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43,941 adherent statistic citations: membership and geography data for 4,300+ religions, churches, tribes, etc.

Index

back to Christian Science, USA

Christian Science, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Christian Science USA 65,000 - - - 1906 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 6). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 780. "By the turn of the century, Mrs. Eddy and her movement had become a modern wonder, even in the United States with its capacity for novelty in a vigorous, expansionist age. Wildly exaggerated claims in the daily press about the size of the movement sustained public interest. (Mrs. Eddy was commonly said to have probably a million adherents in 1906, when, in fact, the Mother Church had only 40,000 members, and when the United States census counted only 65,000 Christian Scientists in the whole country.) "
Christian Science USA - - 652
units
- 1907 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 263. "By 1907 it had 710 branch churches, with 58 abroad. "
Christian Science USA - - 1,114
units
- 1910 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 225. "At Mrs. Eddy's passing, December 3, 1910, there were 1,114 Christian Science branches of the Mother Church in the U.S. and 133 abroad. By 1958, these had expanded to 2,416 branches in the United States and 750 abroad. "
Christian Science USA 202,098 - - - 1926 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 1025. "By 1906 the federal religious census showed a membership of 85,717; by 1926, 202,098; by 1936, 268,915. Its size in later periods can only be estimated, but it would appear to have leveled off between .2 percent and .25 percent of the nat'l population. "
Christian Science USA 268,915 - - - 1936 Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970; Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Census (1975); pg. 389. "...the Church of Christ, Scientist... now forbids the enumeration of its numbers & the publication of statistics of affiliation. The local churches of this body reported a total membership of 268,915 in the Census of Religious Bodies for 1936, but have made no public report since then. "
Christian Science USA 268,915 - - - 1936 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 1025. "By 1906 the federal religious census showed a membership of 85,717; by 1926, 202,098; by 1936, 268,915. Its size in later periods can only be estimated, but it would appear to have leveled off between .2 percent and .25 percent of the nat'l population. "
Christian Science USA 238,000 - - - 1936 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 477. "In 1936, at the last census of religious bodies in the United States, some 238,000 people were recorded as Christian Scientists in that country, and this certainly constituted the great majority of adherents in the world at the time. "
Christian Science USA 268,915 - - - 1936 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990), 80. "The government census of 1936 reported 268,915 members in the U.S. "
Christian Science USA 268,915 - - - 1936 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 225-226. "The 1936 US Census, the last to publish religious affiliation, listed a U.S. Christian Science membership of 268,915, of whom about 31% were men. "
Christian Science USA 225,000 - - - 1946 Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (1988); pg. 20. [In USA at close of World War II (1946): "...another 300,000 were Jehovah's Witnesses; 225,000 were Christian Scientists; nearly 200,000 were Spiritualists; and 70,000 were Buddhists. "
Christian Science USA - - 2,416
units
- 1958 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 225. "At Mrs. Eddy's passing, December 3, 1910, there were 1,114 Christian Science branches of the Mother Church in the U.S. and 133 abroad. By 1958, these had expanded to 2,416 branches in the United States and 750 abroad. "
Christian Science USA 400,000 - - - 1973 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 985-986. "The historic testimony and ways of about 100,000 Unitarians or 400,000 Christian Scientists or a handful of surviving Shakers are better known, even in many seminaries, than the faith of America's nearly three million Orthodox. "
Christian Science USA - 0.25% - - 1973 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 1025. "By 1906 the federal religious census showed a membership of 85,717; by 1926, 202,098; by 1936, 268,915. Its size in later periods can only be estimated, but it would appear to have leveled off between .2 percent and .25 percent of the nat'l population. "
Christian Science USA - - 1,856
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science USA 214,000 - - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 15-17. Table 1-2: Self-Described Adherence of U.S. Adult Population 1990. Phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by Graduate School of City U. of New York.
