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back to Cathars, Europe

Cathars, continued...

Group Where Number
of
Adherents
% of
total
pop.
Number
of
congreg./
churches/
units
Number
of
countries
Year Source Quote/
Notes
Cathars Europe - - - - 1200 C.E. Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 3). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 422. "The Cathars, also known as Albigenses (from the twon of Albi, north-east of Toulouse), were a powerful religious sect which flourished in the 12th and 13th centuries, chiefly in southern France and northern Italy... For more than 50 years the Roman Church tolerated Catharism, which first appeared in western Europe about the year 1140. During these years, Catharism spread so rapidly that divisions and differences developed inside the movement itself. But by the turn of the century the Church felt compelled to act... and in 1208 Pope Innocent III declared a Crusade against the Cathars, which led to a merciless war lasting 20 years... The massacre of some 200 Cathars at Montsegur in the Pyrenees in 1244 was a disaster from which the movement never recovered. "
Cathars Europe 0 0.00% - - 1250 C.E. Crim, Keith (ed.). The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins (1989). Reprint; originally pub. as Abingdon Dictionary of Living Religions, 1981; pg. 20. "Albigenses: A medieval sect named after the southern French town of Albi; they were also called 'Cathari.' They rejected orthodox Christianity and held the dualist position that all matter is evil. A Crusade began under Innocent III virtually eliminated them by 1250. "
Cathars France - - - - 1200 C.E. Malcom, Noel. Bosnia: A Short History. Washington Square, NY: New York University Press (1994); pg. 28. "A similar structure developed among the Cathars of southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, whose heresy was directly influenced by Bogomil teachings. "
Cathars France - - - - 1200 C.E. Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 326-327. "Albigensianism. Named for the town of Albi in southern France where it originated in the 11th century, this sect held doctrine that was basically Manichaean; as in many heretical sects, its members railed against the vices and worldliness of the clergy. The church's organized persecutions of them in the 13th century are legendary for their mercenary cruelty. Crusaders were offered the confiscated lands of the heretics, whom they mutilated, tortured, and slaughtered by the thousands. "
Cathars world - - - - 1300 C.E. Walker, Williston. A History of the Christian Church (3rd ed., revised by Robert T. Handy; 1st ed. 1918). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1970); pg. 98-99. "In Manichaeism Christianity had a real rival. Its spread was rapid in the empire, & it absorbed not only many of the followers of Mithraism, but the remnants of Christian-gnostic sects... Its great growth was to be in the 4th & 5th centuries, & its influence was to be felt till the late Middle Ages through sects which were heirs of its teachings, like the Cathari. "
Cathars world - - - - 1996 Occhiogrosso, Peter. The Joy of Sects: A Spirited Guide to the World's Religious Traditions. New York: Doubleday (1996); pg. 325. "Heretical sects were usually named after their founders, but around the 12th century heretics began to have generic names such as Cathars, ('the Pure'), Publicans, or Bulgars. Their argument was often as much with the corrupt state of the clergy as with points of doctrine, and they often set up separate religious societies... Although the heresies were generally crushed with great violence, they continued to pop up hundreds of years later in different parts of the world, and many still have strongholds throughout Europe. Here are a few of the major ones... Montanism... Arianism... Manichaeism... Pelagianism... Bogomils... Waldensianism... Albigensianism... Jansenism... "
Cathedral of Faith Oklahoma: Tulsa 2,000 - 1
unit
- 1992 *LINK* Thumma, Scott. web site: "Megachurches in the U.S. " (viewed Aug. 20, 1999; data collected 1992; last updated Aug. 19, 1999). Center for Social & Religious Research, Hartford Seminary. Table; "size " is avg. weekly attendance. Study finding all U.S megachurches.; Indep. cong. in Tulsa, Oklahoma; pastor Oral Roberts.
Cathedral of Praise Indiana 2,200 - 1
unit
- 1992 *LINK* Thumma, Scott. web site: "Megachurches in the U.S. " (viewed Aug. 20, 1999; data collected 1992; last updated Aug. 19, 1999). Center for Social & Religious Research, Hartford Seminary. Table; "size " is avg. weekly attendance. Study finding all U.S megachurches.; Indep. cong. in South Bend, Indiana; pastor Lester Sumrall.
