cults in the 80s. New Canaan, Connecticut: Keats Publishing (1982); pg. 286. "Ever since Journalist Paul Twitchell developed Eckankar in 1964, it has been growing into a world-wide religion. Today it boasts of more than 3 million followers around the world; but actual membership may be closer to 50,000. "
Eckankar world 3,000,000 - - - 1982 Petersen, William J. Those Curious New Cults in the 80s. New Canaan, Connecticut: Keats Publishing (1982); pg. 286. "Ever since Journalist Paul Twitchell developed Eckankar in 1964, it has been growing into a world-wide religion. Today it boasts of more than 3 million followers around the world; but actual membership may be closer to 50,000. "
Eckankar world - - - 100
countries
1993 *LINK* Religious Requirements & Practices of Certain Selected Groups: A Handbook for Chaplains (1993) - (online ed. - 1998); contract #: MDA903-90-C-0062 w/ Dept. of Defense; J. Gordon Melton, Project Director & James Lewis. "MEMBERSHIP: Members in over one hundred countries and facilities in North America, Europe, Africa, Australia and Asia. "
Eckankar world - - - - 1994 *LINK* Hexham, Irving. Concise Dictionary of Religion. Carol Stream, USA: InterVarsity Press (1994). (v. online 6 Oct. 1999) "ECKENKAR... founded in 1965 by Paul TRITCHELL (1908-1971) who popularized his ideas through his books The Tiger's Fang (1967), Eckenkar (1969)... In origin Eckenkar is an offshoot of Kirpal Singh's RUHANI SATSANG and the SELF REVELATION CHURCH and owes many of its ideas to the Indian SANT MAT tradition. "
Eckankar world 50,000 - 531
units
130
countries
1996 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (1998) [Orig. source: Melton, J Gordon. 1996 Encyclopedia of American Religions. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Co. Fifth Edition. (p 148)] According to Melton, as of 1996 there were 164 Eckankar centers in the United States and 367 worldwide, with members in more than 130 countries. The Center for Religious Tolerance cites that there are 50,000 members.
Eckankar world - - - 100
countries
1998 *LINK* official web site Today, Eckankar is a nonprofit religious organization and church which has members in over one hundred countries.
Eckankar world 50,000 - - 100
countries
1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance -
Eco-Spiritualists world - - - - 1991 Jade. To Know: A Guide to Women's Magic and Spirituality. Oak Park, IL: Delphi Press (1991); pg. 70. "Another group of people commonly found in the Pagan community is the Eco-Spiritualists. These are both women and men who have come to the Craft not through an identification with the occult, magic, or matriarchy, but because they feel an intimate connection to the Earth. This connection is so strong that they feel it as sacred and have sought connections between this feeling and their religion... "


Eco-Spiritualists, continued

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