Christian Science USA - 0.10% - - 1992 Bloom, Harold. The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation. New York: Simon & Schuster (1992); pg. 132. "[Eddy's] will sufficed, and though her religion now scarcely claims one American in a thousand, it still maintains a tenacious life among us. "
Christian Science USA - 0.25% - - 1992 Bloom, Harold. The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation. New York: Simon & Schuster (1992); pg. 138. "Mrs. Eddy arose and walked, and about one quarter of one percent of her fellow countrywomen and men these days attempt to arise and walk with her, to arise and walk in the will, which she has taught them to believe is the mind of God. "
Christian Science USA - - 2,400
units
- 1996 World Almanac and Book of Facts 1998; K-III Reference Corp.: Macwah, NJ (1997). [Orig. sources: 1997 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches; World Almanac research]; pg. 651. Table: "Membership of Religious Groups in U.S. "; Membership figs. generally based on reports from officials by each group. Figs. are inclusive: refer to all "members, " not simply full communicants.
Christian Science USA - - 2,200
units
- 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Orig. sources: 1999 Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches; World Almanac research]; pg. 692. Table: "Membership of Religious Groups in U.S. "; Based on reports from officials by each group. Figs. inclusive; refer to all "members ". Listed as Church of Christ Scientist
Christian Science USA - - 1,600
units
- 1998 *LINK* web site: Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance -
Christian Science Utah - - 7
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science Utah - - 6
units
- 1999 *LINK* Stack, Peggy Fletcher. "Healer Mary Baker Eddy Went Where Few Women Went Before " in Salt Lake Tribune (February 27, 1999), viewed online 1 March 1999. "There are 3,000 Christian Science congregations worldwide and six in Utah. The church does not give out membership figures, but three churches in Salt Lake City have at least 16 members and 'societies' with any number of members are meeting in Ogden, Park City and St. George. "
Christian Science Utah: Salt Lake City 48 - 3
units
- 1999 *LINK* Stack, Peggy Fletcher. "Healer Mary Baker Eddy Went Where Few Women Went Before " in Salt Lake Tribune (February 27, 1999), viewed online 1 March 1999. "There are 3,000 Christian Science congregations worldwide and six in Utah. The church does not give out membership figures, but three churches in Salt Lake City have at least 16 members and 'societies' with any number of members are meeting in Ogden, Park City and St. George. "
Christian Science Vermont - - 13
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science Virginia - - 28
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science Washington - - 73
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science Washington, D.C. - - 6
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns.
Christian Science West Virginia - - 9
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science Wisconsin - - 55
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Church of Christ Scientist.']
Christian Science world 27 - - - 1880 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 242. "Christian Science grew from 27 members in 1880 to 8,724 in 1890, 65,717 in 1906, and 202,098 by 1926. "
Christian Science world 50 - 1
unit
1
country
1882 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 1022. "In 1882 [Christian Science] had consisted of one fractious fifty-member congregation [in Massachusetts]; in 1890, 20 churches, 90 societies, at least 250 practitioners, 33 teaching centers, and a journal with a circulation of ten thousand. "
Christian Science world - - 110
units
- 1890 Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People; Yale University Press: New Haven & London (1973); pg. 1022. "In 1882 [Christian Science] had consisted of one fractious fifty-member congregation [in Massachusetts]; in 1890, 20 churches, 90 societies, at least 250 practitioners, 33 teaching centers, and a journal with a circulation of ten thousand. "
Christian Science world 8,724 - - - 1890 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 242. "Christian Science grew from 27 members in 1880 to 8,724 in 1890, 65,717 in 1906, and 202,098 by 1926. "
Christian Science world - - - - 1900 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 477. "The movement grew rapidly in America in its early years... Though the movement has not placed much emphasis on missionary work, Christian Science spread to Britain and other English-speaking countries before the end of the 19th century. In continental Europe, success was generally confined to Protestant countries, particularly Germany and Switzerland. "
Christian Science world 65,717 - - - 1906 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 242. "Christian Science grew from 27 members in 1880 to 8,724 in 1890, 65,717 in 1906, and 202,098 by 1926. "
Christian Science world - - 710
units
- 1907 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 263. "By 1907 it had 710 branch churches, with 58 abroad. "
Christian Science world - - 1,227
units