Cathlamet North America - Pacific Coast 450 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Cathlamet world 450 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Cathlapotle North America - Pacific Coast 1,300 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Cathlapotle world 1,300 - - - 1780 Terrell, John Upton. American Indian Almanac. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co. (1974); pg. 430-431. Table: "The Pacific Coast: Earliest Population Estimates " (mainly relying on James Mooney, John R. Swanson, & A. L. Kroeber)
Catholic Afghanistan - - - - 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 333-367. "Christianity antedated Muslim conquest in the seventh century but was overcome by it. All inhabitants are subject to the law of Islam. Christian missionaries are prohibited. "
Catholic Africa 5,000,000 - - - 1931 Mazrui, Ali A. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company (1986); pg. 135. In 1957 "the Paris Academy of Political and Moral Sciences received some pertinent estimates... Between 1931 and 1951 the number of Muslims in the whole of Africa had risen from 40 million to 80 million in comparison with a Roman Catholic rise from 5 million to 15 million. "
Catholic Africa 7,595,000 - - - 1936 Ferm, Vergilius (ed). An Encyclopedia of Religion; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1976; 1st ed. pub. 1945 by Philosophical Library); pg. 669. "Statistics:... The Americas 141,528,000; Africa 7,595,000... [H. A. Krose in 'Lexikon fur Theologie and Kirche', VIII, 791 (1936)] "
Catholic Africa 15,000,000 - - - 1951 Mazrui, Ali A. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company (1986); pg. 135. In 1957 "the Paris Academy of Political and Moral Sciences received some pertinent estimates... Between 1931 and 1951 the number of Muslims in the whole of Africa had risen from 40 million to 80 million in comparison with a Roman Catholic rise from 5 million to 15 million. "
Catholic Africa 36,000,000 - - - 1970 *LINK* Tucker, Neely (Knight Ridder). "Growth of Christianity Is Exploding in Africa " in Salt Lake Tribune (15 Jan 2000). "Catholic membership, for example, has tripled in the past 30 years, now numbering more than 110 million... "
Catholic Africa 47,024,500 - - - 1981 Popenoe, David. Sociology (5th Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. (1983). [Source: 1981 Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 433. Table: Membership in the Major Religions of the World "
Catholic Africa 48,024,500 9.94% - - 1982 Robertson, Ian. Sociology (2nd ed.); New York, NY: Worth Publishers (1981 2nd edition; updated since 1977 1st ed.). [Orig. source: Encyclopaedia Britannica Book of the Year, 1982]; pg. 405. Table: "Estimated membership of the principal religions of the world "
Catholic Africa 107,077,000 14.70% 9,692
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 368. Table: Catholic World Statistics. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995.
Catholic Africa 122,108,000 16.77% - - 1995 The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1996 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 646. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1995 "
Catholic Africa 125,376,000 16.76% - - 1996 The World Almanac & Book of Facts 1998 (K-111 Reference Corp.: Mahwah, NJ), [Source: 1997 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 654. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1996 "
Catholic Africa 122,907,000 18.00% - - 1996 *LINK* web site: "The Geography of Religion Website " (assembled by the students of Morehead State University, under Prof. Timothy C. Pitts); web page: "The Geography of Roman Catholicism " (viewed 2 March 1999); [Orig. source: Markham, Ian S., (Editor), A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers (1996), pp. 356-357.] table with 3 columns: "Area "; "Adherents "; "Population Percentage "
Catholic Africa 114,316,000 14.67% - - 1998 World Almanac and Book of Facts 2000. Mahwah, NJ: PRIMEDIA Reference Inc. (1999). [Source: 1999 Encyc. Britannica Book of the Year]; pg. 695. Table: "Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-1998 "
Catholic Africa 100,000,000 - - - 1999 *LINK* Chambers, Steve (Religion News Service). "African Cardinal Considered A Leading Papal Candidate " in Salt Lake Tribune, Saturday, June 26, 1999 (viewed online 26 June 1999). "But Catholicism is undergoing a demographic sea change. Two-thirds of the world's 1 billion Catholics live in developing nations, 10 percent of them in Africa. "
Catholic Africa 100,000,000 - - - 1999 Shillinger, Kurt (Globe Correspondent). "Africans embrace Christian faith, with native touch " in Boston Globe (page A01, 01/03/99). [Posted to Nurel-l newslist by Frank Kaufmann]; Dateline: Harare, Zimbabwe. "Roman Catholics count more than 100 million followers in Africa, most of whom joined in the past two decades. "
Catholic Africa 175,000,000 - - - 2000 Bokenkotter, Thomas. A Concise History of the Catholic Church. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co. (1977); pg. 344. "According to some calculations, black Africa will by 57% Christian by the year 2000, and in Africa as a whole, Christians (175 million Catholics, 176 million Protestants) will surpass the 326 million Moslems. "
Catholic Africa 110,000,000 10.00% - - 2000 *LINK* Tucker, Neely (Knight Ridder). "Growth of Christianity Is Exploding in Africa " in Salt Lake Tribune (15 Jan 2000). "Catholic membership, for example, has tripled in the past 30 years, now numbering more than 110 million, meaning about one in 10 Catholics is African. "
Catholic Africa - East - - - - 1974 Bokenkotter, Thomas. A Concise History of the Catholic Church. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co. (1977); pg. 343. "Phenomenal gains have been made in the East African countries of Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, an dthe South African Country of Zambia, according to a recent report of their bishops. Between 1949 and 1974 the number of Catholics in the five countries, whose total population now stands at 45 million, rose from just above 2.5 million to 9.93 million--a 290 per cent increase. "
Catholic Africa - sub-Saharan - black 13,000,000 10.00% - - 1957 Mazrui, Ali A. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company (1986); pg. 135. In 1957 "the Paris Academy of Political and Moral Sciences received some pertinent estimates... Of the total Black population estimated at the time as being 130 million in Africa south of the Sahara, 28 million were Muslim, 13 million were Catholic, 4 million were Protestants and 85 million still followed their own indigenous religions, even though some of these traditionalists were nominally Muslim or Christian. "
Catholic Alabama 120,000 3.00% - - 1989 Greeley, Andrew M. The Catholic Myth: The Behavior and Beliefs of American Catholics. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1990). [Original sources: Official Catholic Directory, based on parish-level reporting, & U.S. 1989 Statistical Abstract]; pg. 112. Table: "Catholic Population by State "; [Greeley (author) has conduced a somewhat detailed analysis, adding some adjustments to account for statistically observed undercount, plus some other factors.]