- 1910 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 225. "At Mrs. Eddy's passing, December 3, 1910, there were 1,114 Christian Science branches of the Mother Church in the U.S. and 133 abroad. By 1958, these had expanded to 2,416 branches in the United States and 750 abroad. "
Christian Science world 202,098 - - - 1926 Finke, Roger & Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press (1992; 3rd printing 1997); pg. 242. "Christian Science grew from 27 members in 1880 to 8,724 in 1890, 65,717 in 1906, and 202,098 by 1926. "
Christian Science world 270,000 - - - 1935 Kephart, William M. & William W. Zellner. Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Life-Styles (5th Ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press (1994); pg. 160. "The church has been losing members, down from a reported 270,000 in the mid-1930s to about 150,000 today. "
Christian Science world 268,915 - - - 1936 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 267. "Its maximum worldwide membership may have approached 500,000 by the 1950s (the last reported membership in 1936 was 268,915). "
Christian Science world - - 2,300
units
- 1945 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 267. "The total number of branch churches today (around 2,700) is only slightly larger than in World War II (around 2,300). "
Christian Science world 500,000 - - - 1955 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 267. "Its maximum worldwide membership may have approached 500,000 by the 1950s (the last reported membership in 1936 was 268,915). "
Christian Science world - - 3,100
units
- 1957 Welles, Sam. The World's Great Religions, New York: Time Incorporated (1957); pg. 205. "Church of Christ, Scientist has some 3,100 branches in the world. "
Christian Science world - - 3,200
units
48
countries
1958 Johnson, Paul. A History of the American People; New York: Haprer Collins (1997). [Orig. source: R. Peel: "Christian Science: Its Encounter with American Culture " (New York 1958)]; pg. 300. "[Christian Science] quickly spread into 3,200 branches in forty-eight countries. "
Christian Science world - - 3,166
units
- 1958 Spence, Hartzell. The Story of America's Religions; New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1960) [1st printing 1957]; pg. 225. "At Mrs. Eddy's passing, December 3, 1910, there were 1,114 Christian Science branches of the Mother Church in the U.S. and 133 abroad. By 1958, these had expanded to 2,416 branches in the United States and 750 abroad. "
Christian Science world - - - - 1970 Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 4). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 477. "No more recent membership figures are available but the number of practitioners declined in most American states and in Great Britain between 1953 and 1968. Obviously, numbers of practitioners are at best an indirect guide to the fortunes of the movement but except in California, Florida and Texas few new churches have been established in the last two decades and this suggests that Christian Science has now passed its period of growth and that it is likely to decline in the future. "
Christian Science world - - 3,300
units
45
countries
1973 Zehavi, A.M. (editor) Handbook of the World's Religions. New York: Franklin Watts (1973); pg. 10. "Christian Science, a religion founded in the U.S. in 1879, now a world-wide denomination with approximately 3,300 churches in 45 countries. "
Christian Science world - - 3,000
units
- 1987 Bishop, Peter & Michael Darton (editors). The Encyclopedia of World Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's Living Faiths. New York: Facts on File Publications (1987); pg. 150. "After some years of difficulty and a certain amount of suppression, the movement spread rapidly to become world wide -- although since 1950 world membership is said to have declined. Nearly 3,000 Christian Science churches hold daily and weekly services. There are, however, two types of Christian Scientist: those inside the Church... and those outside the Church who nevertheless adhere to the tenets, study the readings daily, and follow the way of life implicit in the beliefs. "
Christian Science world - - 2,700
units
66
countries
1990 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (9th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1990), 79-80. "The approximately 2,700 local Churches of Christ, Scientist, as branches of the Mother Church, are organized under the laws of the states or countries in which they exist. "; pg. 80: "Today Christian Science churches have been established in some 66 countries, with the largest concentrations in English- and German-speaking areas. "
Christian Science world 150,000 - - - 1992 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (1998) [Orig. source: Melton, J. Gordon Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1986. 23-28.] In the Spring 1992 edition of the Christian Research Journal, William Alnor states church membership had gone from 268,000 members in the 1930s to 150,000 members in 1992
Christian Science world - - 2,700
units
68
countries
1993 Bedell, Kenneth (ed.). Yearbook of American & Canadian Churches 1993. Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn (1993); pg. 68. "local branch churches around the world, of which there are nearly 2,700 in 68 countries today. "
Christian Science world - - - 60
countries