Catholic Alabama 137,834 3.41% 172
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Catholic Church.']
Catholic Alabama - 4.50% - - 1990 Kosmin, B. & S. Lachman. One Nation Under God: Religion in Contemporary American Society; Harmony Books: New York (1993); pg. 88-93. Table 3-1: Religious Composition of State Populations, 1990 (%). Self-identification of religious loyalty, phone survey w/ 113,000 people; by City U. of New York.
Catholic Alabama 136,184 3.30% 139
units
- 1996 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 432-437. Tables: "Catholic Population of the United States " and "Percentage of Catholics in Total Population in U.S. ". Figures are as of Jan. 1, 1997.
Catholic Alabama - 13.00% - - 2001 *LINK* Kosmin, Barry A.; Egon Mayer; & Ariela Keysar. "American Religious Identity Survey. " 2001. City University of New York. ARIS: Nationwide phone survey of 50,000 American adults; open-ended question: 'What is your religion, if any?'; Listed in table: "Catholic "
Catholic Alaska 52,000 10.00% - - 1989 Greeley, Andrew M. The Catholic Myth: The Behavior and Beliefs of American Catholics. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1990). [Original sources: Official Catholic Directory, based on parish-level reporting, & U.S. 1989 Statistical Abstract]; pg. 112. Table: "Catholic Population by State "; [Greeley (author) has conduced a somewhat detailed analysis, adding some adjustments to account for statistically observed undercount, plus some other factors.]
Catholic Alaska 45,203 8.22% 93
units
- 1990 Glenmary Research Center (Mars Hill, NC). Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990. Courtesy of American Religion Data Archive. By-county org. reports, figures from 'Churches' & inclusive 'Adherents' columns. [Listed as 'Catholic Church.']
Catholic Alaska 50,016 8.20% 69
units
- 1996 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 432-437. Tables: "Catholic Population of the United States " and "Percentage of Catholics in Total Population in U.S. ". Figures are as of Jan. 1, 1997.
Catholic Albania - 10.00% - - 1800 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 27. "Until the 16th century, almost all of Albania was Christian... In the 17th century, the Turks began a policy of Islamization by using, among other methods, economic incentives to convert the population... By the 19th century, Islam became the predominant religion, claiming about 70% of the population while some 20% remained Orthodox and 10% Roman Catholic. These groupings remained stable until the Communist government outlawed religion in 1967... "
Catholic Albania - 10.00% - - 1966 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 4 - Europe. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 27. "Until the 16th century, almost all of Albania was Christian... In the 17th century, the Turks began a policy of Islamization by using, among other methods, economic incentives to convert the population... By the 19th century, Islam became the predominant religion, claiming about 70% of the population while some 20% remained Orthodox and 10% Roman Catholic. These groupings remained stable until the Communist government outlawed religion in 1967... "
Catholic Albania 335,000 10.00% - - 1991 Shoemaker, M. Wesley. Russia, Eurasian States, and Eastern Europe 1997 (The World Today Series). Harpers Ferry, West Virginia: Stryker-Post Publications (1997); pg. 186. "Population: 3,350,000 (1991 est.)... Islam (70%); Eastern-rite Orthodox Christianity (20%); Roman Catholic Christianity (10%). Most people refer to themselves now as non-practicing, though interest in religion is growing. "
Catholic Albania 333,500 10.00% - - 1992 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies Total pop. 3,335,000 (1991), growth rate 1.8% (1991). In 1992, an estimated 70% of people were Muslim, 20% Orthodox, and 10% Roman Catholic. In 1967 all mosques/churches were closed & religious observances prohibited; in Dec.1990, religious ban lifted.