1993 Clarke, Peter B. (editor), The Religions of the World: Understanding the Living Faiths, Marshall Editions Limited: USA (1993); pg. 202. "The movement has spread from the United States to more than 60 countries around the world. "
Christian Science world - - 2,400
units
70
countries
1993 Mead, Frank S. (revised by Samuel S. Hill), Handbook of Denominations in the United States (10th Ed.), Abingdon Press: Nashville, Tenn. (1995). -
Christian Science world 350,000 - - - 1993 Washington, Peter. Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: A History of the Mystics, Mediums, and Misfits Who Brought Spiritualism to America; New York: Schocken Books (1993); pg. 18. "The [Christian Science] church still survives with almost 350,000 members. "
Christian Science world 300,000 - - - 1994 Chalfant, H. Paul, et al. Religion in Contemporary Society (3rd Ed.); Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Publishers (1994); pg. 161. "Christian Science grew rather slowly in the first half of the 20th century, but its influence now extends far beyond its estimated 300,000 members. "
Christian Science world 150,000 - 2,700
units
- 1994 Kephart, William M. & William W. Zellner. Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Life-Styles (5th Ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press (1994); pg. 150. "The Christian Science Journal, published monthly, lists the churches, and a simple count reveals that there are nearly 2,700 branches worldwide. Informed sources put the current membership at nearly 150,000. The Manual is clear on what it takes to form a church: 'A member of The Mother Church who obeys its By-Laws and is a loyal exemplary Christian Scientist working in the field is eligible to form a church... A branch church... shall not be organized with less than sixteen loyal Christian Scientists, four of whom are members of the Mother Church. This membership shall include at least one active practitioner whose card is published i the list of practitioners in the Christian Science Journal' "
Christian Science world 150,000 - - - 1994 Kephart, William M. & William W. Zellner. Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Life-Styles (5th Ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press (1994); pg. 160. "The church has been losing members, down from a reported 270,000 in the mid-1930s to about 150,000 today. "
Christian Science world - - 2,400
units
63
countries
1995 Magida, Arthur J. (ed). How to be a Perfect Stranger: A Guide to Etiquette in Other People's Religious Ceremonies. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing (1996); pg. 73-74. "The church consists of The Mother Church--the First Church of Christ, Scientist--in Boston and approximately 2,400 branch churches in about 63 countries around the world. "; Pg. 74: "U.S. churches: 2,400 [sic]; U.S. membership: Not available; (data from the 1995 Yearkbook of American and Canadian Churches) "
Christian Science world - - 3,000
units
50
countries
1997 Breuilly, Elizabeth, et al. Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. Facts on File Inc.: New York, NY (1997); pg. 65. "There are about 3,000 Christian Science churches and organizations in more than 50 countries. "
Christian Science world - - 2,700
units
- 1997 Conkin, Paul K. American Originals: Homemade Varieties of Christianity, The University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, NC (1997); pg. 267. "The total number of branch churches today (around 2,700) is only slightly larger than in World War II (around 2,300). "
Christian Science world 400,000 - - - 1998 Chryssides, George. Exploring New Religions. London, U.K.: Cassells (1999). "I have selected the best available [statistics], providing a range where adjudication is impossible... Christian Science:... World: 400,000 (1998) [original source: Ontario Consultants for Religious Tolerance web site]; (active: 100,000 (1997))... "
Christian Science world - - 2,400
units
63
countries
1998 *LINK* Ireland, Rowan. Web site: La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia; web page: "New Religious Associations in Australia ", written January 1998. (Viewed 4 July 1999). "So far, 65 religious groups and associations have completed a questionnaire and are listed below... The Church of Christ, Scientist, (commonly known as Christian Science)... There are now approximately 2,400 branch churches in 63 countries around the world. "
Christian Science world - - 2,200
units
70
countries
1998 *LINK* official church web site Christian Scientists live in all parts of the world, particularly in the 70 different countries where Christian Science churches are located. Official Directory: approximately 2,200 branches
Christian Science world 170,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Opposing/non-objective viewpoint web site: "Online Guide to the Major Cults "; web page (1998): "Quick Reference on Christian Science " "Christian Science: The Church of Christ (Scientist)... Current Membership: 170,000 Current Headquarters: Boston, MA "
Christian Science world 400,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* web site: New Religious Movements (University of Virginia) (1998) Undocumented "sources " cited by the Church of Christ, Scientist unofficial web page estimate numbers between 150,000 members and 400,000 members.


Christian Science, continued

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