Catholic Albania 541,000 15.70% 99
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Albania 320,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Catholic Albania 329,976 10.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%. Total pop.:3,299,757. Note: all mosques/churches closed in 1967 -- religious observances prohibited; Nov. 1990: Albania began allowing private religious practice
Catholic Albania - 15.00% - - 1997 Wright, David K. Albania ( "Enchantment of the World Second Series "). New York: Children's Press (1997); pg. 95. "Religions of Albania: Muslim, 60%; Orthodox, 25%; Roman Catholic, 15% "
Catholic Albania - 15.00% - - 1997 Wright, David K. Albania ( "Enchantment of the World Second Series "). New York: Children's Press (1997); pg. 102. "Today, despite several decades of atheistic Communist rule, 60% of the people call themselves either Bektashi or Sunni Muslims. More than 25% are Orthodox Christians, while about 15% are Roman Catholic. "
Catholic Albania 333,075 10.00% - - 1998 *LINK* CIA World Factbook 1998 (viewed June 24, 1999) Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%. Total pop.: 3,330,754 (July 1998 est.)
Catholic Albania - 7.00% - - 1998 *LINK* Nazarene web site: Nazarene World Mission Society; (major source: Johnstone's Operation World) Table "Religions "; total population: 3,521,000
Catholic Alberta 646,600 25.40% - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. & Susan Bevan Gall (editors). Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces. Detroit: U.X.L. (1997), [Source: Canadian Census]; pg. 6. "In 1991, 48.4% of the population, or about 1,232,000 people, was Protestant... Alberta also had about 674,600 Catholics (646,600 Roman Catholics and 28,000 Ukrainian Catholics)... "
Catholic Alberta 674,600 26.50% - - 1991 Gall, Timothy L. & Susan Bevan Gall (editors). Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Canadian Provinces. Detroit: U.X.L. (1997), [Source: Canadian Census]; pg. 6. "In 1991, 48.4% of the population, or about 1,232,000 people, was Protestant... Alberta also had about 674,600 Catholics (646,600 Roman Catholics and 28,000 Ukrainian Catholics)... "
Catholic Alberta 666,800 26.47% - - 1991 *LINK* web site: "Statistics Canada "; web page: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census " (viewed 9 Jan. 1999); Source: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 93-319-XPB. table: "Population, by religion, 1991 Census "; "Catholic " here includes: Roman Catholic, Ukrainian Catholic, and "Other Catholic "
Catholic Alberta 665,870 - 535
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 382-383. Table: Statistics of the Catholic Church in Canada. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995.
Catholic Algeria - 1.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Catholic Algeria 3,000 0.01% 40
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Algeria 45,000 0.16% - - 1998 Gall, Timothy L. (ed). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Culture & Daily Life: Vol. 1 - Africa. Cleveland, OH: Eastword Publications Development (1998); pg. 17, 19. "Algeria: Population: 28 million "; "There are about 45,000 Roman Catholics in Algeria who remained after the French evacuation. "
Catholic Algeria 45,000 - - - 1998 *LINK* Library of Congress Country Studies [Total pop.] estimated at 27.4 million in 1993, increasing at an annual rate of 2.8 percent and expected to reach 32.5 million by 2000. Non-Muslim minorities include about 45,000 Roman Catholics, small number of Protestants, and very small Jewish communit
Catholic Andorra - 94.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Catholic Andorra 59,000 84.20% 7
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Andorra 64,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Catholic Andorra - - - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant) ; Total Population: 64,000
Catholic Angola - 69.00% - - 1992 Goring, Rosemary (ed). Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs & Religions (Larousse: 1994); pg. 581-584. Table: "Population Distribution of Major Beliefs "; "Figures have been compiled from the most accurate recent available information and are in most cases correct to the nearest 1% "
Catholic Angola 6,523,000 58.90% 255
units
- 1995 1998 Catholic Almanac: Our Sunday Visitor: USA (1997); pg. 333-367. Figures are as of Dec. 31, 1995. Number used for "congregations " is from number of Catholic parishes.
Catholic Angola 8,180,000 - - - 1996 1997 Britannica Book of the Year; pg. 781-783. Table: "Religion ": Divided by nations, with 2 columns: "Religious affiliation " & "1996 pop. " [of that religion]. Based on best avail. figures, whether census data, membership figures or estimates by analysts, as % of est. 1996 midyear pop.
Catholic Angola 4,008,562 38.00% - - 1997 *LINK* CIA World Factbook web site (viewed Aug. 1998) Religions: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (est.); Total population: 10,548,847.


Catholic, continued

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